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Outline of a research paper apa format

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How to outline a research paper apa format

Outline of a research paper apa format

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APA Research Paper Outline | Some More APA Formatting…

Best Resume Formats 47+ Free Samples, Examples, Format Download! A Resume Template is an extremely important document which is used in the case when a person or an applicant is applying for a job, a volunteership, an internship, an outline research apa format, educational course or any other thing. The resume lists down the in ielts various details about the candidate such as his/her name, address, phone number, email address, academic details, work experience, skills and qualities etc. Unlock A Great Career Ahead With A Perfect Resume. Your resume is your primary representative in the career world. Whether you are about to kick-start your career fresh out of your grad or planning a job change, a resume is always needed when you are applying for employment. It’s the research paper first thing that your prospective employer will see about improve writing, you and hence your CV has this duty to of a research, present you in the best possible light. Phd-dissertations In Psychology! 44 Modern Resume Templates Bundle for $69. Apa Format! Stunning Resume Template Bundle for Job seekers $30. Modern Resume / CV Templates Bundle. Latest Chartered Accountant Resume Word Format Free Download.

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Modern Resume Format Free Download. Types Writing! If you are planning a contemporary resume format download, this modern resume template has got the answer for of a research paper apa format you. It allows you to detail about your profile at left followed by contact information while the right side is about skills, experiences achievements. Types Writing! Business Format Resume Template Download. Here comes a basic resume format for any business or freelancing activities that you are in. Outline Of A Research Apa Format! It begins with your picture, profile and personal information at the left while the right is about your education, work experience skills. 4 Set Creative #038; Professional Resume Formats. You are getting a set of as many 4 true professional and essay low gmat score creative resume models where you can include a pie-chart instead of text to talk about your skills. The overall template follows a very urbane feel. The red white combination looks classy and the printable resume here does a smart job by outline research paper apa format creating enclosed box-headings for each of the sections. Phd-dissertations In Psychology! It allows you to outline research, include several fields to ensure a comprehensive view on your abilities.

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Resume or Curriculum Vitae Writing Proforma Format. Example of outline of a paper Student Resume Format Download. A resume format is usually chronological but over time functional and combination resume formats have emerged as well. Here is a brief on all the 3 formats. Improve Writing! It’s the traditional resume format where employment history is paper, listed in essay to explain, the reverse order- commencing with the current one to outline of a research apa format, the oldest or first job. The tried tested format is a favorite of the HR professionals hiring managers all around. Phd-dissertations! The chronological format will allow the candidate to showcase his upward mobility in the career. Outline Research! It would be useful for specialist mid-level applicants. You must follow the chronological resume when. You have to portray a vertical progression in your career You more or less had a consistent career with no such big work-experience gaps in between You are planning a change of company but in similar trade. Previous Ib Exam Essay Unit! The functional resume format focuses mostly on the skills of the applicant rather than his work experiences.

Unlike the of a paper apa format conventional chronological format, this one ignores when where the 1000 words essay on global applicant performed or learned those skills. Of A Apa Format! It’s the fact that the candidate holds those skills relevant to the specific job opening, is highlighted in the functional format. The functional format would be useful for you when- You need to of essay writing in ielts, create a Fresher Resume Format Templates with no previous work experience but when you are confident about your skills You have big gaps in your career history You are looking forward to promote a particular skill set. As the name suggests, combination resume focuses on a fusion of the traditional chronological functional resumes. Paper Apa Format! Such a resume would usually start with professional profile/summary of qualifications which will include your skills, abilities achievements that are pertinent to the specific job opening you are applying for- it’s for the functional side. The introductory section would be followed by job experience, education (B.E) additional related sections in the reverse chronological format.

Such a resume would be great when- You are looking forward to highlight a well-developed relevant skill set You have mastered your art You are planning a switch to another industry. For example, let’s say you are working as an investment banker but you are really good at cartoons or conceptual sketching- such artistic skills would be a wealth for advertising industry in essay to explain score, case you are planning to turn your hobbies into your profession. Formatting a resume is no rocket science but you have to be really strategic with the of a paper overall planning. As mentioned earlier, the traditional chronological approach is relevant when you are proud of the in psychology upward mobility that you have attained in your career. If you are a person with huge or at outline of a research paper, least some professional experience in your industry- the chronological style would be the proper resume format for you. The best resume format for ib exam essay questions unit 3 a functional resume strategically groups the key skills abilities of the candidate in various categories to explain his eligibility expertise for some particular job. The skill-based focus will enable you to pull the prospective employer’s attention on your strength which would in turn divert the outline research apa format focus from your absent or flawed employment record. For example, let’s say you are applying for the position of essay low gmat score a sales manager in outline of a, a MNC with an international market- and in score, such a case your functional resume would stress on categories with headings like “team building leadership expertise”, “fluency in foreign languages” etc. Outline Paper Apa Format! In some of to explain low gmat cases, the paper functional resume is completely devoid of the employment history.

Even if it is types of essay writing, mentioned, it appears at outline of a paper, the very bottom of the resume or in the next page to essay, de-stress on its importance. When you are planning a combination resume , you have to commence with your key qualifications skills. Outline Of A Paper! You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to the job application here. The strategy here is to fill up 80-85% of your resume with your skills talents and the rest 15-20 percent would be about essay to explain low gmat score, your career history. Unlike the functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. Make sure it’s easy to read Use bullet points and adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about your skills under same category and double-spacing before the start of another category. Use contextual keywords relevant to your job position industry. Use formal fonts and the font size should be 14 for headings and 12 for the rest. You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc.

Begin the resume with summary sentence so that the hiring manager can have a blue-print of your skills abilities at a glance. Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to the relevant job opening. Focus on outline research paper apa format quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is allowed in your resume. Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at handling big teams for 1000 essay on global warming crucial projects”. Don’t use informal email ids in of a research apa format, contact details. Don’t use chronological resume when you have big gaps in ibsat essay, your career. Don’t include irrelevant personal hobbies. No lengthy resume.

Don’t lie in your resume and be honest. When you are looking for best resume format examples, we at template.net are ready to outline of a research, help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and a professional tone but it may not be possible for everyone to get it right. Ibsat Essay! Thus one can make use of a resume format. A resume format is a detailed layout and format of a resume which can be used by those who are confused about the format of such a formal document. A resume format is divided into sections and categories in the exact same way as needed in a resume. It gives the users a reference point of of a research paper view and idea of ibsat essay how a professional Resume Templates must look like. Resume formats may also be provided with the main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for better use and reference of the research apa format users. What makes a resume format the best resume format is the manner in which it is improve writing, drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to the user.

It must be time saving for outline apa format the user to use and essay to explain low gmat score customize and should also be self-explanatory. The following are some of the contents of a resume format which truly make it ‘best’: What is the format of a CV?(100 Words) When it comes to outline apa format, CV, it has to ibsat essay, be professional. There are different types of of a paper apa format CV possible depending on the purpose of its use and the expectation of the ibsat essay targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of CVs will have different formats. For example, CV for paper applying in an IT firm would be different from types of essay writing in ielts a CV to apply for a marketing company. Instead of taking the risk of outline apa format designing CV format yourself, it is better to download for sample CV collection.

For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and improve writing you can choose the best one that appeals to outline paper apa format, you and fill in the details to send it out. What kind of Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of resume available. They are chronological, functional, combinational and types of essay in ielts targeted. Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the data sequentially for the employers to find them easily at the very first glance. In case you have some lapse in your work and study, then it is better to use a functional resume to cover it up skillfully. Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and outline research apa format your work history matters more than basic data. In Psychology! Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to spend more time preparing it.

Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and some samples to make a perfect resume yourself. Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats. If the job requirement is for freshers only, employers would like to receive chronological resumes as the data and information about the candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to locate required information easily. But in paper, the case of hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and skills get the priority. Previous Ib Exam Questions Unit 3! But in general, employers prefer chronological resume format. Therefore, you need to of a research apa format, download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to apply in IT firm and then based on the job requirements, you have to form the ibsat essay resume that the employers would prefer the most. Of A Research Paper Apa Format! To write a resume, you have to collect all the required data and information about you in one place. Then you have to download some sample resumes and resume templates as per the purpose of the resume. For example, if you are applying in an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for a post of ibsat essay HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates. After downloading them, open them and start filling the details.

If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to of a paper, omit and delete them. You should refer to sample resume for improve writing checking out how exactly to of a apa format, fill the data and information to look impressive. what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the improve writing four different types of outline of a research paper resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of years. Improve Writing! On the other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at least experience of working in outline of a research, two and more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and has done many internships in the past. There are multiple formats available in these two categories and one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the most used resumes in the world.

In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the recent to the earliest format. 1000 Words! For example, in outline of a research apa format, academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by the college degree and then at last school qualification. Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in the end, you can have your internships. This is the unit 3 most preferred Writer Resumes format by outline of a paper apa format the employers as it is low gmat, easy for them to of a paper, get a snapshot of everything very quickly in their mind. There are various types of chronological formats available and you should download freshers resume format templates to get all the variations and choose the ibsat essay best.

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APA Research Paper Outline | Some More APA Formatting…

Page 24 – 7th Standard Social Studies Textbook. Education Reform in Kerala – VIIth Heaven Standard…. Yet another pastoral letter across churches yesterday, KSU(Congress’s student wing) activists and police clash across the outline research paper apa format, state, Muslim League enters the protests arena in its North Kerala strong holds, and today the to explain low gmat, opening session of the state Assembly comes to a virtual standstill on outline paper, the issue. Education Reform in types Kerala is in the eye of outline paper apa format, another storm and this time it is the revised 7th Standard Social Studies textbook. The pastoral letter has threatened protests till the book is withdrawn and asked the believers not to teach or learn the book; KSU, Muslim League and ibsat essay, the Congress have called for an immediate withdrawal of the book. Even though several issues have been raised about the new textbook, to outline research apa format, be precise, one page in types of essay in ielts the textbook is in the eye of the storm. This is how Page 24 reads…. Page 24 – Titled – Jeevan without Religion (Jeevan means Life in malayalam) The lesson is set in a school room where two parents and their kid meet the outline of a apa format, Principal for school admission. The Principal fills in the forms,

Principal: “What is phd-dissertations your name?” The Principal looks at the parents. Principal: “What should I fill in for outline paper apa format the kid’s religion?” Parents : “Keep it blank…or else add No Religion” The Principal leans back on his chair and improve writing, asks solemnly. Principal: “What if he wants a religion when he grows up?” Parents : “If he wants a religion when he grows up, he can choose the one he likes then” Do I see a problem with this? I do, based on yesterday’s Pastoral letter read across churches and TV Channels… This revision in text books and deviation from the syllabus prescribed till now, in the name of outline of a research paper, improving the thought process of children is a handywork of phd-dissertations, Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad (KSSP – Kerala Science and Literature Movement), the left leaning NGO in Kerala which has permeated every level of outline research apa format, education in the state.

This lesson creates animosity in the minds of children towards religion and propagates atheism, which in turn will result in a society devoid of values. The education department drops a hint through this lesson, that right from the low gmat score, Principal, every faculty should teach and propagate atheism in class. This is not the first time the Left front government has tried to inculcate Communist ideology and of a research apa format, Atheism in children, they have permeated every sphere of social and cultural activity through their shadow organisations like the KSSP and the Progressive Arts and Literature Society. The left front ought to be fought tooth and nail if religion is to survive in Gods Own Country. If the recent attacks by essay to explain low gmat score the left junta on Hindu God Men and Christian Charismatics be any indication – the Commies will have to be stopped in the streets if Ram and Allah and Jesus and their Mullahs and Mukris and Bishops are to have any future in the state. As Youth Congress President Siddique pointed out on TV “…you dont have to outline of a research, create thought in children or let them think at this age, just teach them to read and write and the lessons…they’ll think for themselves”

Right On Siddique, we don’t need no education! Then I remembered our last election in college, when the commies would say “use your brain” and Siddique’s party would say “use your heart”. Improve Writing. In the final day of the campaign, before the commies swept the apa format, election, one of ib exam essay unit 3, Siddique’s proteges got the message all wrong, he literally cried out through the microphone “Please! Please! Do not use your brain” Are you listening Kerala? Please! Please! Throw that book away!

176 Responses to Page 24 – 7th Standard Social Studies Textbook. BVN, thanks a lot for uploading the of a research apa format, eye of the storm:) All these days, I didn’t know what was the actual problem with the subject. I guessed the trouble may have been with the apparent attempt to unit, instill communist thoughts into juvenile minds, which would obviously trigger such violent responses from Congress, the Church and Muslim League.. And how wrong I was! How can this lesson be ‘spreading communism’ or ‘spreading aethism’? Perhaps it is because of the belief that you need a religion to believe in God. And does the moral values go down if you dont exhibit ‘religion’ against your name and sex? Strange… Many of the European States provide a ‘no religion’ choice in every records. Outline Paper Apa Format. Look at Australia, 20% of population comes under “NO RELIGION”, and it is one of the most secular and democratic nations of the world. (Check Australia under Wikipedia if you distrust me).

India’s caste based system is essay to explain one of the notorious discrimination systems of the world, and of a paper, we boast that we are ‘secular’! Yeah, anything but secular.. In our country where caste and creed come above humans I’m not surprised by the furore this created. And especially in previous questions Kerala where we need no spark to create fire. I’m even more disappointed by your tone in this subject Brahma, this is not a chapter which is going to decay young brains. Am I the only one who isn’t a Communist, or an outline of a apa format Atheist, but feels that this lesson must stand? Scorpio, hehe! “I’m even more disappointed by your tone in this subject ” – tell me more, i’m in fun mood #128578;

Hey, thats a kick ass post. In Psychology. It is even worse than Markaz arguing about the outline of a research paper apa format, seating arrangement in schools for boys and of essay in ielts, girls. Hi why all these protest. Of A Research Paper. We are in a independant nation. Let kids choose what they like. Belive or not belive in god.Opposition is making a hill out of a mole.

Cheers for the teachers behind this lesson. it very cheept and un cultural. it very cheept and culturalless. I am not a communist or athiest. Improve Writing. I believe The thought behind this converstion seems to be approriate . Of A. All our school application forms has a Religion colum which needs to be filled. To Explain Low Gmat Score. This particular information is kept to capture the outline of a apa format, religon , because many further legal issues may come up in future as our country has many laws based on caste, religon etc. For a school record this information has no other importance. Improve Writing. If there needs to be a answer “no religion” or “Secular” is to be debated , and laws relating to such a answer also to outline of a paper apa format, be made.

In that sense I could not see any problem with the text. The question by the headmaster is something to be seriously thought of in our society. I have seen in many mixed marriages , one of the parent changes religion. Phd-dissertations. This happens to avoid all future legal/social issues . But what happens if father or mother of the child sticks to his religion? What is the religon of the child? It’s really an interesting question. From the legal point of view one answer has to be given based on the acceptance of the father and outline of a research apa format, mother since we do not allow a “No religion” answer . A blank answer is also right , as the child can select either of the relgion, both or no relgion in future. This thinking is not against any religion or communist ideology. I do not know why so many students are wasting there energy and time for ib exam unit 3 non creative thinking and outline research, fighting with police !! God save kerala !! I guess Kerala is now utopia, and everybody knows it. Trying to ib exam, change anything is bad.

Nothing can be made better #128578; Ah, well, my curiosity is of a paper satiated. As a secularist and improve writing, a person whose religiousness borders on atheism, I am disappointed that the attempt at teaching godlessness was this small. Outline Paper. Really underwhelmed. If the Left really wants to reduce the influence of religion on education, it should stop aiding non-secular schools. It should invite corporates to run self financing colleges. That is within the political mandate that they have got from the people.

And maybe stop running religious programming on TV channels run by sympathizers. The reason for types opposition is outline paper apa format clear, if there is 1000 on global warming no religion, there won’t be any religious leaders and of a paper apa format, the religion based politics. If so what the present leaders will do…..jobless #128578; ???? ????????? ???????? ???? ??????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????????? ????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ????????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ?????????. Left has not been able to do anything credible for the education sector as far as i know in this tenure of essay, theirs. We have culture connoisseur minsiter in outline of a research apa format this portfolio, who would not mind humming some raga’s and explaining them, but unfortunatley he has gone a long way humming the tunes of the vile and phd-dissertations in psychology, vicious religious honchos.

I would say Chennithala’s remark “mundu uduthal mundasseri aavilla” quite sums up a great deal about our farcical Education minister. Now, about inviting corporates in to education sector. I suppose the SCMS institution could very well be counted as a “corporate” in education sector, but they are equally vicious and vile. Clash, well i wouldn’t be so harsh on Baby, he tries to do 100 things at a time. But he’s done a lot many things for outline of a paper the sector , though not stopping paying the teachers who NSS, SNDP, Church and MES appoints. Petty politics and nexus with religion is the best and essay low gmat, most explosive ammunition needed to shake the foundations of any Govt. Of A Research. That is what the Congress led opposition is doing now. Wait n watch how the lefty commies deal with this. I echo many of the thoughts in the above comments.

While corporatizing the educational sector wont be a good idea at all, we must also remember that the strong foundations of improve writing, Kerala educational system were actually laid by the so-called non-secular schools. But this isn’t a small issue r/t the secularism of schools; its something far more serious than that. Its a shame that we cant think about outline of a paper a system without religion linked to it. To Explain Score. Is it only possible to live in India with labels like Thiyya, Brahmin, Islam or a Gujjar? It will be interesting to see what will happen if the choice for having a ‘no religion’ option is taken to the court. An innocuous lesson has been simply blown out of outline paper apa format, proportions by the fraudulent politicos and religious leaders..To hell with them, for ibsat essay God’s sake, and dont you dare throw that book away. I would say this is one of the outline paper, worst tenures left had in improve writing kerala and that inturn is a result of incompetent, farcical and corrupt leaders at of a research, the helm. Ofcourse Baby is one among them, he is quite good at posturing but has been hardly effective. I normally avoid any controversies that involves kerala left because some how i have feeling it will boomerang to types of essay writing, me. But, this time around i will not mince any words in criticizing them. Research Paper Apa Format. Such pathetic has been their show.

Education sector in Kerala has been seeing quite a lot of stirs these days and ibsat essay, i feel these are the last days of good old Govt Schools, Govt Colleges and other govt affiliated institutions. On one side there are relgious interests working but more than that the profit is what is luring all these lumpen elements in to the education sector. This is a concerted attempt by outline of a research paper many – Religion, corporate interests and so on ibsat essay, to dis credit a decently managed govt education sector in Kerala. Outline Of A Research Paper Apa Format. When, we cry for corporates, i hope everyone keeps in mind, these goverment schools are the ones who educated our parents, grand parents , if not many of us. 1000 Essay On Global. This system has been quite effective in its own way. After realising that an unprecedented profit is that you can earn from running these institutions, this created a serious itch among these so called private players and other religious institutions (most often the money is channeled to some nefarious activities!) to create this kind of stirr against paper apa format our education system. We will sadly witness another of ibsat essay, Kerala’s forte going to the dogs soon! Damn the outline, communists!

Hail the Achayan Business. Hail Medical and types in ielts, Engineering Business. We will fight over the religion. The ending of the Text Book should have been. Mother: He should be a Hindu in a Hindu Rashtra! Father: No he cant be a kafir! he ought to outline apa format, be a Muslim.

Headmaster(We will call him John): Why are you fighting over it? Better make him a christian that is the best! We have lot of engineerig and medical colleges we will give you seat when u pay 1.5 lakhs!! Then there would have been no objection for congress. in my opinion the oposition should read the ncert text . I really appreciate the left front for this lesson.It conveys an excellent message.If’ no religion ‘people are given some reservation those who are on phd-dissertations, the road now will also choose that option if they get a chance.The religious leaders are scared ,you know the reason.All the violence and unrest in this world are based on religious issues.In my opinion the research paper apa format, concept of religion and previous questions 3, caste system should be banned. Very good idea .very good lesson.welldone. I hope you are not going by media reports alone. the media celebrated Golf Club issue for weeks – that is not part actual governance. Corruption – unless something comes up, cant make a call on that. but yeah, all is not fine, the other day someone was calling Kunhalikutty the outline of a, Elamaram Karim of UDF administration #128578; [don’t miss the joke man] Cohesion – everyone wants to ibsat essay, show off, all are stars with no administrative experience. there is outline of a research paper apa format no cohesion at all. But despite this, there are some real achievements, which one can list down and some really good ones at that.

That initial aura is gone, but I’ll save my judgement today. I am in improve writing no way against Govt education. Outline Of A Research Paper. What I am against is allowing private colleges and such only to in ielts, religious and caste groups. Having our non-governmental education depend on religious and caste groups is going to be a road block in outline of a any social transformation. We could do with having a Amity university in improve writing Kerala. Of A Research Apa Format. Or maybe campuses of phd-dissertations in psychology, good foreign universities. But despite this, there are some real achievements!!

Yes, i do agree but the barrage of outline research apa format, controversies they are dragged in to have ultimately outshone the achievements. By the phd-dissertations in psychology, way a Google search on santosh trophy led me to a post of yours about V.P Sathyan. Outline Research Paper Apa Format. Great post… Sathyan was an outstanding football player, another footballer who was mercilessly thrown in to the dustbin of Indian sports history. and where are we now…not seeing semis after a decade huh! There are few other news headlines that should be read along with the improve writing, text books controversy. 1. The Catholic Priests group has called for research more childern amongst x’ians so that the improve writing, X’ian minorities become stronger( xenophobia and research paper apa format, more). 2. Ibsat Essay. In the research, strike call against the text books most of the Govt Schools were functioning but the most volatile opponents of Dharnas and Hartals, the Private schools voluntarily closed their schools. Interstingly most of them follow the of essay in ielts, CBSE scheme.(All businessmen go hand in hand – the church and the private schools) 3. A single window entry for the plus two schools to research paper, aided and govt schools met with similar agitations from the church. Ibsat Essay. They claim that this goes against minorities.(Every one knows that the actual reason is donations!) 4. All the brothers have joined hands – Church, Private Management, KSU, NSS and of a research paper, the Muslim League.

Unfortunately the SNDP stake is lesser. 5.. I wouldnt claim this is a plot against the left, becuase they too have many stake holders in the business. 6. Every one has forgot the outburst of Mr. A.K Antony the then chief minister on how the so called minorities are gaining undue benefits. Further it is in psychology difficult to believe that the congress was cheated by outline of a apa format Private management promising 50-50. A written agreement then would have paved way for previous ib exam essay questions 3 an educational revolution. The RSS had triggered a xenophobia in outline of a research paper apa format Gujarat freightening that the Muslims are going to to explain low gmat, be more in numbers than Hindus. All the devils are working together to make a Gujarat out of Kerala becuase it is easy get fish out of outline paper apa format, murky waters. The courts too are failing the improve writing, ordinary public.

Or was the trust totally misplaced. Thanks to all our short lived memory. Outline Of A Paper. Soon we will go searching the new Santhosh Madhavan live action. Very valid points! you capture the efforts of NSS, the Church and the league time and again to subvert people’s mandate. What s the types, problem with this there is no probs. becz its right of every person to choose cast and his living conditions. its only a political issue for there own interset. but here so many other porblems to change. example our road development and other things. so fight for outline research our living conditions.

Well written, mon amie, as usual! To correct you pleasantly, what is on global happening around this is not even thinking with “the heart” but with “the sphincter”. Good to notice that many of the responses here support the chapter and not the unruly factions opposing it.:) Wonder why there is not much discussion going on outline of a research paper apa format, about this topic in blogspace or in the social networking forums. Apart from BVN, not many have expressed their opinion in ibsat essay this matter…Anyway the tempo is up here, kudos 4 that. ) Ajay, hehe…thats a good one..one up their sphincter! (in slow, measured rhythmic tones) Scorpio, the issue is getting worse, MSF is burning the text books in Malapurram. Why can’t these idiots like the holy book says, in the name of the most merciful READ!! Ask them to read the dictionary too: Find out the meaning of outline, ”Secularism”, not the improve writing, Indian meaning, but the Oxford meaning..

Very few people blog about social issues because social change is not something that would benefit them. Also, most of the blogger would be loathe to support the left. The problem with the current administration seems to outline apa format, be biting a bit more than it can chew. And trying to appear holy. Very good idea .very good lesson and i support the goverment. keralathile janangal ippozhum kaliyugathilano jeevikkunnad? karala guoverment zindabad. dear people dont strike till knowing the matter. Now every where and in every aspects changes have been taking place. Some thing new should come to keep the society to meet the changed circumstases.

So understanding as this as the ibsat essay, time to feed the coming generation with the correct meaning of the seculerisem and socialisem the govt of kerala has rightly and research apa format, courageouslydecided to intraduce the book like this. Very good lesson It should be start from to explain score First standard or from KGs. Never go back Kerala Government. I cant understand what is wrong in it. In lieu of Gujarath and Marad,teaching lessons may be planed in this manner.The agitations of communalist organisations we. we can understand what happened for congress shame shame (nothing told our ADARSADEERAN yet) ithu communissm kochu kuttikalilecku pracharippikkunnathinulla oru vazhiyayi L.D.F. kanunnu. ithu apakadamanu. mathavum, Daivavum venda ennalla, Daivathe bhayamulla thalamuraye venam valarthan illayenkil Daivthinte swantham nadu sathante swantham.

nadakum nadayi marum. ellavarkkum sadbhudhi undakatte. M.A Babykkum. with 100 seats in the assembly, with resounding wins in the NSSXian and League heartlands – this government has a mandate which is deep and wide. Let them bite! Please find Copy of Kerala’s Seven Std Social Science Text BOOK.PDF format documents available. (Click on text icon - “Download now” button - Wait for 8 sec - select “click here to download text” ) Please add comments by of a scrolling down in the page. Please download and JUDGE your self why Bishops, Mullas their blind followers are.

strikeing aganist this TEXT…. Please leave your comment at types in ielts, the site ..SCERT will look in to the comments. State Council Educational Research and Training (SCERT), Please read this book one time without prejudiece. This book tell that every religion for the sake of human. This book learn that Malabar riots is part of indipendent struggle. We can see more posetive things like this in this book. I read the controversial 7th standard book; I didn’t find any wrong thing in it. What’s going on outline apa format, kerala is previous ib exam essay only mentioned there. The “dirty politicians” don’t know for paper what they are being against ib exam questions unit the book.

I request all the parents of Kerala to outline of a research, ignore all these controversies and To media, I request please keep your “eyes and ears” open even for this, ie.. to protect the ibsat essay, “poor students” and hence the next “generation”. Can’t say about the whole book, but I don’t see anything wrong with the chapter. It makes perfect sense to outline of a paper apa format, have an option “no religion” in official documents. Religion should be a matter of writing in ielts, personal faith and of a paper, lifestyle. We need not be public about it.

I also don’t know how come it is ok for improve writing parents to force a religion on children but its not ok to give them another option. Religion is forced upon paper us from the time when we are just few months old, loads of customs like naam karans mundans etc. Bongs hav this thing called annaprashan..where a 6 month baby is all dressed up like a bride/groom and fed with a grand lunch. Kids hardly have learnt to to explain low gmat, walk and they are taken to outline of a research apa format, places of worship and are taught by improve writing parents how to worship. So forcing a religion upon a child is of a apa format ok? And giving them another outlook, a possibility of a life without religion is not ok? Let them learn about atheism too and essay questions unit, then let them decide…coz hey atheism is a religion too you know. Like I am religiously non religious. To answer a few questions some one raised about apa format he legal angle.

Hardly any of ibsat essay, you here would know about Indian personal laws which actually allows an individual to not have any religion at all. As per law, a child of inter religion marriages is said to have the religion according to which he have been brought up. If the parents get married under Special Marriage Act and if they are not religious people which means they never took their child to a place of worship never followed any religious customs at all the child would actually grow up to be someone not having any particular religion. And matters related to inheritance / property etc would be governed by Indian Succession Act and not by any personal law. As an adult he/she can then decided which religion to of a, follow or may even continue to be a non religions person governed by the civil law of the essay to explain low gmat, land instead of outline paper, any personal law whatsover. i dont think anything wrong in indian society which anybody can live with religion or without religion.thanks to Mr.MA baby to impliment the new text book.

Thanks for the comment. Phd-dissertations. I read your post, its quite informative. Research Apa Format. On the phd-dissertations in psychology, legal angle, I didnt see anyone raise that here. But its always nice to know. Research Paper. Then legality doesnt matter here, the Left in Kerala has a strike force which will come to in psychology, the streets once these bigots go home, they’ll make sure the book stays.

IPC doesnt matter. What ever may be, our great public loving political parties and other much talked communal leaders got one more reason for harthals and of a apa format, dharnas.. BTW happy harthal… This devil’s own country not gonna change soon… Err you really don’t think I am so dumb to talk about an issue which is ibsat essay not raised do you…? Seems like I read the comments on your post more deeply than you yourself did #128539; but not ur fault, I got an eye for detail, part of my job…

Something related to legal point, raised by KPK in comment no. Research. 8 dated 23rd June #128578; I have read the “controversial page 24” of the 7th standard text book. There is nothing mentioned about to explain NOT believing in God or Religion. In fact the last sentence (“If he wants a religion when he grows up, he can choose the one he likes then”) implies that the parents want the child to believe in GOD. What is the problem? These idiot conservative thick heads need anger management. Thanks to the SCERT comment!

Could see the entire text book. I think the thought behind the text book and the way its been designed is really good, enabling children to think about what is happening around them. But the biggest enablers, in this scenario will be the teachers, as you were telling me. All the lessons, in this text, are very idealistically put and the best in class if an objective discussion can be stimulated in paper the classroom. That would be wow! But thoughts can be directed to a particular direction, if a teacher wishes so. There is a thin line.

I appreciate the text and phd-dissertations in psychology, the thought that has gone behind, but it cannot be an imposition of an idealogy on little minds. Outline Of A Paper Apa Format. An objectively thinking teacher with this text book is one of the best things that young minds can hope for! The thing with idealogy is that, I will believe so much in it, that nothing will seem wrong about ibsat essay it. When we keep hearing about saffronisation of education, we are quick to react,as that ideology is very obvious. Is there an idealogy that the research paper, government is trying impose through this text book ? I am more worried about the interpretation. But about writing in ielts this lesson, a life without religion, looks like something to think about. And “No religion” could be a choice! I have only one request to the opponents. Before making any comment, read it.

Don’t behave as illiterate. In my CBSE Hindi, dunno-which-class, I had a lesson on Kabir which said, after his death Muslims and Hindus fought for his body and his body turned into roses. And it was when PVN Rao was our PM and Congress was ruling. How did this chapter influence me I wonder. I am sure, it would have been class 7 or 8. This protest is all BULL jus’ to gain some mileage.

The intension of the text book seems to be very good. The Religious leaders are afraid of their future if a generation is bought up with such a liberal attitude. What the research, religious fanatics need is a religiously blind generation. In the story the child is given the choice when he grows up. Essay. Whats wrong in that?

If he finds that religion and the so called religious Dons are needed for his survival, let him chose the religion later. @Sanjukta, my apologies. Paper. I did read the comment, but KPK’s take on “no religion” option didnt make sense as it is an option, and improve writing, I discarded it. But yeah, it was wrong to say it wasnt raised, sorry abt that. Thanks for paper apa format clarifying. To add on improve writing, to that, many lessons in this text are direct lift from research paper NCERT std IX textbook. The part where Jawahar Lal talks about religion is there in the NCERT text book. if that be the case, then the improve writing, KSU and Youth should widen the outline paper apa format, agitation to ibsat essay, include Sonia Gandhi’s party also.

Just my suggestion #128578; Very valid points and a balanced opinion. I’ll reply in detail later. Two other posts relating to the same. After reading this chapter, I feel so pity for outline of a “Prathipaksham”. Its really a matter of shame that they using this as a tool to attack the “Edathupaksham”. Myself thought several times, why caste and religion to be declared while securing admission or leaving secondary school. Its ridiculuous.

It should be optional not mandatory, thats what I presume! (I respect all religions and I have do not have any “anubhavam” for any party as well. what are creat our goverment. if you now thise wold running in religion. no relegion wold is types writing die. I went through the text book and here are my comments: Having an excerpt from AK Gopalan’s (auto)biography is not expected. He is a well known communist leader of yester years. This is like bombarding commie thoughts in of a research paper apa format class 7.

The style in which “Kudiyozhippikkal” and Karivellur Samaram are introduced indeed has a commie angle. Too much stress on Land Reforms, unwanted. Would a 7th standard kid understand Smt KR Gouriamma’s response to essay, a bill, as told in research apa format the assembly?? Why are they doing this? Pages on Human Devlopment Indices of Kerala, good, acceptable. I don’t understand-what is being taught? Time line of the essay to explain low gmat score, social changes? Why is there an excerpt on how lower caste women used to have food left over by Antarjanams(Namboodiri Brahmin women).

What are the commies trying to convey? Channar Revolt-unwanted , again selling commie ideology. Vaikom and Guruvayoor Satyagrahams-These should have been the ONLY one to of a apa format, be included in the text book, rather worth including. Pratyaksha Rakshasabha-why get into every single point of social equality. Wouldn’t the mention of Vaikom or Guruvayur be enough? Same with the ib exam, mention of Muslim Ikyasangham.

After going through all these portions, a 7th standard kid reaches a chapter that says, say no not only to caste, but religion. Should these things be taught in outline research apa format school, that too at this level? Having the previous ib exam essay questions unit 3, lines from all holy books-accepted. But, I still haven’t understood the relevance of a question that asks which religion would be affected the of a research paper apa format, max by inflation, water scarcity, contagious diseases and earthquake. May be they wanted the answer, people of all religions would be affected. sigh! Iniyum Muttott-the mention of Palm Oil rates was unwanted, rest accepted. The next page that mentions a “rich guy” who says he will do whatever with his land while a passerby comments why are people protesting? These two kinds of people are painted a shade of ENEMY;yes, the commies what more jobless people for DYFI , SFI whatever. The text says, “As discussed in types of essay a class, these were the meanings of Freedom”; instead this should have been an open discussion in every class.

Shouldn’t that been a better way to do it rather than already having 4 meanings for freedom. Parts of the British coming in-well, good! But comparing it with today’s situation? Do they expect an answer of the lines of communism?? Please, gimme a break. Parts on Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries-acceptable. Throwing light on the revolt of 1857, Jalianwalla Bagh massacare-yes, much needed at this level. Of A Research Paper. If not in class 7, when? Other parts on Indian History like pages on Khilafat,Dandi Satyagraha,Quit India-acceptable.

This chapter ends with a note to types of essay, start a discussion on Land grabbing, caste/gender based discrimination, accumulation of wealth–is this an NDTV debate? News clippings on Forest Guards/Excise attacked,or Sand/Liqour mafia attacking people-UNWANTED. Then why not include DYFI/SFI vandalising,killing people in Kannur. HUH! Asking the students to compare the British discipline to India’s prgress(ie Mukesh Ambani’s wealth)-Weird, useless. Portion on of a research, length of day/night-acceptable.

Other geography portions, parts on civilizations and the rest of the book seem fine to me. This controversy seems to be giving “our athiesm and ibsat essay, our communism” some visibilty! check this out! Salon! its not bad…..all the problem in of a paper apa format india is ib exam questions due to relegious thoughts. it should be private.i appreciate the text book contents. Suggest going through the outline paper, text book fully. There is a different angle to it. Not only religion.

Refer my comment above yours. Now the improve writing, people behind the strike aginst the social science book are realy searching help from different medias to projects their new leaders.Now there is no other way in UDF front to become one leader.May be the new leaders will be selected(by interview) as our politacal leaders.Baby you are mistaken to give a chace to those sugarbits. the strike must be for Rotti aur makkan not for cast religion . the strike must be for jobs not agaist bus or public. I think now the outline apa format, “Religion” is the main concern of our politicians. If anyone look at this text book from the angle of religion, its a stupid thing they are doing in this age. The protests should not be injecting religious fanatisam among different groups and new generation itself. World’s largest democracy has the right to to explain low gmat score, live the way they like, noone or nothing can stop them doing so.

So no need to give that much importance to this text book. Are we all leading a life as we were taught by our teachers through the of a paper, school text books ? Nothing wrong in that chapter. These are my thoughts… There are 2 Keralas, one which Parasuraman created by throwing his axe and the other which EMS created by essay not throwing an axe. Research Paper Apa Format. Each of types, us belong to one of these Keralas, and the way we perceive the outline of a research apa format, world differs based on types of essay writing in ielts, that. Outline Research. All across the mallu blogam, this difference is clearly evident. Questions Unit 3. Just my thoughts, maybe someday we’ll reconcile. That said, I’m not an expert in education or what to teach young children.

My thoughts on this are very similar to BombayDosti’s comment above (No 51). I do agree with her take that the Devil always lies in the interpretation. Even then, your comments on whats acceptable and what is not acceptable are personal based on your world view, i’m ok with that. But let us see what expert opinion is, The government had called a meeting of the research apa format, top academics from NCERT in Trivandrum on Monday. They have stood by the text. So has the national agencies for eduction. As per the joint statement issued. (source: Hindu) Based on this the expert opinion side is previous ib exam essay questions 3 closed, academics say that the text should stay. Now for non-experts like you and me, for of a me, this is clearly a political issue and has to be dealt on types writing, the streets politically. This post was a reaction post to the “religious outcry” against paper Page 24 across news channels last Sunday.

I was curious what this Page 24 agaisnt which the ib exam questions 3, KSU state president was fasting in his prison cell. I’m not attempting a point by point refutal here, just a few thoughts through my pair of outline research apa format, rose coloured glasses… I liked the 2 Keralas point #128578; Neither am I an expert in education. I took the effort of going through the phd-dissertations in psychology, book and used your comments section to write what I felt. The world will NOT be the way a BVN or a Nikhil would want it to be. For NCERT and SCERT, this book is perfectly fine, we don’t have a choice. That does not mean that KSU,Yuva Morcha,DYFI, SFI and all morons can do whatever they want in of a paper the name of protest.

I am really unhappy with people wasting their productive energy in agitating,vandalizing, and creating public nuisance. Why can’t they do some work? When will Kerala’s state domestic product improve to a level comparable to our neighbours? I support the govt. Congrats first of all… you have created quite a constructive debate here… After going through the text book, i feel that the Page 24 is one of the lesser harmful pages in improve writing that text. Outline Research Paper Apa Format. The controversy surrounding that has to be purely for political mileage and ibsat essay, vested interests of various groups. I cannot even think of a reason to continue such a large scale debate on something which is of a research paper apa format so trivial. Lessons like these are necessities of changing times, and it is to explain low gmat really commendable that some one has taken the initiative and boldness to do it.

However, i feel that there are sections in the first half of the book which could have been presented better. A little more discretion could have been made while selecting the literature to be included, because names like AKG need not always go along well with many sections of the society. Of course as u said, Devil always lies in the interpretation. Of A Apa Format. But bear in mind that ours is a land which conspired a Vimochana Samaram against words essay on global the Communist baddies. #128578; Also the Gowriyamma speech is absolute crap. I have to meet the seventh standard guy who will understand that fully. And the paper, Mukesh Ambani part is the most mediocre example i have seen in any textbook. Although their intention to improve writing, highlight the hollowness of the news items fed to us by the media today is commendable, the presentation is pathetic. Of A Research Paper. And some of the data used (eg: Literacy + life expectancy and Land reforms) are misleading and lacks any direct correlation.

Technically it is words on global warming below average. I feel that the outline of a paper apa format, book should definitely be given the go ahead. Ibsat Essay. There is nothing in it which a normal citizen wuld not come across in his/her life. Of A Paper Apa Format. All the mayhem surrounding it would settle in a week or two once our “news” channels get some new recipe to cook. 1000 Words On Global Warming. Let us hope that it survives that initial battle. Btw i liked that rose coloured glasses part… The colour also is open to research, interpretations huh? #128512; i assume that deep inside u r a leftist by ideology . I hope that interpretation does not hurt. #128578; “I am really unhappy with people wasting their productive energy in agitating,vandalizing, and creating public nuisance. Why can’t they do some work? When will Kerala’s state domestic product improve to a level comparable to low gmat, our neighbours?” Thats exactly where we differ, I want the public to be disturbed.

Agitation is productive. We dont run a company here, if the social parameters and outline of a paper apa format, living conditions are not affected GDP growth doesnt mean a thing. Then again Kerala is growing at 10% YOY. It has a per capita higher than national average. Now again if you consider remittances we are one of the richest states in the country. I dont want 50 IT parks in Trivandrum, nor big industries. To Explain Low Gmat Score. I dont want our arterial roads to paper, be clogged like Bangalore, nor the land prices to go up a lot that a middle income family cannot afford housing. I dont want Trivandrum to be smoggy like Bangalore. I would rather work in ibsat essay Bangalore or Hyderabad, pollute those places and of a, keep the types, serenity of my city intact. I want agitations and debates to continue in Kerala, its great that we debate these issues. A development friendly state like Rajasthan went to a stand still for 2 weeks on a Caste issue.

Our investment posterboy Gujarat is the world’s last remaining Hindu republic, going by of a research apa format the preamble it cannot be part of 1000 essay warming, India. Last month we saw workers rights in Mumbai when they fled enmasse to Bihar. These places have higher GDP right? I dont want to live there. I wonder when rest of India debates issues like caste, Kerala debates environmental issues like Athirapilly, Tribal issues and Education. There are these things which nobody touches – Judiciary, religion and outline research apa format, Armed forces. Ibsat Essay. From Day One the left has drawn these “sacred” cows to the street – I love the left for that! See we’ve reached there, Kerala is of a research paper apa format debating a textbook – they do it in US and Europe, not anywhere in Africa or India. Personally I’m proud of writing, that.

It feels nice to be a mallu, its raining here in Kochi #128578; No ideology n all man, I can always sell out for the right price or a good argument #128578; on the AKG front now that Nikhil and you have said it – I dont see why, when you can quote India’s first Prime minister and teach his books in of a research school its Taboo to even quote India’s First Oppositon leader. and when you write about Agrarian struggles, is there a better person to quote than AKG? a better CV that fits the ib exam, bill. I’m not sure, I am open to other names #128578; and I learnt the difference between Swethambara and Digambara sects in high school and ancient cave carvings in some godforsaken yeah cave. what education was that, I’m wondering. Here as you put it, they are told what happened in Kerala, why Kerala is what it is today. How can we say Kerala is 100% literate and not mention KSSP or the other organisations that made it possible. I have a friend who worked as a teacher in a single teacher school in outline Attapadi because DYFI asked him to types writing in ielts, do so.

Will I do it? No, thats too much trouble. But i can condemn DYFI, ABVP etc, thats easy. I can mention land reforms, but not EMS or Achyuthamenon. I can mention social harmony, but not Nair or Ezhava. Point is you cant wrench out the Marxist movement from our history or social discourse. and this is not 1959, CPM has become a 400 pound gorilla in outline of a research paper apa format the room and you cant chase it out with gangajalam or a cross.

I am not sure whether I should comment on another comment, but need to get to previous ib exam essay unit 3, something. This is in relation to Nikhils comments on socialism, palm oil and land ownership rights. I feel they are wrong. (My economic leanings are rightwards, and my social leanings are leftwards). Maybe this is the part that the people who are agitating are against too. But why the outline apa format, hypocracy?

In Kerala, no political leader is going to comment against socialism. No one is going to comment against violent agitations. There are very few voices against communalism, rampant religionism, and casteism. One thing that disturbs me is that when I was in in psychology school and research apa format, college, I thought that our society will develop with us. It has not. Casteism is increasing. The influence of religion in every sphere is increasing. Social evils like dowry are on the rise too.

There is improve writing definitely a place for a lesson on irreligousity and castelessness in 7th standard. Outline Of A Paper. Maybe one day we will teach economic literacy too, and people will be better aware how their money is looted in the name of improve writing, taxation and political omnipotence. BVN: regarding your musings about industrialization and such: If Kerala can have an alternate model in social indicators such as education and health, cannot we be an alternate model in economic development and urbanization too? Rather than the research apa format, government build seaside resorts by buying up land and phd-dissertations, then giving it off to a private party to develop resorts in paper a PPP model, can we get the coastal dwellers to form private companies, raise capital to build resorts, have big name hotel companies to ibsat essay, operate them, and get worthwhile employment, all at the same time? Will our left discover social entrepreneurship? Kerala should be one of the few places on Earth, including the US and Europe where private capital runs public transport, turns a profit, and is taxed to death, while a public corporation does the of a research paper, same, does not pay taxes, and then siphons off tax money to pay for its corruption and improve writing, inefficency. If we plan our public transport better, could n’t we have urbanization without smog? Issues like sewerage leakage into water tables will make our giant sprawl untenable.

Have our leaders started planning for 5 or 6 large urban areas? Most of my friends and relatives who are from various parts of our sprawl have just their parents at home now. So, who will live there in a generation? Will it just be the of a, people who debate issues on the street left then? “My economic leanings are rightwards, and 1000, my social leanings are leftwards” – you are swaying here.

You mean a very high social spend on free education and free health with very less or no Taxes? or is it like Netherlands? Neways I’ll reply to the things you asked me, “alternate model in economic development and urbanization too” – We do, isn’t that what peoples plan campaign was all about? Even in the remotest corners of the state, we have roads now, electrification, bridges – We are turning Kerala into one big town. We dont need cities. This govt has a clearly laid out vision of high density development with demarcated green belts.

Recently, a private party (one BIG name) bought an of a paper island off Kochi. Ibsat Essay. They wanted the govt to relax building norms so that they could build 2000 hotels rooms and outline of a research paper, an IT park. the norms relaxation would have endangered the ibsat essay, mangrove forests (kidneys of paper, nature). Plus, because we dont have wood in place of brains – it was clear that an IT park in phd-dissertations in psychology an island would not be viable. and 2000 hotel rooms? Ok. neways the Govt said “get the hell outta here”. Manorama cried for 2 weeks. That my friend is governance for research apa format me.

Chandy Kunhalikutty associates would have sanctioned this in ibsat essay 2 days. Is the Left in anyway related to Kudumbasri? KSRTC : When I was in plus two, I had tuition at 6 in the morning. I would start from home at 5. Most often I would be the only person in the KSRTC bus, but they come on time. they dont push students out like Private Buses because they have concession. Why are you so concerned about Profits? KSRTC in Trivandrum is a service that I value, when I see these devil’s own Private Buses in Kochi. I’m ready to pay KSRTC’s debts with my tax money.

I really dont get your PROFIT funda man. How profitable is the Indian Armed Forces? Go find out. We are spending 1 lakh crores for of a apa format them. Corruption: every other survey ranks Kerala as the least corrupt state. It isnt corruption thats ruining KSRTC, its the pensions. You want big ticket corruption – go for Smart City. Your friends and relatives home: We have the highest density of in ielts, population in India. We can find somebody to research, live over there. yeah they may debate issues. I am okay with Trivandrum being as peaceful as it is, though I would love some development.

Going to tvm is like taking a break to types, me, trust me #128578; Agitation, I feel is the channeling of energies in the wrong direction. Why are you not on outline of a paper apa format, streets vandalizing and agitating? May be because, you have a job in hand.( Question invalid if you actually are agitating) #128578; People who are there are jobless for sure. Why can’t they work and ibsat essay, bring in more prosperity to the state?(Yes, I know we don’t run a factory) If the research apa format, state is growing at 1000 words on global warming, 10% Y/Y I feel there is scope for better growth. “I don’t want 50 IT parks in Trivandrum, nor big industries. Outline Of A Apa Format. I dont want our arterial roads to be clogged like Bangalore, nor the land prices to go up a lot that a middle income family cannot afford housing. Of Essay In Ielts. I dont want Trivandrum to of a, be smoggy like Bangalore.

I would rather work in Bangalore or Hyderabad, pollute those places and keep the improve writing, serenity of my city intact.”–Personally I agree to this.(deep inside my heart) Two wrongs do not make a right.A Rajasthan or Mumbai burning does not mean we should also be like them. Let me make it clear.On the agitation/hartal/activism issue-my only concern is that productivity is lost, not only of the agitators but so many others who can’t go to work/school etc. And how can a group of agitators bring a state to stand still? To top it all, the outline research, so called KSU/SFI goons are all 30+. They are students by no angle, unless off course they are doing Phd. I am unhappy with the political activism.Yes, all the result of literacy and ibsat essay, better Human Dev Indices. On the SDP growth, I am surprised Bihar is of a research growing almost at ib exam unit, the same rate YY as Haryana. Haryana is #1 and Bihar #2 in SDP growth. (We need not discuss this here, may be you can add me on gtalk) I think now I have a different view on this issue after going through the outline, entire text book issues in Kerala Tips blog…

The needless commie manifesto is clear on many extracts in the text. Unfortunately Page 24 came under the essay to explain, hammer for all wrong reasons.. @ Nikhil, dont rely on growth rate info. They can be misleading. For Eg Kerala has the highest growth rate in IT exports last year; from 1000 to 1500 crores.. Consider with Karnatakas growth rate; from 45000 to 54000 crores or something. )) ho…ho… i am loving it BVN! About the economic right wing thing and outline of a paper, education and health care: 1990s CET: Most of the students used to come to college on ibsat essay, bikes that cost Rs 20,000, burning a liter of petrol a day. Tuition for a year: Rs 270. Education should be free to apa format, those who need it. It does not make much sense for the government to writing, subsidize the higher education of people who spend upto their 12th in outline apa format the costliest private schools. (I was one of them).

The same with health care. The deluxe paywards in Medical college charge rent for the room, but not towards doctors or nurses services. I guess the bigger issue in this would be that if the government started to charge fees, its employees would be held accountable to ibsat essay, offering the services that are promised for the money. The Public Transport thing: There is no government department in Kerala which decides which routes buses should run in, and when. Private buses are given permits according to applications that are send by owners. Maybe if the government planned the routes, mandated use of outline of a research apa format, electronic ticketing machines and GPS devices to of essay writing, track movement, we would have a good public transport system that does not need much tax rupee inflow.

The problems with KSRTC are not limited to corruption. I do not know what to call it. I used to live at outline, a place near Kariyavattom called Thundathil. Essay Score. The most used buses would be cancelled (there are no private buses or illegal transportation here, so there is no real motive for doing this) and then 3 buses at times when no one needed them would be provided. Recently, there was a news of research apa format, new service between Vithura and Eerattupetta. Most probably the newly officer in Vithura was from Eerattupetta.

About turning Kerala into 1000 on global warming, one big town: I am not sure whether this is good or bad. I used to research paper apa format, be a fan of uniform development, but seeing wetlands being destroyed all along the state, and land fragmentation, now I would really like to essay to explain, see dense urban development (with parks and of a research apa format, all), and real agricultural land. The mixed income model of our generation (some income from agriculture) may no longer be viable. In fact these all strickes conducting by in psychology UDF is outline of a apa format only political interests. These conents of seventh std. text book is ib exam essay questions unit 3 very appreciatable. UDF Strike is of a research only for political interest. Ibsat Essay. they wants to keep communal riots for every time for catching fish from dissolves water. “Recently, there was a news of new service between Vithura and Eerattupetta. Most probably the newly officer in Vithura was from Eerattupetta.” Adding on research, : KSRTC (Kerala) used to run Kottarakara-Bangalore buses during Ganesh Kumar/Balakrishna Pillai raj.And no Tvm-Blore buses. beat that. I know. Checked the types of essay in ielts, data closely.

Growth figures lie , a lot. 7th standard book is not ideal for outline of a students but ideal for communist and sfi my opinion is remove the lessons. The way the on global, Bishops are responding is pathetic. Outline Apa Format. If there is actually some problem, the constituion gives them full freedom to approch the honourable court and could have get a stay order for the text book. Warming. Instead they are making clashes and pushing the students to streets, spoiling their working days.(I don’t know, why the catholic bishops are taking this very serious whereas the other christian fractions are keeping themselves away from this and of a paper apa format, few are supporting the improve writing, text book) Why they are not approching the court for their support. Better they should act as Bishops and not as Rouddys.

In the Kerala state christians are controlling the outline, Political parties and their support is very much essential for low gmat some parties to come in to power. The fraction of christians also want to enjoy this power. Only for this they are making unnecessary issues to paper apa format, create agitation in the state. In Orissa it is reported attacks on christians. The Bishops and their supporters including the main political parties to react on the attacks on christians and to improve writing, make the situations normal. When it is taught that the Human beings are originated from the Monkeys, why these priests are not going against it? I want to ask them which one is more important? Faith or religion? If the Bishops make statements sitting in their palaces, the outline paper, common man will not support them.

It is time to know them that the improve writing, ordinary people who believe in outline of a research real Jesus Christ is far away from those Bishops. ITS SIMPLE TO UNDERSTAND. ITS A CIA FUNDED STRIKE HAPPENING IN KERALA. Writing In Ielts. LIKE THEY DONE IN 1958. IN MY OPINION THE LESSON IS AN IDEAL EXAMPLE -‘MAN IS BORN WITHOUT ANY RELIGION OR CASTE.MAN MAKES RELIGION AND CASTE HIMSELF’.political and religious leaders worry about the state without religion. I read the book. Of A Research Apa Format. Page 24 makes the children think and it promotes a dialogue (hopefully, healthy) between teachers and children. This is the kind of education that is needed in today’s world. Most schools teach religion, but teaching secularism is also important. it is very clear that the communist party have a hidden agenda.they are trying to spreadcommunism through the text book. In Ielts. it will spoil our new generation.every keralite should know the same.

Jeevan Without religion or Religion without “Jeevan” In this regard I fully agree to of a research paper, Jacob’s comment posted above. The parties who are against the text book should approch the essay to explain low gmat, court. They should not play with the future of outline of a research paper apa format, innocent students and should not confuse them and their parents. If they are reluctant to approch the court, it shows they themselves know that they are fully wrong, but fighting for in psychology political gains. Most often we are listening to of a paper apa format, the words “hidden agenda”, from many walk of people, Bishops to political leaders, regarding the 7th std text book.

Those who speak this have utter confusion and they trying to spread it in vanish. The so called hidden agenda of the Communist party in the text book was not seen by many prominent personalities including Malankara Orthodox Bishop Dr. Ibsat Essay. Yoohanon Mar Milithos, Syrian Jacobite Bishop Dr. Geevarghese Mar Koorilose, Marthoma Bishop Dr. Abraham Mar Paulose. (One article in Deshabhimani daily, by paper apa format Leni Joseph gives detailed information about this) One Jacobite priest at Pampady (Kottayam) conducted classes for improve writing the 7th standard students in the controversial lesson, found nothing against religion or faith requiring the ban of the text book. After reading the article in the Desabhimani, I have gone through the Deepika editorial on of a research apa format, 28 Jun 08. I think , the words on global warming, Editors lost their intelligence in of a research paper apa format criticizing the other Christian Bishops who are not against the Communists. Types. The “hidden words” in the Deepika editorial is clearly visible to all.

Those who want to be the saviour of of a apa format, Jesus Christ and words on global, protectors of Christianity says “Wild elephant standing behind the seashore doesn’t know anything about the sea”, aiming at non catholic bishops. i belive that the chapter in 7th standered text book is outline of a paper really necessory in this present situation. now specially in kerala the people r miss using religion best example is santhosh madhavan in such a situation our new generation must live in a world where we could spread love not relegion. so i completly support our government. people says it’s secularism to teach this lesson to the young brains. secularism doesn’t mean to teach anti- relegion. Improve Writing. they are trying to convince that the children have the paper, right to choose relegion while attaining the score, age of majourity. at the same time you shold keep in mind that a relegious parent has the research, same right to keep their child as a relegious boy or girl. so better we should withdraw the controvercial lessons from the book. Essay Low Gmat. that’s secularism. How many of the guys in this group are willing to follow the suit mentioned in the text book?

I don’t think any will be there. All the parents prefer their child to be of apa format, their religion(and definitely not someone like jeevan). I saw somewhere in the newspaper that there is a family in punalur called casteless and all that bukwas. It’s just for ib exam essay unit gaining cheap publicity. U believe in u’r religion and that’s it. A christian should not carry a bible in his hands and go out trying to convert non-christians to christians and that’s when the problem starts. That particular chapter is without doubt one of the well constructed chapter in the Kerala school text, given the socio-political situation in Kerala. And there’s no parallel to that in the whole world. AT THE MOMENT, A CHAPTER LIKE THAT WILL NEVER APPEAR IN TEXT BOOKS IN ANY OTHER PART Of THE WORLD. See what is happening in UK (US is not much different ) Anousics, people with a worrying range of beliefs and of a paper apa format, practices, are indoctrinating our children with the full support of the government. The KERALA MODEL again.

Celebrate the wisdom of the ppl behind the ib exam questions, chapter. Intersting discussion…I came here starting from the of a research paper, 7th std contraversy..just curious.. I read the text book it is just politics behind it to 1000 warming, make all these noise..It just says to believe in man..which is outline of a paper really the right thing to do… Congress doesn’t have any real issues to bring to improve writing, the table…if at all there is any… like the inflation or uncontrolled cost or lack of water or power etc….these guys share the outline of a research, same table if not here at the center…so just some drama to kill time..;P. Hindu is not religion it is phd-dissertations only a way of life.

Each religion has a founder whereas Hinduism evolved through ages. Atheism is perfectly alright with Hindu culture. Some interesting stuff for further reading.. Preist’s Mulla’s job ends once people start loving each other start believe in the God they want to percieve or like. Outline Research. They are just making ‘noise’ in view of ibsat essay, insecurity feeling….;P.

Take care everyone.. Excellent!I feel Really proud to be an Indian .Rather more recisely a malayalee..a keralite. This is the true fact of outline research paper apa format, life .Some thing which the entire world should have learnt years beore. Cheers to essay, Kerala Government..We are all proud of you. The intersest of those who fight against this is known to everybody. i wld score d century … common Jeevan evolve u people will always see CIA in any agitation against paper apa format the Commies..atleast this time change to something else…. what if i say the chinese are involved…can u question me on this . Do yu know what kind of education is being imparted there in China…we all are living in India thats why we have the freedom to previous essay questions unit 3, say all this..

this is not just the of a research, case of the 24th page only…many here said that the text book is fine..let me ask you…take Gandhiji’s case ….what did he preached?….is that only the quit india and Salt Satyagraha that requires attention in the case of the contributions made by 1000 essay the Mahatma.. the most valuable message given by apa format Gandhi to ibsat essay, our country and the word are the lessons of TRUTH NON-VIOLENCE. Outline Of A Apa Format. Why the improve writing, Commies didnt hear of that…o i forgot they only know the blood related ones…. What kind of message is the govt trying to give to outline of a research, a 7th std student by explaining the previous ib exam essay questions 3, story of two girls named sneha ghosh and sunitha chowdhary…in the entire freedom struggle the Commies saw only these two girls contribution to the fredom struggle to represent women WHat a PITY. Gayathri common child say something.. or is that because the research, Commies dont have a women of their kind to project in the fredom struggle… thats gd lesson and forward a brillint thinking space for student. all ksu ,msf and others ( who opposed the book)kindly read the book first and thing indipendly . ALL WHAT IS TAUGHT IS NOT REFLECTED IN A CHILD’S LIFE ……HE SHOULD BE TAUGHT TO IDENTIFY THE GOOD AND BAD………..THIS STORY IS JUST A PART OF HIS CHARACTER FORMATION…ITS IN THE HANDS OF A TEACHER TO DIVERT ANY NEGATIVENESS IN A LESSON TO A POSITIVE DIRECTION………. There is nothing wrong in this book.Eventhough the communists are infamous for not doing anything for 1000 essay state. This is something commentable from their part.

No need of injecting any religion to kids. There are some commentable achivements from communists. Invention of Bandhs and harthals. Invention of “salary for outline of a research paper not doing Job” They dont care about the state but they care about china and Cuba. But reccently there are noticeble change in types them .Hope they will fare better. As such for this text book there is nothing wrong. UDF is trying to deviate attention of price rise and the church is trying to control the believers.

May God save kerala. All stupid ksu ,msf fundamentlist and others ( who opposed the outline of a paper apa format, book)kindly read the book first and 1000 essay on global warming, thing indipendly and realise the thigs. This issue is outline of a paper apa format shame for all malayalees. Now i have a clear cut picture about previous essay questions unit 3 issue in kerala after reading this. I think there nothing to outline of a research paper, create a big issue in this. Gods own country has become hell, the solution to all problems in kerala is types writing in ielts with youths of kerala………. Actually I have Shocked after read this ,Because the pages from 1-34 in this text book create a ground braking soceity. Jabbar bhai..are u sure u have read it in paper apa format full…have you come across any recent 7th std books of social studies….havnt u noticed the syllabi…how childish is the method of instructions used for a 12 year old students… the more interesting fact is in psychology that our honourable edu: minister children or grand children are not studyin all this its the lay man child is the outline paper, victim here…the so callled socialist Commies…their children are studyin in in psychology the CBSE and ISC schools… and Sony Nokkukooli is still applicable and hasnt abolished yet… Jabbar bhai please use ur words carefully u cannot call the K.S.U stupid who have been fighting for students rights for more than half of the century… Where we are standing and outline of a research apa format, where we are going? Just for a text book teaching reality, we are fighting.

Recently I read articles on Deepika daily and Malayala Manorama daily (Both Online) about Police torturing of a Dalit Youth! It is still happeing and the Media reporting it for everybody. When such an previous essay 3 incident came in to the text book, the uppercast parties are saying it is not happening in the Gods own country. Please open your eyes and look around. Dont you feel shame. Dear brothers, we burnt the book which printed and teachs the words from Quran.

May the almighty forgive all. Where we are standing and to where we are going? Just for a text book teaching reality, we are fighting. Of A Paper Apa Format. Recently I read articles on Deepika daily and types writing in ielts, Malayala Manorama daily (Both Online) about Police torturing of a Dalit Youth! It is still happeing and outline of a apa format, the Media reporting it for everybody. When such an incident came in to the text book, the uppercast parties are saying it is types in ielts not happening in the Gods own country. Please open your eyes and outline paper, look around.

Dont you feel shame. Dear brothers, we burnt the book which printed and teachs the words from Quran. May the ibsat essay, almighty forgive all. If the parliament election is not there, then the outline paper, opposition will leave this text book issue. If the Self financing college fees issue get solved in favour of the Management, they will also forget about the text book. So let us leave this and think something creatively. Is there exist a great problem with the previous questions 3, text?whether the ans is yes or no,the thing we have to do is make discussions and negotiations and thus solve the problem.all these issues are unnecessary.there may be many mistakes in the text , the gov and the oppositions should solve all…by forgetting all their politics..because these things will affect the entire society. LOL, power shortage, no garbage pick up, roads falling to bits, inadequate port security, unemployment, suicide, liquor smuggling, inflation… but let’s worry about teaching kids about the outline research paper, Left’s atheism.

Sounds about right. We need knowledge about all live things. Request Kerala Govt. to improve writing, continue publishing this text book including this chapter and outline research apa format, must be included in the syllubus starting from 2008. Let us hope for a change in the young generation. Every human being is born on this earth with freedom. Let our children also live in a free world with equal rights for everything. Good Luck to all my children in Kerala. Love you all.

It is an old habit of the commies, trying to indoctrinate others as much as they can towards their non-religious nonsense. This is the opinion of Mr.KPK posted 23/06/2008. Essay To Explain. I really agree with his opinion.Those who have still doubt on this issue pls read below stated things. If u are not thinking Independently do not read and research paper, waste your time. I also highlight that those who are activist or followers of UDF they can not think independently.This is good opetunity for young leaders of KSU to show sincerity to thier leaders for future to secure MLA /MP seat in future.

What worong done the puplic.This is the faith of puplic ,we have to suffer. I am not a communist or athiest. I believe The thought behind this converstion seems to be approriate . All our school application forms has a Religion colum which needs to ibsat essay, be filled. This particular information is kept to capture the religon , because many further legal issues may come up in future as our country has many laws based on caste, religon etc. For a school record this information has no other importance. If there needs to be a answer “no religion” or “Secular” is to be debated , and laws relating to such a answer also to be made. In that sense I could not see any problem with the text.

The question by paper apa format the headmaster is essay to explain low gmat something to be seriously thought of in our society. I have seen in many mixed marriages , one of the outline research paper apa format, parent changes religion. This happens to avoid all future legal/social issues . Types Writing In Ielts. But what happens if father or mother of the child sticks to his religion? What is the religon of the child? It’s really an interesting question. From the outline research, legal point of view one answer has to be given based on the acceptance of the father and improve writing, mother since we do not allow a “No religion” answer . A blank answer is also right , as the child can select either of the relgion, both or no relgion in future. This thinking is not against of a research apa format any religion or communist ideology. I do not know why so many students are wasting there energy and time for non creative thinking and fighting with police !! God save kerala !! come on dear politetions, lets not put our your young minds in trouble. do u want to mold them to be more relegious. so that u can winn all the elections. come on. think about score our proud nation. dont think about ur parties. refresh…. Seventh std. social studies text book issue is outline research paper politics motived.This is the essay to explain low gmat, golden opertunity to bring all relegious (uneducated/normal relegious people) people in one umberella and face forthcoming election ,this is the tactic of research paper, UDF leaders.

That is why UDF will not void this issue even if there are instructions form High command /somewhere else to end strike and agitation. According to the present situation it will not be success and idle the strike of opposition parties where most of the people are against this strike and in psychology, which will be harm to outline paper apa format, UDF. We will see the next step from of essay writing in ielts UDF to end the strike.They can not end immedeately as it will be shame and they will undertake other issue then try maximum as much as they can to research paper apa format, attract attention of pulplic on phd-dissertations in psychology, new issue .Finally people will forget the text book issue. let us see…! muslim league no need to go against this. in above sheets i didn’t see any communist manifesto…my own opinion this book will help for apa format young generation….i am not a communist….i am a independent ….UDF loking for their next election benefit not for words essay on global warming young generation …they looking on power for next assembly or parliament elections.

sorry about last sentence ….UDF looking power for outline of a research paper apa format next assembly or parliament election…. I read the complete text book and realise that nothing aginst relegion and not trying to spreading communism. If thus we have to previous essay questions, protest. All well wishers people should stand against those who make this issue and protest. Now we realise the of a paper apa format, standard and thought of RELEGIOUS GROUP LEADERS WORST OPPOSITION PARTY LEADERS. You are leaders of worst people and 1000 words on global, you want to conflict in outline of a paper apa format society for previous ib exam unit 3 nothing. To the above leaders -If you have still doubt read the outline of a research paper apa format, book complete and think.And also think that this is KERALA not not any remote village in norht Indian States!

This is in response to the comments of ibsat essay, Mr. Aboobakar. I fully agree with you. Of A Paper. These politicians are really taking advantage of every situation to create noise within the essay to explain score, state always. But they do not know that they are digging their own graveyard. Outline Of A Apa Format. As you said, the phd-dissertations in psychology, new generation of Kerala are not that stupid as these “vella mundu and shirt” wearing baffoons. Let them continue their fancy dress competition and suck the blood of general public.

Let them continue promising lot of reforms and of a, developmental projects in the state, though we all know that nothing will be materialised soon. Mullas, Priests and all will continue protesting against this book bcos its a matter of survival for them. They can do everything, but other believers not. Improve Writing. In short “Karnonmarkkku Aduppilum thooram” commendable that the left want a casteless, classless, secular society. but is it that easy? can entrenched notions be removed just like that? not only mullas and priests – the ordinary man in the street – that includes the research apa format, new generation of kerala – need a God. therein lies the hear of the problem. how can left invite corporates to phd-dissertations, run schoools? I didnt read through the whole comments. You should consider this also before hailing the leftist intentions. As such the lesson is not questioning the religion. It is paper saying that it could be an adults choice and not a birthright.The sunday schools and madrassas are there to instil a sense of belonging among thier peergroups.And that is ib exam essay questions done through methodological religious theology( not philosophy).So a student who goes to religious school and a state syllabus school will be a confused kid. And creating that confusion is the leftist agenda.Dont tell me that it is to create a thinking youth.

That would be a side benefit. Every political parties consider educational reforms as a propoganda machinery. Be it BJP, Congress or Communists. Wi;ll the of a paper apa format, communists would dare to consider ‘Anthem’ by AynRand as an English-II text no…they won’t…So there are certain issues which will…evoke hue and ibsat essay, cry. I do accept the outline paper, book but dont say that left has got noble intentions behind that..( a staunch KSSP worker…at my school days…)..Everyone is selfish so is left…not great and nothing to contempted. I didnt read through the whole comments. You should consider this also before hailing the leftist intentions. As such the lesson is not questioning the religion. It is saying that it could be an adults choice and not a birthright.The sunday schools and madrassas are there to words essay warming, instil a sense of belonging among thier peergroups.And that is of a research paper done through methodological religious theology( not philosophy).So a student who goes to religious school and a state syllabus school will be a confused kid. And creating that confusion is the leftist agenda.Dont tell me that it is to create a thinking youth.

That would be a side benefit. Every political parties consider educational reforms as a propoganda machinery. Be it BJP, Congress or Communists. Wi;ll the communists would dare to phd-dissertations in psychology, consider ‘Anthem’ by outline of a paper AynRand as an phd-dissertations in psychology English-II text no…they won’t…So there are certain issues which will…evoke hue and of a research paper, cry. I do accept the book but dont say that left has got noble intentions behind that..( a staunch KSSP worker…at my school days…)..Everyone is selfish so is left…not great and nothing to contempted. Duplicate comment detectedo..enthayithu. P. Seventh Std. text book issue is for nothing.This is 100 % politically motived issue.I have no oppinion that the text book is complete OK. I have read , many people complaining that the syllabus is improve writing not suitable for outline research apa format 12 years age old childeren.I would like to tell the poeple those who have this complaint please go through other classes text book even KG standard ,all text book are same that is not suitable for thier age they can not homework and not understand issue of social culture etc..

This kind of syllabs implemented years back, why only protesting now.I have read the 7th class text social studies text book, in this book nothing against relegion and not trying to words essay on global warming, spreading communism direclty or indireclty.Ruling parties can not insist to study their ideology throgh school text book. If doing such public should protest unit the withdrawal of the book. Here this book is available those who have intererst and outline of a research paper apa format, they can read. What about the central government syllabus, already alleged many complaints ,why this became big issue.Why relegious group and political parties not showing interest in cetral government syllabus.We are living in multi cultural society.We have to respect each other meanwhile peacefully we can campaign about 1000 words essay our relegion and culture to other society. Due this issue in future in research paper apa format the school can not study HISTORY , because history is related to King , Leaders,Relegous Leaders, Country Leaders, also these leaders is the part of to explain low gmat, relegion or specific group .for example Sri Narayan Guru is an Ezhavan and Nehru is Congress and rationalist . Of A Paper Apa Format. Those who are not interested/disagree with above we have to protest , we have to phd-dissertations in psychology, tell do not include thier photo or any ideology in text book other cast and of a research paper apa format, party students are studying in school.We can do like this ? In future it will happen ? We have to tell thanks to UDF and essay on global warming, Relegious group for this !!Vote Bank is Very Very Very Very important.Our party Zindabad . Please come our followers and join us . Please log on to http://www.makudam.net and outline research paper, read the entire links and think “Is there any solution here ?” and also find “Who is giving life on earth?”. Words Essay Warming. Do contact me if any doubts you have. http://www.makudam.net is not a solution.This is Christian campaign to covert the people to Christianity.Is bibble giving any remidies against what human being confront problesm at present ? This kind of people only creating problems !Do not waste your time, you do not understand anything,just you can see uncomplete clauses that no currect meaning and can be interpret as per of a research paper choice. We are living in essay low gmat score society and we know what people doing here and more than our experience is n0thing. Of A Research. good by!

Reply to Kochuthresamma: Pople on the street ? I do not understand who is on the street.Only protesting KSU few MSF activists.They are political employees they have no other job, these young leaders will be promoted MLA/MP/Ministry.This is essay to explain score golden opertunity to attract attention of public and as well as media. Research. They invade the police boundry and previous ib exam questions 3, trespss in controled compound (this is usual in all strike now it is culminated). Police stand and outline of a research paper apa format, watch it.What is duty of police? This people not only protesing they are invading police borricade , is it allowed ? “vella mundu and shirt” wearing baffoons are not fighting for student right. Types Writing. They are slave of senior politician and there is of a paper benifit only for leader. trying to remove entrenched notions “just like that” would be to phd-dissertations, bring a legislation heavily taxing anybody who wishes to run a place of worship #128578; what has been done is an innocuos small step. isn’t it?

@Neermathalam, “Anthem” huh – thats a really good one. even i was thinking on similar lines. on your other point, confused youth for me is thinking youth – if thats what left is trying to do – then Kudos to them. This is in response to the comments of Mr.Reji M Issac, here we are discussing and collection opinion on 7th Std. text book issue.Do not divert to other subject since you have a lot of platform for of a paper such campaign. am asking a question put to me when i too raved like this – can we add sme bite to all out 1000 words on global warming, bark? we citizens r responsible for the hartal-for giving in so passively. time we did some soul searching. I do not think the said book can spread Communism in outline of a paper apa format 12 age students or any person .This is really surpise!And not against relegion or cast.

I read the improve writing, complete text book through net. While admission time of one intercast parent’s Son in of a research apa format a School , the parent not specify any relegion he telling that when is become young he can choose (that means he can study about ibsat essay relegions and research paper, he has freedom to choose his relegion or he can reject reject). Here one question.There are lot of 1000 essay on global warming, relegious people conducting campaign to attract the people from other beleviers.It is of a allowed and improve writing, there is right to do so.Those who doing these campaign they can attract such people who born in intercast family. Upon our view if we realise what we belive /understand is worong , then we can accept any other relegion or ideology as per our choice. The text book issued is 100 % a politically motivated issue.Those who disagree they can submit their suggestion to the Committe that govt. formed recently. And peacefully can protest. Now what going on here is true ? In the account of relegion ? The education system in Kerala is monopoly of Christian, Muslim nayar societies. whoever try to touch the research paper, same got problem, because this is the best business of religious people. they don’t want to educate people, want to phd-dissertations, do business only. Of A Research Paper. they always try to pick up opportunities for interrupting any development in ibsat essay the same field, so support Mr. Outline. M.A. Bayby.

This lesson describes an ideal society. Art. 25 gives freedom of conscience to every citizen. This is ib exam questions unit also freedom to live without religion and also to be an atheist. Art 18 of UNDHR also gives right to conscience etc. In its clarification it is stated that this protects theism, non-theism and atheism. As the religious have the freedom to propagate religion atheists have the same freedom to propagate their belief. Many of the outline of a research paper apa format, European countries give minority rights to atheists. India also should give such rights.

A person’s rightiousness does not depend much on his being atheist or theist or a believer or non believer in religion. Nothing wrong in this book. As per indian constistution we can teach this kind lesson. Types. What sence have with our dear Umman/ Chennithala and where is our adarshadheeran Sudheeran Sir. “Keralam oru Matha Branthalayam” Swamivivekananda told ie is 100% right. All UDF leaders are living in 18TH century. Go ahead with new things. This issue will lead to critical law and order probelms in Kerala , in future opposition parties and relegious groups will protest against outline of a paper apa format text books when it publish new.When publish a new book it is possible to have a sentences or words about sensitive leaders/King/Relegous leaders or culture or cast system. Then those who disagree with the issues they can create probels.Especially in History it is not possible publish without our HISTORY! VII Th std book issue kerala education mnister not read KER act main things this my suggestion marxist party all forget.

I do not understand the comment posted by Mr.T Humayoon Kabir.Is this Eglish or any other new language ? Agree with you Kareem. I was also wondering by reading that ! He could have posted his comments in Malayalam. I think its a tribal language somewhere in remote village in UK. You should think as an Indian, not a disciple of 1000 words on global warming, Marx and Angels, but a disciple of Gandhi. 7th standard student is research paper apa format not a matured child. In Psychology. he is only 12 years old.

Hence he cannot be expected to think freely. Hence heshould have some guidance regarding what are the good things and what are the bad things. In that particular age you are trying to guid him in apa format a wrong way. See Minister you are living in a cultured society. In the same time you have a duty for ibsat essay not create problem to others. Christian, Muslim, Hindhu etc. are human beings. By the book you are talking some anty social things. Re to Mr. padmanabhan, When the left are became in the present century?

I think u know the issues when the “computer” in came here?? what was they said?? This chapter is made for of a research apa format “this kind of discussions about the religion” and they (including you) have won with your hidden plans behind this lession. It is the truth, rite. Still keeping this text book . very baad.. I am not communist not atheist.

Also I believe in god and writing, religion. I was impression that there is outline of a something really offence in given in phd-dissertations the book. But for my surprise it was not the fact, that I realised after reading the page. (if page is the correct one , also thanks for the person who post this.) Coming back to my opinion. The lesson is intended to give the information that god or religion is not a must for a human being to live in society, which is not the understanding for people in India. Of course this is very valuable. There is nothing wrong with the lesson to continue. But this is too early for a 7th standard student. Can be in 9-10 standard. I got few questions for those who say it is stupidity by god believers. If the above lesson is against religion and apa format, god, do you want remove the biology lessons that says the theory of evolution?

(FYI : god believers follows the ‘creation’ rule by previous essay god. Whowever it is christian/muslim/hindu/jews). So to paper, those guys who blindly protest: if your intension is just to protest against the government with other reasons in mind, yes whatever you are doing is ib exam essay unit 3 correct. (fanatics or politicians) . For politicians : You people are misinterpreting the information for your own benefit. (for survival for living to make crores!!) . As a citizen I should allow this stupid cheating move. You guys have lot other issues to of a research paper, resolve : creating jobs for living, methods to ibsat essay, improve agriculture, monitor the real estate mafia. etc. For religious people (fanatics) ! Those who believe in apa format narrowing down your own mind to writing in ielts, give trouble to other religions and society. I have to say “get educated or get lost to hell”!!

Regarding the computer issue, I remember it was in year 80’s.That time computer was not that much popular .Computer became popular after launching of Window system in 93.In 80s medias were campaigned about harm of computerization that a computer can work instead of 30/50 employees. In 80’s very rare people know about computer Public know it through news papers and medias. Due to this, employees organization (especially left) afraid. Still in our all government offices not computerized , is this due to outline of a research paper, protest of left parties ? Our previous revenue minister Mr.K M mani who done good effort to implement a document registration system through IT.Then what happened all document writers protest against this, finally it not implemented .It was very nice facility for public and as well as the department. Who was the frontier of this strike ? Please check ? Do not blame blankly. Understand the reality then talk about the ibsat essay, matter. I do not support to outline apa format, left for all what they did in improve writing past and of a paper apa format, doing now. Read your comments, well described the reality.

Politicians must be concentrating bringing up certain reforms in those areas where we are weak now. Essay Low Gmat Score. Everyday, they have an issue to do a Bandh or Harthal. If they really want to take a break and enjoy, no need to harrass the public life. Its right time for fellow citizens to open up their eyes. If this chapter is introduced by outline of a research paper leftists, I think their main aim is to educate the new generation that naturally there are two religions as created by ibsat essay the creator i.e. male and female. Apart from outline apa format that all other religions or caste are man made factors, I believe. Response please…. Reply to Mr.John, Can you explain which portion of this text book spread Communist ideology and Atheism in of essay writing children?India is a secular country not a Thaliban country. It is of a research clear that behind this issue are UDF and some relegious group allies.They are against this government.This is strike against types of essay in ielts govt. Outline Research Apa Format. not against the text book as Justice Krishnayyer told lately.

One more question to Mr.John. Now almost countries except some Asian and African countries doing loading and unloading work by Forklift. 1000 Words Essay Warming. (I think that you know about it).In india we are not using this facility. If we start using Forklift for loading and unloading purposes INTUC will protest or not protest ! According Mr.John they will agree because this is modern technology. This text book issue rised by KSU.School teachers or any other person who working in this field they did not find any harm.When it became a issue those who oppose the govt. they join together and began road show. Finally govt. formed a committe , now they alleging that the member of the commitee are left or supporting to left.Dr.Fazal Gafoor and Mr.O Abdu Rahiman are left followers ? They agreed that they have full freedom to of a paper apa format, work in committe and previous 3, they are satisfied with act of the committe. This is golden opertunity for UDF leaders to stir relegious sentiment and paper, divert against improve writing the government. In future, KSU leader Mr.Siddiq will became a minister without internal fighting in congress! because he did a lot! Mr.Siddiq you should tell thank to the person in KSU who discover and rise this issue. I’ve read the outline of a research paper, controversial topic’mathamillatha jeevan’ or ‘Jeevan without religion’.There is nothing wrong in it.

Here Jeevan is a student who seeks admission in a school.The parents left blank in words essay on global warming the space provided for religion.The Headmaster expressed his shock.Thats all.Nothing more than that. Here the of a apa format, book doesn’t try to cultivate an idea of atheism instead it questions whether do we need religion to beleive in GOD… In a democratic and secular country like India, these kind of chapters will demolish the religious separations. I will encourage more like this…. That is what as every Indian citizens we need; for the development and togetherness of our nation. This chapter for new generation. I’ve read out the English Version of the book..The text book has gone below standard.I would recommend to improve writing, publish a new text book itself free from grammatical and spelling mistakes. Is promoting communist ideologies wrong??It was communist ideologies that helped the ancient kerala get rid from the chains of of a paper, landlords and ibsat essay, from social evils.So there’s nothin wrong in outline research paper mentioning communism. I’ve read out the English Version of the book.The text book has gone below standard.I would recommend to publish a new text book itself free from improve writing grammatical and spelling mistakes. Is promoting communist ideologies wrong??It was communist ideologies that helped the ancient kerala get rid from the chains of outline of a research paper, landlords and from social evils.So there’s nothin wrong in mentioning communism.

REPLY TO MR. VINAY(102) The council has taken intensive care to ibsat essay, equip the students with all essential knowledge required.They have a changed 8th,9th 10th textbooks.They have remarked about outline of a research paper apa format Gandhiji’s truth and non-violence in 8th or 9th std textbook.I don’t remember the ib exam questions unit 3, exact standard.And also the of a research paper apa format, council can’t incorporate all the details in 7th std textbook. TO OPPOSITIONS-Instead of critisizing please give suggestions so that they can amend in the nxt year.. There is no need for changing this text book.Becauase in our past time we had already learnt the massages of SREE NARAYANA GURU , TAGORE and KUMARANASAN.They said that ‘ DONT ASK CASTE OR RELIIGON. Dr.B.R Ambedkar’s biography it was second language Malayalam in 10th Std. in Eighties. I have study the phd-dissertations in psychology, said book in outline of a research paper 10th Std.Dr.Ambedkar always disagree with Gandiji and Criticize Gandi’s decision and statement.Dr.Ambedkar argued that Gandiji always supporting to Brahmin. We can read in the said book that Ambedkar confront lot of ignorance/misbehavior from Brahmins (superior cast) They did not allow to approach public well to drink water and they threw stone and he injured .In school his seat was far from other students he sat down on of essay, floor in a sack .There are lot of discrimination such as… It is of a research apa format sure that if the same book can not study in school now.What will happen if the same book NOW include in types of essay writing school syllabus ? UDF leaders approach Brahmin leaders and start to stir cast sentiments. They will complain that LDF is against of a research Brahmin that is improve writing why they force to young student to study Ambedkar biography ! Ambedkar was against Gandi and Gandi was congress ! . IT IS SURE THAT THE SAID BOOK INCLUDE NOW IN SCHOOL SYLLABUS THEN ABOVE WILL HEPPEN!

This is worst political tactic. It will reflect when you approach the people! Those who are supporting to you they are GENUNE FOOL OR BLIND OR they know reality but keep silent for small benefits.In text book issue above three kind of people supporting to UDF? If you are supporting to UDF the same issue, please check in of a which category u included ! Tehe text book related agitation is for nothing. UDF leaders claining that police depress their strike.But actually what we are waching in electronic media .They invade police barricade/ gate and trying to trespass to of essay writing in ielts, government office to destroy files and research, attack the essay questions unit 3, officers. If police not denfend what will happend? According to of a research, UDF leaders police stood and ibsat essay, wach strike only research paper apa format, they can talk verbally to strikers to 1000 words on global warming, go back peacefuly without toching their body. The protest and agitation concerning the text book issue is worst.

If government not take strong action against this strike public should handle this strike in appropriate way even phisically. Strike is research allowed .There is phd-dissertations proper way to do it, if they are doing it in proper way it is not harmfull to publice. Now UDF leaders are in exotic and they need power.Behind this text book issue ,in preveious three elections the public support was very poor to UDF and outline research paper apa format, parliment election is coming soon. They realise that this text book is excellent to essay warming, stir relegious sentements and divert it against the Govt. Behind the text book issue nothing more than this! Sure that coming days will be worst! There are lot of agitation and strike held in Kerala.But this is not like the research paper apa format, same.It is previous ib exam essay unit most dangerious and research apa format, it may happen riot in Kerala. Kerala High Court should interfere to end this strike. Essay 3. Govt. can not do anything if they are trying do something UDF exploit the issue and it will spread more. Now, the text book strike has entered in to research paper apa format, a new phase. The Christian Bishops may be happy now!

The un noticed text book they put in to strike referring the Jeevan. Now the strike took the life of their own people! Glory to God! “Eeso misihaykku sthuthiyayeerikkatte” Still people accusing the said book to spread Communism in children! This argument is not correct(blankly blaming) Our past is essay score related to lot of issues ,Communist party’s role also included in Kerala history after independance.It means not only Communism.

Then there will be a question why not included other things in text book? It is only text the book in one class which can not contain whole Kerala History. There is outline paper no any direct or indirect sentence or word about communism in the said book.For interpretation we can agree. This strike is for nothing only 1000 on global, politically motived strike. What is the status of the outline of a research paper apa format, strike! How it conclude now!Who is the victim of the strike!

A poor school teacher.Who will take care his family? The agitation is not against the concern text book whereas it is against the government. UDF leaders are in exotic and they in phd-dissertations in psychology need power. Outline Of A. The competent compensation should be given to James Agastin family who brutally killed by Youth League which should impose on Kungalikutty and Panakkad Thangal who given incentive to their youth to do the murder. Is there no end to the discussion here. Itz a marathon run!! Speaks volumes about the interest of Keralites in such discussions and also a testimonial to the coming of age of blogs and its reach…

Scorpio, Thank you! despite the fact that I don’t understand most of the 164 comments that followed your first comment #128578; I too apprciate the idea behind the introduction of this lesson… read the complete text book and realised that nothing aginst relegion and not trying to spread communism. But the fact is that religion and castes…its a reality in india …HOW MANY SC ST OBC WILL COME FORWARD TO ADMIT THEIR WARDS WITHOUT MENTIONING THEIR CASTE? LET ALL THE COMMUNIST LEADERS SET EXAMPLE FIRST… ITS NOT PRACTICAL IN INDIA AS LONG AS THE PRESENT RESERVATION SYSTEM PREVAILS… FIRST LETS HV D RESEVATION BASED ON ECONOMY THEN START THINKING ABT NO CASTE NO RELIGION WHICCH IS A FANTASTIC APPROACH. Hi my dear Keralites, Are you sure about ibsat essay what are you doing?

I read the particular lesson. Outline Of A Research Paper. I could find no mistake in it. That is the words, reality. Come to Munnar. There are a lot of inter caste marriages goes on. Most of their children are preplexed which religion they have to choose for their long term spiritual journy. In this modern age, where we are far beyond from outline apa format those religious teachings and started creating by our own, we have to revise the thoughts of orthadox thoughts of phd-dissertations in psychology, religion. If God is the creater of the world and we included, we are not supposed to creat anything if we do so, that is a sin. But we are doing it. Paper Apa Format. If God created Moon and in psychology, Earth, and kept a distance between them, we should think about its purpose. We should never landed on the Moon.

The things are like that, 35 million people are there in Kerala, are all of them are very serious about their own religion. No religion will give you food. Paper Apa Format. Only hard work and dedication does it. The religious thoughts in the olden ages was meant to frame people to in psychology, be capable to deliver dedicated hard work for outline of a research apa format a trusted life. In this modern era the dimension of the ibsat essay, education has changed.

All of us are living practically away from outline research paper apa format any religion. My suggestion is that do not give trouble to the poor people of Kerala by raising such an absurd need inorder to maintain superstitions again in life. The truth is Sun,Moon,Earth and improve writing, the Universe.Oopen your eyes and live happily in research the world. Improve Writing. Do good in the world. Support the research paper, poor in the world. To Explain Low Gmat. Educate the illitrate who seeks knowledge. Paper Apa Format. Fight against ib exam questions unit 3 poverty and illitracy.

Try to outline research, make the world a good place to live. keralites have no religion. we are the children of one mother. Your Idea is ibsat essay No.1, But is paper apa format it practical ? Our contry is phd-dissertations in psychology going to worst by day. what is going on in Orissa ? Even medias do not like to of a research, bring the the correct information of genocide from Orissa! They are also supporting to Fascist. All human being are no relegion.But there is phd-dissertations in psychology God.We are son of outline of a research paper apa format, one couple. ?????,??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????????? ????? ???? .. ???????? ????? ?????????? ?????? , ??????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????????????, ?????????????,???????????????? ???????? … ????????? ?????????????..??????? ,??? ???, ??? ???? ???????? …????? ???? ?????? .??????????????????? ?????? ??????? … ??? ????????? ????? ?????????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????????????? ??????? ???? ….??????? ??? ??? ???????????? ???? ??????????? ???????????????. ????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ..?????????????? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????????? ???? ?????????????????????? …. ????? ????????? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????????? … ????? ???????????????? ..”?????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ” ?????? ??????? ??.??.???.? ??????? ????? ????? ???????????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ???????? ???????????? ?????…. Now recent issue is Terrorism ! What is the reality behind the Terrorism that medias are celebrating now a days.

Even fall one Jack fruit from essay tree (in Kashmir) What medias will call “Terror Jack Fruit Fallen in Kahsmir. Now actually what happened in Kashmir. four Kerlaite killed at research paper apa format, Kashmir.Until now noboday know what is the real reson.They did not fight with soldier.They found doubtfull circumstances in Kashmir and soldier killed them. Who bring them there ? Why they went there? What reason lead them to there? Is soldier killed them at improve writing, spot ? There are lot of question to outline research paper, be ansered. What is the meaning of terrorism ? concern with Kashmir or Muslim all are terrorism. Political leaders in Kerala are shouting and accusing each other that you are one supporting terrorism!! What terrorism happened in Kerala? Now we understand that all polital leaders are ZERO.

They can not solve any problems. Writing In Ielts. They wan make issue the subject and outline paper, show their tatering capacity. God may bless our country. I just hate it, because it is ibsat essay so difficult. good information about… […] post writes about the latest clash between the titans – Religious heads and Communists – about the of a research, 7th standard text book in Kerala. The left front ought to be fought tooth and nail if religion is to survive in Gods Own Country.

If […] […] to the most controversial portion, go here – I don’t understand how a lesson that teaches to see human beings above religion can be […] […] “offensive” page in the text book reads and what my friend Brahma has to say about it here. I am sure once you read what it is all about, you will be quite […] […] – bookmarked by 4 members originally found by kim4321 on 2008-12-04 Education Reform in Kerala – VIIth Heaven Standard…. http://tvmtalkies.com/archives/474 – bookmarked by 1 members originally found by IraJames on ibsat essay, […] Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. BVN is a generalist, and very lazily believes specialization is for insects. You can follow his updates on twitter.

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The rise and fall of nokia Essay Sample. NOKIA was the most successful European company of the 1990s. The Finnish mobile-phone manufacturer captured the emerging market for mobile phones and built the industry’s most powerful brand. Its handsets virtually defined the industry from the time it launched its first GSM phone, the 1011, in outline of a research apa format 1992. From 1996 to 2001 its revenues increased almost fivefold, and by 1998 it was the world’s biggest mobile manufacturer. In 2005, it sold its billionth handset, an 1100 to a customer in Nigeria. Despite being the market leader in the mobile phone market since 1998, the company saw a decline in its brand value since the early 2000.

It was once a firm with turnover exceeding the tax revenue of the country it was based in. However, the company not only first lost its number one ranking, a position it had held for 14 years but reach to sell-off in less than 10 years. So the most valid question from all is what happened to Finland’s most beloved company? This case is all about types analysis of outline of a paper, NOKIA’s strategies responsible for its market domination to sell-off . Snapshot of NOKIA’s History. To understand the Rise and Fall of NOKIA, it is important to track the history of NOKIA on a single canvas. The same is phd-dissertations in psychology, attempted through following short liners in this regard:

A wood pulp mill was set up by a mining engineer named Fredrik Idestam at the Tammerkoski Rapids in outline of a research south-western Finland. 1871: The name NOKIA was born based on the name of phd-dissertations, Nokianvirta river on the on of a apa format the banks of which Idestam opens a second mill. 1898: Eduard Polon founds Finnish Rubber Works, which later becomes NOKIA’s rubber business, making everything from rubber boots to phd-dissertations in psychology tyres. 1912: Arvid Wickstrom sets up Finnish Cable Works, the foundation of of a apa format, NOKIA’s cable and electronics business.

1967: The official merger of NOKIA Ab, Finnish Cable Works and Finnish Rubber. 1979: NOKIA creates radio telephone company Mobira Oy as a joint venture with leading Finnish TV maker Salora. 1981: Launch of the in psychology, Nordic Mobile Telephone service, the world’s first international cellular network, and the first to allow international roaming. Apa Format! 1982: NOKIA introduces the first car phone – the Mobira Senator – to the network. That same year, the NOKIA DX200, the company’s first digital telephone switch, goes into operation.

1984: NOKIA launches the Mobira Talkman portable car phone – a chunky piece of kit but a start. 1987: NOKIA introduces the Mobira Cityman, the first handheld mobile phone. It weighs in at types of essay writing, 800g and paper apa format comes with a price tag of 24,000 Finnish Marks (about ?3,400). The Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, is improve writing, pictured using one to make a call from Helsinki to his communications minister in Moscow. Outline Of A Research! 1991: The Finnish prime minister, Harri Holkeri, makes the world’s first “global system for mobile communications” call, using NOKIA equipment. 1992: NOKIA launches its first digital handheld GSM phone, the NOKIA 1011.

The NOKIA president and chief executive, Jorma Ollila, decides to focus on mobile phones and telecommunications, and the process begins of selling. off its rubber, cable and consumer electronics divisions. 1994: NOKIA launches the 2100 series, the first phones to feature the NOKIA Tune ringtone. It goes on to sell 20m phones worldwide in the 2100 series. NOKIA’s target had been 400,000. Improve Writing! 1998: NOKIA becomes the world leader in the mobile phones market. NOKIA’s turnover increases almost fivefold from ˆ6.5bn to outline ˆ31bn. NOKIA launches the NOKIA 7110, a phone capable of rudimentary web-based functions, including email. 1000 Words Essay Warming! It uses the Orange network to access the internet using Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).

2000: NOKIA does a deal with music publisher EMI enabling users to choose their favourite tunes as their ringtones. 2001: NOKIA launches its first phone with a built-in camera, the NOKIA 7650. But a profits warning, blamed on outline of a research apa format a slowdown in the mobile market, stuns investors.

It announces plans to improve writing cut 1,000 jobs, but things start to look up by the end of the year. 2002: NOKIA launches its first video capture phone, the NOKIA 3650. It also launches its first 3G phone, the research, NOKIA 6650. Types! With 3G technology, phones can now be used to browse the web, download music, watch TV on outline research apa format the move, and more. 2004: NOKIA reveals that although it is essay unit 3, still the outline of a, market leader it is 1000 essay on global warming, losing share to its rivals, with its 35% share comparing with a target of of a research apa format, 40% as it falls behind with its new product range. Phd-dissertations In Psychology! 2005: NOKIA sells its billionth phone – a NOKIA 1100 – in Nigeria, and global mobile phone subscriptions pass 2bn. 2007:

NOKIA is forced into outline one of the world’s largest product recalls after it admits the batteries in 46m phones could be faulty. Meanwhile, a longer-term problem emerges: Apple launches the iPhone. 2008: NOKIA reports a 30% fall in third-quarter profits. Improve Writing! NOKIA smartphone sales fall by 3.1% during the quarter, while sales of Apple iPhones grow by 327.5%. 2009: NOKIA announces plans to cut 1,700 jobs worldwide as the recession hits mobile phone sales.

NOKIA admits it was slow to react to the rise of new devices such as the iPhone and plans to fight back. But it is too late to paper avoid the first loss in more than a decade. 2010: Competitors such as the iPhone and Android-based devices are posing a serious challenge to NOKIA’s future. Types Writing! It appoints former Microsoft man Stephen Elop as president and chief executive. NOKIA cuts a further 1,800 jobs despite a rise in profits. 2011: CEO of research apa format, NOKIA warns staff “we are standing on low gmat a burning platform”, and announces a strategic partnership with Microsoft days later to compete with Apple and Google’s Android platform. NOKIA cuts a further 4,000 jobs worldwide from its 65,000-strong workforce. Elop denies it is in talks about a takeover by Microsoft. NOKIA is overtaken by outline apa format Samsung and types of essay Apple in the smartphone sector as profits and sales dwindle.

NOKIA launches new smartphones. 2012: NOKIA cuts 4,000 jobs and moves smartphone manufacturing to Asia. Shares fall following a profits warning and of a research paper apa format it slumps to a ˆ1.3bn loss. In Psychology! Analysts foresee a possible takeover by Microsoft as it cuts 10,000 more jobs and announces its last factory in Finland will close. 2013: NOKIA returns to profit after an 18-month spell of losses. Microsoft buys NOKIA’s handset business for ˆ5.44bn (?4.6bn). NOKIA’s Business Approaches. Whenever we turned on one of of a research, NOKIA’s legendary handsets, we always got the same thing:- that famous signature logo, holding hands.

And for types in ielts, more than one generation, it was hand-holding NOKIA did best – carrying people through, bit by bit, the mobile revolution. NOKIA were by no means the first company to release a commercially available mobile phone, but it was the outline research, first to do it really well, and with true mass appeal. Back in phd-dissertations the 1990s there weren’t any other big brands parallel to NOKIA. NOKIA were so dominant that people didn’t talk about what brand? it was just about the number, 3210, or whatever you had. NOKIA took users on a journey. Research Apa Format! So far, so good – but then one presentation changed everything. Complacency had kicked in as they felt they could do no wrong. Then all of a sudden, in January 2007, Steve Jobs walked on in psychology to a stage and pulled an iPhone out of his pocket and changed the world forever. The fall was swift. According to figures from analyst firm Gartner, NOKIA’s smartphone market share in 2007 was a dominant 49.4%. In subsequent years, it was 43.7%, then 41.1%, then 34.2%.

In the first half of year 2013, it had plummeted to just 3%. Many blame this decline, at least in the initial stages, on outline paper apa format Symbian, the firm’s mobile operating system. It was, to paraphrase a welter of expert opinion, simply not up to types in ielts the job. They missed the importance of software, this was experts feeling. NOKIA make great phones, they still do. They went through this incredible decade of innovation in outline of a research apa format hardware, but what Apple saw was that all you needed was a rectangle with a screen, and the rest was all about the software. It took just a few years for NOKIA phones to go from of essay in ielts being the must-have handset in your pocket, to being the long-forgotten handset, nestled in that eternal graveyard of the mobile phone – the kitchen drawer. So why would Microsoft spend ?4.6bn on a business that looks like it’s on the way out?

To use a romantic analogy: they were the only two left at the party who hadn’t paired up with anyone. Paper Apa Format! They were left dancing together, and thought they might as well go home. Types! This is the feeling of many of research, us following NOKIA. The above paragraphs are a simple attempt to establish that NOKIA owed its domination of the industry to its innovation culture. However, the complacency at NOKIA, wherein they focused too much about hanging onto its market share and leadership position de-railed them from their main strength of creating new products and adopting innovative technologies to excite customers, made them loose their competitive advantages. Understanding Strategic Management.

The individual firms and questions the business environment in which firms exist, both are dynamic systems, endlessly in instability. It is a big challenge to attain a fit between both the systems. On of the reason of unstability for a firm is the parallel existance and dynamics of its competitors specially those competitors which can provide exact substitutes. Strategic Management is all about outline of a apa format achieving and previous ib exam 3 upholding competitive advantages over such competitors. To understand the research paper, strategic management of NOKIA both during its periods of ib exam essay questions unit 3, rise and fall, it would be prudent first to understand strategies specially market-led and resources based strategies. The development of worldwide homogenized marketplaces have opened up the opportunities for multinational organizations to market their standardized products and services all over of a paper the world, with identical strategies, that leads to ib exam unit 3 lower costs and higher margins. This has generated an important discussion on the effects of the globalization trends on company.

Theodore Levitt (1983) followed the outline research paper apa format, globalization of business and emphasizes the words essay, focuses on outline of a the technology as a driving force towards a converging commonality in proletarianized communication, transport and travel. The competitive strategy. There are hardly any cellular devices that only enable a phone conversation. New cellular devices are launched into the market with capability to collaborate information, exchange text messages, connect to corporate information sources etc.. Further, with globalizaton, almost everyone everywhere wants all the things they have heard about, seen, or experienced via the new technology (Levitt 1983:1). Thus, “Globalization of markets” (Levitt 1983) is an expression which relates first to ibsat essay demand. Tastes, preferences and price are becoming increasingly universal in customer demands. Secondly, it relates to the supply side of the market. Products and services tend to become more standardized and outline of a paper apa format competition within industries reaches a worldwide scale. Thirdly, it relates to the way organizations, mainly multinational companies, try to design their marketing policies and control systems.

These efforts are done to retain its winner position in the global competition of global products, for global consumers. Michael E. Porter (1979) focuses on a different approach towards a competitive or differential advantage, by identifying the different competitive forces that exist within a competitive market. Knowledge of the underlying forces can shift a corporate focus on their collective strengths and identify the collective weaknesses. Organizations must increase its effort on how to influence the different forces in a corporate favor. Porter also contributed with several books, which entitles organizations to develop an approach to gain strategic or differential advantages and identifying the organizations value chain. Planned and essay to explain emergent approaches to strategic management. It is a subject of argument that strategy is deliberate and should be deliberately planned and outline executed.

Managers are always required to predict the future and to arrange plans to pursue an intended strategic result. In essence, this approach tends to emphasise long-term planning designed to achieve a ‘fit’ between an improve writing organisation’s strategy, settings and research paper apa format its environment. However, heavily and profoundly structured planning is clearly inappropriate in times of rapid and unstable change. In addition, it is clearly evident that, in 1000 essay warming practice, many strategies simply emerge from a stream of decisions that are made, which is better suited to dynamic and outline paper apa format hyper competitive environments. Thus, some people argued that organisations that limit themselves to acting on the basis of what is already acknowledged or understood will not be sufficiently innovative to essay create a sustainable competitive advantage. However, in outline research paper practice, planning and emergent approaches are both useful, they should not be seen as independent or mutually exclusive.

A firm can always, but not fully, commit to detailed and coordinated long-term plans, while, simultaneously adapt itself flexibly and opportunistically to relating circumstances. That is, both planned and emergent approaches are necessary, and if an organisation is to succeed, then it is really important for previous essay unit 3, the managers to outline research try and strike the best possible balance between the two. In backdrop of above, it would be interesting to improve writing mention that NOKIA had planned to develop the high-end mobile phone and invested heavily on its advanced products; meanwhile, the outline paper apa format, company also, as was earlier planned underwent an phd-dissertations in psychology internal reorganisation aiming for the future sustainable growth. However, during the year 2003-2004, NOKIA suffered the fall in the mobile phone market. Since the company then realised that the market was not yet ready for this new technology and operating system. The company emergently then adjusted its strategy again, and designed five new models of the mobile phones to meet the customer’s needs; meanwhile, the company followed the simply market trends and cut the price of phones. Soon the company recaptured the loss in the market share. In addition, the company gradually changed its stand and started to outline of a research paper apa format cooperate with the mobile network operators. These emerging strategy changes showed that NOKIA no longer stuck to in psychology the strategies that were previously planned, while simultaneously adopted some emergent strategies in order to meet the customer needs and dynamic business environment. The Core Competence.

Part of NOKIA’s core competence was the research, knowledge and experience in essay to explain low gmat score the wireless, cellular and network services industry. NOKIA got recognization for focusing on superior products and outline of a paper services. Introducing new product modifications and technological enhancements was part of the improve writing, company’s product leadership. With a wide range of products, NOKIA had applied products independently of outline, technical standard or geographical location. NOKIA also participateed in several developing new global standards for future telecommunication needs and trends. With its leading position as mobile phone manufacturer and supplier of digital mobile networks, NOKIA’s participation in development of future technologies enabled and helped them to deliver excellent products. Score! The NOKIA products were mostly targeting to outline research paper specific market segments. NOKIA was the first mobile phone manufacturer who adopted models for new ways of thinking into their marketing operations.

The general management urged marketing managers to think of essay to explain low gmat, companies as repositories of skills, rather than the portfolios of products. A marketing team observed the way that mobile phones were becoming fashion accessories. This unusual approach resulted in a superior product design and control of consumer segment. NOKIA attached a unique value of outline research, trends, lifestyles, freedom, power, and technology among others, into their products. Market-led and Resource based approaches. Firms should try to words warming adapt themselves to market developments and they should build on the strengths of their resource bases and activity systems. Some people argue that an organisation needs to adapt itself to its environment. Managers should take the outline of a research, environment as the starting point, then they should choose an types writing in ielts advantageous market position and then gradually set up the outline, resource base and essay questions 3 activity system necessary to apply this choice. On the other hand, some argue that the organisation can adapt the environment to itself.

Managers must take the organisation’s resource base as the starting point and select an environment to fit with its internal strengths. According to the first view, successful companies are externally oriented and market-driven and this view is referred to of a research as ‘outside-in’ because of its focus on the environment The companies with this view take the environment as the starting point, set on developments in the market-place and adapt themselves to ibsat essay the external opportunities and threats encountered. They make use of the signals from customers and competitors for deciding their game plan. The proponents of this market-driven approach tend to emphasize that an insight into markets and industries is essential. They argue that not only the general structure of markets and industries need to be analyzed, but also specific demands, strengths, positions and intentions of all main forces need to be determined. As to Porter’s view this approach has spawned five forces, generic strategy and value chain frameworks. Many market-driven advocators suggest firms to initially lead market and industry to change, therefore, they can get the benefit from the outline research, altered rules of the game.

Smirchich Stubbart agreed with this opinion, and pointed out improve writing that firms can, in of a part, create their environments through strategic alliances with stakeholders, investments in leading technologies, advertising and a variety of other activities. Lieberman and Montgomery argued that firms that are market-driven are always the improve writing, first ones to recognize that new resources or activities need to be developed. So those firms are better positioned can benefit from the ‘first mover advantage’. More significantly, Market positioning is outline, vital for the company’s success. However, some argued that market positioning is vital, but it must take place within the boundaries set by the resource-driven strategy. That is, the market position selected should fit the organization’s resource base. So for words essay, being successful, companies must firstly build up a strong internal resource base, and then on research paper apa format the basis of this they can access to unfolding market opportunities in the medium and short term.

In essence, this ‘inside-out’ approach assumes that competitive advantage depends upon the behavior of the ibsat essay, organisation, rather than its competitive environment.The proponents of this approach also stressed on the importance of a firm’s competences over its tangible resources. Strategists have referred to the basis of outline of a paper, this strategy as ‘competence based’ or ‘capabilities –based.Collis and Montgomery pointed out that having core competencies can be a very attractive basis for competitive advantage, since rival firms normally takes a long time to catch up. Even if competitors are successful at identifying the competencies and low gmat score imitating them, the company with an initial leading position can still upgrade its competencies and stay ahead. Therefore, ‘for success, resources should be leading, and market following’. In practice, it is found both positioning and resource deployment issues critical for creating a competitive advantage. They argued that competitive advantage stems from the ability to outline research paper apa format align positional advantages and resource-based elements of strategy. Some other experts further suggest that the two approaches should be viewed as complementary, since organisations need to develop both internal and external focus to improve writing develop knowledge-based core competences and market driven strategies sensitive to customer needs.Therefore, both approaches must be considered and balanced simultaneously in making the of a paper, strategic choice. Application of market-led and resources led strategies at phd-dissertations in psychology, NOKIA. NOKIA was able to achieve a great success in the mobile phone industry because it aligned both the strategies – market-driven strategy and resource based strategy during the process of its development.

And once it failed to do so, the company immediately suffered the fall, lost market share and of a paper apa format decreased sales revenue. But, when the company aligned these two approaches again, it recovered soon. Since those early days, NOKIA has evolved into a multinational encircling several industries. To Explain Low Gmat! With the collapse of the USSR in 1990, NOKIA suffered the apa format, high pressure to survive in so many different areas. Based on the new market opportunity the improve writing, company predicted in mobile phone industry and its internal strengths-advanced technology on mobile phone sector.NOKIA finally decided to focus on mobile phone industry. Soon NOKIA achieved the outline of a research apa format, success in phd-dissertations in psychology the mobile phone industry and became the largest mobile phone company in the world. Without the external threats, the new market opportunities and its internal strengths on the mobile phone sector, NOKIA may have not entered into the mobile phone industry at all. Therefore, both internal and external factors influenced NOKIA’s strategic choice simultaneously.The big success NOKIA quickly achieved in the mobile phone industry justified that the company’s choice was right, but this choice was made on the integration of market opportunities and outline paper NOKIA’s internal strengths.

A successful firm can develop the required potential to adopt or to shape the essay to explain, external environment, such as a new product, technological and outline research market change. Over time, NOKIA felt the cardinality of the design in mobile phones. Moreover, they also realised that the phone would not be limited to just a communicating device role, but would also become fashion symbols. So further the company first broke explored the phd-dissertations, new ground and launched its fashionable and innovative handset -8210 instead of the previous bulky and brick sized device, the company transformed the customer needs and outline of a research paper apa format led the market change. For NOKIA, this strategy not only earned the ‘first mover advantage and increased its market share, but also established a healthy brand name in the mobile phone industry and gained an extensive lead over phd-dissertations in psychology competitors in this area. Furthermore, based on the different booming innovations from employees, such as text message, NOKIA’s internal antennae design etc, NOKIA kept updating its capability and gradually became the market leaders. Obviously, this change required both overall capability to produce the custom products, which is differentiate with the research paper, competitor’s, and an outside-in capability for understanding the evolving requirements of customers and energizing the organization to respond to them. Meanwhile, it also implied that market-led strategy and resource-based strategy have a reciprocal relationship, indeed, they complement each other.

Following these successes, NOKIA further solidified its market position based on improve writing its strong internal resource; meanwhile, company’s ability of sensitive of outline of a research, market trends lead the company to update its competence in a race to essay on global warming stay ahead. Research Paper! In the early 2000s, NOKIA’s strategy changes further justifies the importance of the integration of these two approaches. NOKIA just concentrated on launching the to explain score, high-end mobile phones and the complicated software tending to of a research apa format supply the technologically advanced products and exceed the competitors, while paying less attention to of essay writing in ielts other developments. Actually, at that time, the market was not ready for outline of a apa format, such devices. Eventually, the slow growth of customers’ demand for the advanced mobile phone caused NOKIA to wait for the market. Thus, the company’s distinct competence on technologically advanced products did not improve its performance and in psychology bring the of a research apa format, competitive advantage due to its failure to meet the customers’ needs and its blunt market sense. Since NOKIA realised what mistakes it had made, it soon adjusted the strategy.

Followed the market trends, NOKIA aggressively launched several new models of phones in June 2004 based on its strong resource capability, meanwhile, reduced the price of the phone. The company quickly recaptured its market share and increased revenue. The reason why the company recovered so soon was the ability that the company integrated again its inside-out capabilities and outside-in capabilities that matters. Previous Ib Exam Essay Unit 3! Based on the above analysis, marketing-led strategy and resource-based strategy both played key role in NOKIA’s process of success. Indeed, these two approaches have a related and complementary relationship. The NOKIA in 2007, at time of launch of outline of a paper, Iphone was an innovative brand. In Psychology! In 2007-08, in addition, based on NOKIA’s internal resources and external business environment, an assessments were made about NOKIA’s dominance in mobile phone industry through Porter’s five forces (Porter, 1985, 1998) and Barney’s framework (Barney, 1991) as follows. Based on outline research paper apa format above, the following was envisaged: a) Threat of entry. Since Microsoft Corp had announced its decision to enter the mobile phones market, it was apprehanded thta it could bring the big threat to improve writing NOKIA. There were many other companies entering into outline of a this market So, NOKIA was anticipated to meet more intensive competition than before.

b) Threat of the substitutes. There was no direct substitute in mobile phone industry, especially for NOKIA’s highly advanced products. c) Bargaining power of suppliers. Since NOKIA was the market leader in the mobile phone sector, NOKIA was in the strong position. So bargaining power of suppliers is less. d) Bargaining power of buyers. In handsets market, end users were not directly purchasing handset from NOKIA, instead they purchased from the service providers. Since the market became more sensitive to the price, NOKIA could meet the strong bargaining power from the buyers. e) Rivalry among existing competitors. There was a very high competition in writing in ielts mobile phone industry. The competitors included Samsung, LG, Sony Ericcson and other new emerging manufactures.

NOKIA SWOT analysis (2007-08) Internal analysis (Resource-based model) Strengths – NOKIA had advanced technology over the competitors in of a paper the mobile phone industry – The market leadership in the mobile phone industry. – Strong brand value and image in the global market. – Had its own manufacture and network. – Product innovation and essay questions creation. Weaknesses – Complications in technology. – Few customized, operator-specific handset with less.

– Few alliances, company sticked to its standing in the. market, did not want to cooperate with the operators. Opportunities– The emerging market in of a apa format developing countries, such as China, India. – The emerging market for high-end mobile phone such as business user phone. Threats – Facing more new competitors, especially from Asia. Essay Low Gmat Score! – Stronger buyer power from the network operators. – Lost market share. – Strong competition in mobile industry – The market becomes saturated.

NOKIA PEST analysis (2007-08) Political factors were very importnat for NOKIA. Because NOKIA was selling its product globally. Outline Of A Research Paper Apa Format! If governement changes their laws in terms of export import, the 1000 words essay warming, sales were bound to be affected. Any polictical harassement or political party’s threat could affect the makret of NOKIA. Political riots are great problems for any comany and same for NOKIA. For example in Egypt and Libya, there were ongoing a political rifts and the situation NOKIA company was forced to outline of a apa format decrease its market in these areas. The government bodies in of essay writing in ielts the UK had introduced new laws into the business environment which could affect the business of NOKIA. Economical factors: Economical factors are very important for a company.

NOKIA’s market existed all around the outline of a research, world. Phd-dissertations In Psychology! The economic recession all the of a paper apa format, world had decreased the market of NOKIA in ibsat essay a wide range, especially in Europe and USA, where NOKIA’s revenue got a big jolt. There were other things as well such as labor share to value added, where NOKIA consolidated rate was around 39.8% and with high rate of export duty. Environmental and Social Factors: Some un-ethical practices were against the law and companies can not be involved in research apa format tehm but there are also some practices that aren’t illegal by law but are consdiered highly un-ethical by the conuming public, companies who engage in these parctice’s can lose a lot of market share. In this context, it would be mentioned that NOKIA loosed their market in words essay on global warming ASIA becuase China and India were demanding and paper apa format producing their own mobile hand sets which were cheaper. So then Socio and Environmental factors were challange for NOKIA as ASIA was a giant market for NOKIA.

Technological: In the communication market technology is perhaps the most important factor that companies like NOKIA have to take into consideration. They had to ibsat essay keep up to date with all teh newest technological advances like, express music, smooth touch screen, unexpected memory and camera and motion capture phones, if they had to capture the biggest market share and stay ahead of their compatitors like Apple and HTC. NOKIA’s standing in 2007-08based on SWOT, PEST and Porters Five Fource Analysis. Based on the above analysis’, it was well anticipated that NOKIA had the potential to remain a major presence in the global mobile phone industry in the following years. However, considering that the external mobile phone market environment as dynamic, NOKIA had lost its market share due to the misinterpretation of the market trends and customer needs. But the market also presented to bring the big potential opportunities to research apa format NOKIA, such as the market in developing countries, customized business user mobile phones and so on. Moreover, the most important of types in ielts, NOKIA’s internal strengths, such as innovative products, economy of scale, could let it surpass the outline of a, competitors and solidify its market leader position; Furthermore, NOKIA could benefit further from its strong brand name and company image. While the fall in 2004, to some degree, just reminded NOKIA of the need to overcome its complacency and arrogance and to essay low gmat be more sensitive to customer needs. So, NOKIA could maintain its market leader position in the following year in the global mobile phone industry. In fact, NOKIA’s market share in outline of a paper apa format handset market had increased to 40% in 2008. Further, because NOKIA had adopted the balanced various strategic approaches in its previous time, it gradually achieved the market leader position.

Since NOKIA lost the control to make sense the market trends and concentrated on its planned strategy, the essay to explain score, balance between the different approaches also lost. Thus the company’s market share fell immediately. Apa Format! As NOKIA adjusted its strategy, aligned its internal strengths and ibsat essay external opportunities and balanced the emergent and planned strategies, the company recaptured its market share again. NOKIA’s approach for developing appropriate strategies for future (2008 ahead) However, it was very clear from the above that NOKIA, to outline of a apa format keep its leadership position in types of essay the industry need to research address the follwoings: Faced with the prospect of industry oversupply and increasing international competition in improve writing the mobile industry, it was sure that NOKIA will face more strategic choices. So, NOKIA needed more emergent and planned strategies to outline apa format respond to this dynamic global market based on the different business environment and situation. In this regard, they were required to strategically counter the essay low gmat score, entry of Apple I Phone to make its technology more effective to outline of a as that of Apple. The following exhibits show the types writing in ielts, change in NOKIA’s share of market from outline research paper 2008 to 2012 and year to year change in 1000 revenure of NOKIA from 2008 to 2009. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order The rise and fall of nokia.

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Digital Publishing Annotation Use Cases. This document is also available in this non-normative format: ePub. This document describes the set of of a research, use cases generated for Annotation and of essay, Social Reading within the W3C Digital Publishing Interest Group, in coordination with the Open Annotation Community Group. This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at http://www.w3.org/TR/. This document was published by outline of a paper, the Digital Publishing Interest Group as an Interest Group Note. Improve Writing? If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to public-digipub@w3.org (subscribe, archives). All comments are welcome. Publication as an outline of a research paper apa format Interest Group Note does not imply endorsement by improve writing, the W3C Membership. This is outline of a research paper, a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time.

It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress. The disclosure obligations of the Participants of this group are described in the charter. This section is non-normative. Annotation is a pervasive activity when reading or otherwise engaging with publications. In the improve writing physical world, highlighting and outline of a research paper apa format, sticky notes are common paradigms for marking up and associating one's own content with the improve writing work being read, and many digital solutions exist in the same space. These digital solutions are, however, not interoperable between systems, even when there is outline research paper, only one user with multiple devices. This document lays out the use cases for annotations on digital publications, as envisioned by the W3C Digital Publishing Interest Group, the phd-dissertations W3C Open Annotation Community Group and the International Digital Publishing Forum. Of A Paper? The use cases are provided as a means to drive forwards the conversation about standards in this arena.

The use cases are divided into five sections: annotations that target only the entire publication, annotations that target a particular part of a publication, more complex annotations, the publication of annotations and finally use cases that are directly related to accessibility. 2.1 Annotations Targeting the Full Publication. A user wishes to write a comment about a particular publication, such as a single issue of a comic or a single book title. 1000? The comment is of a paper apa format, written in plain text or basic HTML, either on the reading platform (such as a web browser or reading system, henceforth user agent) or in the content provider's platform. Ibsat Essay? The user wishes other readers to be able to see the comment linked to the publication, and potentially before they purchase or download it, as well as afterwards. Anna is reading Alice in research Wonderland online and, using a tool built into the provider's website, comments that she really loves the way the book is written. She then shares this with her friend, Ben. Ben is reading a Manga comic on a mobile device. Improve Writing? He comments that it is helping him to learn Japanese and publishes this comment for anyone to read online.

A user wishes to organize their personal digital library by tagging the publications that they have access to. The tag could be either drawn from a list of terms (a taxonomy) or free text (sometimes called a folksonomy). Outline Of A Paper Apa Format? User agents encountering such an annotation must be aware of the difference between a tag and a comment, even though both might be modeled as an annotation. Phd-dissertations In Psychology? Tags are typically rendered separately and very differently from short textual comments, such as in a tag cloud or list. The user then wishes to view their library partitioned via the tags. Outline Of A Paper Apa Format? The user may wish to share their tags with other users to help the ib exam essay questions 3 recipient categorize their own library, or find publications of mutual interest. Colleen has a collection of works of various types in her library about chemistry, science fiction and the renaissance. She tags each work with what they are about, and whether she enjoyed reading them or not. David tags an online poem about his home town with the URI for the location from Wikipedia. He publishes this annotation so that others can find it.

2.1.3 Structured Review of a Publication. A user wishes to provide a structured review of outline research paper apa format, a particular publication, including pre-defined fields such as star ratings for quality, cost, entertainment or other domain-specific information. The review could also include a full text description, such as the comment in the first use case. The definition of the fields would be retailer, publisher or domain-specific. In the scholarly domain, this could be expected to questions 3, provide a distributed and standardized peer-review system, rather than the current use of outline of a apa format, vendor-specific interfaces.

In the words essay commercial sector, it could help to standardize such features as product reviews across sites. Emily has read a textbook and provides a review of it online to help her classmates and other students. She gives it ratings on outline of a research, value for money, ease of use, ease of understanding, and overall quality, plus a long form description of the work. Essay Score? Fabio is reviewing a scholarly article for an academic publisher. The publisher requires various fields to be completed, such as relevance to of a research apa format, the journal, novelty of the ibsat essay research, and quality of the experiments described.

He also provides a discussion about the paper and how it relates to the field. 2.1.4 Textual Comment Maintained Separately from Annotation Document. A user wishes to link an existing web resource, such as a blog post, to the particular publication that it is about. The comment could be any online resource, in of a research paper apa format any format. The user wishes other readers to ibsat essay, be able to see the resource linked to the publication, and potentially before they purchase or download it as well as afterwards. Gretchen uses a common blog hosting platform to write a comment about research paper apa format a work she has read for a book club, and then her user agent annotates the book with the questions unit link to the blog post. She then shares the of a research paper apa format annotation with the members of her book club. Words Warming? Harry has written a long blog post about the features of outline, a digitized medieval manuscript. The manuscript is available via a dedicated website, and he links the blog post to the website's publication via an annotation in a personal note taking system. 2.1.5 Comment and/or Publication are Multimedia Resources.

A user wishes to comment on an online resource by means of recording a short video on her phone and uploading it either just the audio track, or the entire video stream. The resource may also be of any format, including audio, video, image or any other data. The user wishes other consumers to be able to view their video when interacting with the commented on resource. Ingrid uses a mobile device to take a video of herself discussing a work that she has just read for a book club. She posts the video to a commonly used video sharing platform, and then her user agent annotates the book with the link to the video. She then shares the annotation with the members of her book club. Jeremy has recorded a professor speaking about the features visible in an image of a map. Improve Writing? The map is available via a dedicated website, and the professor hosts the audio recording of his lecture. Outline Of A Paper Apa Format? Harry links the audio stream to previous ib exam questions 3, the map for paper apa format, the benefit of previous ib exam questions unit 3, other students.

2.1.6 Annotated Resource is an Annotation. A user wishes to reply to an existing annotation with her own comments in a threaded discussion. The existing annotation has been made and published by another user, using a different user agent. The reply may also be a tag on the existing annotation in order to add to a combined moderation score, to classify it under some agreed upon of a paper, scheme, or to add keywords to aid in discovery. Karen replies to a comment on 1000 warming, a news video to outline of a research, say that she agrees with the original commenter, and provides additional evidence towards the points discussed. Luis tags a comment in an online discussion forum that contains offensive material to aid the moderators in keeping the discussion on topic and friendly. A user wishes to contribute their experience in the form of a comment, and wishes to remain known as the author of that content and annotation that links it to the publication. The annotation must record its provenance, including the user's identity, when and how the annotation was created, and for what purpose.

This provenance is important for appropriate display of the annotation, filtering or ordering of annotations, maintaining and assigning credit for annotations, determining allowed usage of the annotation, and many other similar requirements. Desirable metadata features: Creator's identity and information Creation time Creation tool Purpose of the annotation. Examples: tagging, describing, commenting, identifying, bookmarking, highlighting. Intended Audience. Note: This could based on any information known about the user, such as age, reading ability, accessibility requirements. Category or Subject. Examples: Astronomy, Chemistry, Education, History, Technology, Sports Identity of original Annotation of words essay on global warming, which the current one is a copy Licensing and/or Rights statements. Note that many of these features are desirable for the body and target resources as well. Madeleine annotates a short story that she has read for an online class, and submits the annotation into the coursework system. Apa Format? The system keeps track of to explain, her identity for credit towards the outline paper apa format class, when it was created to ibsat essay, ensure that her work was submitted on time, the outline paper apa format fact that it was created externally rather than within the coursework system, and other attributes.

Nigel discovers a typo in types writing an online encyclopedia entry that is not able to be edited by users directly. He annotates the apa format entry with the typo and ibsat essay, gives the of a research correction. The system records the provenance of the types writing in ielts annotation and outline of a research, adds him into words on global warming its reputation system, which generates an automatic scoreboard for users and articles. 2.1.8 Annotation has Multiple, Independent Comments and/or Tags. A user wishes to outline of a apa format, associate multiple resources at 1000 essay on global warming, the same time with a publication, where the resources are independent of each other. Outline Paper Apa Format? The resources might be a comment and several tags added by the user to the publication at essay questions, the same time. Alternatively, tags might be extracted from the comment's text by outline paper, an automatic process and added to the annotation about the publication after the user agent confirms their relevance. Olivia exports her reviews from her user agent, which include both her comments and the tags assigned to the publication when she was doing the review.

Peter is reading a romance novel online and comments about the use of a particular character. The user agent proposes 3 semantic tags from the comment, of which he accepts two. These tags are added to the annotation along with the comment. 2.2 Annotations Targeting Specific Segments of Publications. 2.2.1 Bookmarking Current Reading Position.

A user wishes to have their user agent record the essay to explain score location they have read up to in the publication, either with a manual or automatic bookmark. This bookmark should be positioned at a particular point within the publication, such as a page or an outline of a research paper offset within the essay warming character stream. The placement of the bookmark might be automatic (the user agent always moves the bookmark as the user reads) or manual (the user moves the bookmark as they desire). When using the platform again, the user wishes to optionally start reading from the bookmarked position. The user also wishes to outline research paper apa format, share this position with others to in psychology, show how far through the publication they have progressed. This might be publically shared for bragging rights, shared semi-publically such as a reading group or class, or shared privately between platforms that the user has access to in order to maintain the position between devices.

Qitarah is reading a fantasy book as she commutes to work on the train every day. When she closes her mobile device, her reading system automatically bookmarks where she was reading so she can resume from that position when she gets the outline apa format train home in the evening. Rangi is studying for an exam and creates bookmarks in his textbooks and required reading documents at home. He also studies on campus and needs access to those bookmarks from the school's computers. He does not want other students to see his bookmarks, as he is competitive and wants to be the top of the improve writing class. A user wishes to paper apa format, highlight a span of text in a publication for emphasis.

The exact nature of the presentation of that emphasis may or may not be important to maintain, this use case assumes that it is not. The emphasis might be to mark a passage of particular importance, a typo or other mistake, something to cite in another document, to bring to the attention of other readers, or to mark two such selections for comparison. The user may wish to share the highlight, and certainly wishes it to be accessible on multiple platforms to which she has access. In this use case there is no requirement to provide a comment or body of the ibsat essay annotation, simply to record a highlighted span of text. Siobhan is preparing to publish a newspaper article and is doing background research. She highlights various sections of other publications in order to later come back to them and of a research paper apa format, decide if she should include them as quotes in the article or not. Thomas is proofreading his own term paper and highlights areas that he needs to work on. He does this on a mobile device, but later needs to see those highlights in his word processing software. A user wishes to make a comment about improve writing a particular span of text. This is the most intuitive use case for annotation of digital publications, and thus the area in which interoperability has the highest impact.

The comment is textual, but may have additional markup in HTML to provide style formatting, layout or linking. The Annotation should be sharable, as per the other use cases. Umeko works for the government and is researching a particular topic. She highlights sections of text in various publications and makes personal notes about them. She then uses visualization software to of a research paper apa format, pull all of the notes together to 1000 words warming, organize her research. Vladimir reads a news article online that he knows contains misinformation. He leaves a comment to this effect, associated with the part of the article that is not well founded. 2.2.4 Annotating Embedded Resources. A user wishes to make a comment about a particular resource that is research apa format, embedded as part of the publication, such as an image or video.

In the general case, the user would expect to somehow select the embedded resource and then launch the interface for adding comments in improve writing the same way as commenting on outline of a apa format, text. The embedded resource may be of 1000 words essay, any media type, but for this use case must be rendered directly as part of the publication. Whitney is reading a comic and comments on a particular image that it is much darker than the other cells in the publication. Xavier is reading a white paper that includes an embedded dataset. He tags the dataset with a semantic URI identifying the subject matter of the dataset, which is different to the paper as a whole. 2.2.5 Annotating Parts of Embedded Resources. A user wishes to annotate a particular part of an embedded resource, such as a rectangular section of an image or a particular time range of an embedded video file. The annotation should be rendered using this information, rather than simply attached to the embedded resource itself. The embedded resource may be of any media type, but must be rendered by the reading system.

Thus video, image, audio and of a paper, similar are in scope for improve writing, this use case, but not stylesheets or scripts which are not rendered directly. Annotations on audio files may present additional rendering challenges, compared to ones with a visual component. The user then wishes to share the annotation with others. The parts of resources to be annotated include: Character position in an embedded text or data stream Time position within an audio or video stream x/y points in an area such as an outline of a research image or video x/y/z points in a volume such as a 3d object Character ranges within a text or data stream Time ranges within an in psychology audio or video stream Areas within an image, including rectangular, circular and polygonal areas Volumes within a 3d object.

Yadira is paper, teaching a class on physics and phd-dissertations, annotates part of an embedded video within the electronic textbook, delineating the time range that she wants to use as an example. She then shares this annotation, and others that are similar, before the class so her students can watch them. Zahir is outline research, reading an online magazine about previous essay fashion and annotates part of one of the images that depicts a particular style he wishes to replicate in his own work. 2.2.6 Annotating Alt Text of Embedded Resources. A user wishes to write a comment about a resource embedded within the research apa format publication, and to of essay writing in ielts, associate it with alternate, accessible representations of of a paper, that resource, such as the alt text/long desc provided. The comment may be only about part of the alternate representation, and thus segments of the alternate representation must be able to be selected. The alternate representation may or may not have its own URI or other identity; it may exist solely in an attribute of a particular HTML document. Ahmed is concious of accessibility and annotates the depiction of a friend in improve writing a photograph, and wants to align that annotation with the name of the person in the textual description of the photograph in his school yearbook.

The text description is outline of a research, provided in the alt text of the image element. Ibsat Essay? Bianca is annotating a video. Paper Apa Format? She associates his comments about linguistics with both the time range of the video, but also the essay to explain accessible text transcription of the speeches. 2.2.7 Annotation Comparing Segments within a Publication. A user wishes to paper apa format, annotate two or more parts of previous questions unit 3, a publication, embedded resources, or part of an embedded resource, in order to compare or contrast the targets. This may be to point out of a paper, inconsistencies in the content or rendering, to make a note about two similar or related passages, or to link part of an embedded resource to where it is referenced in improve writing the text. Craig is studying a book for an English class and highlights the sections where the outline research author is talking about the of essay writing age of a character, to demonstrate that the author is inconsistent. He makes the case in the comment that this is intentional. Dee highlights areas in outline of a apa format charts within a scientific article that demonstrate a particular fact related to her own work. Improve Writing? She comments with a personal note to this effect. 2.2.8 Annotation Comparing Segments between Publications.

A user wishes to outline paper, annotate two or more parts of improve writing, different publications in order to compare or contrast the targets. This may be to make a note about two similar or related passages such as plagiarism, or to link part of an embedded resource to where it is referenced elsewhere. For example, the user may wish to link appearances of the same character in outline of a research paper multiple books, popular references to improve writing, prior works, or examples of passages that contradict each other in scholarly literature. Enrique discovers three news articles about the same event which give very different accounts. He selects the disagreeing numbers given in each, and comments that he believes the lowest of the three and gives his rationale. Faith is linking the transcriptions of song lyrics, published in various anthologies, together based on obscure references to particular real world people. She tags the segments with the person's identity in Wikipedia. A user wishes to annotate a digital publication in one format and have the annotation appear for different representations of the same resource. Outline Research Paper? For example, an improve writing annotation created on paper apa format, an EPUB should also be rendered on the equivalent PDF or HTML page. The annotation can be either on previous essay questions 3, the publication level, or anchored to a particular part of the text. Annotations on outline of a research paper, embedded resources (such as images) that are embedded without identity in previous essay questions alternate representations are not considered in scope, for example annotating a part of an image in an HTML page which is then embedded within the PDF representation of the page.

Gerard is reading a book on motorsports that is published both online and outline of a research apa format, reproduced as a PDF. Score? He publishes an annotation about a span of text in the HTML version, and expects that it will appear in his tablet based reading platform after synchronization, where the same article is a PDF. Hailee reviews a scholarly article in a dedicated client on outline of a paper apa format, her computer, where the article is a print-ready PDF. The same review should be also linked to the article in the publisher's online HTML based system. A user wishes to annotate part of a publication for which she has multiple editions, or that is updated regularly, and in psychology, have those annotations persist between versions of the same publication. If the publisher provides a new version of a publication, known to outline apa format, happen silently at times for various reasons, then the annotations about the publication should be available on this new version rather than equally silently disappearing. As with any annotation that should be presented with more than just the resource it was created for, cross versioning allows for a wider audience and thus is a potential target for improve writing, spammers. Ichiro wishes to annotate the first line of outline of a paper, Hamlet in such a way that it should appear on all of the copies of the play that the user has access to, rather than just the particular version that was open when the annotation was created. Jacinta is a teacher who wishes to previous essay questions, annotate a text book in such as way that her annotations are visible to her students even though they do not have the of a apa format exact same version, but instead have acquired it from different retailers. This use case is particularly challenging to essay, solve in environments in which identifiers for the work, rather than the particular version, do not exist. A user wishes to associate a particular style with an annotation, either for of a research apa format, the comment or the phd-dissertations in psychology delineation of the target of the annotation.

The style should include any rendering attributes available, such as background or text color, border color and other attributes, font size, and so forth. Of A Paper? When colors or styles associated with annotations are meaningful to an individual, to a particular group, or just generally, a text label should be able to be associated with the improve writing annotation drawn from of a research apa format a list of terms (taxonomy) or free text, in order to assist with accessbility. Ken draws a bounding box on ibsat essay, an image of the night sky, and wishes to ensure that his client in the future will draw the box in bright green to stand out, and certainly not to draw it in the default black which would be unable to be seen. Lynda highlights parts of of a research apa format, a non-fiction text in two colors that have meaning to her; red strikethrough is statements that she disagrees with, and green background is for statements that she does agree with. These styles must be maintained for the highlights to be of ibsat essay, any use in the future. 2.3.4 Maintaining Annotation Layout. A user wishes for their annotations to paper apa format, be presented at a particular location on low gmat score, the page, such that the layout of the annotations doesn't interfere with the reading of the publication. Of A Paper Apa Format? For example, annotations could be styled as a particular height and width, and then put into the margins of the essay questions page or over top of other white space. Annotations could be visually ordered such that reading them in the presented order gave a better experience than reading them in the order of the targets within the publication.

Thirdly, the layout could be used for outline paper apa format, organization of thoughts concerning the publication by moving all of the related annotations together spatially. The location could be expressed as CSS absolute or relative positioning. Maurice is reading a fixed-layout work and positions his annotations above whitespace in the text with arrows to the character span that they refer to. By doing this, he means to ensure that they do not interfere with other consumers' reading of the content while still having his comments visible. Nadia is a publisher and lays out the author's annotations on a novel in such a way that they aid the phd-dissertations reader in understanding how the author was thinking about his characters. She expects that the annotations will remain where they are placed, as this is of a research, important to the user's experience. 2.3.5 Recording State of Changing, Online Resources. A user wishes to annotate the publication as it appears with dynamic resources in a particular state, or in terms of the web architecture, given a particular representation. Resources on the web may change their representation over time or may have multiple representations at the same time via content negotiation. The URI of the resource alone is thus not sufficient to determine the representation that was delivered to the annotator, and additional information such as the time of the types in ielts request and the HTTP headers sent must be recorded.

Owen annotates an online travel publication that is frequently updated with the latest information, such as the prices of hotel rooms and the quality of restaurants in the area. He wants his annotation to be associated with the current state of the work, and not necessarily any future state. Petra is outline paper apa format, reading a book that dynamically embeds images via a service. The JPG format that is improve writing, used by a particular publication is rendered with too high a compression level, and it is of a, hard to understand compared to the original PNG format. She thus wishes to comment only on the JPG that it is hard to see, rather than on the PNG which shares the same negotiable URI. 2.3.6 Recording State of User Manipulated Resources. A user wishes to annotate a publication with embedded, dynamic resources. These resources are able to be manipulated by the user, rather than via the HTTP protocol or simple change over time.

Some number of essay questions unit 3, manipulations must be performed in order for the target of the annotation to outline of a research apa format, be visible or understandable, regardless of the of essay writing in ielts accuracy of the description of the paper apa format target segment. The consuming user agent should then be able to ibsat essay, reproduce these manipulations in order to allow a third party to see the resource as annotated. Quinn is outline, studying a publication that embeds a 3 dimensional model of a protein structure that can be rotated, panned and zoomed. In one particular orientation a certain feature is easily visible, whereas from other viewpoints it is not. He wishes for his annotation on the feature to be displayed with that same view to make it easier for the consumer to understand. Ramona highlights some text in a page that is ibsat essay, responsive to user interactions and preferences. The text is outline paper apa format, a dynamic transcription of a medieval manuscript, where her options change how the words on global abbreviations and spelling are presented from either exactly how they appear on the page to what a modern reader would understand. Outline Of A Research Paper? She wishes to annotate the improve writing expanded text, as she thinks the editor has made a mistake with a particular revision. This use case is particularly challenging to solve in the generic case rather than with media specific solutions. 2.3.7 Annotation has a Choice of outline of a paper apa format, Multiple, Dependent Bodies or Targets. A user wishes to annotate a publication or part thereof with multiple options for the body or target.

The options are thus dependent on each other, and only one of the options should be displayed to the user. This might include translations of the same comment, alternative formats for the same content, and alternative URLs that all make the same content available. Solomon speaks both Japanese and English, and wishes to essay, provide translations of his comment in both languages. Outline Paper? He teaches English as a foreign language in on global warming Japan, and his students should be able to choose whether to view it in of a paper one language or the other. Teynika annotates a paper that is published in improve writing multiple locations, however the representations are identical. Of A Research Paper Apa Format? One copy is in a subject based repository, the other in her institutional repository. Phd-dissertations In Psychology? She wishes to explicitly link both of the targets to ensure her annotation can be presented along with at least one copy of the paper from the most convenient location to outline of a research apa format, the consumer. 2.3.8 Annotation has Multiple, Dynamically Defined Targets. A user wishes to target segments of types of essay in ielts, a resource that appear more than once in research apa format that resource, termed here a repeated segment. The user does not necessarily know the exact number of times the repeated segment appears in the resource; the interpretation of the annotation is understood to be independent of the number of instances of the repeated segment.

Ulrich, a copy editor, creates an annotation proposing a correction to replace all instances of the string pleaf'd with the string pleas'd. Essentially the annotation is proposing a search and replace operation of the sort ubiquitous in modern word processing systems. Veronica, a manufacturer, wishes to annotate all products of a certain class in low gmat his products database with a note that these items will go on sale next week for 15% off for 2 weeks only. 2.3.9 Determination of Annotation Validity after Target is outline of a paper apa format, Modified. A user annotates a publication with a correction to the text. The publisher then acts upon this annotation to correct the previous ib exam 3 mistake, or in the scholarly field potentially to retract the publication from the scientific record. After the correction has been made, the annotation no longer applies to the publication and hence should not be displayed. Outline Apa Format? It may be important not to delete the annotation, such that the user gets credit in some system for reporting the correction. The system that maintains the annotation may not be connected to the system that publishes the publication, and hence might not be able to be updated. Wesley annotates a gaming manual with a correction as to which controls are needed to phd-dissertations, perform a particular move.

The publisher re-issues a new copy of the manual after the correction has been made to avoid other users having the outline of a research same frustration. Quinn's annotation should not appear on the new version. Xena annotates a typo in previous questions unit how her name is spelt (two 'n's instead of one) in a book about the research in her field. Of A Apa Format? Once the second 'n' has been removed, the annotation should be considered resolved and no longer displayed. This use case is types writing in ielts, particularly challenging to solve in the generic case rather than within specific systems that understand the motivation of the annotation and when it has been resolved.

2.3.10 Determination of Annotation Validity for Embedded Resources. A user annotates an embedded resource, such as an of a research image, which is used in several places within a publication. 1000 On Global Warming? The annotation is only valid, or relevant, when additional restrictions are in place and should not be displayed when those restrictions are not true. Yasir reads a publication in which the same headshot photograph is used for two different people and wants to annotate the photograph to say that it is wrong when used on page 1, but not have the annotation displayed when the photograph is of a research paper apa format, used correctly on page 3. To Explain Low Gmat Score? Zoe wishes to comment that a company logo should only be used in the header on every page, but nowhere else. 2.4.1 Sets of Annotations for outline of a research, a Publication. A publisher has one or more sets of annotations about a publication and wishes to writing, supply those annotations along with the publication. Alternatively, a user might wish to supply their own annotations as a set for other users.

These annotations could be comments by the author (in the same vein as DVD extras commentary), from famous readers, or simply pointers to related works. Outline Research? In an education setting, this functionality could be used to provide additional commentaries on a text book or other publication that are intended to assist the student in understanding the material. The set(s) could also be sold separately as an upgrade package for the publication. The order of the annotations may be important, for example to read the publication in chronological rather than narrative order, or by following the order of a class lectures rather than the order of the chapters in the text book. The metadata about the phd-dissertations collection of annotations is also important, such as who packaged them together and for what purpose. Anya works for of a research apa format, a publishing house and has transformed the author's commentary on their steampunk novel into a set of annotations for essay low gmat, sale. The company wishes to have them available as an add-on for customers that have already bought the novel, and also in a bundle for new sales. Outline Paper? Bob is a PhD student studying a famous detective story set in London. He works out a walking route that takes the user through all of the locations in the book in an optimal fashion, which is types of essay writing, not the same order as the narrative, and wants to publish his annotations about the locations in that sequence. A user wishes to outline of a research paper apa format, save the annotation that they have created in order to essay on global, retrieve it later, regardless of whether it is finished or not.

The Annotation should be given a unique and resolvable identifier. The user may wish to save the annotation in their own system, rather than the outline paper apa format system which provides the resource being annotated. The user may equally wish to save the annotation in 1000 words essay on global warming multiple systems. The annotation should persist in local storage if the of a user is offline, and be persisted globally once the improve writing connection is re-established. Of A Research Paper Apa Format? In the interim, a locally unique identifier should be assigned to the annotation. Multiple copies of the annotation should reference each other, if possible.

Catherine writes an annotation about an astronomy publication and wants to save it both in her own system and previous ib exam unit 3, remotely for others. Doug writes an annotation about Greek mythology which becomes popular and of a, is syndicated widely across many systems after its initial publication online. The syndicated copies refer back to the original source, which he uses for previous essay questions unit 3, credit towards promotion. 2.4.3 User or System Initiated Transfers between Systems. Either the user or the system requests that all or some subset of annotations that are maintained be transferred to another system. If the user requests it, then this enables an outline paper export functionality such that the user's annotations can be exported to another platform or device. If the system requests it, then this enables a synchronization functionality where the user's annotations will be maintained in multiple locations for ease of use and preservation, or aggregation for analysis. Of Essay? Both such cases should use the same mechanism. Eileen has two devices that are on the same network. The devices are set to research paper, synchronize her annotations whenever they detect each other. Frank has written a lot of annotations on words essay, a plane trip while offline.

When he gets home, he manually requests that his device upload all of the annotations to of a paper apa format, a preferred server. 2.4.4 Annotation (or Part) is not Published Openly. A user wishes to keep their annotations or personal notes private, or only ibsat essay share with a small group of people such as a reading group, academic research group or only with a set of friends in paper apa format a social network. Even if the user wishes to keep their annotations private, the ability to transfer the annotations between devices is desirable, so that they be used regardless of the particular reading platform. The user may also wish to keep only some aspect of the annotation private, for previous essay questions 3, example the comment should be protected, while the annotation graph can be shared openly, or vice versa. Regular web based authentication and authorization structures should be used to enable this functionality in an online environment to ensure interoperability. Gabby publishes her annotation on the effects of a particular pharmaceutical product in outline apa format an authenticated environment in which only her and her colleagues can see it.

Hadrien publishes his annotation openly so that other systems can see the linkage between the resources, but the comment itself is protected by an authentication system and paywall. 2.4.5 Publication (or Part) is not Published Openly. A user wishes to annotate a resource the ibsat essay she has access to, but requires authentication and/or authorization to view or annotate. The annotation should not circumvent or allow the circumvention of this DRM, for outline, example by reproducing the content of the target publication. Isabelle annotates a closed access journal article that she has access to while at university. When she is travelling, she no longer has access to the article as the system uses the IP range of her institution to determine availability. Jason works for the closed access journal publisher and is concerned that the annotation Elana made quotes some of the protected text, and if someone were to annotate the entire text, it would break their authorization model. 2.4.6 User is phd-dissertations in psychology, Notified when Annotations are Created.

A user wishes to be informed when a resource, or set of resources, is annotated. They do not necessarily want to outline paper, have the annotation sent to improve writing, them, just be alerted to outline paper, the existence of new annotations. The notification should be pushed to the user's agent, rather than requiring active participation on the user's behalf. Katelynn is a reporter for a newspaper, and wishes to keep track of when her articles are commented on so that she can either update the content or reply to discussion. Luke is interested in a topic in a wiki, and wants to be notified whenever another user comments on the pages so he can ensure his knowledge is up to date. 2.5 Accessibility and Internationalization. 2.5.1 Using Annotation for Contributing Accessibility Information.

An annotation provider (personal or retailer) wishes to provide annotations that give additional information about phd-dissertations resources for the purposes of accessibility. Mary annotates an image with an audio file that records her description of the image. This audio file can then simply be played by outline of a paper, a user agent to a visually impaired user. Nathan annotates the text transcription of a segment of video to improve writing, the appropriate place in the video stream. The transcription can be displayed to someone unable to apa format, hear the audio part of the video, or when the user agent does not have sound capability.

Users need to easily become aware of and find highlights or annotations, particularly when using a screen reader, a small screen, or seeking sparse annotations in a lengthy work. Olga is reading a long work about warfare that is not heavily annotated. She wishes to to explain, skip ahead to the next interesting section, and paper, thus needs to have some way to visualize the location of the annotations that others have made on the work. Pedro is using a screen reader, and wishes to have the option to listen to previous ib exam essay questions, the annotations when they are available or to skip past them. Outline Research Paper Apa Format? Whenever the improve writing system encounters an annotation it gives an audio clue that tapping the screen will prompt the research paper device to pause reading to convey the content of the annotation. 2.5.3 Using Annotation for Contributing Internationalization Information. A user wishes to provide internationalization information for a document that they don't control, such as a translation for a particularly complex phrase, or whether automated translation systems should explicitly not translate a given phrase. Questa has implemented a machine translation system that generates reliable Dutch translations and has it scheduled to run on commonly updated English-language sites, before publishing to a well-known annotation server in the Netherlands. Ib Exam Unit 3? Reece is a scholar in Ancient Greek, and routinely provides translations for online texts when they have been transcribed from museum objects.

He wishes to make his translations available to both the outline of a research paper apa format museums and anyone who visits their online exhibitions. The following requirements are summarized from the use cases presented above.