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CV / Resume Build and DevOps Engineer. Please note: I am ONLY interested in Contract roles in or near Edinburgh , Scotland. Tongue Essays. The latest version of my CV in Word format is available here. Location: Scotland, UK. DevOps Engineer, Build and Configuration Manager. Detailed technical knowledge and hands-on experience of DevOps, Automation, Build Engineering and Configuration Management. Extensive experience in the design and implementation of fully automated Continuous Integration, Continuous Delivery, Continuous Deployment pipelines and narrative DevOps processes for Agile projects across the Financial, Broadcast and Media Sectors. Over 15 years IT experience encompassing Java programming, UNIX/Linux Admin experience, and a Middleware/Application Server Specialist. Languages: Java, Shell scripting, Ant, Maven, JSP, XPath XSLT, and amy tan& tongue basic C/C++, Perl and Python. Version Control Systems : Subversion, Git, Rational Team Concert, Perforce, ClearCase, CA Harvest.
Automation/Build Tools : Jenkins and JNLP Slave Nodes, Docker, Chef, Puppet, Nexus, Ivy, Artifactory, Ansible, TeamCity, Bamboo. Testing tools : SonarQube, FitNesse, Selenium, EMMA, Cucumber, Thucydides, WebDriver, Junit, JMeter, DBUnit etc. App Web Servers : WebLogic, WebSphere, Tomcat, JBoss, Apache, Atlassian JIRA Bamboo, IBM IHS, MS IIS. Dr Jekyll. Databases : Oracle, MySQL, Sybase. Postgres. Virtualisation : VM Ware ESX/ESXi, Docker, Amazon AWS/EC2, Xen, Vagrant, Satellite, OpenShift. Amy Tan& Tongue. Platforms : Linux and ways to write argumentative essays UNIX, iOS, Android, Solaris, Windows. Network/Infrastructure : TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP, LDAP, AD. August 2016 to date. Environment: Docker, Jenkins, VMWare, RHEL, Satellite, OpenShift, Artifactory, Ansible GitLab.
Creating fully automated CI build and deployment infrastructure and processes for amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays, multiple projects Using Docker, Jenkins, VMWare, RHEL, Satellite, OpenShift, Kubernetes, Artifactory, Ansible GitLab Developing Docker images to support Development and Testing Teams and their pipelines; distributed Jenkins, Selenium and JMeter images, and ElasticSearch, Kibana and Logstash (ELK EFK) etc Working closely with Architecture, Development, Test, Security and IT Services teams Developing scripts for build, deployment, maintenance and related tasks using Jenkins, Docker, Maven, Python and Bash Installing, configuring and mr hyde essay maintaining Continuous Integration, Automation and Configuration Management tools. November 2015 to August 2016. Environment: Jenkins, Atlassian Stash, Docker, Vagrant, Red Hat Satellite, Java, JSON, API, AWS and Azur. Implementing and developing solutions enabling Development and Operations teams to build, deploy, monitor and test applications and environments Implementing monitoring and reporting solutions across a range of environments and platforms Evaluating and advising on virtualization and containerization solutions Environment provisioning solutions using Docker, Vagrant, Red Hat Satellite Setting up and introducing Continuous Deployment processes and amy tan& advising on best practice. November 2015 to Jan 2016 (part time projects) Find out music spirituality how to interact with Jenkins from amy tan& 39s mother essays within Eclipse, NetBeans, and IntelliJ IDEA Develop custom solutions that act upon Jenkins information in ways essays real time A step-by-step, practical guide to help you learn about extension points in existing plugins and how to build your own plugin.
Author : Beginning Docker (video course) Here is the course overview video: June 2014 to tongue essays, November 2015. Role: Build Manager and Automation Consultant. Environment: Ant, Maven, Nexus, SonarQube, VM Ware, IBM Rational Team Concert, Oracle, Jenkins, WebSphere. Designing, implementing and supporting fully automated Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery processes Working with and supporting multiple World-wide development teams delivering a wide range of software applications Automating the mr hyde build, deployment and testing of 39s mother Front End, Middleware and Database components Developing custom reporting tools, setting up automated health monitoring and dental alerting for builds and environments Supporting and 39s mother essays managing IBM Rational tools – Jazz, RTC, Build Forge. Packt Publishing (part time) September 2014 to Feb 2015. Technical Reviewer : Build your own PaaS with Docker.
Technical Reviewer : Jenkins Continuous Integration Cookbook. British Sky Broadcasting BSkyB. April 2011 to June 2014. Role: Build Automation and narrative essay Configuration Manager. Environment: Jenkins, Subversion, Continuous Integration, Agile, Maven, Nexus, Ant, Java, Solaris, RHEL Linux, VM Ware. Amy Tan& Essays. Introducing and implementing Continuous Integration principles and practises for the Billing Development Team using Jenkins JNLP Nodes, Subversion, VMWare, ClearQuest, JUnit, DBFit, FitNesse, Atlassian JIRA Developing automated process for builds and deployments; Jenkins, Ant, Maven, Sonatype Nexus, Shell Script, Perl, Java Set up and history essays maintained fully automated Build and Test processes for Apple iOS and Android devices Creating and managing Development and Continuous Integration Environments using VMWare ESX, automated through Jenkins using PXE boot, Perl and the VM Ware CLI, also involved in amy tan& essays several projects setting up builds using Katello, Foreman, Puppet and spirituality Chef System and User Administration – responsible for the maintenance of DHCP, DNS, LDAP, AD and NFS services on Windows and Red Hat Enterprise Linux in Development environments Automating the tongue installation, deployment and maintenance of Middleware Application Servers to RHEL Development and Test Environments on VMWare ESX Creating bespoke tools to support and spirituality essays enable Continuous Integration, Continuous Deployment and system monitoring/reporting; using JSP and Shell Scripts with a MySQL database, harvesting data from various sources and API#8217;s (Spark, Remedy, ClearQuest etc) to provide consolidated and automated live reports Developed systems to 39s mother essays, enable baselining and tracking of different types of Reference Data; automated the creation and labelling and music essays adding to version control, then set up push-button deployments from Subversion to Oracle Databases via Jenkins and tongue essays JNLP Nodes, with full auditing and research user authentication and authorisation provided by the corporate Active Directory.
Jan 2010 to 39s mother, April 2011. Role Project: Software Configuration Manager and Build Automation Consultant. Environment: Windows and Linux VM’s on Xen, iSeries and OpenVMS, Hudson, Subversion, Arcot, Tibco, WebSphere, WebLogic, JBoss and Tomcat. Working with Enterprise Architects, Project Managers, Vendors, Developers and Deployment Managers to define and implement a Software Configuration Management solution for a new Bank Leading a small team of Deployment and Build Engineers Automating the deployment and build of Application Servers across multiple environments, technologies and platforms Installation of Tomcat, WebSphere WebLogic environments, MDM Server, InfoSphere IHS, and Arcot WebFort and RiskFort Designing and creating a resilient SCM Infrastructure from scratch – Subversion and Hudson integrated with Active Directory/LDAP, and orchestrating SCCM and to write argumentative Satellite deployments and host builds to 39s mother, serve every part of the Bank. British Sky Broadcasting BSkyB. March 2009 – Jan 2010. Role Project: Integration Build Manager. Designing, creating and managing Continuous Integration Environments. Environment: Linux, Solaris, Hudson, Subversion, WebSphere Portal and Process Server, SOA, Agile. Creating a fully Automated Build and Deployment Platform and coordinating code builds, promotions and orchestrated deployments using Hudson and Subversion Automating the as level essays management and creation of Application Servers, resources and amy tan& tongue essays database deployments Developing Ant, Maven and dr jekyll mr hyde Shell scripts to automatically compile, package, deploy and 39s mother tongue essays test J2EE applications to a variety of essay faith WebSphere platforms – BPM, MQ, ESB, Portal etc Writing Ant, Shell, JACL and Jython scripts to automatically configure integration and test environments, including deploying WAR and EAR files, stopping and starting Application Servers and 39s mother tongue processes and dynamically creating server profiles/instances and defining resources (MQ connections etc) as and when required Administration and creation of Hudson jobs, including automatic generation, reporting and alerting of test and code metrics (JUnit, PMD, FitNesse, Emma etc), build failures and build status indicators, and information radiators Working closely with offshore colleagues and providing support and advice on best practices for SCM and build automation.
Cognizant Technology Solutions. October 2008 – March 2009. Role Project: Build and Automation Engineer. Implementing Continuous Integration Platforms for Agile teams/projects. Environment: Linux, ESX, VM Ware, Hudson, Subversion, WebSphere Portal Server, Process Server and MQ. automating code builds, server deployments and fully automated testing for WebSphere Portal and Process Server Teams automating the deployment of MQ Queue Managers, MQ Infrastructure and ESB code providing automatic alerting and narrative reporting on code quality and code coverage (EMMA, JUnit, WebDriver, FitNesse etc) using Hudson. Solaris and HP-UX, WebLogic Application Server, Veritas, Clustering and Shell Scripting. Amy Tan& Essays. • Automating the creation of WebLogic Application servers instances, providing processes to automate configuration/restoration and amalgam research backups. • Automating compilation, testing and amy tan& tongue essays archiving of builds and dental amalgam paper code changes. • Using Korn shell, Perl and CVS (Harvest) Version Control to automate deployment of J2EE applications to Mid Tier platforms. • Porting build processes, build platforms and 39s mother tongue servers from Solaris over to ways to write argumentative essays, HP-UX, updating and enhancing existing build and deployment scripts to increase automation and efficiency and reduce errors. • Migration of the entire Intelligent Finance code base and Mid Tier Platform from Solaris to HP-UX, and amy tan& essays Java 1.3 to Java 5. • Working with Senior Service and essays Business managers, and amy tan& essays colleagues based throughout HBOS/UK and offshore. • Designing and implementing new features such as Application Server clustering, Apache load-balancing and O/S level performance monitoring, tuning and music reporting. • Automating Performance monitoring and alerting, and tuning the J2EE Mid Tier code base and platform using HP’s JMeter. • Developing and amy tan& 39s mother coordinating modifications to the Bank#8217;s internal and ways to write argumentative essays external interfaces, including Connect:Direct, NFS shares, SAMBA mounts and transport protocols. Halifax/Bank of Scotland. WebLogic Application Server Platform Upgrade, Solaris 9, J2EE, WebLogic Server 6.1 and 39s mother 9.2. • Upgrading the Banks WebLogic Server platform and Domains from version 6 to version 9 on Windows and Solaris platforms. • JVM Performance tuning and monitoring on as level, UNIX and amy tan& 39s mother Windows; performing load, duration, and stress tests while gathering performance statistics for to write essays, various memory configurations and garbage collection strategies and advising on appropriate configurations for differently sized UNIX and tongue Windows hosts – completed BEA’s Advanced Administration course. • Porting Korn Shell Scripts and music essays creating new Ant scripts used for server administration and application builds and deployments. • Large scale re-factoring of Mid Tier Java code base for the move from JDK 1.3 to Java 5. • Perl and MS/DOS scripting to essays, create new J2EE desktop deployment functionality enabling desktop builds for developers, allowing rapid feedback on changes and introducing basic Build Automation and Continuous Integration processes. Previous projects with Intelligent Finance as a Senior Analyst/Developer include: • Development of Web Services and amalgam Web Service Clients using combinations of Apache Axis, Java and C# • Acting as a mentor to new contractors and developers.
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Summary and response on mother tongue free essays
Temporal Association of Certain Neuropsychiatric Disorders Following Vaccination of Children and Adolescents: A Pilot Case#x02013;Control Study. Background: Although the association of the amy tan& 39s mother, measles, mumps, and amalgam paper rubella vaccine with autism spectrum disorder has been convincingly disproven, the onset of certain brain-related autoimmune and inflammatory disorders has been found to be temporally associated with the amy tan& 39s mother, antecedent administration of various vaccines. This study examines whether antecedent vaccinations are associated with increased incidence of obsessive#x02013;compulsive disorder (OCD), anorexia nervosa (AN), anxiety disorder, chronic tic disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, major depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder in a national sample of privately insured children. Methods: Using claims data, we compared the dental amalgam, prior year#x02019;s occurrence of vaccinations in children and adolescents aged 6#x02013;15 years with the above neuropsychiatric disorders that were newly diagnosed between January 2002 and December 2007, as well as two control conditions, broken bones and open wounds. Subjects were matched with controls according to amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays age, gender, geographical area, and seasonality. Conditional logistic regression models were used to determine the amalgam paper, association of prior vaccinations with each condition. Results: Subjects with newly diagnosed AN were more likely than controls to have had any vaccination in the previous 3 months [hazard ratio (HR) 1.80, 95% confidence interval 1.21#x02013;2.68]. Essays! Influenza vaccinations during the ways essays, prior 3, 6, and 12 months were also associated with incident diagnoses of AN, OCD, and amy tan& 39s mother tongue an anxiety disorder. Several other associations were also significant with HRs greater than 1.40 (hepatitis A with OCD and AN; hepatitis B with AN; and meningitis with AN and chronic tic disorder).
Conclusion: This pilot epidemiologic analysis implies that the onset of some neuropsychiatric disorders may be temporally related to essays prior vaccinations in a subset of essays individuals. These findings warrant further investigation, but do not prove a causal role of antecedent infections or vaccinations in the pathoetiology of essay these conditions. Given the modest magnitude of these findings in 39s mother essays, contrast to the clear public health benefits of the timely administration of vaccines in preventing mortality and morbidity in childhood infectious diseases, we encourage families to checklist essay maintain vaccination schedules according to CDC guidelines. There is a considerable body of tongue scientific evidence indicating that the immune system plays a key role in normal brain development and in essays, the pathobiology of several neuropsychiatric disorders (1). These include obsessive#x02013;compulsive disorder (OCD) (2, 3), anorexia nervosa (AN) (4), tic disorders (5), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (6), major depressive disorder (7), and bipolar disorder (8). The precise role immune mechanisms play in these disorders remains to be determined. In light of the role of the immune system in these central nervous system (CNS) conditions, the impact of vaccines on childhood-onset neuropsychiatric diseases had been considered and was mainly addressed with regards to the administration of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine (and its various components) and the subsequent development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Although the 39s mother tongue essays, controversy over MMR vaccination and ASD still exists for some members of the public, this association has been convincingly disproven (9, 10). On the other hand, the onset of a limited number of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders affecting the to write argumentative essays, CNS has been found to be temporally associated with the antecedent administration of various vaccines (11). These disorders include idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and Guillain#x02013;Barr#x000E9; syndrome among others (12#x02013;16). More recently, data have emerged indicating an association between the administration of the H1N1 influenza vaccine containing the essays, AS03 adjuvant and the subsequent new onset of narcolepsy in several northern European countries (17, 18). The immune mechanisms and host factors underlying these associations have not been identified or fully characterized, although preliminary data are beginning to emerge (18#x02013;23). Given this growing body of evidence of of pi faith immunological involvement in CNS conditions, and amy tan& essays despite the controversy concerning the link between ASD and MMR and music spirituality essays the clear public health importance of vaccinations, we hypothesized that some vaccines could have an impact in amy tan& 39s mother, a subset of susceptible individuals and aimed to investigate whether there is a temporal association between the spirituality, antecedent administration of vaccines and the onset of several neuropsychiatric disorders, including OCD, AN, tic disorder, anxiety disorder, ADHD, major depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder using a case#x02013;control population-based pediatric sample (children aged 6#x02013;15 years). To assess the specificity of any statistical associations, we also determined whether or not there were any temporal associations between antecedent vaccine administration and the occurrence of broken bones or open wounds.
Data were obtained from the MarketScan #x000AE; Commercial Claims and Encounters database, which is amy tan& constructed and checklist narrative essay maintained by Truven Health Analytics. Data from 2002 to tongue essays 2007 were used for life of pi faith, the study. Essays! MarketScan consists of as level essays de-identified reimbursed health-care claims for amy tan& 39s mother essays, employees, retirees, and their dependents of over 250 medium and essay large employers and health plans. Hence, individuals included in the database are covered under private insurance plans; no Medicaid or Medicare data are included. The database includes claims information describing the health-care experiences for approximately 56 million covered lives per year. The database is divided into subsections, including inpatient claims, outpatient claims, outpatient prescription drug claims, and enrollment information. Claims data in each of the subsections contain a unique patient identifier and information on patient age, gender, geographic location (including state and amy tan& essays three-digit zip code), and essay type of health plan. The inpatient and outpatient services subsections of the amy tan& tongue, MarketScan database contain information on music spirituality, all services performed in an inpatient or outpatient setting. Essays! These data include information on dates of services, the diagnoses associated with the claim, and the procedures performed.
The outpatient services subsection includes information for all services performed in a doctor#x02019;s office, hospital outpatient clinic, emergency room, or other outpatient facility. Previous studies have used the essay, MarketScan database to examine health-care service use and 39s mother essays costs for children (24#x02013;29). The study sample consisted of children aged 6#x02013;15 with a diagnosis of one of the following conditions (ICD-9 codes in music spirituality, parentheses): OCD (300.3), AN (307.1), anxiety disorder (300.0#x02013;300.2), tic disorder (307.20 or 307.22), ADHD (314), major depression (296.2#x02013;296.3), and bipolar disorder (296.0#x02013;296.2, 296.4#x02013;296.8). To test the specificity of the models, we also included children with broken bones (800#x02013;829) and open wounds (870#x02013;897). To identify new cases, we further limited the sample in each diagnostic group to children who were continuously enrolled for at least 1 year prior to their first diagnosis for the condition (the index date). Amy Tan& Tongue Essays! Next, a matched one-to-one control group was constructed for each diagnostic group consisting of children who did not have the condition of interest and life essay faith were matched with their corresponding case on amy tan& tongue essays, age, gender, date of the start of continuous enrollment, and three-digit zip code. Because vaccines tend to occur during certain times of year (such as before summer camps or the beginning of school), controls were also required to argumentative essays have an outpatient visit at which they did not receive a vaccine within 15 days of the date that the amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays, corresponding case was first diagnosed with the condition, in an effort to control for seasonality. The date of dr jekyll essay this visit was the index date for children in the control group. For each diagnostic group and their corresponding controls, individuals who were vaccinated in the 3, 6, or 12 months before the index date were identified.
Exposure to amy tan& 39s mother vaccines was measured using CPT codes (list available from the authors upon to write, request) and ICD-9 codes (V03#x02013;V06 or V07.2). Exposure to specific vaccines, including influenza, tetanus and diphtheria (TD), hepatitis A, hepatitis B, meningitis, and varicella, was tracked. The analyses were performed for each diagnostic group (and their controls) separately. Children with multiple conditions (e.g., ADHD and tic disorder) were included in amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays, each of the corresponding analytic groups. First, the proportion of spirituality children who were exposed to amy tan& essays vaccines in the period before the essays, index date was compared across the case and control groups. Next, bivariate conditional logistic regression models were estimated to determine the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) associated with the effect of vaccine exposure on amy tan&, having the condition of interest. Separate models were run for the 3-, 6-, and 12-month periods preceding the index date for each diagnostic group. The study was approved by the Penn State College of Medicine Institutional Review Board.
Characteristics of each of the diagnostic groups are presented in Table 1. Sample sizes ranged from 551 children diagnosed with AN to 85,151 children with a broken bone. The average age ranged from 9.5 #x000B1; 2.5 for dental research paper, children with tic disorder to 13.3 #x000B1; 1.7 for amy tan&, children with AN. Not surprisingly, the distribution of essay sex varied considerably across diagnostic groups, with higher percentages of females in the AN (86.6%) and major depression (56.3%) categories and higher proportions of males in the tic disorder (76.4%), ADHD (66.8%), open wound (62.2%), broken bone (58.4%), OCD (56.6%), and bipolar disorder (54.1%) categories. Table 1. Characteristics of the 39s mother essays, sample . Rates of receipt of vaccines in the 6 months before the first diagnosis of the disorder are also reported in Table 1 and history as level essays varied considerably across diagnostic groups. Receipt of any vaccine in the previous 6 months was highest for children with AN (21.4%), followed by 39s mother tongue essays, OCD (15.9%) and tic disorder (15.8%), and was lowest for children with open wounds (10.3%). Rates of receipt of specific vaccines were fairly low, ranging from 0.5% for the hepatitis vaccine among children with tic disorder to life faith 8.4% for the influenza vaccine among children with tic disorder. In general, vaccination rates were highest among children in the AN, OCD, and tic disorder groups and were lowest for children in the open wound or bipolar disorder groups. Table 2 presents HRs from the bivariate associations of receipt of vaccine within the 3-, 6-, and 12-month periods preceding the index date for each diagnostic group compared to amy tan& essays their matched controls. Music Spirituality Essays! Children with OCD, AN, anxiety disorder, or ADHD were more likely to have had a vaccination in each of the preceding periods than their matched controls, and children with tic disorder were more likely to have had a vaccination in amy tan& 39s mother, the preceding 6- and 12-month periods than their matched controls. HRs associated with receipt of any vaccine were highest for children with AN, ranging from faith 1.47 (95% CI 1.12#x02013;1.93) for the 12-month preceding period to tongue essays 1.80 (95% CI 1.21#x02013;2.68) for history as level essays, the 3-month preceding period, followed by OCD, which ranged from amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays 1.23 for both the 12-month (95% CI 1.12#x02013;1.93) and 3-month (95% CI 1.02#x02013;1.49) preceding periods to 1.27 (95% CI 1.10#x02013;1.47) for the 6-month preceding period. However, children with broken bones were also more likely to dr jekyll essay have had a vaccination in the preceding period, although the HRs were smaller, ranging from 1.04 (95% CI 1.00#x02013;1.08) for essays, the 3-month preceding period to 1.08 (95% CI 1.05#x02013;1.11) for of pi faith, the 6-month preceding period.
The other control condition, open wounds, showed no increased incidence following vaccinations. In addition, children with major depression were less likely to have had a vaccination in amy tan& 39s mother essays, all 3 preceding periods, and essay children with bipolar disorder were also less likely to have had a vaccination in the 6- or 12-month preceding periods. Table 2. Amy Tan& 39s Mother! Bivariate associations of receipt of vaccine with new diagnosis . As Level! a. There were fewer statistically significant results when looking at amy tan& tongue essays, the effects of the individual vaccines. Children with OCD were more likely to have received the influenza vaccine in each of the preceding periods, or the hepatitis A vaccine in the previous 6 or 12 months. Children with AN were also more likely to have received the influenza vaccine in the preceding 3 or 6 months, or the TD vaccine in checklist, the previous 12 months. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Tongue Essays! Children with anxiety disorder were more likely to have received the music, influenza vaccine in the previous 12 months. Children with tic disorder were more likely to have received an influenza or a meningococcal vaccine in the previous 6 or 12 months.
However, children with broken bones were also slightly more likely to tongue essays have received the ways essays, influenza vaccine during the previous 3-, 6-, and 12-month intervals. In contrast, children with major depression were less likely to have received the influenza vaccine in the previous 3 months or the meningitis vaccine in the previous 12 months. Similarly, children with bipolar disorder were also less likely to have received the influenza vaccine in amy tan& 39s mother, the previous 3 or 6 months. Antecedent vaccination with any vaccine and with the TD vaccine during the previous 12 months was very modestly associated with a decreased incidence of open wounds (Table 2). The principal findings of this study are as follows: (i) children with OCD, AN, anxiety disorder, and tic disorder were more likely to have received influenza vaccine during the preceding 1-year period (for OCD in the preceding 3-, 6-, and 12-month periods; for AN in the preceding 3- and checklist 6-month periods; for anxiety disorder in the preceding 6- and 12-month periods; for tic disorder in the preceding 6- and 12-month periods) and (ii) HRs associated with receipt of any vaccine were highest for children with AN, ranging from tongue essays 1.47 for the 12-month preceding period to 1.80 for the 3-month preceding period, followed by narrative, OCD, which ranged from tongue 1.23 for both the 12- and 3-month preceding periods to 1.27 for the 6-month preceding period. However, if we apply a high standard [so that the upper limit of the of the 95% CI of the HR observed for the association between the to write, administration of any vaccine and amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays the subsequent occurrence of a broken bone (1.11) falls below the lower limit of the 95% CI observed for any of the HRs for any of the history, neuropsychiatric disorders], only the findings for AN pass this stringent threshold (Table 2). Tongue! Applying a similar high standard for dental research paper, the individual vaccines, the only associations that pass this threshold concern the influenza vaccine given in the preceding 6- and 12-month periods for OCD and anxiety disorders.
Our findings showing that children with AN, OCD, or a tic disorder were more likely to have received the 39s mother, influenza vaccine in the preceding periods were noteworthy given the findings of increased incidence of narcolepsy in Finland, Sweden, Ireland, Norway, England, and dental amalgam research France after vaccination with AS03-adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine (17, 18). Studies also show a threefold increase in the incidence of narcolepsy after following the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in China (30). Although the strong association between HLA class II and narcolepsy suggests that narcolepsy may be an autoimmune disorder, the exact mechanism leading to immune-related narcolepsy is not completely understood and other host factors are likely to play an important role (31, 32). Investigators have made use of in silico techniques to begin to identify potential causal pathways and the relevant host factors (19). More recently, Ahmed et al. (23) have shown that the amy tan&, H1N1 influenza vaccine containing the AS03 adjuvant triggers antibodies that bind to hypocretin receptor 2a. Additional work is needed to replicate and extend these findings. It is also of note that the observed association between the antecedent administration of the influenza vaccine and the new onset of dr jekyll essay AN and OCD may suggest that aberrant immune functioning may be a common pathogenetic pathway for OCD and AN. Amy Tan& 39s Mother! The high comorbidity rates between OCD and AN, common cortico-striatal abnormalities in neuroimaging studies, and anti-putamen antibodies both in OCD and AN cases are some of the shared features of as level essays these two disorders worth considering (33#x02013;35). Amy Tan&! In addition, the of pi essay faith, increased risk for 39s mother tongue essays, autoimmune disorders (such as type 1 diabetes mellitus, Crohn#x02019;s disease, and celiac disease) in dr jekyll essay, eating disorders (36) and the documented comorbidity of OCD and 39s mother autoimmune diseases (such as systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid dysfunction, and multiple sclerosis) (35) indicate the possible shared host factors and narrative the role of immune-mediated mechanisms in the development of essays AN and OCD. We also note the findings of Zastrow and colleagues that vaccination to prevent H1N1 influenza is recommendable even in extremely underweight AN patients (37). Limitations of this study include that we were unable to control for the fact that providers may designate ICD-9 insurance billing codes for vaccines generally without specifying the narrative essay, particular vaccine.
Additionally, we were unable to match claims by providers in order to amy tan& 39s mother essays control for the diagnostic predilections of individual physicians and account for the possibility that some physicians might be more (or less) likely to diagnose one or more neuropsychiatric disorders and/or recommend specific vaccinations. Narrative Essay! The results of this study are further qualified by the limitations of the administrative retrospective data used in this study, rather than from 39s mother systematically obtained clinical data, especially around diagnostic classification. This is a shortcoming inherent in studies that rely on secondary analyses to secure large sample sizes. Life Of Pi Faith! Furthermore, early vaccines are grouped together in the first 15 months of infancy, some of them given simultaneously at amy tan& 39s mother essays, one visit and as level essays received by most of the infants. This leads to a limitation in analyzing the possibility of the temporal association between individual vaccines and tongue essays the onset of neuropsychiatric disorders. We deliberately chose our sample from children aged 6#x02013;15 years in order to overcome this limitation. Another limitation concerns changes in to write argumentative essays, vaccine guidelines during the time interval used in this analysis. For example, the American Academy of Pediatrics first recommended the use of the conjugate meningococcal vaccine in August 2005 and the varicella booster in April 2007.
As a consequence, the size of the cohorts who received these vaccines is smaller in comparison to other vaccines. Another issue concerns the fact that the influenza vaccination is an annual vaccination using a vaccine specific for a given year to protect against tongue essays, the highly variable influenza virus. As a consequence, it is also the most frequently administered vaccine that indeed may well have disproportionately #x0201C;driven#x0201D; the #x0201C;any vaccine#x0201D; findings (Table 1). Given its variability and prevalence, in future studies, it will be important to look year-by-year. Perhaps the life, largest limitation and potential threat to 39s mother essays the study#x02019;s validity has to do with the fundamental impossibility of detecting a causal relationship within the context of such a case#x02013;control study. Indeed, this provides no more than a relative perspective of the potential risk, as opposed to the absolute risk (the real proportion of individuals who had a vaccination and then developed one or more of the investigated conditions) that might be expected to be reasonably small. Moving forward, our findings require replication in a larger population-based sample, possibly including assessments of various potentially important host factors, e.g., the individual#x02019;s genomic and epigenomic background, the individual#x02019;s microbiome, their history of antecedent psychosocial stress, infections, as well as other potentially simultaneously administered vaccinations, the differences in history, vaccine types, and the route of amy tan& tongue essays administration (e.g., intramuscular or intranasal administration of of pi influenza vaccine) as different routes of essays administration may lead to a difference in narrative, immune responses in the host. It will also be critically important to determine whether or not newly acquired infectious diseases against which the children were vaccinated may themselves lead to amy tan& essays an increased incidence to one or more of these neuropsychiatric disorders. In fact, it would not be surprising if the checklist essay, diseases per se represent a stronger risk factor than vaccinations.
The documented increase in the incidence of narcolepsy following the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in China provides a clear example (30). Our earlier epidemiological study documenting a temporally related modest increase in the incidence of OCD, tic disorders, and ADHD following a prior streptococcal infection provides another example (25). Future epidemiologic investigations are needed to tongue essays address this important question. The present study has the potential to extend our knowledge about the role of the immune system in some pediatric-onset neuropsychiatric disorders. However, our findings do not demonstrate a causal role of vaccination in the pathoetiology of any of these conditions. This is especially important given the clear public health benefits of the timely administration of vaccines in preventing mortality and morbidity (38). Paper! Vaccines are among the most successful and cost-effective preventive public health interventions (39). Vaccination has led to eradication of smallpox, and we are close to the eradication of poliomyelitis across the world. Since most of the vaccine-preventable diseases are contagious from tongue essays person to music essays person, the increase in numbers of vaccinated individuals will decrease the amy tan&, chance of a disease to spread. Proper vaccination not only protects our generation but also protects future generations against epidemics of diseases. It should always be kept in mind that vaccines are crucial for eradicating infectious diseases and preventing the higher rates of morbidity and amalgam research paper mortality due to infections.
However, care should be taken to ensure that children scheduled to tongue receive vaccinations are in good health and that recommended precautions are taken at the time a vaccine is to be administered. These findings provide preliminary epidemiologic evidence that the onset of some pediatric-onset neuropsychiatric disorders, including AN, OCD, anxiety disorders, and tic disorders, may be temporally related to prior vaccinations. Of Pi Essay! Each of these conditions is etiologically heterogeneous, and host factors likely play an important role in a small subset of vulnerable individuals. 39s Mother Tongue! However, these findings, even if replicated in future studies, do not prove a causal role of vaccination in the pathoetiology of any of these conditions. Indeed, antecedent infections may also increase the risk of developing one or more of life essay faith these disorders in vulnerable individuals.
Finally, given the modest magnitude of these findings and the clear public health benefits of the tongue essays, timely administration of vaccines in preventing mortality and morbidity in history essays, childhood, we encourage families to maintain the currently recommended vaccination schedules while taking all necessary precautions as documented by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/vac-admin/contraindications.htm). Data were obtained from the MarketScan #x000AE; Commercial Claims and Encounters database, which is constructed and maintained by Truven Health Analytics. DL, RK, BR, and JL designed the study and wrote the protocol. SG commented on the protocol. Tongue! DL undertook the narrative, statistical analysis. BR, DL, and JL wrote the first draft of the amy tan& 39s mother tongue, manuscript. All the authors commented on the manuscript.
All the authors contributed to and have approved the final manuscript. JL has received support from the NIH (salary and research funding), Tourette Syndrome Association (research funding), Grifols, LLC (past research funding), and Klingenstein Third Generation Foundation (medical student fellowship program). Argumentative Essays! He receives book royalties from John Wiley and essays Sons, McGraw Hill, and Oxford University Press. The other authors declare no conflict of interest. The reviewer ML and as level essays handling Editor declared their shared affiliation, and the handling Editor states that the process nevertheless met the standards of a fair and objective review. The authors would like to express their thanks to 39s mother Ivana Kawikova, MD, PhD, for her edits and guidance in preparing this article. This research was funded by research, donations from RK, BR, and Linda Richmand. 1. Leckman JF, Vaccarino FM. Editorial commentary: #x0201C;what does immunology have to do with brain development and amy tan& tongue essays neuropsychiatric disorders?#x0201D;.
Brain Res (2015) 1617:1#x02013;6. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2014.09.052. 2. Teixeira AL, Rodrigues DH, Marques AH, Miguel EC, Fontenelle LF. Searching for the immune basis of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Neuroimmunomodulation (2014) 21(2#x02013;3):152#x02013;8. doi:10.1159/000356554. 3. Williams KA, Swedo SE. Checklist! Post-infectious autoimmune disorders: Sydenham#x02019;s chorea, PANDAS and beyond. Brain Res (2015) 1617:144#x02013;54. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2014.09.071. 4. Omodei D, Pucino V, Labruna G, Procaccini C, Galgani M, Perna F, et al. Immune-metabolic profiling of anorexic patients reveals an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory phenotype.
Metabolism (2015) 64(3):396#x02013;405. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2014.10.025. 5. Martino D, Zis P, Buttiglione M. The role of immune mechanisms in Tourette syndrome. Brain Res (2015) 1617:126#x02013;43. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2014.04.027. 6. Verlaet AA, Noriega DB, Hermans N, Savelkoul HF. Nutrition, immunological mechanisms and dietary immunomodulation in ADHD. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry (2014) 23(7):519#x02013;29. doi:10.1007/s00787-014-0522-2. 7. Lotrich FE. Inflammatory cytokine-associated depression.
Brain Res (2015) 1617:113#x02013;25. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2014.06.032. 8. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Tongue Essays! Maletic V, Raison C. Integrated neurobiology of bipolar disorder. Amalgam Research! Front Psychiatry (2014) 5:98. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00098. 9. Amy Tan& 39s Mother! Kalkbrenner AE, Schmidt RJ, Penlesky AC. Music Spirituality Essays! Environmental chemical exposures and autism spectrum disorders: a review of the amy tan& 39s mother essays, epidemiological evidence. Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care (2014) 44(10):277#x02013;318. doi:10.1016/j.cppeds.2014.06.001. 10. Taylor LE, Swerdfeger AL, Eslick GD. Vaccines are not associated with autism: an evidence-based meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies.
Vaccine (2014) 32(29):3623#x02013;9. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.04.085. 11. Karussis D, Petrou P. Checklist! The spectrum of amy tan& 39s mother post-vaccination inflammatory CNS demyelinating syndromes. Ways Argumentative Essays! Autoimmun Rev (2014) 13(3):215#x02013;24. doi:10.1016/j.autrev.2013.10.003. 12.
Pellegrino P, Carnovale C, Perrone V, Pozzi M, Antoniazzi S, Clementi E, et al. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis onset: evaluation based on vaccine adverse events reporting systems. PLoS One (2013) 8(10):e77766. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077766. 13. Amy Tan& Essays! Pellegrino P, Carnovale C, Pozzi M, Antoniazzi S, Perrone V, Salvati D, et al. Argumentative Essays! On the relationship between human papilloma virus vaccine and autoimmune diseases.
Autoimmun Rev (2014) 13(7):736#x02013;41. doi:10.1016/j.autrev.2014.01.054. 14. Perricone C, Ceccarelli F, Nesher G, Borella E, Odeh Q, Conti F, et al. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) associated with vaccinations: a review of reported cases. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Essays! Immunol Res (2014) 60(2#x02013;3):226#x02013;35. doi:10.1007/s12026-014-8597-x. 15. Amalgam Research! Prestel J, Volkers P, Mentzer D, Lehmann HC, Hartung HP, Keller-Stanislawski B, et al. Risk of Guillain-Barre syndrome following pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 vaccination in Germany. Amy Tan&! Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf (2014) 23(11):1192#x02013;204. doi:10.1002/pds.3638. 16.
Rinaldi M, Perricone C, Ortega-Hernandez OD, Perricone R, Shoenfeld Y. Immune thrombocytopaenic purpura: an autoimmune cross-link between infections and vaccines. Lupus (2014) 23(6):554#x02013;67. doi:10.1177/0961203313499959. 17. Heier MS, Gautvik KM, Wannag E, Bronder KH, Midtlyng E, Kamaleri Y, et al. Spirituality Essays! Incidence of essays narcolepsy in Norwegian children and adolescents after vaccination against H1N1 influenza A. Of Pi Essay! Sleep Med (2013) 14(9):867#x02013;71. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2013.03.020. 18. Partinen M, Kornum BR, Plazzi G, Jennum P, Julkunen I, Vaarala O. Amy Tan& 39s Mother! Narcolepsy as an autoimmune disease: the role of H1N1 infection and vaccination.
Lancet Neurol (2014) 13(6):600#x02013;13. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(14)70075-4. 19. McGarvey PB, Suzek BE, Baraniuk JN, Rao S, Conkright B, Lababidi S, et al. In silico analysis of amalgam autoimmune diseases and genetic relationships to vaccination against infectious diseases. BMC Immunol (2014) 15:61. doi:10.1186/s12865-014-0061-0. 20. Nguyen XH, Saoudi A, Liblau RS. Tongue Essays! Vaccine-associated inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system: from signals to causation. Curr Opin Neurol (2016) 29(3):362#x02013;71. doi:10.1097/WCO.0000000000000318. 21.
H#x000E4;ggmark-M#x000E5;nberg A, Zandian A, Forsstr#x000F6;m B, Khademi M, Lima Bomfim I, Hellstr#x000F6;m C, et al. Life Of Pi! Autoantibody targets in vaccine-associated narcolepsy. Autoimmunity (2016) 49(6):421#x02013;33. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Tongue Essays! doi:10.1080/08916934.2016.1183655. 22. Research Paper! Vogel G. INFLUENZA. Narcolepsy link to pandemic flu vaccine becomes clearer. Science (2015) 349(6243):17. doi:10.1126/science.349.6243.17. 23. Ahmed SS, Volkmuth W, Duca J, Corti L, Pallaoro M, Pezzicoli A, et al.
Antibodies to influenza nucleoprotein cross-react with human hypocretin receptor 2. Sci Transl Med (2015) 7(294):294ra105. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aab2354. 24. Leslie DL, Martin A. Health care expenditures associated with autism spectrum disorders. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med (2007) 161(4):350#x02013;5. doi:10.1001/archpedi.161.4.350. 25. Leslie DL, Kozma L, Martin A, Landeros A, Katsovich L, King RA, et al. 39s Mother Tongue! Neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection: a case-control study among privately insured children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry (2008) 47(10):1166#x02013;72. doi:10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181825a3d. 26. Shimabukuro TT, Grosse SD, Rice C. Life Essay Faith! Medical expenditures for children with an autism spectrum disorder in a privately insured population.
J Autism Dev Disord (2008) 38(3):546#x02013;52. doi:10.1007/s10803-007-0424-y. 27. Zhou F, Shefer A, Kong Y, Nuorti JP. Trends in acute otitis media-related health care utilization by privately insured young children in the United States, 1997-2004. Pediatrics (2008) 121(2):253#x02013;60. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-0619. 28.
Cortes JE, Curns AT, Tate JE, Cortese MM, Patel MM, Zhou F, et al. Rotavirus vaccine and health care utilization for 39s mother, diarrhea in U.S. Amalgam Research Paper! children. N Engl J Med (2011) 365(12):1108#x02013;17. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1000446. 29. 39s Mother Essays! Leung J, Harpaz R, Molinari NA, Jumaan A, Zhou F. Herpes zoster incidence among insured persons in the United States, 1993-2006: evaluation of impact of varicella vaccination. Dental Paper! Clin Infect Dis (2011) 52(3):332#x02013;40. doi:10.1093/cid/ciq077. 30. Han F, Lin L, Warby SC, Faraco J, Li J, Dong SX, et al. Narcolepsy onset is seasonal and increased following the 2009 H1N1 pandemic in China.
Ann Neurol (2011) 70(3):410#x02013;7. doi:10.1002/ana.22587. 31. Billiard M, Seignalet J, Besset A, Cadilhac J. HLA-DR2 and narcolepsy. Sleep (1986) 9(1 Pt 2):149#x02013;52. 32. Koepsell TD, Longstreth WT, Ton TG.
Medical exposures in youth and the frequency of narcolepsy with cataplexy: a population-based case-control study in genetically predisposed people. J Sleep Res (2010) 19(1 Pt 1):80#x02013;6. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00756.x. 33. Harel Z, Hallett J, Riggs S, Vaz R, Kiessling L. Antibodies against human putamen in amy tan& tongue, adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Int J Eat Disord (2001) 29(4):463#x02013;9. doi:10.1002/eat.1043. 34. Kirvan CA, Swedo SE, Snider LA, Cunningham MW. Antibody-mediated neuronal cell signaling in behavior and movement disorders. J Neuroimmunol (2006) 179(1#x02013;2):173#x02013;9. doi:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2006.06.017. 35.
Toufexis MD, Hommer R, Gerardi DM, Grant P, Rothschild L, D#x02019;Souza P, et al. Disordered eating and food restrictions in children with PANDAS/PANS. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol (2015) 25(1):48#x02013;56. doi:10.1089/cap.2014.0063. 36. Raevuori A, Haukka J, Vaarala O, Suvisaari JM, Gissler M, Grainger M, et al. The increased risk for autoimmune diseases in patients with eating disorders. PLoS One (2014) 9(8):e104845. Essays! doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0104845. 37. 39s Mother Tongue Essays! Zastrow A, Schnitzler P, Eckerle I, Herzog W, Friederich HC.
Immunogenicity and safety of H1N1 vaccination in anorexia nervosa #x02013; results from a pilot study. Int J Eat Disord (2012) 45(1):146#x02013;9. doi:10.1002/eat.20908. 38. Andre FE, Booy R, Bock HL, Clemens J, Datta SK, John TJ, et al. Vaccination greatly reduces disease, disability, death and inequity worldwide. Bull World Health Organ (2008) 86(2):140#x02013;6. doi:10.2471/BLT.07.040089. 39. Fine P. Ways To Write Argumentative! Science and society: vaccines and public health. Public Health (2014) 128(8):686#x02013;92. Amy Tan& Tongue Essays! doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2014.06.021. Keywords: anorexia nervosa, obsessive#x02013;compulsive disorder, anxiety disorder, tic disorder, vaccination, influenza, meningococcus.
Citation: Leslie DL, Kobre RA, Richmand BJ, Aktan Guloksuz S and Leckman JF (2017) Temporal Association of Certain Neuropsychiatric Disorders Following Vaccination of Children and Adolescents: A Pilot Case#x02013;Control Study. Front. Psychiatry 8:3. Dental Research Paper! doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00003. Received: 19 August 2016; Accepted: 04 January 2017; Published: 19 January 2017. Ashok Mysore, St.
John#x02019;s Medical College Hospital, India. Rajshekhar Bipeta, Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, India. Om Sai Ramesh Vallamkonda, Lady Hardinge Medical College, India. Copyright: #x000A9; 2017 Leslie, Kobre, Richmand, Aktan Guloksuz and Leckman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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Amy tan39s mother tongue the purpose and power essay…
An American Hero Essay Research Paper The. An American Hero Essay, Research Paper. The American Hero. War, defined in the dictionary as the fighting between nations or groups of amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays, people in a nation. The term war to me means not hate and death, but history and pain. Music! Looking back into the past, the most influential war that ever took place in the world, was World War II. When thinking about whom I should interview for my report, I could only think about my interests in the war. So I found a man who had fought in amy tan& 39s mother essays, the war for two years, and had had many hardships there. My interview was of a man whom had flown in the 101st airborne.
His name is Walter Heatherly, a decorated hero of the past. As I walked into Mr. Heatherly’s house, the first sight that hits your eyes is a nazi flag hanging on the wall. I was astounded to see an American have such a horrible object, as the nazi flag, even in music spirituality essays, their house. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Tongue Essays! Mr. Heatherly saw my look of astonishment and laughed. He explained to me that the nazi flag on his wall was one, which his platoon had taken during the war. Upon closer examination I saw that around the history as level edge of the flag were hundreds of 39s mother tongue essays, American signatures.
Mr. Heatherly told me he kept this on the wall for two reasons, one for pride, and the other for the mourning of his lost comrades. The feeling of pride he said came from the winning of the war, and the knowledge that you were the big dog in the world. The mourning aspect was in remembrance of his lost friends and soldiers. Upon entering the essay house and seeing the nazi flag, and learning of its purpose, I knew my choice for the interview was a good one. After my encounter with the amy tan& 39s mother tongue flag, Mr. Heatherly and I sat down to begin the dr jekyll interview. Tongue Essays! We started with his early days in the war. Dental Research Paper! Mr.
Heatherly was involved with what is tongue called the 101st airborne. These were the men whom were the first to go into battle. Music! Mr. Amy Tan& Essays! Heatherly remembers having one hundred pounds of gear strapped to him at one time. At the start of his career in the war, he was a reserve jumper. He was the reserve for a paratrooper on D-day who unfortunately died. With the death of this man it was Mr. Heatherly’s turn to do the fighting. Mr.
Heatherly said that upon receiving this letter, he felt as if his life had ended. His heart had turned to pieces, and his body was full of fright. The letter said he was to jump somewhere in Holland. The Americans were making an attempt to liberate the country and take a stronghold away from Germany. The evening of the history essays jump came and Mr. Heatherly said he felt like running away. He told me that even though he wanted to go home, he said he had a feeling inside that everything was going to be all right in the end.
He said the airplane flight was long and slow. It took what seemed like five hours he said, when it was only fourty-five minutes. Once over Holland Mr. Heatherly said he could here loud explosions going off in amy tan& tongue essays, the air. Essay! As he stepped to the edge to amy tan& essays, jump, he felt a great push on his back. In the air he turned to amalgam research, see who was next, but what he saw he would remember the amy tan& 39s mother tongue rest of life, his life. Mr. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Tongue Essays! Heatherly turned only to see that his plane had been shot and blown to pieces by a bomb. Music Essays! The man who had pushed him saved his life! At this point I looked into his eyes, and tears were starting to form. I could see in his eyes that he felt he had a non-payable debt to society, and whoever had pushed him off that plane would be in his heart forever.
This was a heartbreaking moment in his life, he said. We stopped the interview for 39s mother tongue, about fifteen minutes to get a drink, because I could tell the emotional stress of the history essays past was very overwhelming for Mr. 39s Mother Tongue! Heatherly. Upon restarting the interview Mr. Heatherly told me something that I could never understand, but will always remember in the back of my mind. He said that once his feet hit the ground that evening in the Holland soil, he said his two years of living in ways to write essays, hell had begun. When Mr.
Heatherly hit the ground de said he looked around for his entire platoon. No one was to 39s mother tongue essays, be found, and he was in enemy territory all by himself. He said there wasn’t an actual feeling to describe the fright and confusion, which was turning in ways, his mind. He said he felt like a needle in a haystack. For the next few days Mr. Heatherly walked around Holland looking for any sign of Americans. He came to a village outside of Amsterdam, where he hoped to find food and some shelter. Mr.
Heatherly was walking down a cobble road in the middle of the village, when all of the tongue essays sudden gun shots ran out and life of pi faith the door behind him was full of 39s mother tongue essays, bullet holes. Mr. Heatherly said at that point he as if felt he was in god’s hands. The gunshots had come from a building on the other side o the street. Mr. Heatherly readied his gun. He ran across the street shooting in the windows of the shack trying to save his life. He said he hid behing a dumpster for what seemed like days, and no more firing was going on. He said he leaned out to look at the building, and he saw American soldiers standing around the house. He said he felt as if a rock had been lifted off his chest, and ran to dental amalgam, greet the soldiers. Once he came upon amy tan& 39s mother tongue, them, he said he saw a sight, which still troubles him today.
In the dental amalgam paper house were two dead Germans who had both been shot Nine or ten times. He then realized what had happened, and what he had done. The shack was made of stone, and when Mr. Heatherly had shot into the windows, his bullets had ricochet numerous times, hitting the men over and over. He said he felt as if he had betrayed himself. He thought about the. men and amy tan& tongue their families, and what hell he must have caused them. He said at this point he felt like running away, but in the back of his mind he knew there was no escape from the hellish place he had been put. For the spirituality essays next few days Mr. Heatherly said all he could do was sit b himself and think of what he had done.
He then told me that this incident was nothing compared to what was to come. This made feel a great sense of sorrow for the children who were put into amy tan& essays the situation that Mr. Heatherly was in. Mr. Heatherly said for dr jekyll, the next few weeks the platoon stayed in the town and protected a bridge, until the country had been liberated. Once their job in Holland was done, the men got a two-week break. Mr. Heatherly decided to go to Paris.
With all of the time spent in Paris, Mr. Heathery said he felt like a normal human being again. He never had to worry about whom was going to kill him, or who he would have to kill. After the break Mr. Heatherly said, “It was time to go back to hell, and there was no way of getting out of it.” Mr.
Heathery and tongue essays his platoon were sent to a small village in Belgium called Bastogne. Mr. Checklist Narrative! Heatherly asked me if I had ever seen the movie Saving Private Ryan. I said “yes,” and he asked me if I remembered the battle scene at the end of the tongue essays movie. He said that Bastogne was the battle at music the end of the movie, and he had been in it.
Mr. Heatherly said he and his platoon had been in the village for about two weeks, when the outside strongholds of the town had fallen into German hands. 39s Mother Essays! The platoon of fifty men were in a village totally surrounded by mr hyde Germans. Mr. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Tongue! Heathery said that he had no food, and the ammunition was almost out. On July 1,1944, the Germans attacked the village of Bastogne. Life Essay! Mr.
Heatherly said that a feeling of amy tan& tongue essays, death and to write argumentative defeat were running through his veins. Amy Tan& Tongue! The Germans attacked with strong force, using tanks and panzer guns. Mr Hyde Essay! Mr. Heatherly said the Americans used bombs made from their socks, and what gun power they had left. At one point Mr. Heatherly and his best friend were in a foxhole, when the Germans discovered where they were. The next event would be one where the smell and taste are still with Mr. Heatherly today.
His friend stood up to throw a bomb at the tank, when Mr. Heatherly heard a loud explosion, and amy tan& tongue essays then a wetness all over his body. He looked down to see that all of his clothes were red, and only half of his friend was in the foxhole. History As Level Essays! Mr. Heatherly said a newfound hatred for the world entered his mind. He ran out of the foxhole, and blew the tank up by himself. He said the battle lasted about essays, six hours, and the Americans with their will to live beat the Germans and held the life essay faith town. This day of fighting was too much for Mr. Heatherly, and he felt it was time to go home. After the battle Mr. Heatherly was allowed to go home due to an injury to his hip.
He said he had no idea what he was going to do with his life at that point, he had seen and 39s mother tongue essays learned so much. As we concluded our interview I felt as if I was in the presence of a great man. He fought for his country, saved the world from a horrible end, and came back to America and lived his life to the fullest. I figured that there was only narrative, one definition for a man like that. Through my interview with Mr.
Heatherly, I learned the true definition of an amy tan& American hero.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and amy tan& 39s mother, Tips. Sometimes writing—especially writing for narrative essay, standardized tests—can feel like something you get or don't get. That's primarily because it's very difficult to explain and teach writing in a mechanical way, especially when you're up against time limits. In this article, we've broken how to write the ACT essay into 8 steps that work for every essay, every time. Then, we show you exactly how to do it with an actual ACT essay example. Many students ask us how to write an ACT essay, and while the answer is simple enough to explain in amy tan& 39s mother essays 8 steps (as we do below), it's not necessarily simple to do . Dental Amalgam Paper! As with any skill, the key to learning how to write an ACT essay is to study a good model (which we are going to cover in this article) and then practice, practice, practice. Tackling ACT Writing, Step by Step. The ACT essay plan below has been modified from our ACT Essay Tips article to fit the new ACT Writing Test. The template includes 3 sections: planning, writing and revising. If you practice using this template to write ACT essays, you'll get much faster and (probably) more precise. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Essays! Here's the sample prompt we'll be responding to:
Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by dental amalgam research, intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on amy tan& 39s mother essays, assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of research paper our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at amy tan&, a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines?
Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of essay faith intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives. Perspective One: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Essays! Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from ways essays us basic courtesy, respect, and amy tan& 39s mother tongue, tolerance for other people. Perspective Two: Machines are good at essays, low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at amy tan& tongue essays, high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. Life Essay! This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities.
Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. It may feel like you won't have time to plan your essay before you write, but really, it's something you can't omit. Trust us. Organizing your thoughts as you write will cost you way more time than if you take the time to plan out your essay before you begin writing. Step 1: Read the tongue essays, Prompt and the Perspectives Provided, Then (Tentatively) Choose a Position. Because addressing the essay, relationship between your perspective and at least one of the amy tan& tongue essays, other three perspectives is an integral part of the essay task, you need to make sure you understand what each prompt is saying.
The good news is that each perspective includes both a general assertion about intelligent machines as well as an opinion that places the topic in dr jekyll essay a broader context, saving you some work in coming up with your own, independent perspective. While it is possible to come up with a fourth point of view on 39s mother, the topic, I don't recommend it, as the added time you'll have to spend coming up with your own point of view could be better spend developing your comparison of your perspective to at least one of the other perspectives. If your perspective is a blending of mr hyde multiple perspectives, then that's also fine, as long as you make sure you compare your blended perspective to each of the perspectives it combines; otherwise, you won't fulfill the analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective part of the task. Bottom line: choose the perspective you think you can support the best. For this sample ACT essay, I'm going to amy tan& tongue essays, tentatively choose to history, argue Perspective Three (that intelligent machines challenge long-standing ideas about amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays humanity, which in turn pushes humans and machines toward new, previously unimaginable possibilities), simply because that happens to be the position I think I'll be able to support the best. Step 2: Quickly Brainstorm Evidence and Explanations to music spirituality, Support Each Perspective. Because the amy tan& 39s mother essays, ACT essay involves discussing the relationship between your perspective and at least one of the essays, other perspectives given, not just the one you agree with, you'll have to use multiple pieces of amy tan& 39s mother essays evidence in your essay. At this point, if you find that you're able to find more convincing evidence to support a different perspective than the checklist essay, one you've chosen, you can always switch - after all, you're still planning. Also, you don't have to write in complete sentences, or phrase things as elegantly as you will in the actual essay, so don't worry about that. Opening paragraph of the amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays, prompt : If you haven't already, read through the paragraph at the beginning of the life of pi, essay prompt.
You can appropriate some or all of the examples in it to use in your own essay. Personal Experience : you can tell any story (real or not) about you or someone else you know (or make up) that supports any one of your points. Statistics : again, these can be real or made up. You could invent a research study that looked at amy tan&, recordings of phone calls and found 80% of essay people end up cursing while using automated phone menus (to support perspective one), make up statistics that show automated cashiers are able to process 3x as many check-outs as human cashiers (to support perspective 2), or come up with any other kind of amy tan& 39s mother statistics that support one of the perspectives. Specifics from Sources : use knowledge of events from history or current events to mr hyde essay, support your points. If you're not certain of the details, it's all right - the essay graders won't deduct points for factually inaccurate information. Amy Tan& Tongue! For this essay, you could use the invention of the printing press (and its effects) as an spirituality, example of how mechanization can lead to unimagined possibilities. Here's the evidence I came up with for amy tan& 39s mother essays, my essay: Perspective One: What we lose with the checklist narrative, replacement of amy tan& 39s mother people by music spirituality essays, machines is some part of our own humanity. Amy Tan& Tongue Essays! Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and essay, tolerance for other people. Evidence : Many of amy tan& 39s mother our phone conversations are conducted not with people, but with sophisticated technologies. Paper! that don't necessarily work at 100%
Explanation : People get so frustrated with the technology that when they press 0 to speak with a real human they are often rude and discourteous. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Evidence : Robots build cars on assembly lines. Explanation : Lower cost, decreases risk of injury to human workers. Perspective Three: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. Tongue! This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Evidence : Brain-computer interfaces that allow people to dr jekyll mr hyde essay, control computers with their brains are a thing. Explanation : Allow people to overcome physical limitations, inspire us to tongue essays, continue researching and expanding knowledge. Step 3: Brainstorm Your Counterarguments to, or Analyses of, the Other Perspectives.
There's no one right way to mr hyde, respond to the perspectives the 39s mother, ACT gives you. Some of it depends on what point of view you take. Dental Amalgam Research Paper! For instance, if I agreed with Perspective One, which takes a negative view of the effects of intelligent machines, I might want to discuss both of the other two perspectives (which both take positive views of intelligent machines) in one paragraph, and amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays, then disagree with them in life faith the next paragraph as I present my support for Perspective One. Since I am arguing for Perspective Three (machines challenge our ideas about amy tan& 39s mother tongue what humans are or can be, which pushes us and dr jekyll mr hyde, machines toward new possibilities), I am going to argue against Perspective One and Perspective Two separately, because I have strong evidence for essays, my analyses of each perspective. Life Essay Faith! Because the essay only requires you to analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective, if I had lots of amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays evidence to use in history as level my comparison of my perspective and Perspective One, but nothing to say about Perspective Two, I could also decide not to discuss that perspective at all. In this case, I was able to thing of solid arguments for and against amy tan& 39s mother tongue, both of the other perspectives, so I chose to analyze both of them and their relationship to my perspective below. Again, these are not necessarily worded in essay faith their final form. Perspective One: What we lose with the amy tan&, replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for music essays, other people.
Evidence : Many of our phone conversations are conducted not with people, but with sophisticated technologies. that don't necessarily work at 100% Explanation : People get so frustrated with the technology that when they press 0 to speak with a real human they are often rude and discourteous. Counterargument/analysis : The benefits outweigh the costs, because providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service reps to answer real questions. In addition, recordings of calls with angry customers are used to improve the menus. Perspective Two: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and tongue, progressive world for everyone. Evidence : Robots build cars on music spirituality essays, assembly lines. Explanation : Robots take over 39s mother tongue essays, dangerous jobs which decreases risk of injury to human workers, lowering cost to employers. Counterargument/analysis : This perspective is music true, but is amy tan& tongue essays limited in its consideration of the implications. Robots can not only do things instead of humans, but can actually work with humans, as in precise surgery, to a better result than either humans or machines alone.
Now that you have the essays, main points of your essay, it's time to organize them in a way that makes sense. 39s Mother Essays! Make sure to include your introduction (with your thesis statement containing your point of view, or at least a rough sense of your thesis statement) and conclusion in this organization. If you have time, you can include transitions now, but you can also just add them as you are writing. The increasing prevalence of life of pi machines challenges us, etc, will put this in fancy words when I write the amy tan& 39s mother tongue, essay for real. Perspective One argues that replacing humans with machine leads us to lose part of history our own humanity, because even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people.
I have witnessed this in my own life through watching my mother interact with some of those sophisticated automated phone systems. She sometimes gets so frustrated with the technology refusing to do what she wants that, by the time the menu allows her to speak to a real human, my mother is no longer courteous or respectful. Despite this frustration, I think the benefits outweigh the costs, because providing people with the amy tan& 39s mother, option to submit prescriptions or ask about store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service reps to answer real questions. In addition, recordings of calls with angry customers are used to improve the menus. In contrast to Perspective One, Perspective Two argues that the essay, main utility of machines is in their ability to perform repetitive tasks more precisely and efficiently than humans. In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on assembly lines, performing their jobs with high precision and at lower overall cost to tongue, employers, who can make a one time purchase rather than having to pay a human a yearly salary (and worry about liability issues) The true impact of intelligent machines in music our lives is that they challenge us to re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in the future. 39s Mother Essays! An example of this is brain-computer interfaces that allow people to dental research paper, control computers with their brains. With BCIs, people can overcome physical limitations.. In addition, BCIs have capture the interest of people from all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields to create new, previously unimagined inventions and ways to 39s mother, interact with the life of pi faith, world. In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines help us to amy tan& 39s mother tongue, move forward as a species to new heights.
By the essay, end of this step, you should try to have about 30 minutes left so you have enough time to write. If you don't, just keep in mind that you might have to skimp on some of your explanations/counterarguments for the perspective(s) you compare to your own. Once you've structured your argument, it's time to write it all down! Step 5: Introduction Paragraph Thesis. Write your introduction. Amy Tan&! If you can think of an interesting first sentence that brings your thesis into a larger discussion, start with that. (If writing the introduction stumps you, just leave 10-15 lines blank at checklist essay, the beginning of the paper and come back to it.) From the simplest system of amy tan& essays pulleys and ropes in ancient Greece to the most complex supercomputer in the world today, machines have had (and continue to dental amalgam research paper, have) a profound influence on the development of essays humanity. Make sure you clearly state your thesis. For a 3+/6 essay, this should include your perspective on the issue and how it relates to at least one of the other perspectives presented in the prompt. While some argue that machines have a negative impact on narrative essay, us, the increasing prevalence of intelligent machines in amy tan& tongue essays the world challenges us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to continue forward to new and even more advanced possibilities. When you start your first body paragraph , try to think of a first sentence that refers back to spirituality essays, the first paragraph.
Ideally, you'll start every paragraph by 39s mother essays, referring back to music spirituality essays, your thesis to create a unified argument. One common argument against the increased presence of amy tan& tongue machines in our day-to-day lives (seen in Perspective One) is that machines leach away at our basic humanity. Then address the argument opposing yours (in this case, Perspective One). Explain the evidence that supports this perspective in 3-5 sentences. I found this to music essays, be true in my own life as a result of witnessing many a phone conversation between my mother and an automated telephone menu. Tongue! For whatever reason, she consistently has issues with the menus that try to verify her date of birth. The automated system never understands what she says (possibly because of her accent), and asks her to input the numbers via her keypad; of course, my mom's smartphone is so smart that the checklist narrative, screen turns off while she is on a call, making it impossible for her to follow the automated phone system's instructions. By the time the system gives up and routes her to tongue, speak to essay faith, a human representative, my mother is often so frustrated that she is far from amy tan& essays courteous and respectful to that person. Then, make sure to explain your counterargument to this perspective, tying it back to your thesis. Despite my mother's understandable frustration with automated phone systems, however, overall the benefits outweigh the costs.
Providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about dental research store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service representatives to answer questions machines are incapable of addressing. In addition, the recordings of angry phone calls (where customers are not courteous, respectful, or tolerant of other humans) are used to improve the phone menus to make them more user-friendly. Thus, the momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by 39s mother, machines is more than compensated for by the positive effects of those same machines. If you're only comparing your perspective against one of the others, then this paragraph should contain further analysis of the relationship between the two perspectives. If you're comparing your perspective against both of the other perspectives (as I did in this essay), then this is narrative where you introduce your thoughts on the second perspective. Another school of thought, exemplified by Perspective Two, argues that the main utility of machines is their ability to perform repetitive tasks more precisely and more efficiently than humans, which leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Address the argument of this second perspective (in this case, Perspective Two).
Explain the evidence that supports this perspective in 3-5 sentences. In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on assembly lines. 39s Mother Essays! Instead of essays having to pay a human employee a yearly salary, invest time in training that employee, and worry about tongue liability should that employee be injured, manufacturing plants can now make a one-time purchase of an intelligent machine that will perform that same job at higher levels of research precision. This leads to a more prosperous world for the manufacturers, as they are able to invest less money to get a better product. Then, make sure to explain how this perspective relates back to your perspective. This perspective is fine as far as it goes, but is 39s mother limited in its consideration of the implications. To Write! Robots can not only work in amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays place of essay humans, but can also work cooperatively with humans to essays, a greater results than either could have hoped for ways to write essays, alone. This can be seen in highly complex and delicate surgeries, where a surgeon controls robotic microtools to perform operations that even ten years ago would have been unimaginable and impossible.
Introduce your main perspective, linking it back to the counterarguments you've made against at least one of the other perspectives. I agree with Perspective Three that the true impact of intelligent machines in our lives is that they challenge us to amy tan& tongue, re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in the future. Present one final example in support of your perspective. A final example of this is essays brain-computer interfaces, or BCIs. 39s Mother Tongue Essays! Humans are able to manipulate computers with their brains via electrodes that are either implanted in their brains or attached (temporarily) to their heads. With these intelligent machines, formerly paralyzed people who had no hope of communicating with others are able to life faith, transcend their physical limitations by 39s mother essays, concentrating to form words out of keyboards on the computer screens. In addition, BCIs have captured the interest of dental amalgam people from amy tan& 39s mother all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields like music to create new, previously unimagined instruments that react to people's thoughts, adding a new dimension to an ancient art form. Truly, intelligent machines are providing the impetus not just for spirituality, greater efficiency, but for greater accomplishments. Check your time. Try to have 5-6 minutes left at this point. Come up with a quick sentence that restates your thesis to wrap up the essay.
In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines actually help us to move forward as a species to essays, achieve new, previously unimagined possibilities. Let's look at our complete ACT essay example:  From the simplest system of pulleys and ropes in ancient Greece to the most complex supercomputer in essays the world today, machines have had (and continue to have) a profound influence on the development of humanity. While some argue that machines have a negative impact on tongue, us, the argumentative essays, increasing prevalence of intelligent machines in the world challenge us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to continue forward to new and even more advanced possibilities.  One common argument against the increased presence of machines in our day-to-day lives (seen in Perspective One) is that machines leach away at our basic humanity. Amy Tan& 39s Mother Tongue Essays! I found this to dr jekyll mr hyde essay, be true in amy tan& 39s mother my own life as a result of to write argumentative essays witnessing many a phone conversation between my mother and an automated telephone menu. For whatever reason, she consistently has issues with the menus that try to verify her date of birth. The automated system never understands what she says (possibly because of her accent), and asks her to input the numbers via her keypad; of course, my mom's smartphone is so smart that the screen turns off while she is on a call, making it impossible for amy tan& tongue essays, her to follow the automated phone system's instructions.
By the ways argumentative, time the system gives up and routes her to speak to a human representative, my mother is often so frustrated that she is far from courteous and respectful to that person. Despite my mother's understandable frustration with automated phone systems, however, overall the benefits outweigh the costs. Providing people with the option to submit prescriptions or ask about amy tan& tongue essays store hours through an automated menu frees up customer service representatives to answer questions machines are incapable of addressing. In addition, the dental research paper, recordings of amy tan& 39s mother tongue angry phone calls (where customers are not courteous, respectful, or tolerant of other humans) are used to improve the phone menus to make them more user-friendly. Thus, the momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by machines is more than compensated for by the argumentative, positive effects of those same machines.  Another school of amy tan& essays thought, exemplified by Perspective Two, argues that the main utility of machines is their ability to perform repetitive tasks more precisely and of pi essay, more efficiently than humans, which leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. In auto plants around the world, robots build cars on amy tan& 39s mother essays, assembly lines.
Instead of having to pay a human employee a yearly salary, invest time in training that employee, and worry about liability should that employee be injured, manufacturing plants can now make a one-time purchase of an intelligent machine that will perform that same job at higher levels of precision. This leads to a more prosperous world for the manufacturers, as they are able to invest less money to get a better product. This perspective is fine as far as it goes, but is limited in its consideration of the implications. Robots can not only work in place of humans, but can also work cooperatively with humans to a greater results than either could have hoped for alone. This can be seen in highly complex and delicate surgeries, where a surgeon controls robotic microtools to perform operations that even ten years ago would have been unimaginable and impossible.  I agree with Perspective Three that the true impact of intelligent machines in music our lives is that they challenge us to re-think our preconceived notions of what people can do or become in the future. A final example of this is brain-computer interfaces, or BCIs. Humans are able to amy tan& tongue, manipulate computers with their brains via electrodes that are either implanted in their brains or attached (temporarily) to dental amalgam paper, their heads. 39s Mother Tongue! With these intelligent machines, formerly paralyzed people who had no hope of communicating with others are able to transcend their physical limitations by narrative essay, concentrating to form words out of keyboards on the computer screens. In addition, BCIs have captured the interest of people from all different backgrounds and are being applied to non-scientific fields like music to essays, create new, previously unimagined instruments that react to argumentative essays, people's thoughts, adding a new dimension to 39s mother essays, an ancient art form.
Truly, intelligent machines are providing the life of pi essay, impetus not just for greater efficiency, but for greater accomplishments.  In conclusion, rather than taking away from our humanity, intelligent machines actually help us to move forward as a species to achieve new, previously unimagined possibilities. In these last 2-4 minutes, you want to read over your essay and amy tan& 39s mother tongue essays, trying to pick up a point or two by revising. In this time, you can do a number of things. You can, of course, correct mistakes : Paragraph 1, Sentence 2: [subject/verb agreement; change is bolded] The increasing prevalence of intelligent machines in the world challenges us to change long held beliefs about our limitations and to continue forward to new and even more advanced possibilities. You can replace dull or problematic words or phrasing with fancier words or clearer turns of phrase: Paragraph 2, last sentence.
Thus, the momentary disrespect toward other humans caused by machines is more than compensated for by the positive effects of those same machines. We can change it to: Thus, any momentary disrespect my mom might show to a customer service representative (as a result of frustration with the automated system) is ways more than compensated for by the positive effects of amy tan& tongue essays those same machines. There you go! Now you know how to write a good ACT essay. If any part of this was confusing, re-read that section. Then try to do it yourself with a sample ACT essay prompt. Practice planning your essays in 8-10 minutes before you start writing . Music Spirituality Essays! The time limits above should be your goal; start by giving yourself more time and then shrink it down. You can use the list from our ACT essay prompts blog post or any list of ACT-like questions and start with the 39s mother essays, planning stage . Don't forget to check out our full analysis of the ACT Writing Rubric, with strategies and explanations that can guide you in checklist your essay planning!
Our blog post about ACT essay tips has more in-depth information about the details of planning and arguing in the ACT essay. If you've already taken the ACT and are wondering how the new essay differs from the old ACT Writing test, definitely be sure to check out our article on the enhanced ACT Writing section. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is amy tan& 39s mother tongue entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses. We also have expert instructors who can grade every one of your practice ACT essays, giving feedback on how to improve your score. Check out checklist, our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article!
Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of essays Music of Bard College. Amalgam Research! She scored 99 percentile scores on 39s mother, the SAT and music, GRE and loves advising students on how to excel in tongue essays high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. Ways To Write! You'll get updates on 39s mother tongue, our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on dental research paper, all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section:
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