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Essay about Driving and Texting - 1084 Words
Bathsheba Was King David's Most Famous Wife. Driving And Texting. Bathsheba was King David#39;s most famous wife because their marriage came after an essay papers, illicit extramarital affair at the height of essay David#39;s reign (circa 1005-965 B.C.). The story of Bathsheba and resume David has proved so enduring that its plot has been borrowed for countless romance novels, movies, and essay about driving and texting daytime dramas. To Manzanar. The relationship of Bathsheba and David centered on driving and texting, one question expressed by the Women in the Bible website: Who seduced whom? Their story is essay told in 2 Samuel 11 and 12, set against essay about the backdrop of papers abortion David#39;s war against essay driving and texting the Ammonites, a tribe from a region east of the Dead Sea that is now part of present-day Jordan.
2 Samuel 11:1 records that the king sent his army out to wage war, but he himself stayed behind in college application how to, Jerusalem. Obviously, David was secure enough on his throne that he no longer had a need to go to war to prove his military power; he could send his generals instead. Thus King David was relaxing on a palace balcony above the about driving and texting city when he spied a beautiful woman taking a bath. Through his messengers, David learned that she was Bathsheba, wife of Uriah the Hittite, who had gone to battle for David. Resume. This raises a key question: did Bathsheba set her cap for the king, or did David force his lust on her? Traditional biblical scholarship holds that Bathsheba couldn#39;t have been ignorant of about driving and texting her home#39;s proximity to the palace, given that David was close enough that he could see her taking a bath outside. What#39;s more, Bathsheba#39;s husband, Uriah, had left her to to conclude go fight for about, David. Although feminist biblical interpretation contends that Bathsheba was a victim of David -- after all, who can say no to a king? -- other scholars find a clue to Bathsheba#39;s complicity among King David#39;s wives in constuction resume, 2 Samuel 4:11. This verse says unequivocally that when David sent messengers to fetch her, she came back with them. She wasn#39;t coerced, nor did she use any of the many excuses she could have for not seeing another man, even a king, while her husband was away. Instead, she went to essay about driving and texting David of her own free will, and thus bears some responsibility for what happened afterward.
Even if Bathsheba had decided to seduce King David, scriptures deem David#39;s sin in their affair to ways to conclude be greater for two reasons. Once he found out Bathsheba#39;s identity, he knew that: she was married and he had sent her husband off to war. Clearly, a liaison with her would violate the seventh commandment against essay driving adultery, and essay a king of Israel was supposed to be a religious leader as well as a political leader. Nonetheless, David and Bathsheba engaged in sexual intercourse, and she returned home. The whole thing might have ended there were it not for essay about driving and texting, a subordinate clause in 2 Samuel 4:11: #34;she [Bathsheba] had just purified herself after her period.#34; According to Jewish purity laws, a woman must wait seven days after her menses end before purifying herself ritually in a mikvah , a special immersion pool, so that she and her husband may resume sexual relations. Essay Papers Abortion. The biblical text implies that this ritual purification was the bath that David saw Bathsheba taking. Depending on the length of a woman#39;s period, this seven-day injunction before purification virtually guarantees that a woman will most likely be ovulating, or close to ovulating when she resumes having sex. Consequently, Bathsheba and David had sex at one of the and texting best possible moments for her to conceive -- which she did, with tragic results. Not long after Bathsheba and college service how to David committed adultery, Bathsheba sent a message to David telling him she was pregnant.
Now the pressure was really on the king, who might have concealed his affair with Bathsheba, but couldn#39;t hide her pregnancy for long. Driving. Instead of owning up to the liaison and to manzanar essay making restitution, David took an even more sinful approach to the crisis. First, 2 Samuel 11:7-11 says that David tried to attribute Bathsheba#39;s pregnancy to Uriah. He recalled Uriah from the essay about driving front, supposedly to give him a report on the battle, and then told him to take some leave and ways to conclude and essay visit his wife. Essay About And Texting. But Uriah didn#39;t go home; he stayed within the palace barracks. Papers Abortion. David asked Uriah why he didn#39;t go home, and loyal Uriah replied that he wouldn#39;t dream of having a conjugal visit when David#39;s army at the front has no such opportunity.
Next, in driving, 2 Samuel 12 and 13, David invited Uriah for dinner and got him drunk, figuring that intoxication will arouse Uriah#39;s desire for college application essay how to write, Bathsheba. But David has foiled again; drunk though he was, honorable Uriah returned to and texting the barracks and not to his wife. At this point David was desperate. In verse 15, he wrote a letter to his general, Joab, telling him to and essay put Uriah on essay about, the front lines where the fighting is fiercest, and then to withdraw, leaving Uriah undefended. David sent this letter to Joab by Uriah, who had no idea that he was carrying his own death sentence! David and essay papers Bathsheba#39;s Sin Results in Death.
Sure enough, Joab put Uriah on the front lines when David#39;s army attacks Rabbath after a long siege, although Joab didn#39;t withdraw the army as David instructed. Essay About And Texting. Despite Joab#39;s action, Uriah and other officers were killed. After a mourning period, Bathsheba was brought to the palace to become the latest of farewell King David#39;s wives, thus assuring the legitimacy of their child. David thought he pulled off this caper until the prophet Nathan came to visit in 2 Samuel 12. Nathan told the powerful king a tale of a poor shepherd whose lamb was stolen by a rich man. David flew into about a rage, demanding to know who the man was so that he could exact judgment on him. Nathan calmly told the king: #34;You are the non violence man,#34; meaning that God had revealed to the prophet the truth of David#39;s adultery, deceit, and murder of Uriah.
Even though David had committed sins worthy of about and texting execution, said Nathan, God instead exacted judgment upon to manzanar essay prompts, David and essay about and texting Bathsheba#39;s newborn son, who subsequently died. David consoled Bathsheba by non violence writing getting her pregnant again, this time with a son they name Solomon. Bathsheba Became Solomon#39;s Closest Adviser. Although she seems passive at the beginning of her relationship with David, Bathsheba became King David#39;s most famous wife because of the way she secured David#39;s throne for their son, Solomon. By now David was old and feeble, and his oldest surviving son, Adonijah, attempted to usurp the throne before his father died. According to 1 Kings 1:11, the driving and texting prophet Nathan urged Bathsheba to tell David that Adonijah was preparing to take the throne by force. Bathsheba told her aged husband that only to conclude and essay, their son Solomon remained loyal, so the king named Solomon his co-regent. When David died, Solomon became king after executing his rival Adonijah.
The new King Solomon valued his mother#39;s help so much that he had a second throne installed for her so that she became his closest adviser until her death. The Jewish Study Bible (Oxford University Press, 2004). #34;Bathsheba,#34; Women in Scripture , Carol Meyers, General Editor (Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000).
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Smart homes and essay about driving the Internet of Things. by Chris Woodford. Last updated: October 30, 2016. B ack in 1923, brilliant Swiss-born architect Le Corbusier (18871965) described a house as a machine for living inand slowly, during the constuction 20th century, that metaphor turned into reality. First, the arrival of convenient, electric power started to strip away the driving drudgery from all kinds of farewell essay domestic chores, including washing clothes and dishes and vacuuming the floor.
Then, when transistors made electronics more affordable in the mid-20th century, appliances started to control themselves in about a very limited way, using built-in sensors and programmers. Essays? But it's only essay about now, in essay papers the 21st century, that the vision of the fully automated, smart home is actually being realized. Thanks to the Internet, it's easy to set up virtually any electric appliance in driving your home so you can control it from college service write, a Web browser anywhere in the world. And, before much longer, all kinds of net-connected machines will be talking to one another, running much more of essay about driving and texting our lives automatically through what's known as the Internet of Things . Like the idea of to conclude living in a smart home? Or an automated future that takes care of and texting itself? Let's take a closer look at how it might work! A smart home is one in which the various electric and electronic appliances are wired up to essay, a central computer control system so they can either be switched on and texting, and off at non violence essay writing certain times (for example, heating can be set to about, come on automatically at 6:00AM on winter mornings) or if certain events happen (lights can be set to come on only when a photoelectric sensor detects that it's dark).
Most homes already have a certain amount of college application how to smartness because many appliances already contain built-in sensors or electronic controllers. Virtually all modern washing machines have programmers that make them follow a distinct series of washes, rinses, and spins depending on how you set their various dials and essay driving knobs when you first switch on. If you have a natural-gas-powered central heating system, most likely you also have a thermostat on the wall that switches it on and off according to the room temperature, or an electronic programmer that activates it at application write certain times of day whether or not you're in the house. Maybe you're really hi-tech and essay about driving you have a robotic vacuum cleaner that constantly crawls around your floors sweeping the to conclude and essay dust? Photo: The simplest kind of home automation. Driving And Texting? Plug this time switch into your electrical outlet and essay service how to it will switch any appliance on and off up to four times a day.
This one is digital and uses a battery powered clock. Others have large, slowly rotating wheels with dozens of tiny switches you press in or out to switch appliances on and off as many times as you like. Inside, switches like this use a simple relay that allows a small switching current from the clock circuit to switch the much bigger power circuit on and off. All these things are examples of home automation, but they're not really what we mean by a smart home . That concept takes things a step further by introducing centralized control. In the most advanced form of smart home, there's a computer that does what you normally do yourself: it constantly monitors the state of the essay about driving home and switches appliances on resume, and off accordingly. So, for example, it monitors light levels coming through the windows and driving automatically raises and lowers blinds or switches the lights on at dusk.
Or it detects movements across the floor and resume responds appropriately: if it knows you're home, it switches light and music on in different rooms as you walk between them; if it knows you're out, it sounds an intruder alarm. Assuming you're not (yet) in essay and texting the Bill Gates league of having a multimillion dollar smart home built from the ground up, you'll probably be more interested in adding a bit of automation to your existing appliances with as little fuss as possible. Modestly smart homes like this range in complexity from basic systems that use a few plug-in modules and household electricity wiring to sophisticated wireless systems you can program over the Internet. And Essay? Here are the three most common flavors: Developed in 1975, the oldest and best-known smart home automation system is called X-10 (sometimes written X10) and uses your ordinary household electricity wiring to essay about driving, switch up to 256 appliances on college application essay service how to write, and off with no need for any extra cables to be fitted. You plug each appliance you want to essay about and texting, automate into a small control unit (usually called a module) and plug that into non violence an ordinary electrical power outlet. Using a small screwdriver, you then adjust two dials on each module. One dial is what's called the essay about driving and texting house code and essay write you set this to be a letter from A through P. About Driving? You can use the house code to link appliances together (for example, so all the lamps on the first floor of ways your home can be controlled as a group). The other dial is set so each individual appliance has a unique identifier known as its unit code , which is about and texting, a number 116.
Next, you plug a central controller unit into to conclude another electrical socket and program it to switch the various appliances on and off (identifying them through their codes) whenever you wish. Photo: An X-10 module used for controlling household appliances made by Powerhouse. Essay Driving? You can see the papers abortion two dials used for setting the unit code (top) and house code (bottom). About? Photo by college how to Phylevn published on Flickr in 2009 under a Creative Commons Licence. How does it work? The central controller sends regular switching signals through the ordinary household wiring, effectively treating it as a kind of computer network. About Driving And Texting? Because these signals work at roughly twice the on millenium development switching frequency of essay driving ordinary AC power (which works at 5060Hz), they don't interfere with it in any way. Ways And Essay? Each signal contains a code identifying the unit it relates to (a table lamp in your living room, perhaps, or a radio in your bedroom) and an instruction such as turn on, turn off, or (for lamps) brighten, or dim. Although all the control units listen out for and receive all the signals, a particular signal affects only the appliance (or appliances) with the correct code. Apart from appliances that receive signals, you can also plug in essay about driving sensors such as motion detectors, thermostats, and so on, so the system will respond automatically to papers abortion, changes in daylight, temperature, intruders, or whatever else you consider important. With most systems, you can also switch appliances on about driving, and off with a handheld remote control (similar to a TV remote).
The remotes either send signals directly to each module using radio wave (RF) signals or communicate with the central controller, which relays the signals accordingly. X-10 has become an international standard for controlling appliances, but it's not the essay papers only system that works this way. If you're just automating a few security lights, a basic X-10 system with a few modules and a single controller should be more than enough for your needs. But if you want to run a more sophisticated setup, with many different appliances coming on and off in essay about driving and texting all kinds of different ways, you might want to application essay how to write, use your home computer as the controller instead. That's easy too! You buy an X-10 home computer interface kit comprising a module (which plugs into a power outlet like any other module), an interface cable to connect the module to your computer (using either a standard serial or USB port), and some software. Typical software shows a graphical representation of all your appliances and lets you set on/off patterns for about and texting a day, a week, or even longer. To Conclude? You can also create your own macros so groups of appliances switch on and off in a certain sequence at a certain time each day. There's X-10 software for both Windows and Linux systems.
Photo: You can use a wireless router to control an X-10 system remotely over the Internet, but you'll need to set up an and texting, IP address so you can access your router and computer securely from elsewhere. Dynamic DNS and Port Forward are very useful if you're going to non violence writing, do this kind of thing. Security is one of the biggest reasons why many people are interested in smart homes. If you're away at and texting work or on writing, holiday, making your home seem lived in is a good way to deter intruders. A basic X-10 system can turn the lights and the TV on and off at unpredictable times, but if you really want to push the boat out on security, a wireless, Net-connected system is about, much better. Effectively, it's a computer-controlled X-10 system with an interface you can access over the Web.
With a system like this, you can hook up webcams to watch your home (or your pets), switch appliances on and off in real time, or even reprogram the whole system. To Manzanar Prompts? Harmony Home Automation is an example of a system that works like this. What if your sports bra could spot breast cancer or your blouse could sense the strange palpitations of about driving and texting a looming heart attack? It might sound weird, but clothestechnically known as smart fabrics and intelligent textiles (SFIT) can already monitor our health. Some years ago, a company called Textronics figured out how to build comfortable sports bras and shirts with electrode sensors naturally knitted inside the fabric to monitor an athlete's heart beat. They automatically capture puffs and palpitations and beam the data wirelessly to a monitor you wear on your wrist or stuff in your pocket. Nike+ shoes harness similar technology for to manzanar essay prompts health and fitness. A piezoelectric sensor (one that turns squeezing pressure into bursts of essay and texting electricity), buried in your inner sole, generates a tiny electric pulse each time your foot hits the ground, firing a signal with a wireless transmitter to an iPod or iPhone in your pocket and an eager app that tracks your lap-time and personal best. Photo: Wearable electronics could automatically monitor your health.
Sounds trivial? How about natural-looking, comfortable clothes that elderly people could wear to and essay, monitor their movements and anticipate declining health? Many people routinely monitor their blood pressure, but that's something they have to do consciously and voluntarily; it takes time and effort. Smart clothes with built in monitors not only about and texting measure standard health indicators like this, but also offer an easy and affordable way to keep tabs on to conclude, things like changes in gait, caused by progressive conditions like Parkinson's disease or strokes, and to about and texting, monitor, proactively, whether elderly people are more likely to fall and injure themselves. Where health ventures, safety often follows. Most urban cyclists already wear jackets daubed with luminous paint so they shine in passing headlights. College Service? So why not bike jackets with built-in electronic brake lights or indicators that flash when you press a button? If you can stitch electrodes into and texting clothes for things like that, why not more frivolous and entertaining things too?
Why not skirts with built-in fibre-optic cables that flash and flicker on papers, the dance floor, synced to the beat, programmed by about a circuit hidden in the hem? Today's degree show project at the Royal College of Arts could be tomorrow's de-rigueur dancewear. Flashing and flickering is pretty tame stuff. Plastics are already sophisticated enough to make into ultra-thin computer displays. Organic LEDs (OLEDs) and light-emitting polymers (LEPs) are flexible enough to wrap around your wrist but still electronic enough to work like conventional flatscreen TVs. Essays Goals? It won't be long before our T-shirts work like TV sets, blasting us with adverts, tweets, mood boards, or whatever else takes our fancy. And in a world that watches energy use like a hawk, what about essay driving and texting, turning shirts into solar panels? If you can build conductive fibres into ways and essay a t-shirt and essay driving and texting make it flash with a battery, it should be easy enough to run the same idea in reverse. With flexible solar cells mounted in to conclude and essay the front and back panels, feeding into rechargeable batteries in driving your belt, you could turn yourself into a mini solar panel, trickling milliamps to your cellphone so its batteries never run down.
Suddenly, the phrase smart clothes takes on a whole new meaning! Lots of people like simple, off-the-shelf, plug-and-play systems like X-10: buy it, take it home, plug it in, and on millenium off you go. But plenty more of us are hobbyists, hackers, and geeks for whom the very challenge of doing something is at least as importantsometimes more sothan the thing we're actually trying to do. If you're one of these people, you're route to a smart home is essay about, more likely to constuction resume, be through the essay about hacker, maker, DIY community, maybe using something like an ways to conclude and essay, Arduino microcontroller to link your computer to driving and texting, appliances around your home. There are quite a few projects of this kind on websites like Instructables, and I've listed them in to manzanar essay the Find out more section below. Photo: Half the fun in essay driving and texting having an essay abortion, automated home is putting it together. If you're into essay about driving and texting electronics, why not have a go at doing it yourself? Another view: do you really need a smart home? If you're elderly or disabled, home automation systems like this can make all the difference to your quality of life, but they bring important benefits for the rest of us as well. Most obviously, they improve home security, comfort, and convenience.
More importantly, if they incorporate energy monitors, such as thermostats, or sensors that cut the lights to unoccupied rooms, they can help you reduce household energy bills; automated systems such as Bye Bye Standby, which cut the power to appliances when they're not being used, can dramatically reduce the energy wasted by appliances such as washing machines, dishwashers, and TVs when they're not actually being used. But do you really need things like this? Do you need to buy even more appliances just to control the ones you already have? Isn't it just as easy to get into the habit of switching things off yourself? Gadgets that kill your TV's standby mode sound cool, but how hard is it to pull out the plug?
What about non violence essay, switching the TV off altogether and reading a book? Or putting your games console away in the cupboard and about and texting getting into the habit of taking walks in the country instead? And instead of going to great lengths to wire up your house for ways to conclude while you're away on vacation, how about befriending the neighbors and asking them to look out for you instead? For many of essay about and texting us, a house really is a machine for living inand if that's the way you like living, it's just fine. But it's important to remember that there are plenty of alternatives to living that way as well. If small is beautiful and simple is best, the smartest home might be one that has no gadgets at all! One of the essay things that makes people smartsmarter than all the other creatures who creep, flap, hoof, and slither round the essay planetis our ability to communicate with one another. We can talk to other people, listen to them, and collaborate to farewell, achieve very complicated goals, from driving and texting, finding cures for cancer to putting astronauts on the Moon. Ways And Essay? Even before the invention of the Internet, people were intricately networked, right round the world; famously, according to about, sociological theory, there are only essays development goals six degrees of separation (six links) necessary to connect any one person on the planet with any other. Now what if gadgets and machines could talk to each other the same way?
What if an accelerometer embedded in a cardigan could automatically detect when an old person fell down the stairs and telephone an ambulance? What if all the homes in the United States had smart power meters that could signal energy consumption to utility companies in real-time? Suppose car engines could monitor their own mechanical efficiency, and, if it fell below a certain level, dial into a garage computer and be remotely tweaked back to some optimum level, all without leaving our drives? What if highway control systems could measure and monitor cars streaming down different routes at different times of day and automatically re-route traffic round jams and snarl-ups? These things might sound fanciful, but they'd all become possible if the machines in essay about and texting our homes, offices, and transportation systems could communicate with one another automaticallyif, in other words, there were a giant network of machines: an Internet of things . People have been getting excited about this idea since it was originally suggested in 1999 by to conclude technology entrepreneur Kevin Ashton, then working in brand marketing at Proctor Gamble. Essay? He'd been researching electronic sensors and RFID tags (wireless printed circuits that allow objects to identify themselves automatically to computer systems; they're used in library self-checkouts) and, in a moment of insight, wondered what would happen if all kinds of everyday objects and machines could communicate through a standard computer network. Ashton realized his Internet of Things was a yellow-brick road to better efficiency and less waste for all kinds of businesses. In popular news articles, the Internet of Things is often explained by introducing a well-known but frivolous and now rather hackneyed example. Suppose your refrigerator could use RFID tags to detect what products it contained and on millenium development goals how old they were.
If it were linked to the Internet, it could automatically reorder new supplies whenever it needed to. It sounds harmless enough, but the infamous Internet fridge has actually become something of a distraction from much more valuable applications: most of us are capable of keeping tabs on essay about driving, our sour milk and ways to conclude moldy cheese, the about driving argument goes, so what possible use could there be for an Internet of Things? But suppose similar technology were being used to monitor elderly or disabled people so they could continue to live safely, with independence and development dignity, in their own homes? It's easy to build a home that uses motion sensors to monitor when someone is essay and texting, regularly walking around (intruder alarms have been using this technology for resume years), and not much harder to essay driving, monitor that data remotely. That's a much more persuasive example of how the Internet of Things could prove really helpful to a society with a rapidly aging population. Although people sometimes talk about the Internet of abortion Things as though it's merely an extension of smart home technology, it's actually a much bigger and more general idea.
Imagine our system for essay and texting monitoring the elderly transplanted to a hospital and to conclude and essay scaled up into a kind of e-care, in which noncritical patients are routinely monitored not by nurse's observations but by remotely gathered electronic sensors, communicating their measurements over a network. Essay? Or, to take another example, what about automatically monitoring your home while you're on constuction resume, holiday using sensors and webcams? If it works in a house, it works anywhere: for checking and automatically restocking shelves in a supermarket, for remotely monitoring the crumbling concrete on a highway bridge, or in a hundred other places. Five basic things are needed to make the about driving and texting Internet of Things work. First, there's the essays thing itselfwhich could be anything from essay, a person or animal to a robot or computer; champions of the technology have even speculated that one day the Internet of Things could extend to application essay service, things as small as bits of dust. Generally speaking, the thing is something we want to track, measure, or monitor. About Driving And Texting? It could be your own body, a pet, an elderly relative, a home, an office block, or pretty much anything else you can imagine. If we want to be able to connect things, monitor them, or measure them, we need to essay, be able to identify them and tell them apart. It's easy enough with people: we all have names, faces, and driving and texting other unique identifiers.
It's also relatively easy with products we buy from stores. Since the 1970s, most of them carried have unique numbers called Universal Product Codes (UPC), printed on their packs using black-and-white zebra patternsbarcodes, in college essay how to write other words. The trouble with barcodes is that someone has to scan them and about driving and texting they can store only essay service a very small amount of information (just a few digits). A better technology, RFID, allows objects to identify themselves to a network automatically using radio waves, with little or no human intervention. It can also transmit much more information. Photo: RFID tags, like this one concealed in a price label on a pair of shoes, allow objects to identify themselves to the Internet of Things. If an object simply identifies itself to a network, that doesn't necessarily tell us very much, other than where it is at a certain time. About Driving? If the object has built-in sensors, we can collect much more useful information. So automatic sensors that can routinely transmit automatic measurements are another key part of the ways to conclude and essay Internet of Things. Any type of sensor could be wired up this way, from electronic thermometers and thermocouples to strain gauges and essay driving reed switches. It makes sense for things to exist and communicate on a network the same way that computers exist and talk to resume, one another over the Internetusing a standard agreed communication method called the Internet Protocol (IP).
IP is based on the idea that everything has a unique address (an IP address) and driving exchanges data in little bits called packets. If things communicate using IP, or use something like WiFi to talk to an Internet-connected router, it opens up the possibility of controlling them from a Web browser anywhere in the world. That's why we're now seeing home security and monitoring systems that allow you to essays, do things like turning your central heating on and off with smartphone apps. Once we're collecting masses of data, from hundreds, thousands, millions, or even billions of things, analyzing it could find patterns that help us work, move, and live much more smartlyat least in theory. Data mining the information we gather from people or car movements and optimizing our transportation systems could help us reduce travel times or congestion, for essay about example, with major benefits for people's quality of life and the environment. Cloud computing systems (the idea of essays on millenium using powerful computer services supplied over the Internet) are likely to play a very big part in the Internet of Things, not least because the about driving and texting amount of ways data collected from so many things, so regularly, is essay about driving and texting, likely to be enormous. You don't have to look too far to see the essays goals Internet of Things in essay and texting action.
Libraries were early adopters, embedding RFID chips in book covers so that people could borrow and return items themselves using self-checkout machines. That gave instant stock-control, better security, and (in theory) the essay possibility of essay and texting freeing up librarians to spend more time helping people. Tracking your home-delivery purchases over the Internet is another very basic example: if every parcel is barcoded and scanned at every point of its journey from warehouse to customer, with the scanners all wired to a central database, it's easy to work out development where anything is at any time. Much more interesting examples are also starting to emerge. Hive, a home-heating system launched by driving British Gas, uses a wireless thermostat that communicates with your home Internet routermaking it possible to constuction resume, adjust your heating or hot water using a smartphone app or web browser; the Nest Learning Thermostat, a rival home thermostat system, is essay about driving and texting, more sophisticated but can be controlled by an app in constuction resume a similar way. Piper, a home management and security system, goes even further: it connects a whole raft of sensors and alarms to a web interface so people can monitor and manage their homes when they're at work or on vacation. Even the infamous Internet fridge is starting to arrivealbeit in rather slow motion. Amazon already has a trial system called Dash, featuring a handheld scanner that you can swipe over essay about, products to reorder things when supplies get low. Another of its new ideas is to stick simple Internet-connected buttons around your home that you can use to to conclude, reorder things with a single click.
In one way or another, all the big digital technology companies are exploring variations on the Internet of Things. Apple has HomeKit (which turns iPods and essay about driving and texting iPhones into development smart home controllers) and HealthKit (which lets you monitor your health and fitness and, if you wish, share the data with your doctor or hospital through a smartphone app). Google's rival system, Fit, lets people monitor and analyze exercise data collected from wearable sensors and trackers developed by a whole collection of partner companies. Samsung, leading maker of about driving and texting both smartphones and home appliances, sees a great opportunity in linking the two in papers abortion a system called the SmartThings Hub. Microsoft is also believed to be working on smart home systems linked to its Kinect motion tracker and Xbox gaming system. Photo: Smartphone apps are likely to be one of the ways people interact with the Internet of essay Things. Right: Hive's app lets you control your heating using your phone, wherever in on millenium development goals the world you find yourself. Left: Efergy's energy monitoring app keeps tabs on your home energy consumption. It's easy enough to see benefits from a world in which we connect, monitor, and essay about driving analyze things much more intelligently.
The natural world manages perfectly well without top-down organization, coordination, and control, but our human-dominated planet, packed with over 7 billion people, plagued with problems like poverty, disease, and looming environmental challenges such as climate change, probably can't afford the to manzanar essay luxury of about driving hapless, chaotic self-organization for much longer. The benefits of tracking and organizing things seem overwhelming to some people; even so, critics point out equally clear risks of monitoring people and things so much more closely. Do we all want our cars to be tracked at all times? Do we want grocery stores to know even more about what we're heating than they do already? Do we want our homes packed with sensors, keeping tabs on us at all times? There are all kinds of non violence essay writing privacy, security, and ethical issues to consider before we get anywhere near the technological difficulties of about driving building something so all-encompassing as an Internet of Things. Photo: Privacy problems ahead? Will an Internet of Things designed for tracking and tracing things turn into a perfect tool for spying on people? Given that much of the college essay technology exists already, you might think building an essay about and texting, Internet of Things is really quite a simple task, but putting everything together is college application write, likely to prove much more complex. Essay And Texting? One problem is that the whole concept has been hyped as a massive commercial opportunity, so lots of different companies are rushing to develop and essay papers abortion market competing technologies. That raises the immediate difficulty of driving and texting getting rival systems to talk to one another.
If I buy a smart home-heating system from non violence essay writing, one utility company, will I be able to control it using another company's smartphone app if I decide to switch utilities in a couple of years time? If I buy myself an essay about driving, Amazon Dash scanner, will I only ever be able to order products from Amazon? Or will I have to order a different scanner for every different company I buy from? While companies such as Amazon and Apple are notorious for taking a closed (or walled-garden) approach to writing, their products and services (for example, you can only read Kindle ebooks, sold by Amazon, on an Amazon Kindle reader), rivals such as Google and Samsung are notable champions of driving and texting open standards. Constuction? Whether closed, open, or mixed systems prevail, there's likely to be a great deal of consumer confusion about what works with what, and there's a real risk that the essay about driving and texting Internet of Things fragments, in practice, into many highly compartmentalized systemsmany Internets of essay Thingsthat have little or nothing in common. That's not so surprising when the Internet of Things is so broadly defined that the whole idea verges on the meaningless. A recent British government briefing describes it as an ecosystem that links anyone, any business or service, through any path or network, to about driving, anything, anytime, anywherein other words, defines it so broadly that it includes absolutely everything. Is that a helpful idea? Is there anything more than the most superficial connection between a hospital that can monitor elderly patients remotely and a domestic fridge that can reorder milk? Does it make any sense at all to link such disparate ideas together, if all we're really saying is that everything should be able to interoperate by college application service write relying on common systems and standards as much as possible?
To put it another way, would your hospital ever want or need to communicate with your fridge? Although often hyped as a means of doing things more efficiently and saving time and money, there's no guarantee at all that an Internet of Things will deliver cost, energy, or efficiency savings. Does the driving and texting ability to control your home heating from work make it more or less likely that you will save energy? Will you simply shuffle energy around and use it at a different time? Why can't you leave the job to an intelligent electronic thermostat (a perfectly reliable and efficient piece of technology we've all been using for decades)?
Who says you can do it better from how to, your smartphone than a computerized programmer can do it from inside your home? To use a different example, it's absolutely fascinating to driving and texting, track parcels all the constuction resume way from the essay about and texting warehouse to your doorstepbut do you really need to know anything more than the papers date when they'll finally arrive? Every extra bit of computer power we use managing, monitoring, and generally fiddling about with the essay driving and texting Internet of Things is extra energy for the world to consume. Cloud computing powers the essays on millenium development goals Internet of Thingsand is already one of the world's biggest and fastest growing forms of energy consumption. Essay About Driving? There's a very real risk that, far from helping us reduce resources and use energy more widely, the Internet of Things will simply add another unnecessary layer of micromanagement on top of college essay write what we do alreadyincreasing the world's energy consumption overall. It's very telling that data from American homes reveals steadily growing energy consumption despite significant improvements in essay and texting energy reduction and massive reductions in papers abortion the energy we need for basic things like home heating. Smart home technology has been widely available for decades but, so far, has pretty much failed to capture people's imagination or take off in a really big way. Will rebranding itbreathlessly hyping it as the Internet of Thingsmake any difference? Home electrical energy monitors have been around for essay driving and texting years, for example, and seem to offer the very compelling benefit of saving money , but they're still relatively underused.
Smart homes aside, there are very compelling reasons for to conclude and essay businesses and public services to essay, invest in Internet of Things technologyespecially if they can demonstrate real customer benefits, cost or energy savings, or other good reasons for doing so. Abortion? But whether the Internet of Things makes life better, or simply micromanaged, remains to be seen. Libraries and supermarkets are perfect examples: they use more technology and employ fewer people than ever before, but do they serve us better, and do we like them more or less than we did before? Many libraries have swapped friendly, helpful librarians for automated self-checkouts simply to cut costs; and not everyone would see that as an advance. Will the Internet of Things revolutionize our homes, offices, and transportation systems, making everything better organized and more cost-effective? Will the Internet help us control things more effectivelyor simply turn people into driving and texting things that can be connected, analyzed, and essay service write monitored? Designing the about Internet of Things by Adrian McEwen and Hakim Cassimally. John Wiley Sons, 2014. A practical guide to non violence essay writing, designing and essay about and texting networking products for the Internet of Things.
Make Projects: Getting Started with the Internet of Things by Cuno Pfister. O'Reilly, 2011. A practical guide to identifying and sensing objects and connecting them using protocols such as http. Published under the Make umbrella, this one is firmly aimed at hackers and hobbyists. Internet of things: making the and essay most of the essay driving second digital revolution by Sir Mark Walport, UK Government Office for Science, December 18, 2014. Essay Writing? A British government review spelling out the essay about and texting commercial opportunities for the Internet of Things and 10 political actions that are needed. You might think the idea of a smart home is constuction, frivolous and silly. Isn't it lazy and indulgent to essay and texting, have a machine switching the lights on and off for constuction you when you can do it perfectly easily yourself? Bear in about driving and texting mind, though, that many elderly and disabled people, and those with special needs, struggle with simple household tasks.
Home automation could make all the difference between them being able to live happily and essays development goals independently in essay about driving their own home or having to move into expensive sheltered accommodation. As the population ages, governments and medical charities are looking at home automation with increasing interest: why not use computers, robots, and ways to conclude and essay other technologies to provide the about driving support that vulnerable people need to keep them happy, healthy, and essay independent? For example, people with dementia can have their homes fitted with automated sensors that check whether cookers have been left on or taps have been left to overflow. Elderly people prone to falling can have their homes fitted with lighting activated by essay about driving and texting motion sensors, so that if they get up in the middle of the night they're not stumbling around dangerously in the dark. Blind people can finally buy ordinary household appliances and use one simple computer controller, programmed to suit their personal needs, to farewell to manzanar prompts, manage them all. One of the main difficulties with this vision of a smart, automated future is essay about driving and texting, that appliances made by different manufacturers need to be able to work together seamlessly. On Millenium? That's why standards (such as the long-established X-10) are so important. About? In Europe, the to conclude EU is supporting a project called i2HOME designed to standardize automated appliances so they can be made more widely available to driving, elderly people and those with disabilities.
Greater standardization is essential if smart homes are ever going to realize their potentialand it will bring benefits to everyone, not just the vulnerable among us. Artwork: Elderly people ahead! Crown copyright traffic sign from the UK Traffic Signs Images Database published under the Open Government Licence. Smart Homes for application essay write Dummies by Danny Briere, Pat Hurley. For Dummies, 2011. 25 Home Automation Projects for and texting the Evil Genius by Jerri Ledford. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2006.
Smart Home Hacks: Tips and Tools for Automating your House by Gordon Meyer. O'Reilly Media, Inc., 2004. Smart Doesn't Always Mean an constuction resume, Easy Home by Roy Furchgott. The New York Times, 8 July 2016. Homes Try to Reach Smart Switch by Steve Lohr. The New York Times, 22 April 2015. EU smart-home concept shown off by Geoff Adams-Spink.
BBC News, 15 February 2010. Smart home dream could be for about driving and texting all by Jo Twist. BBC News, 26 June 2005. Non Violence Writing? Smart homes offer a helping hand by Mark Ward. BBC News, 19 May 2004. Arduino home automation by simon72post. How to essay about driving and texting, control your home lights with your Arduino. Arduino home automation: A simple project to control what's happening in ways one room using motion sensors, temperature detectors, and essay driving so on linked ot the Arduino. DIY Smart Home by Mike Newell.
Another simple Arduino automation project, which collects information about toilet usage (!) but could easily be extended to do other things. Raspberry Pi home automation by beakersa. A walk around a simple home automation system managed using a Raspberry Pi. A slightly confusing video that jumps around a lot, and is often out of focus, but it does give you inspiring ideas of essays on millenium development what you can do with your Pi. Please do NOT copy our articles onto blogs and other websites. Text copyright Chris Woodford 2009, 2015.
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Animal Care Worker CV Writing Service. Essay About Driving And Texting. If you love the idea of resume, working with animals, this could be just what you are looking for. As an animal care worker you will look after animals in kennels. You may also look after them in rescue centres or sanctuaries. Essay About Driving. You will not need any qualifications for most animal care jobs. Some employers do ask for qualifications such as GCSEs. Experience with animals could also help. Once you are employed as an on millenium goals animal care worker, you will receive training on the job.
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Animal care workers can earn from ?11,000 to over ?13,000. Figures are intended as a guideline only. You will not need any qualifications for most animal care jobs, although some employers do ask for qualifications such as GCSEs. College Service How To. It will help you to have experience with animals before you start looking for work. Volunteering is a useful way to get experience and to show employers that you are enthusiastic and interested in working with animals. You can find out about opportunities for volunteering in your area on the Do-it website. You could also contact animal welfare organisations like Blue Cross and the RSPCA to see if they need volunteers. If you would like to do some training before applying for your first job, you could complete courses such as: BTEC Level 2 Certificate/Diploma in Animal Care BTEC Level 3 Certificate/Diploma in essay about and texting Animal Management (Care) City Guilds Certificate and Diploma in Animal Care and Management. To Conclude. Check with colleges for entry requirements for the courses.
You may be able to become an animal care worker through an Apprenticeship scheme. You will need to driving and texting, check which schemes are available in your area. To find out more about Apprenticeships, visit the Apprenticeships website. Once you are employed as an animal care worker, you will receive training on essay papers the job. You could also do qualifications such as Awards/Certificate/Diploma in Work-Based Animal Care at about and texting, levels 1, 2 and 3. Level 1 is non violence a general basic qualification. At levels 2 and 3 you can follow a general option, or specialise in one of the following: Pet care and retail Zoos/wildlife establishments Dog grooming Animal care and welfare Animal training.
You can do courses at colleges around the UK, and through the College of Animal Welfare. You can also do distance learning courses with a range of companies. You should discuss courses with your employer to ensure that they meet your training requirements and are relevant to your working role and career progression. To become an animal care worker you will need to driving, have: a real interest in working with animals the ability to handle animals patiently, gently and confidently the ability to cope with upsetting situations like working with injured or badly treated animals a willingness to do dirty or unpleasant tasks the ability to ways to conclude and essay, take responsibility for the duty of care of animals. The animal care industry is part of the essay about and texting, environmental and essays development goals, land-based industries, represented by Lantra Sector Skills Council, which also includes the following industries: agricultural crops; agricultural livestock; animal technology; aquaculture; equine; environmental conservation; farriery; fencing; fisheries management; floristry; game and wildlife management; land-based engineering; horticulture, landscape and sports turf; production horticulture; trees and about driving and texting, timber; and veterinary nursing. The sector as a whole currently employs 1,126,000 people (approximately 4% of the UK workforce) in around 230,000 businesses. Application Service How To. In addition, there are an about driving estimated 500,000 volunteers working in the sector on a regular basis. Approximately 42% of the workforce is self-employed. The animal care industry offers opportunities to work in kennels or catteries, through to animal charities, zoos and wildlife parks.
The work in this industry generally covers the health, welfare, handling supervision and husbandry of animals. Animal care encompasses: pet shops; animal boarding establishments, animal breeding; dog training (including animals in farewell to manzanar entertainment and education, as well as working dogs); pet styling and grooming; animal welfare charities; animal care services (for example animal hydrotherapy, dog walkers/sitters); zoos and wildlife parks (including wildlife rehabilitation); animal visitor attractions; and animal related public services (for example dog/animal wardens). There are approximately 78,000 people working in the industry, in about driving and texting around 12,650 businesses. Almost three quarters of the animal care industry accounts for pet shops and pet supplies, boarding establishments, and to conclude and essay, dog clipping and essay about and texting, grooming businesses. 86% of businesses employ 5 or less staff. 87% of the workforce is employed full-time. Volunteers are a significant part of the workforce within the animal care industry. Jobs in the industry include: animal trainer (audio visual), assistance dog trainer, head zoo keeper, dog trainer – racing greyhounds, inspector, dog trainer – uniformed forces, animal care assistant, animal clinic assistant, dog groomer, manager of zoos or wildlife establishments, safari park ranger, dog warden. East Midlands – There are an estimated 6,750 employees in the regional workforce, in around 1,100 businesses. East of writing, England – There are an estimated 9,300 employees in the regional workforce, in around 1,450 businesses. London – There are an estimated 8,750 employees in the regional workforce, in around 1,000 businesses.
North East – There are an about driving and texting estimated 2,100 employees in the regional workforce, in around 450 businesses. North West – There are an constuction resume estimated 6,100 employees in the regional workforce, in about driving around 1,300 businesses. Essay Papers Abortion. South East – There are an estimated 11,200 employees in the regional workforce, in around 1,850 businesses. South West – There are an essay about driving estimated 9,400 employees in the regional workforce, in around 1,450 businesses. West Midlands – There are an estimated 7,300 employees in the regional workforce, in around 1,050 businesses. Yorkshire and the Humber – There are an estimated 5,700 employees in the regional workforce, in around 1,050 businesses. Northern Ireland – There are an estimated 1,100 employees in the regional workforce, in abortion around 250 businesses. Scotland – There are an about estimated 7,900 employees in the regional workforce, in papers around 1,050 businesses.
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Texting and driving essay persuasive essay
essay what Read the topic and and texting sample essay, then study the college application essay, comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about academic writing conventions; click on the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of and texting, women. To what extent do you agree with this view?
Support your argument with relevant readings and on millenium evidence. Countries in about driving and texting, the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and essay that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the concern is the and texting, reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is needed to encourage people to have more children. Farewell To Manzanar Prompts. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of about, young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash.
My argument will be that to to manzanar essay, hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to about, be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by essay writing, the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. About. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per essay papers abortion, female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Driving. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to and essay, below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is driving and texting a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998).
So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values. It is argued that in developed societies, we now live in essay, a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to driving, survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of college essay service how to, this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to about and texting, grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in the form of shopping. According to non violence, Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about about driving and texting their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an essay papers abortion example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to essay about and texting, have an average of 2.33 children in ways, their lifetime.
Findings like this suggest that the values of the young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from essay and texting, fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of goals, women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in essay driving and texting, previous generations, they are finding the idea of papers abortion, family and essay about and texting motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in ways and essay, 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels.
In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the about driving and texting, non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is college application essay service how to write now converging towards that of tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to about, this point as follows: Young people today, in to conclude, spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to have children. Essay About Driving. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for women does not seem to be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved. Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child.
One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the ways, relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of essay and texting, labour to help the non violence, family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the essay driving and texting, benefits are more of a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the ways, status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate.
According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to and texting, avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of papers, young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. And Texting. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per to manzanar essay prompts, cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work.
Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the about driving, long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to constuction resume, Yamada#039;s analysis of essay about driving, parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to constuction, have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of essay driving and texting, respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about to conclude and essay their future.
Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to essay about and texting, have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to writing, provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. Essay About Driving. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). College Write. It is hard to know what remedies are needed. Essay About Driving. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to development goals, just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims?
The Japan Times. 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Essay Driving And Texting. Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. Non Violence Essay. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Essay About Driving. Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and ways to conclude Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000).
A debate on and texting Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at farewell to manzanar, the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a).
Low fertility in essay about driving, Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b). The toolbox of essays on millenium goals, public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Essay About Driving. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and non violence essay Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility?
Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000). Essay About And Texting. Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in and essay, this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. Essay And Texting. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. why this is happening).
Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information.
Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the college application service, birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the essay about driving, need to to conclude and essay, support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and and texting asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the resume, ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates.
Notice how in the first part of the essay, paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of and essay, a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of about, this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of how to write, these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Essay Driving And Texting. Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the ways to conclude, ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this.
But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on essay about driving and texting to single out women. College Service. In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in essay driving and texting, your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in non violence, the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the argument.
Hint: remember that the argument is the and texting, key to any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the papers abortion, main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by about and texting, McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to non violence, have an argument in your essay. But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of essay, things happening in the conclusion. Essay Papers Abortion. In the about driving and texting, first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem.
In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the to manzanar essay prompts, argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Essay About. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out a structure for your essay.
Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is application how to write free of about, spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Application How To. Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of about driving, nine texts.
This is a good number, and ways to conclude and essay indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references. Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. And in essay and texting, the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is ways and essay used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to essay and texting, use these words in their written work. College Application Essay Service. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to essay driving and texting, use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g.
This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the essay writing, footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is about and texting required in each of writing, your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to present some information and driving then provide the citation immediately after it to non violence essay writing, indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg:
Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to essay about driving and texting, below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in constuction, Ashby#039;s text. Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in driving, their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the goals, ideas of a writer, you need to essay, use reporting expressions like the ones used here:
He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to non violence, distance yourself from driving, certain language. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the on millenium, student wants to reject the view in about, the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for essay papers abortion, the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in essay about, a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an non violence author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to essay about, change the farewell essay prompts, wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to driving, delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.)
Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in college application service, a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to about, use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in farewell prompts, some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc. This is about driving known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. To Conclude And Essay. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls.
. McDonald points to essay driving, . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to farewell essay prompts, your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion. Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text.
Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font. Essay And Texting. Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of non violence writing, references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for students to essay about driving and texting, refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of resume, site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the essay driving and texting, site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to papers abortion, exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around.
Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments? Please provide us feedback.