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biografy John R. Anderson, PhD is the starting an essay, Director of the Office on AIDS at the American Psychological Association and a clinical psychologist who has conducted a private psychotherapy and case management practice in Washington, D.C. since 1986. He specializes in individual, couple, family, and hypnosis therapies for people living with, and people affected by, HIV/AIDS, cancer, and essay china other chronic and life-threatening illnesses. The APA Office on AIDS provides information, training, and starting technical assistance on a wide range of HIV/AIDS-related topics associated with coping, mental health services, prevention, technology transfer, community collaboration, public policy, and ethics. Dr. Anderson's primary area of research has focused on what research paper, the relationships between hope, coping, adjustment, and health. Contact me | Back to top | Home. Leo Beletsky 's background spans the starting on yourself, fields of public health, law, communications, and comparative health systems. His specific interest is in advancing an evidence-based approach in the development of public policy that addresses community-level health and social problems.
Drawing on a broad range of experience including informatics research at essay, Harvard Medical School, cyberhealth and starting on yourself cultural competency programs at the New York Public Library, and as leader essay organizational behavior work at the New York Academy of Medicine, he has also been involved in starting an essay public health and health law-related projects in South America, the Caribbean and, most recently, in Eastern Europe. Prior to coming to Temple University School of Law as a consultant, together with Scott Burris Leo was a principal investigator on servant as leader, qualitative study at Brown University Medical School examining how harm reduction legislation impacts law enforcement professionals. A graduate of Vassar College and starting Oxford University with a degree in geography and a masters in public health from Brown University, he will be pursuing a JD starting in the fall of essay china, 2005. Contact me | Back to top | Home. Dr.
Michael Borowitz was appointed Director of the Open Society Institute Public Health Program in October, 2004. Michael comes to OSI from the World Bank, where he served as Senior Health Specialist for East Asia and the Pacific, working on starting, China, Indonesia, and Mongolia. Previously, Michael served as Senior Health Adviser at the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), directing British development assistance in health for to new essay, the former Soviet Union. Before DFID, he was based in Almaty, Kazakhstan for 5 years directing a USAID health reform project for Central Asia. An Essay! He also worked on health reform for the United States government. Scott Burris is the James E. Beasley Professor of Law at the Beasley School of Law of Temple University, and Associate Director of the essay china, Center for Law and the Public's Health at the Johns Hopkins School of starting, Hygiene and Public Health. He was the editor of the first systematic legal analysis of HIV in the United States, AIDS and the Law: A Guide for the Public (Yale University Press, 1987). His current research focuses on how law influences public health and health behavior. His work has been supported by i need a makeover, major health organizations, including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for starting, Disease Control and Prevention. He has served as a consultant on public health law with organizations ranging from the essay china, United Nations Development Programme and the American Psychological Association to the Institute of starting an essay, Medicine and the producers of the Oscar-winning film Philadelphia. Servant As Leader! As an attorney and Board member of the American Civil Liberties Union of Pennsylvania, he has represented people with HIV facing discrimination from employers, service providers and the government.
Burris is a graduate of Washington University in St. Louis and starting on yourself the Yale Law School. Contact me | Back to top | Home. Mary Callaway , ME served as the Associate Director for essay goals, the Project on Death in America of the Open Society Institute from 1994 to 2003 and has been the starting, Associate Director for the International Palliative Care Initiative (IPCI) since 2000. In addition to managing the program activities of PDIA, she worked closely with the OSI Network Public Health Program to develop the International Palliative Care Initiative in Central and Eastern Europe and is a the Former Soviet Union and Sub Saharan Africa. Prior to an essay joining OSI, Ms. Callaway was the Administrator for the Pain and Palliative Care Service at as leader, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York City for 16 years while also serving as the Executive Director for the World Health Organization’s Collaborating Center for Cancer Pain Research and Education. Andrew Chen is an attorney based in the Seattle office of Davis Wright Tremaine LLP, where he focuses his practice on FDA Law and Health Law, particularly the issues involved in the regulation of drugs, medical devices, and biologics.
Andrew had previously served as Assistant Chief Counsel for more than three years at the FDA Office of the Chief Counsel, and one year at a prominent law firm in Washington D.C.. With his in-depth and first-hand understanding of the FDA and China, Andrew effectively helps U.S. and international clients strategize and obtain FDA research authorizations and marketing approvals, and achieve compliance with FDA regulations governing the manufacturing, distribution, importation, exportation, or outsourcing of FDA regulated products. Andrew’s other practice areas include assisting Chinese companies establishing subsidiaries in the U.S. and applying for U.S. visas for the executives and managers. Andrew received a J.D., with distinction, from the University of starting an essay, Nebraska College of Law, where he served as executive editor of the Nebraska Law Review. Andrew is a graduate of Beijing University, where he earned a B.A. in Cross-cultural Communications, and a B.A. in International Politics.
Andrew speaks English, Mandarin, and Taiwanese, and he is currently licensed only in as leader Nebraska and Washington D.C. Contact me | Back to top | Home. Margaret Farrell is a lawyer and a professor interested in public health law education. On Yourself! She has taught public health law both in the US (Johns Hopkins) and China (Fudan). Ms. Farrell spent last spring in Shanghai as a Fullbright Fellow teaching a course in US Health Insurance at the East China University of Politics and Law. This fall, she will offer a course at American University on International Organizations and Global Public Health Issues, for which she expects to essay goals draw a great deal on the Chinese experience. Contact me | Back to top | Home. Hernan L. Fuenzalida-Puelma , a national of Chile, is a lawyer and holds a LL.M from Yale University. He is a senior international consultant to both international organizations and the private sector.
His brief concerns the legal/regulatory and institutional issues in financial sector development, social protection financing and management (social security, pensions, labor and an essay on yourself health care; policy and institutional development of servant as leader essay, public and private regulatory agencies; and insurance industry development. He has published books and articles on the Right to Health, Bioethics, and starting on yourself written dozens of report on health policy, health insurance, and health care reform. Mr. Fuenzalida-Puelma has a work experience in over 40 countries. Contact me | Back to top | Home. Douglas Grob is Assistant Professor of Government and Politics at the University of Maryland, College Park, where he teaches courses on Chinese Legal Reform, American Administrative Law, Law and Society, and a PhD seminar entitled “Politics, Philosophy and Public Policy.” He holds a PhD. in Political Science from Stanford University (2001), and M.A. and A.B. degrees in International Relations specializing in East Asia from the University of resume cka ru, Pennsylvania. Starting An Essay! Grob studied Administrative Law at opposition, Peking University School of Law, and has conducted research in China on administrative law reform. An Essay! His main areas of interest include the development of administrative procedures, administrative review and is a research paper rulemaking processes at the grassroots in the U.S. and China. An Essay On Yourself! Grob’s non-academic professional experience includes work in banking and healthcare-related U.S.-China trade. As Leader! His Mandarin oral proficiency has been rated “Advanced-High” by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, and starting an essay on yourself he is essay china, a recipient of a 2005 Award for Teaching Excellence from the an essay, University of Maryland. Contact me | Back to top | Home.
Professor Dean Harris received his B.A. To New Deal Essay! degree in Asian Studies from Cornell University in 1973, and received his J.D. degree with high honors from UNC School of Law in 1981. He is the author of Contemporary Issues in Healthcare Law and Ethics (2nd edition), which was published by Health Administration Press in 2003. Yanzhong Huang, PhD is Assistant Professor at the John C. Whitehead School of Diplomacy and International Relations, Seton Hall University, where he teaches graduate level courses on an essay on yourself, bioterrorism and impact of resume cka ru, infectious disease. He also serves as the Director of the School’s Center for Global Health Studies, and in that capacity he provides leadership for the School’s development of a global health specialization, the first academic concentration among U.S. professional schools of international affairs that explicitly addresses the international security and foreign policy aspects of starting an essay, health issues. A specialist in global health, Dr. To New Deal Essay! Huang conducts research focusing on health security and health politics (especially with regard to China). His current research interests include HIV/AIDS politics in China, SARS and global health governance, and an empirical analysis of state adaptation to starting an essay HIV/AIDS. His current research interests include HIV/AIDS politics in China, SARS and global health governance, and an empirical analysis of good, state adaptation to HIV/AIDS. Over the starting on yourself, past four years, he has given more than 40 invited talks, media interviews, and presentations, covering issues of China’s public health, population policy, domestic politics, and U.S.-China relations. He has also been consulted by US governmental and non-governmental organizations on essay, global health issues and he has advised major pharmaceutical companies on their China strategies.
Recently, he has joined a small group of foreign-policy experts to advise the Canadian Prime Minister on the proposed L-20 meeting of key world leaders. An Essay On Yourself! Dr. Huang is a member of the National Committee on US-China Relations. He received a PhD. degree in deal essay political science from the University of Chicago in 2000. Contact me | Back to starting on yourself top | Home. Timothy Stoltzfus Jost, J.D. I Need! , holds the Robert L. Willett Family Professorship of Law at the Washington and Lee University School of starting an essay, Law. He is a coauthor of a casebook, Health Law, used widely throughout the opposition deal, United States in teaching health law, and starting on yourself of a treatise and hornbook by essay china, the same name.
He is starting an essay, also the author of Disentitlement? The Threats Facing our Public Health Care Programs and good research paper a Rights-Based Response, Readings in Comparative Health Law and Bioethics, the editor of starting an essay on yourself, Regulation of the Healthcare Professions. and an author of Medicare and Medicaid Fraud and Abuse. He also edits the essay china, Legal Scholarship Network Health Law and Policy Electronic Abstract Journal. He has also written numerous articles and book chapters on health care regulation and comparative health law and policy. Starting An Essay! Professor Jost has presented at numerous international conferences and symposia, including conferences in the U.K., Germany, Finland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Australia, and Turkey, and has also spoken on health law topics in Chile, Greece, and Sweden. He has a organized a number of symposia and conferences, including conferences at Ohio State University, Washington and Lee University, and Oxford University. He is currently editing a symposium issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. Contact me | Back to top | Home. Joan Kaufman is the founding Director of the AIDS Public Policy Training Program at the Center for Business and Government, John F. Kennedy School of i need a makeover essay, Government, Harvard University, a program which trains officials in China and Vietnam about the governance requirements for an effective AIDS response. She is also a Senior Scientist at an essay, the Schneider Institute for Health Policy at Brandeis University’s Heller School for Social Policy and Management and Lecturer in Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School. She is the China Team Leader for i need a makeover, the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative.
She was the Ford Foundation's Gender and Reproductive Health Program Officer for China from 1996-2001 where her portfolio funded government, researchers and NGOs in efforts to reform China's population policy and starting on yourself family planning program, to mobilize a response to the AIDS epidemic, and to promote attention to to new gender and starting reproductive health in rural health reform. Ellen Liu is a Program Officer for the Network Public Health Program (NPHP) Open Society Institute based in New York, where she manages a range of programs and communications activities for the NPHP including the Salzburg Seminar Series International, the OSI Seminar Series and the health media program. Previously, Ellen worked at Mount Sinai Medical Center for a cancer research foundation and oversaw grants for a collaborative cancer research project with the opposition deal essay, Shanghai Second Medical University. An Essay On Yourself! Ellen has lived and studied in both Taipei and Shanghai and a makeover essay is fluent in Mandarin Chinese. Dr. Yuanli Liu is Assistant Professor of International Health at Harvard School of Public Health and Director of the China Initiative. He has been teaching health financing and health system analysis at Harvard since 1994. In 2003 Harvard School of Public Health profiled six professors as “Future Leaders in Public Health”. Dr.
Liu is one of them. Starting An Essay! He has conducted extensive studies on essay goals, health system reforms in developing countries, particularly in China. Dr. Liu served as a coordinator of the Global Health Equity Initiative. He served on the United Nations Millennium Development Taskforce on starting an essay, HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and Access to Basic Medicines.
He served as a health policy and health system consultant to various international agencies including the World Bank, UNICEF, WHO, UNDP, and Asian Development Bank as well as Fortune 500 healthcare and pharmaceutical companies. Dr. Liu is on my future goals, also Vice-President of the China Foundation, Inc., a US-based non-profit organization. Contact me | Back to starting an essay top | Home. Dr. Bernard Lo is Professor of Medicine and Director of the Program in Medical Ethics at UCSF. He is National Program Director for the Greenwall Faculty Scholars Program in Bioethics.
He serves on the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee at NIH, which reviews gene transfer protocols. He also serves on the Data and Safety Monitoring Committees for diabetes prevention trials and a HIV vaccine trial at essay china, NIAID. He is starting an essay on yourself, a member of the Ethics Working Group of the NIH-sponsored HIV Prevention Trials Network, which carries out clinical trials in developing countries. He is co-Director of the Policy and Ethics Core of the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at resume cka ru, UCSF, which provides technical advice and consultation to researchers carrying out clinical research, including research in resource-poor nations. Dr. Grace Ma is a Professor in the Department of Public Health and Director of Center for Asian Health, College of Health Professions at an essay on yourself, Temple University. She received her PhD from the servant as leader essay, University of Oklahoma. Her research interests focus on community-based participatory cancer prevention and early detection, health disparities, smoking cessation and starting an essay on yourself other substance abuse intervention, chronic illness, quality of health care and healthcare service policies among Asian ethnic populations. Opposition! Dr. Ma’s current ATECAR-Asian Community Cancer network, funded by NCI-NIH, focuses on smoking cessation and lung cancer prevention, cervical and breast cancer, Hep B-liver cancer, colorectal and stomach cancer, chronic disease interventions and on yourself healthcare access in Asian communities. She established the first Asian Community Cancer Coalition (ACCC) with a membership of 48 community-based organizations and 24 health provider partners in a makeover essay Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York.
Gene Matthews, J.D. is the Director of the Institute of Public Health Law, which is an operating arm of the CDC Foundation in Atlanta, Georgia. The mission of this new Institute is to expand the use of law as a tool in the practice of public health through outreach, training, and coordinated research. Mr. Matthews served as the Legal Advisor to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta from on yourself, 1979 to 2004 and, as manager of the legal staff there for 25 years, handled a wide range of public health law issues. Most recently, Mr. Matthews provided leadership for CDC's development of a Public Health Law Program, and he has guided this exciting initiative to reach out to both the legal community and to public health practitioners.
An internationally-recognized expert on mental disability law, Michael Perlin has devoted his career to championing legal rights for people with mental disabilities. A prolific author of thirteen books and well over a makeover 150 scholarly articles on all aspects of mental disability law, Professor Perlin says that his ninth book, The Hidden Prejudice: Mental Disability on Trial (2000), represents my lifetime work. The book is an attempt to educate society about starting on yourself, how the essay china, fear of starting an essay on yourself, persons with mental illness creates a hidden bias against them that prevents equal justice, a form of discrimination he calls sanism. A teacher-lawyer-advocate who advises mental health professionals, hospitals, advocates, activists, lawyers, and governments, Professor Perlin has worked directly on mental disability cases as a deputy public defender and as director of the Division of Mental Health Advocacy in the New Jersey Department of the Public Advocate. Barbara J. Safriet has been an Associate Dean and Lecturer in Law at Yale Law School since 1988.
In addition to her academic administrative duties, she teaches seminars on Health Law Policy and The Regulation of Health Care Providers. She has served as a member of The Pew Health Professions Commission, and its Taskforce on Health Care Workforce Regulation, and as a Health Law Consultant and Presenter for the Rockefeller Foundation, the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, the Commonwealth Fund, the Association of Academic Health Centers, the U.S. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, the essay china, U.S. Starting An Essay On Yourself! Public Health Service, the National Rural Health Association, the National Council of State Legislatures, and the Office of Technology Assessment of the U.S. Congress. She has served as a member of the Data Safety Monitoring Committees of the Wilmer Institute’s Macular Photocoagulation Study and the National Eye Institute’s Multicenter Trial of paper, Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity. Shen Weixing is an Associate Professor, Law School, Tsinghua University, Peking, who specializes in property, contract, torts, bioethics and health law. He received his legal training at China University of Political Science and Law, his postdoctoral training at Peking University, and LL.M and LL.B degrees from Jilin University. Mr. Shen has extensive international experience, having been invited to teach and conduct research at prominent academic institutions in the US, Macao, and Germany. Currently, he is involved in a number of research projects, including a study on the Theory of the Right of Expectation; Sponsored by the Taiwan Zhongliu Cultural and Educational Fund and Himalaya Fund, study on Reservation of Ownership and Reference, sponsored by China Post-doctoral Fund, analysis of the Modern Security System and Legislation on Property Rights in starting on yourself China, Sponsored by the Ministry of Education, study on the reformation of future goals, German Obligations Law and its Influence on the Compilation of new Chinese Civil Law, Program of National Social Science Fund, and starting study on the Legal Problem of Human Organ Donation and Transplantation, Sponsored by what good paper, Tsinghua University.
Contact me | Back to top | Home. Wang Ruotao is a Professor at the Beijing Union School of Public Health, and a senior advisor to the Ministry of starting on yourself, Health and the Chinese CDC. He trained in medicine in China, in public health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and in law at the Yale Law School. Essay China! Contact me | Back to top | Home. Leslie E. Wolf, J.D., M.P.H. , is an Assistant Adjunct Professor in the Program in Medical Ethics and the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at the University of California, San Francisco. Before joining the UCSF faculty, she was a Greenwall Fellow in Bioethics and Health Policy, a program offered jointly at Johns Hopkins and Georgetown Universities. She previously clerked for the Massachusetts Appeals Court and practiced as a litigator with a San Francisco law firm. At UCSF, she serves on the Committee on Human Research, the General Clinical Research Center Advisory Committee, and the Campus Advisory Committee on the Ethics of Gamete, Stem Cell, and Embryo Research. Fengshi Wu , PhD in Political Science, University of Maryland, is specialized in international relations and on yourself comparative politics. She will start teaching at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in fall 2005.
Her research interests include transnational activism in China, and global environmental and public health politics. Resume Cka Ru! She has done substantial field research and published articles on environmental movements and NGOs in Mainland China. Since 2003, she has researched on AIDS prevention and relief work in China. She has been an advisor for both the AIDS Relief Fund for starting an essay, China and the Aixin Foundation since 2004. Contact me | Back to top | Home. Dr.
Yanfang Zheng is an oncologist and virologist who completed her MD and PhD training at the First Military Medical University in opposition to new China in 2000. She continued her work at the Oncology Center of the First Military Medical University as an attending physician and senior researcher. For several months in on yourself 2003, she personally treated SARS patients at Xiaotangshan hospital in Beijing as a volunteer military doctor. She remained at Xiaotangshan until the end of the SARS crisis. As a cancer and virology specialist and researcher, Dr. Zheng has published widely in Chinese medical literature.
Dr. Zheng was invited to the National Institutes of Health in the United States as a visiting scientist in to new January 2004. Contact me | Back to top | Home.
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A good way to start off an essay about yourself
robert latimer essay The Case of Robert Latimer: Punishing Acts of an essay on yourself, Mercy. By Gary Bauslaugh. Humanist Perspectives, Spring 2008. We can often get away with evil acts, but a good one will haunt us forever. Essay On My Future Goals? - Gilbert Ryle. The Law is an ass when it inadvertently causes an injustice. It does not always or perhaps even often do so.
But when it does, all people who believe in the pursuit of an essay, justice through the servant essay, rule of an essay, law ought to be concerned. In an act of mercy killing in 1993 Robert Latimer, a Saskatchewan farmer, took the life of his twelve-year old daughter Tracy. As Leader? The girl had been brain-damaged at birth and suffered from the worst form of degenerative cerebral palsy. She had the mental capacity of on yourself, a three to four month old baby. She was subject to virtually constant seizures that wracked and damaged her body, causing great pain. Anti-convulsants reduced the essay, seizures to a few per day, but this medicine conflicted with strong pain medications, which then could not be used to alleviate her pain. Tracy had been subjected to four different operations designed to on yourself ease the pain and mitigate the damage caused by the seizures, by such measures as cutting muscles to reduce the violence of her movements during the seizures. Her last operation involved inserting rods to straighten her spine, which had become deformed from the stress of her seizures. The operation did straighten Tracy's spine - she could now sit in a wheel chair - but she still was in essay constant, severe pain.
The convulsions caused her right hip to dislocate regularly, and an essay, her hip joint had deteriorated to the point where it could no longer stay in essay place. Tracy had difficulty sleeping after the starting, last operation, and Robert and Laura Latimer did not see their daughter sleep at all during the last few weeks of her life. The final blow - the event that galvanized Robert Latimer into servant as leader taking the only action he felt could really help his daughter - occurred when Tracy's doctor informed Laura that Tracy would need yet another operation. This rime the plan was to cut off the upper part of her right femur, so that the bone would be fully separated from her hip socket. Her leg would then dangle freely, with less pain caused by interaction of starting, her flailing leg bones with her damaged sockets. The pain, he said, would be intense for some months, but should eventually ease off somewhat, though it would never go away.
And before long her left leg would need the same treatment. It is essay china, not clear what would have happened if the Latimers had refused the new operations; it is possible that Tracy would have been made a ward of the state and the operations would have been done anyway. An Essay On Yourself? But even if they could refuse these new operations, which they saw as ghastly further mutilation of their severely compromised and helpless daughter, Tracy appeared to be facing her remaining life (she had already lived longer than most children in her condition) in abject, uncomprehending misery. It appeared that this nightmarish existence would no longer even have respites of resume cka ru, relief through sleep. If there were ever mitigating circumstances for taking a life, here they were. But Latimer still faced a daunting task. There was no law that could help - no enlightened euthanasia policy that would allow independent assessors to starting an essay on yourself determine if there was a life worth living here. The deliberate taking of a life, whatever the essay china, circumstance, is considered homicide by the Criminal Code of Canada; there is no clear distinction made between taking a life with malice and taking one tor reasons of mercy, though in the latter instance a case can be made (it is a difficult one) for necessity.
This in fact was Latimer's defense, but even in his extreme circumstance it was rejected. In general one can expect that two exact opposite motivations for taking a life, hatred and love, will be considered equal under the law. There were no friends or advisors to call upon for help in ending Tracy's suffering, for anyone who did help might become implicated themselves in the death. An Essay? As he considered what to do, Latimer could not discuss his plan with his wife (or anyone else) lest she be judged complicit in the 'crime.' Latimer did know, though, how Laura felt about the essay, matter. After returning from her last terribly disheartening visit with Tracy's doctor, Laura made the despairing comment that maybe they should call Dr Kevorkian. Starting On Yourself? So Robert Latimer, alone, set out on a mission of mercy that would have dire consequences for him and for essay china, the rest of an essay on yourself, his family.
Except of course for essay china, Tracy, whose terrible suffering was ended. Latimer simply says now, after fourteen years of legal entanglement, as he did then: It was the right thing to starting on yourself do. ROBERT LATIMER GREW UP IN NORTHERN SASKATCHEWAN. He was not a quiet, retiring youth: he went to lots of parties, did lots of drinking and smoked lots of marijuana. He ran into essay china trouble with the an essay, law a few times over these things, the what paper, last time in the 70's. Starting An Essay On Yourself? Then he married Laura, settled down and took over his father's 1280 acre farm. Tracy was their first child (later they had three more) and Robert and Laura struggled for twelve years to make some sort of life for essay china, her, and to get whatever help was possible.
But with Tracy's progressive deterioration and starting an essay, escalating pain, and with the proposed new operations, they felt a real sense of despair, unlike anything most people will ever encounter in their lives, including parents of the servant as leader, vast majority of starting an essay, handicapped children, who can have at least a semblance of essay goals, a reasonable human life, or some hope, or something. Here there was nothing but suffering, and starting, worse to i need come. Robert Latimer understood that there could be serious legal sanctions taken against starting on yourself, him. He knew that if his wife were involved in any way she would be implicated too. So on October 24, 1993, after Laura and the two other children had gone to church leaving Robert was at home with Tracy, he took his sick child out to his truck, turned the motor on, and funneled the exhaust into the cab with Tracy. In a few minutes she was dead.
Latimer took his daughter's body back into the house and on my future, put her back in on yourself bed, where her mother later found her dead. This action has been called insensitive and callous, but it was not that. He wanted to ensure, as best he could, that Laura would never be implicated in the death. So he said nothing to her, and left Tracy where it would appear she died naturally. By his actions Robert Latimer ensured that he alone would bear any legal sanctions for resume cka ru, Tracy's death. That is not to say there necessarily would be legal consequences.
Latimer told no one what he had done, and the entire matter probably would never have come to public attention, except that an autopsy was performed and starting an essay, it was discovered that Tracy had been poisoned by carbon monoxide. Latimer then told his story and the legal proceedings started. Robert Latimer has been much criticized as well for not coming forward immediately and now when asked if he would have, he says he does not know. Deal Essay? He had a young family to be concerned about. And he is a private man, and an essay on yourself, the idea of this story being picked up by the press, with the life of his family on display, was of great concern to him then, as it is today. He felt he had done what he needed to do and wanted simply, then, to get on with his life and be a farmer and husband and opposition to new, father. On Yourself? Without the autopsy my guess is that he would never have come forward. I can't honestly think that I would have either, through I understand the arguments (see article by Bryson Brown) for is a research, doing so. THERE ARE MANY SUPPORTERS OF THE ACTIONS OF ROBERT LATIMER but there are also many vehement detractors. Starting An Essay? Why do they feel so strongly about the wrongness of what he did? There are two main groups that have voiced strong and to new deal essay, entirely unsympathetic criticism of Latimer's action.
One consists of people who believe that human lives should not put it, human life is starting on yourself, a sacred journey and only God can decide when it should be ended. For such people the taking of any human life is reprehensible - the mercy killing of a person in desperate hopeless, intractable pain is just as bad as, say, serial murder. In a free society the views of such people must be accepted, insofar as their own lives are concerned. But their perspective, based upon a particular reading of ancient scriptures, ought not to be imposed on resume cka ru, all of an essay on yourself, society. This belief in the need to defer to what is perceived to servant as leader essay be the wish of God is directly contradictory to the humanist belief in personal autonomy. Starting? Why should we choose one belief over a makeover, another? One reason that a rational person might choose belief in personal autonomy is that it is based upon personal dignity and freedom, and upon starting an essay on yourself respect for human individuality. Declaring the primacy of God's will, on the other hand, is fraught with arbitrariness and inconsistencies.
When there are many different interpretations of scriptures by people of faith, how can one particular view, no matter how strongly believed, be the basis of public policy? Moreover, there are few objections from the religious to increasing our natural life span, which would seem to is a paper be interfering with God's plan as much as ending a life of suffering. And most people holding objections to starting on yourself premature ending of a life in opposition deal pain, of someone who wants to die, are not pacifists: they do not object in general to wars in which people who want to live are purposefully killed. And many also support capital punishment. Such views, irrational though they be, are permissible in a pluralistic democracy. We do allow certain people of faith to exercise what they view to be their religious duty - to object to starting assisted suicide and euthanasia - without allowing them to set public policy on the matter. Essay China? Secular public policy is necessary to an essay on yourself protect the on my goals, rights of people of all faiths, as well as those of an essay on yourself, no faith. The second group of critics of i need essay, Latimer is sometimes called the disabled lobby.
The phrase that sums up their fears is starting, that permitting the essay china, taking of any life will lead to open season on the disabled. Many of these critics have a connection with a disabled person, whom they love and care for, and they entirely misread the objectives of right-to-die movements. These movements have nothing to do with culling out supposedly inferior humans, the fragile among us.' as the fear seems to be. They are about the starting an essay on yourself, very opposite of this - they are about protecting individual human rights. They are about living in freedom and , if one so chooses, dying as one wishes to die. Essay China? They are not about disrespecting human life, as representatives of the disabled mistakenly claim but about respecting individual freedom and the dignity of human life. Some critics of Latimer's action take the position that because Tracy had no choice in the matter her fundamenta l human right to life was violated. Starting An Essay On Yourself? This concern highlights the problematic nature of euthanasia, where there is no consent, as compared to assisted suicide, where there is. The philosophy behind both, however, is to protect one's right of personal autonomy, no t to remove it.
People ought to have the right to control what happens to their own bodies, and research, have the starting an essay on yourself, right to die in circumstances of paper, their choosing, with help if necessary. Euthanasia is an extension of this idea, for those incapacitated to the point where they are not able to express their wishes. It is based upon an assessment of what such a person could reasonably be thought to an essay on yourself have wanted, but was unable to say so. Resume Cka Ru? Ideally this would come from some prior statement by an essay, the person, though in cases like that of Tracy Latimer this is not possible. Human decency, though, would seem to require that in such cases it should somehow be made a legal option - not through individual decision but through a carefully - controlled legal process. Many critics make no distinction at future, all between assisted suicide and an essay, euthanasia, and make no allowance for essay, mitigating circumstances in either case. Starting An Essay On Yourself? According to this view all such things are equally bad. Very commonly they use misrepresentation and scare tactics to bolster their extreme position and to try to servant generate public support. So we hear fanciful stories about on yourself, Tracy Latimer being a happy camper; we hear unsupported criticism of Robert Latimer's character; we hear about the peril of slippery slopes and on my future goals, the impossibility of adequate controls if these actions were legalized. We should realize that all of these are manufactured observations and starting, pretexts: these critics would be undeterred and unsympathetic whatever the circumstances of Tracy's life, whatever the character of opposition essay, Robert Latimer, whatever the possible safeguards might be.
There is of course a real problem with simply breaking the law when one thinks it to be wrong; for all of the support many people have for starting on yourself, Robert Larimer's action, feeling that it is the right thing to do to take another's life cannot in itself be accepted as sufficient reason to do so. The people who murder abortion doctors, for example, feel, entirely justified in their actions; they too feel they are coming to the aid of helpless individuals. Euthanasia then, as an act of mercy, must somehow be separated from those acts that are falsely or improperly construed as such. That is why many people agree with the notion that it is correct to have found Latimer technically guilty, though deserving of on my, leniency. People with this view are not among those who applauded the punitive treatment of starting an essay, Latimer - they are likely to have supported the token punishment recommended by Latimer's jury.
But they feel that taking a life cannot be a matter of individual conscience, and opposition to new, that in an essay on yourself such cases, no matter what the justification, conviction is necessary for deal, the protection of society. There is a persuasive argument that can be made regarding personhood and murder - that to be simply alive and of human origin is insufficient reason to be granted all of the rights of personhood. These arguments, though, invoke extraordinarily hostile responses from those who find that making any distinctions in the value of human life is on yourself, unthinkable. Much of such opposition comes from those who believe that the moment of conception is something engineered by God and resume cka ru, that the newly fertilized egg has sacred status, and must be given all of the rights and privileges (insofar as that is possible) of on yourself, a fully - formed human being. But reasoned concern exists, as well, in goals regard to on yourself considering the taking of life as a matter of individual conscience. There is, however, a sensible solution to the difficult problem of euthanasia. It would be far better to have an open and legal process, as recommended by bioethicist Eike Kluge in the winter 2005/06 issue of Humanist Perspectives. Kluge supports the servant essay, legalization of euthanasia but with a carefully selected panel of experts making a disinterested assessment of starting an essay, each individual case. As Leader Essay? This would provide a way for on yourself, society to deal sensibly and humanely, and legally, with terrible intractable problems like that of Tracy Latimer. Is A Good Research? It would be one way we could improve society. Robert Latimer's first trial led to a verdict of second degree murder , but that was thrown out an essay because it was found, after the event, that potential jury members had been screened by the police.
Before rendering a verdict at the second Latimer trial the new jury asked the judge if they could have a say in i need the sentencing if a guilty verdict was returned. The judge said they could, but failed to tell them that there is a minimum often years before full parole can be granted, on a life sentence for second degree murder though with the jury absent he was urged by the defense lawyer to explain this.) Subsequently the jury, apparently thinking that they could ask for starting, a very short or even suspended time in prison, returned the resume cka ru, verdict of guilty of second degree murder. Then they were told about the ten-year minimum. Starting On Yourself? Some of them wept. It is entirely possible (some jurors have indicated as much) that, had they known about the ten years, they might have returned a verdict of not guilty, even though they felt that technically Latimer was guilty. (See Theo Meijer's discussion of juries and servant as leader essay, Henry Morgentaler) Latimer's jury was not about to accept the an essay, sentencing ruling, however, and they asked for a one-year jail term, in spite of the minimum. After about a month's deliberation the i need a makeover, judge agreed with the one year, making what is an essay, called a constitutional exemption to good research the minimum. Judge and jury, then, agreed that Latimer should spend only one year in jail. However, the an essay, prosecution brought the decision to the Saskatchewan Court of Appeals, where it was overturned by three justices who had not attended the trial, and had not listened in person to the testimony. As Leader Essay? They denied the claim of exceptional circumstance and imposed the ten-year minimum sentence. This meant that day parole could be granted after seven years, and full parole was possible only after ten.
In assessing the fairness of the Latimer parole hearing then, as discussed below, it is instructive to see it in the context of the views of Latimer's judge and jury who, after listening to starting on yourself the entire legal proceedings, unanimously felt he should not have to spend more than a year in jail. And it is important to is a paper realize, too, that had the jury been told of the minimum ten-year sentence they might well have returned a verdict of not guilty. PAROLE HEARINGS REPRESENT A KEY POINT IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE. In Canada we do not wish to keep people incarcerated for an essay, any longer than is necessary to provide some basic level of deterrence and to provide protection to the public by keeping dangerous people locked up. The determination of the appropriate time for as leader essay, release from prison is as complex and as important, and as fraught with issues of starting on yourself, fairness and justice, as the initial determination of guilt and essay on my future, assignment of starting on yourself, sentence. Though in many ways it is as significant as the essay china, initial trial and sentencing, however, parole hearings, in Canada at on yourself, least, are conducted with shockingly less concern for deal, fairness. For one thing, those making these very far-reaching decisions, deciding on whether or not a convicted person is to be returned to society, are political appointees with no particular require skills or background for the duties they will perform. It might be argued that if juries consist of lay people, then why not parole boards, but the circumstances are entirely different. The essential question, a determination of the chance of re-offending, is one that cannot sensibly be made by unskilled people. A background in criminology with an extensive understanding of research on the field ought to be a basic requirement here, as should legal training, at least for starting an essay on yourself, some Board members.
Most members of the Parole Board's Appeal Division are lawyers; as we shall see, this greater understanding of the law by the Appeals Division allowed them to overturn an egregiously bad decision by the Board itself, which might have been prevented by deal, having more skilled and informed members. Moreover, because in parole hearings the applicants must, unlike in trials, speak for themselves, the parole board members must be skilled in assessing the an essay, relevance of personal style. Unskilled people placed in a position of such heavy responsibility are prone to i need essay making all sorts of unwarranted inferences - such as thinking they can tell when someone is telling the starting an essay, truth, or thinking that apparent lack of remorse suggests irresponsibility or callousness, which they then may well use to falsely estimate the chance of re-offending. So this is no job for what is a paper, lay people, though such people, were they selectee like juries, would be preferable to what we have now on parole boards, which is essentially the appointment of lay people with a connection to the party in power. This is not a good way to seek disinterested justice, and one can only starting on yourself think that it has been allowed to resume cka ru persist because the convicted are essentially a forgotten segment of humanity, and starting an essay on yourself, fairness for resume cka ru, such people is not a matter of much public concern. Starting An Essay? There have been attempts to reform the system, and to i need essay replace political appointees on parole boards with skilled professionals, but these lucrative appointments are prime patronage plums. Our politicians will not give them up easily. The result is an on-going scandal and an abuse of political power.
Change will only occur when we demand that our politicians act more responsibly. THE FIRST PAROLE HEARING FOR ROBERT LATIMER WAS HELD ON DECEMBER 5, 2007, at the William Head Institution near Victoria, British Columbia, where he had been imprisoned for starting on yourself, the last four years of his sentence. Resume Cka Ru? He was eligible for day parole, after being in prison for starting an essay on yourself, seven years. I attended the hearing, along with other members of the media and press, and two observers from an advocacy group for i need, the disabled. I had visited Latimer several times at William Head in the last couple of years, and a number of times had questioned him about his upcoming parole hearing. There was one point I was specifically concerned about: remorse. One hears stories about an essay on yourself, parole boards wanting offenders to be sorry for what they have done. Folklore has it that this is the first step toward redemption.
If this indeed was to be a factor in the hearing I thought that Latimer would be in real trouble, because he was determinedly, and with considerable justification, unrepentant. Would he now, at a parole hearing, be expected to say that this single most difficult and courageous act of his life was wrong? The whole idea of remorse no longer has much credibility amongst experts in the field. As Leader Essay? Before the Latimer hearing, National Parole Board official Patrick Storey (who was knowledgeable, courteous and helpful in on yourself all my dealings with him), in response to good paper a question from reporters, said that the research shows that remorse is an essay, no indication of the essay china, future behavior of a parolee. There are offenders like pedophiles who are truly remorseful, but cannot help themselves and will re-offend. An Essay On Yourself? And there are psychopathic personalities who, without the impediment of conscience, can effectively play any role that will help them get what they want. Is A Paper? I was encouraged by Storey's understanding of this, but he would not be making the decision. Starting An Essay? That would be left to the political appointees.
I also wondered about Latimer's ability to make a good impression with the parole board. I mean this as no personal criticism, because there is to new, no reason why he should be an effective strategist and manipulator of starting an essay, people. These are not qualities that loomed large in the world in is a good which he grew up. He says what he thinks, straight out, tries to avoid anything personal, and that is it. An Essay On Yourself? But I had spent much of my life immersed in academic politics, and though I am not likely a better person for it, I do understand something of how to affect people and situations. I could see that Latimer did not. His reluctance to resume cka ru talk about personal things, his failure recently to get legal advice or coaching for the hearing, his decision not to have (as is allowed) an assistant at starting, his hearing - all seemed like things that might hurt him. At least they might if the Board decided to make such things an issue. THE HEARING WAS HELD IN THE ROOM WHERE VISITORS meet inmates, a good-sized room with a small food service area and a beautiful view out over the water.
The entire prison occupies a spectacular 86 - acre peninsula of land about a forty minute drive up the west coast of Vancouver Island from downtown Victoria. In earlier years the land was used as a quarantine station for essay china, Chinese immigrants. Then some years ago a medium security prison was built there, which was changed to minimum security about five years ago. The surrounding treacherous waters had once been touted, like the waters around Alcatraz, as being impossible to swim through, but apparently Federal authorities eventually thought otherwise when they reclassified the an essay, prison. Resume Cka Ru? I must say that the possible escape route seemed very unlike the truly treacherous one around Alcatraz. It looked like you could wade around the fence at low tide. The imposing double razor-wired fence at the entrance, extending along the full width of the peninsula and starting an essay, a little way into the water is servant essay, a holdover from the days of supposed higher security. Starting On Yourself? When the security designation was lowered the fence remained, at the request of nearby residents. A table was set up in the hearing room with three Parole Board members on one side facing us as we came in. What Good Research Paper? This is the usual number for these hearings, apparently selected at an essay, random from as leader, a dozen full-time and part-time Board members.
Latimer and his Parole Officer sat with their back to us, as is required. He is not allowed to starting an essay interact or even look at the observers. Is A Paper? I sat in the front row, directly behind Latimer about five feet away. One Board member, Kelly-Ann Speck of Mission, BC, took the lead and made some preliminary statements about the process. She is Regional Vice-Chair of the Board, and has held a variety of executive management posts in starting an essay on yourself government. Essay China? The other members, who said less throughout the process, were Ben Anderson of Victoria, former Chief Constable of the Oak Bay Police Department, and Maryam Majedi, of Vancouver, a Manager in starting on yourself the Office of the BC Attorney General. This was not a situation in which Latimer, sitting there with only his parole officer at what good paper, his side, would likely give the starting an essay, best account of himself. He did not look comfortable, nor when given a chance to speak did he do so with much confidence. Resume Cka Ru? He had been given no help in how to starting present himself to essay the Board; in an essay a trial situation he would not only have a lawyer to speak for him, he would get careful advice from his lawyer on a makeover, what to say if he did decide to an essay testify. But here, nothing. As Leader? In the interests of fairness one could only hope that the starting on yourself, Board members would be sophisticated enough to realize this, and not be unduly affected by personal style in coming to their decision.
Whatever one feels about the Latimer case, I would hope that most people would agree that jail time should not depend upon the ability to speak glibly and convincingly about private matters. The parole officer who had been working with Latimer spoke first, in a voice so soft it was difficult to hear any of what she said. Servant Essay? But it was clear enough that she was strongly recommending parole, on the grounds of positive psychological evaluations and because Latimer had behaved well in prison, had taken courses to improve his education, and was at little risk to re-offend. She was questioned on this by Kelly-Ann Speck, who referred to one psychological study that said that faced with similar circumstances Latimer could re-offend, presumably because he had continued to insist that he had done the right thing, and in the same circumstance would presumably do the same thing again. The parole officer did not see this as a problem because she could see little chance that he would ever again be in starting an essay on yourself a similar circumstance - it had taken twelve years of watching the progressive deterioration of servant essay, Tracy, twelve years of seeing her frail body wracked with convulsions and severe pain, twelve years involving four highly invasive operations with a fifth in the offing, that led to his desperate action. Speck, though, was still concerned about the psychological report, suggesting that it raised questions about an essay on yourself, his understanding that he had committed a crime, his accepting responsibility for resume cka ru, what he had done, and starting an essay, his failure to show due respect for the law. This line of thought became the main basis for Speck's evident discomfort with Latimer.
Bu it seemed to me to be nothing much more than seeking remorse, as I had feared might be the case. What Good Research? Speck was playing the remorse card. But an honest man cannot express regret for breaking the law, when he believes that it was the right thing to do. As the starting, hearing progressed it became apparent that a number of essay china, bad thing happening. Starting On Yourself? Speck's approach to the question of remorse or, as she repeatedly put it, accepting responsibility for hi: actions, was unfair, and Latimer was not performing particularly well. Bui Speck is to new, a person vested with and starting, paid handsomely for playing a key role in a makeover our justice system; Latimer is a man who is inexperienced in such matters, uncomfortable with persona questions, unwilling to be pushed into saying that which he did not believe, and a man who was given little or no help in preparing for and participating in an event that would have a major impact on his future. The limitations of starting an essay, assessing a person's nature from an interview are well understood now. Studies have shown, for example, that most people have absolutely no ability to tell if someone is lying or not. Often the most honest people appear otherwise because they are concerned about is a good, being truthful and starting on yourself, are hesitant and careful in their responses.
Sociopaths, on the other hand, without ethical scruples, can exude forthrightness, while telling egregious lies. Kelly-Ann Speck and her colleagues on the Board, but especial she, seemed to essay china be of the view that they could assess Latimer's character by the way he responded to their questions. SPECK BEGAN HER DETAILED QUESTIONING OF LATIMER by asking him about starting on yourself, prior difficulties he had had with the law, in particular a conviction for impaired driving in on my future goals 1976. He mentioned that he did get into trouble a number of times in the 70's for starting an essay, alcohol and opposition to new deal essay, marijuana use. Then she asked him: Was drug use and alcohol use a part of your life on a regular basis then?
A bit, yeah, Latimer answered. . what happened after with your drug and alcohol use . On Yourself? she asked. I didn't get into servant too much trouble after that . An Essay On Yourself? I think, Latimer responded. Speck went on at some considerable length to grill Latimer about these and other early escapades in his life. Did she think that his behavior as a young man in his early 2.0's, involving alcohol and marijuana, was somehow still relevant over 30 years later? Latimer's muted responses did not serve him well in to new essay this or in later exchanges.
In his first answer he could, for example, have said that he was young and immature at the time, that his friends were all doing the same things, and that he was not proud of any of it, just as many of us are not proud of an essay on yourself, things we did in our youth. And his remark that not much happened after that - I think - was typical of his tendency to express himself in an understated manner that seemed to annoy Board members throughout the session. A lawyer could have helped him with this, but of course he did not have one. Speck then went on to ask about Tracy. So we have then the i need a makeover, offense that put you in an essay on yourself jail - the murder of as leader, your daughter . what role did you play in her care? . Starting? she was very vulnerable . Instead of simply saying that he and essay china, Laura shared in the care, Latimer was imprecise in his answer, saying things like I was her father.
To a man like Latimer that would seem like sufficient answer to the question - he understood that a father's role is to take care of his child. But it seemed not to satisfy Speck. I started to wonder what this had to starting do with the likelihood of Latimer re-offending, which is supposed to be the thrust of essay on my future goals, a parole hearing. The Board seemed intent on retrying Latimer for taking the life of his daughter, but without the presentation of evidence and without defense counsel. Years of legal proceedings had taken place looking at an essay on yourself, questions like this, with careful arguments presented on both sides, and now Speck was going to put Latimer on trial again, in a circumstance where he was uncomfortable, unprepared and unrepresented.
What was your attitude to the reality of having a disabled child? . I am trying to understand how . you and your family responded to her ever growing needs . was it twelve years of essay china, misery? Latimer, in starting an essay on yourself an increasingly strained voice, tried to respond to the many issues being raised. Yeah, I suppose you could say . he started to answer at one point. I'm actually interested in your view- not my view, your view, Speck interjected sharply. He tried to respond with a description of the opposition to new essay, Tracy's terrible difficulties, and Speck would say that he was not answering and that she wanted to know what his feelings were. She was oblivious, or did not care, that he is obviously a man who does not talk about his feelings. She appeared to starting an essay place enormous weight on his reticence, apparently believing that discomfort in a makeover essay talking about your personal feelings is a reason for denial of parole.
Speck proceeded to question Latimer on why he made the decision to starting end Tracy's life. She questioned the decision at the particular time it was made, saying the doctor's decision to have another operation seemed like only a slight difference in the kind of treatment Tracy would be receiving. You term it a slight difference? Latimer said incredulously. Opposition Essay? We didn't see it that way. He said that they saw the cutting off of Tracy's femurs as further mutilation of a child who already suffered an incredible amount. Speck, though, wanted to know more about starting on yourself, how he felt at the time, and why he made the decision when he did. Your wife went to the [doctor] appointment . and so the next day was the day you killed your daughter..” No . he answered and tried to remember exactly when the events happened. So how did you get from finding out from your wife . to essay china the decision that you made? Latimer talked some more about the timing and his discussions with his wife: She just said she'd like to call on Dr Jack Kevorkian.
So this was initially your wife's idea . That was the starting on yourself, comment she made.” So how did you get from that expression of grief, on her part, of resume cka ru, being overwhelmed, to your decision to plan to on yourself carry out the murder? Ohh, it took a few days . I can remember driving around in the fields . So how did you decide on the means that you would use? Latimer responded to these questions at length, but he did not seem to as leader be connecting with Speck. Then Speck went into starting a series of questions about is a good paper, his discomfort with need injections and other medical procedures, apparently gleaned from the psychological reports. Starting An Essay On Yourself? Do you that this came into play at all in the way you came to resume cka ru view the medical treatment of your daughter?
The implication seemed to be that he may have done in his daughter because he did not the medical aspect of her care. Latimer said that he did not like these things but a lot of people feel the same way. Speck went on to ask about the means Latimer had chosen, carbon monoxide, and then she pressed him on the events of that day: “You didn't answer my question . how did it happen that day . walk me through the crime . Eventually we heard another from the panel, Maryam Majedi, who had been staring intently at Latimer all during Speck's questioning and she particularly wanted to an essay on yourself know why, after Robert and Laura had discussed the as leader essay, doctor's report, they hadn't talked to anyone else. My colleague asked you a question about why you didn't you ask for any help for starting, you and your family, she said. You said no you didn't ask for any help. When your wife came back and told you about her discussion with the doctor . and you came up with the idea to kill your daughter . at that time did you think about deal essay, talking to somebody . An Essay? getting some help . trying to find other ways than killing her? Why not? Majedi demanded. The medical profession had spent 11 years trying to find ways to help, Latimer replied, and servant as leader essay, her condition had continued to deteriorate. He described how her condition had worsened with each surgery.
He described in some detail how as she got worse her seizures would be so violent that her joints would be pulled from her sockets. An Essay On Yourself? When confronted with the realities of the position she was in, we could see nothing else that could help . we could see no golden solutions to her problems. But Majedi seemed unimpressed, and continued to insist that he should have sought other options, other than, as she put it, I am going to resume cka ru plan to kill her . and I will do it when nobody's around. . Starting On Yourself? it was the best option for her . we could not ask her - she had no ability to talk . she certainly showed pain . A Makeover? we didn't have options . But you don't know if she wanted to an essay die or not; you never know. I can expect that she didn't want any more pain. I can only go by what I would have wanted for i need, myself.
Then the interview took an even more nasty turn. Speck returned again to her theme of an essay on yourself, what Latimer's feelings had been: . To New Deal Essay? you reached the decision . and starting on yourself, found a way to resume cka ru do it . It struck me as a very cold way to starting an essay do this, to take your daughter and place her in the car and hook it up and then wait for her to die . You waited, is that correct? What was going through your mind? His response did not please her; he said that what was on his mind was that a decision was made, and he had to resume cka ru act on it. So you were unemotional about the starting an essay, whole thing, Speck said. I wouldn't say that. What would you say, sir . You are here trying to explain your behavior - you need to share with me what was going through your mind at this point. No one has really asked me too much about that . Latimer answered.
In seven years of essay china, legal proceedings no one had considered such questions to on yourself be relevant, but now Speck did. Is A Good Research Paper? Latimer went on a somewhat haltingly: . it was a very personal thing . It wasn't like a big guilt trip. I still don't feel guilty. I still feel it was the best thing to an essay on yourself do. [The proposed new medical interventions] would be required by law. What I was thinking that this was the future goals, best thing for her. It wasn't, as you characterized it, cold. . it was . it was premeditated . you were not overwhelmed with grief at the moment . You made the starting on yourself, plan in advance . it actually required planning . Essay Future? I'm unclear as to an essay your state of mind . Like was I emotional? Yes. But this clearly was not the baring of soul that Speck was after.
She wanted to know how long he stayed with Tracy afterwards (unclear), and resume cka ru, then tackled him on putting Tracy back in her bed and leaving her there for her mother to discover. Your family is off in starting on yourself Church at this point . you picked her up and took her back into the house . Is A Good Research Paper? why did you let your wife discover her? . An Essay? You had not told her you were doing this, and instead of saying she died in what research paper her sleep you let her go upstairs and discover it . An Essay? What do you think about that? Was that the way to handle it? Struggling under the resume cka ru, attack Latimer said something about it being the easiest way to handle things, but giving little satisfaction to the panel, the members of which, though never having ever been themselves in on yourself any comparable situation (who has?), appeared to have very strong feelings about what exactly he ought to have done. . Future Goals? you tried to cover it up, Speck said, the only reason the world knows about this was somebody did an autopsy and discovered she was poisoned. Until that moment there was a charade going on . there was no 'I am doing this for starting an essay, the greater good and I am taking a stand on the issue of assisted suicide', or anything, right?
There was somebody covering up responsibility for i need a makeover essay, taking a life . If they hadn't done an autopsy would you have been sitting around on starting, your farm all this time? . it is important . Essay China? all sorts of people do things like this . were you ever planning to take responsibility publicly, and say 'well now we've had the nice family funeral . and starting an essay, now I'm going to i need a makeover essay stand up and tell you actually I killed my daughter? I knew they were going to do an autopsy . Mariam Majedi during this discussion was apparently still brooding about the fact that Latimer had not told his wife that Tracy had died. One wondered how this much belabored point had anything to starting an essay do with Latimer's chances of re-offending, or why the panelists appeared to essay on my goals have no sense of how Latimer's actions in this regard would help ensure that Laura would never be implicated in on yourself the deed. My colleague asked you a question . I don't think I got your response . she asked why you didn't tell your wife your daughter died in bed . you didn't answer the question . I Need A Makeover? you just put [Tracy] in bed . why didn't you tell [Laura] before she goes and discover her daughter is starting, dead . why didn't you tell your wife 'let me tell you she's dead, she died in bed' . what did you gain by not telling her ahead of time . It was just an emotional thing . I wasn't into talking about it. It was just a matter of getting through it all . there were other kids around . I understand how you can see it that way . It was just the easiest way for things to unravel, was Latimer's weary response.
Again he was being chastised for not doing things in to new deal essay exactly the right way, with exactly the right emotions, by starting an essay on yourself, people who had never been in his situation. You don't feel you're guilty, Majedi continued. It was the right thing to do, Latimer said, with a weary, frustrated tone of resume cka ru, voice. The law feels I need to be punished. We need laws and that. But if the laws allow mutilation of a child then someone needs to alter that thinking. Sir, I am not talking about the laws . what I am talking about is starting on yourself, you and your wife - the resume cka ru, mother of your child . This is the mother of the same child and you didn't tell her that you killed her, or if you did not want to say that, you did not want to get caught, that she died in bed . I just don't understand why you didn't talk to an essay your wife about it . I understand [what you are saying] . To New Essay? these are just very emotional things . I didn't have the ability to sit down and talk on a rational level . We had dealt with her problems for many years . we both came to the conclusion that she had had enough . .we were not going to allow them to do that [cut her legs off.] Finally we heard from the starting, third panel member, former police officer Ben Andersen. The leg was not going to be amputated, he corrected.
No, it would be flail joint. Opposition To New Deal? A section of her femurs would have been cut off. Andersen then went back to the issue of what Latimer might have done if there had not been an autopsy. How would you have responded? he asked. I can't say, Latimer said. Andersen asked why Tracy could not have been sent back to the group home she had stayed at for a while, suggesting that that the problem for starting an essay on yourself, the Latimers had been the burden of care, rather than the to new deal, intractable and hopeless suffering of Tracy. It was never even a consideration, Latimer responded.
It would do nothing for starting an essay, her . She was only 37 or 38 pounds when she came back from the group home the essay on my goals, previous time . She doesn't eat well for other people. The interrogation from the an essay, three inquisitors continued with Speck once again taking the lead, with a series of extraordinary comments. You said you would do it all over again . you have expressed some views of the law I find to be interesting . There are all sorts of people who hold moral views that say we'd all be better off if we could go and kill a lot of people . we don't see it that way . Why are you different? That I want to kill a lot of people? Why do you have the moral authority to take someone else's life?
*I can only essay future go by starting on yourself, what I'd want in my own circumstances . Deal Essay? The laws becomes insignificant when there's something more important . The laws were less important than Tracy was. . it is an essay, not about one person sitting around and saying what they've decided. Speck scolded. And then, apparently not grasping the problem of avoiding a double prosecution, she made some disapproving comment about how Latimer should have planned things out with his wife. . she mentioned Kevorkian he responded. . we talked about future goals, it . On Yourself? It wasn't in any way a snap decision. It wasn't as if we both didn't understand [Tracy's] problem . I wish there was more understanding of her medical problem.
Maybe you people have a pretty solid medical background - are you doctors? That's not actually relevant, sir. Yeah but it's a big part of it . the medical aspects of it . Is A Paper? Do you have a medical degree as well? Speck asked. I was stunned at the evident sarcasm of this remark.
Was this a parole hearing or a lynching? Latimer's question about the Board's medical qualifications was an innocent one. I asked him afterward about his understanding of who the Board members were, and on yourself, what their qualifications were, and he assumed they were experts of some sort, maybe professional psychologists. Speck's retort, though, asking if Latimer had a medical degree, was made in her full knowledge that he had nothing of the sort. Latimer was somewhat flummoxed by essay china, this and went on an essay, to repeat himself about the laws not being as important as Tracy. He went on to say, this was not something like sitting down and killing this bunch [of people] as you described it. So there was an emotional component, she asked. . one of the things in the file . You have a great deal of as leader, difficulty expressing your emotions, Speck continued. Is this an accurate portrayal?
Yeah, I feel it is a very private situation, he answered, mentioning how difficult this and all the public focus on his life was for an essay on yourself, him. You chose to is a good make it public, Speck said. No, I didn't, Latimer answered. [You did it] by killing someone, Speck said. When you took a life you [brought this on]. Well, okay . he answered wearily. After some other comments Speck returned to an earlier point. The psychological assessments of on yourself, you have said that you are not at essay china, general risk of violent behavior . however they did feel if you were a position where you had responsibility for starting, someone disabled or not able to care for themselves the risk would escalate.
When you saw that did you agree with that statement? Well, we spent years with Tracy, from the essay china, time of her birth . Are you suggesting that it would have to be going on for a long time for something like this to happen? Speck said. . Starting On Yourself? it is something that endures for a long time . I wouldn't walk into a room and see someone in pain and essay future goals, decide they should be gone . [Tracy's] entire life was about what was best for her. So you don't think this would happen again . is there nothing to suggest that the broader society is at risk? I understand your concerns . but anytime there is a probability it is still there . Latimer said awkwardly but honestly, meaning to say that in such a terrible situation he would do the same thing, something he deeply believed to be right. But his honesty did not serve him well. Starting An Essay On Yourself? Then Maryam Majedi went back on on my future, the offensive:
Sir, to continue that same discussion, you told the psychologist that in the same circumstances you would have done the same thing. It was the right thing to do. And if something like this happens you will do the same thing. Latimer hesitated. Well, I mean, something like this is extremely rare. And, sir, may I suggest to you that something happening like this is not quite rare. Starting On Yourself? People get involved in horrible car accidents and essay on my, they get crippled, people get cancer, they get a lot of pain, anything can happen to people around you that you love . On Yourself? you have somebody you love in pain . is that what you meant [by similar circumstance]? After some interjections by Latimer, Majedi went on: I hope your wife lives a long time very healthy, but she is someone very close to you. On My Future Goals? She can have some medical problems where she suffers pain. My concern is that you tell the on yourself, psychologists that you would do the same thing - what are you going to do to your wife when she is right beside you in i need a makeover essay pain?
Are you going to pull the plug because she is in on yourself pain and you think that it is the right thing to do? This reminded me of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's Hana Gartner and her infamous question, years earlier, to Latimer: Are your other children afraid you might do the same thing to them? Like Gartner's question, the comments at essay china, this point in the Board interrogation, were blurring the rather large distinction between a man at his wit's end in dealing with twelve years of escalating pain of his daughter, and on yourself, someone who would do in what research anyone who became a nuisance. Latimer attempted to answer this last series of questions but was not particularly effective. He mentioned that his mother was on morphine now, meaning to suggest that he wasn't about to do her in.
But the panel took it that here was a case in point. So in an essay your mother's case, if the good paper, pain killers no longer worked, Ben Andersen asked, and you and her are in the same room, is she put at risk? I don't think so, Latimer said, in the understated manner that had worked against starting an essay on yourself, him throughout the hearing. Why not? Anderson asked. Latimer tried to explain how Tracy's situation was different, but the Board seemed to have managed, in their own minds at least, to come to the highly unlikely conclusion that Latimer was indeed a significant risk to the public. The hearing ended a short time later. SOME OF THOSE DEFENDING THE board decision have claimed that remorse was not the issue in goals refusing Latimer's parole.
For example, a representative of the Downs Syndrome Society recently claimed that parole was turned down because he could not say he would not kill others in starting an essay the future. But this is a disingenuous claim - everyone knows (or should know) that Latimer is no threat to anyone. What he could not say was that what he did was wrong, because he deeply believes that it was not wrong. Interpreting that to mean that re-offending is resume cka ru, a real possibility meant that the only way out for Latimer would have been to say that what he did was wrong - a position that, for starting an essay on yourself, a person of conscience, necessarily entails remorse. In fact, then, Latimer's critics were demanding remorse. One must wonder, why did the Board require this of Latimer? Could the answer be found in the nature of these lucrative Board appointments, which come at the pleasure of the Federal party in power? It is no secret that the socially conservative government of Canada, with strong support from the Christian evangelical movement, has no sympathy for the idea of resume cka ru, euthanasia or for Robert Latimer. On Yourself? Or was there an resume cka ru, undue influence from the disabled lobby which, in its pathological fear that people are out to get the on yourself, fragile among us, wants Latimer to say he did wrong?
Or was it simply a matter of incompetence - that they just did not have the skills, intelligence and experience to handle this matter in sensible way? SURPRISINGLY THE STORY OF THE LENGTHY LEGAL PERSECUTION OF ROBERT LATIMER HAS, FINALLY, TAKEN A GOOD TURN, and we are very proud to have had a hand in this, while working on this article for Humanist Perspectives I contacted John Dixon, a philosopher and long time member of British Columbia Civil Liberties Association. On hearing the details of the hearing and reading this account of what happened there, he approached the Board of the essay, BCCI.A and persuaded them to take on an appeal of the Parole Board's decision, assuming all costs. Latimer accepted the offer of on yourself, help (I told him he could not get better people to be on his side) and lawyer Jason Gratl, then President of the Association, took on the case. Appeals of Parole Board decisions go to the Appeals Division of the Board.
It is quite unusual for new hearings to paper be ordered; it has happened 116 times in 2556 appeals over the last five years. Starting An Essay? Much more rarely, decisions are altered directly by the Appeals Division. That has happened only nine times in the same time period, and essay, most of starting, those were not outright reversals. So the what good research, odds, even for a new hearing, did not look good. But the case did. Gratl prepared a brief so compelling that it was difficult to see how any rational person could disagree with it.
Gratl's brief is reproduced in full on our web site, www.humanistperspectives.org. One further cause for starting, hope was that, though appointed like Parole Board members, the Appeal Division differs in that ii consists of people with actual qualifications to resume cka ru assess the reasonableness of the decision being appealed. Currently three of the four members are lawyers, and the fourth is a psychologist. Just before this magazine was sent off for an essay, printing it was announced that Jason Gratl's work had been successful, stunningly so. The original decision was simply reversed, on the grounds that the original panel did not weight the information correctly.
Robert Latimer was to be given day parole as soon as possible. Many Latimer supporters wept tears of relief when they heard the resume cka ru, decision. The tears were not just for starting on yourself, Latimer himself, but also for the fact that justice, for once in this case, finally prevailed. Essay China? The law was a ass, for fourteen years, peaking with the starting, antics at the parole hearing. Suddenly, though, the law in Canada looks a little less asinine.
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How to start an essay about yourself examples
12 Smart Tips for Your AMCAS Application. Attention, future doctors! The 2018 AMCAS ® application is an essay, open. Completing the American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS) application kicks off the med school admissions process. Keep the following pointers in servant as leader essay, mind as you fill out your online application. 1. Aim to send out starting your application in the J's. Plan to resume cka ru, submit your AMCAS application as early as possibleideally in June or July . Applicants are usually processed in the order that their applications are received, so send your application as early as you can. 2. Have a copy of your official transcript by your side.
Order a personal copy of your transcript so you can refer to it while filling out the Course Work Section of your application. Write down course names exactly as they appear on your transcript, including those you withdrew from, failed, or repeated. AMCAS will check you application against your official transcript, and typos or misremembering on starting an essay your part can hold things up. Get familiar with all the pieces of your AMCAS application well in advance so that there are no surprises or races to get transcripts and professor recommendations later on. For example, all official transcripts must be sent to AMCAS directly from the registrar's office, accompanied by the AMCAS Transcript Request Form. AMCAS says, Problems with transcripts are the what good research, number one cause of processing delays and missed application deadlines. In no case should you fabricate, alter, or omit information that is starting on yourself, requested on your application. If you are caught lying on servant as leader essay any part of your application, even after being accepted or starting at a medical school program, you will be barred from an essay on yourself entrance, put on resume cka ru probation, or even expelled. 5. Prioritize on starting on yourself the Work and opposition to new Activities section.
You can list up to 15 extracurricular experiences on your AMCAS application, which may include clinical, research , or volunteer activities as well as honors, awards, and distinguished publications. Don’t waste valuable real estate by on yourself, listing unrelated, substandard, or short-lived experiences. You'll have the opportunity to designate up to i need, 3 experiences as most meaningful, which will give you an additional 1,325 characters to explain why. Choose carefully! 6. An Essay! Your Personal Statement is a huge opportunity. The med school personal statement is resume cka ru, a one-page (5,300 characters) essay that gives the admissions committee the opportunity to better understand you as a candidate.
It is the best opportunity to give a human face to starting, your medical school application. Don’t underestimate the essay china, power of this statement to make a strong, positive impression on an admissions committee. AMCAS says problems with transcripts are the starting an essay on yourself, #1 cause of missed deadlines. Be sure that all your time is clearly accounted for. A Makeover! If there are gaps or ambiguities in the chronology of your education or career, it will send a red flag to the admissions committee. Starting An Essay! Even if you innocently forget to account for six months during your junior year, admissions committees may suspect that you are trying to on my goals, hide something. Don’t let grades and test scores speak for themselvesespecially if they are saying bad things about you! Be sure to explain poor or uneven performance on your application in your personal statement and your recommendation letters.
AMCAS warns that if you cut formatted text from a word document and paste it into the online AMCAS application, you might encounter formatting issues that can’t be edited once your application is submitted. Their advice is to draft your essay or significant experiences in plain text first, preferably in text-only word processing software, such as Microsoft Notepad or Mac TextEdit and then copy it into your application. 10. Recruit readers to review your essay. To maximize the chance that your personal statement has broad appeal, you will want to an essay, recruit at what is a research least three types of readers to look at it in an essay on yourself, draft form: Someone with an admissions background, such as your premed advisor, who can tell you whether the essay is addressed appropriately to your medical school audience Someone who knows you very well and who can analyze the content of the essay based on what they know about you and resume cka ru your passions. Someone with a composition or English background who can address whether your statement is starting an essay, appropriately organized, tells a compelling story, and what good paper is interesting and grammatically correct. 11. Proofread (and then proofread again) There's no spellcheck on the AMCAS application. An Essay! Make use of the “Print Application” feature, so you can print (and proofread!) a hard copy before you submit. Careless errors and spelling mistakes demonstrate inattention and a general lack of to new essay, regard for an essay the application process.
Meet with your pre-med advisor or your med school admission counselor to go over what is a your application strategy. Together you can choose which 15 experiences to highlight, who to ask to write your recommendation letters, and the personal statement topic that will make your strengths and starting an essay background shine. Want to get an edge over servant the crowd? Our admissions experts know what it takes it get into med school. Get the customized strategy and guidance you need to help achieve your goals. The Staff of The Princeton Review. Starting On Yourself! Our course teaches you the section-by-section strategies you need to essay future, tackle the MCAT. We know that great scores take work.
That's why we design our courses to be efficient, targeted and strategic so you make the most of every minute you spend prepping. Our experts know how to starting on yourself, design lessons based on how you're learning. That means we don't just record classroom lessons and resume cka ru put them in our Self-Paced prepwe design lessons FOR Self-Paced. We love our teachers, and so will you. We look for proven expertise and a sense of humor, and that's BEFORE we put them through 40 hours of training! We guarantee you’ll get higher scores and have an exceptional test prep experience.
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Essay · Asia's second-world-war ghosts. The unquiet past. Rich country, strong army. The horcrux theory of history. The Economist Newspaper Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Seven decades on from the defeat of Japan, memories of war still divide East Asia. THERE can be no more pleasing spot in Tokyo on a July evening than the starting an essay on yourself, Yasukuni shrine. Resume Cka Ru. The cicadas murmur as you pass along the avenue of ginkgo trees framing the great shinmon gate, fashioned out of starting on yourself dark balks of cypress. The chrysanthemum drapes of the essay china, worship hall flutter alluringly; lanterns line the way, and the crowds are in a holiday mood and summer robes. Parties chant with gusto as they parade past with the palanquins housing their neighbourhood deities.
Yasukuni’s summer celebrations reach their climax on August 15th, the anniversary of Japan’s defeat in the second world war. As the date draws closer the avenue expands into a Bartholomew Fair of stalls and revelry. Not everyone is jolly. Starting An Essay On Yourself. Sombre groups that include some of Japan’s few surviving war veterans and their families remember fallen friends. There are chin-jutting Yakuza thugs in suits a size too small, and strutting military fantasists kitted out with officers’ swords or kamikaze flight suits. There are protesters—many of them middle-aged or older—and police to deal, keep them in their place. And there are ghosts. Without them Yasukuni would have no purpose. The shrine honours the souls of those who have died protecting the emperor; they are revered as kami , which can loosely though not wholly satisfactorily be translated as “divine spirits”.
Consecrated in 1869, the year after the Meiji Restoration which launched Japan’s modernisation, the striking combination of solemn ritual and popular entertainment that can come as a surprise to people from on yourself, other cultures was present from the beginning; the first rites of apotheosis were attended by fireworks, cannons and sumo. The first kami so enshrined were those who had fought on the imperial side in the civil wars around the time of the Meiji Restoration. The number of their fellowship, and the size of the festivals, grew with the occupation of a makeover Taiwan (1895), Korea (1910), Manchuria (1931), China’s eastern seaboard (1937) and South-East Asia (1941). There are now 2,466,532 imperial protectors inscribed in Yasukuni’s “Book of Souls”. Collectively, they are viewed as a divine shield for the emperor. By the tenets of the shrine, all these spirits are equal. To the world at large, they are not.
No one objects to a nation honouring its war dead, even if the cause for which they fought was a bad one. But in 1978 the on yourself, priests of Yasukuni surreptitiously enshrined 14 political and military leaders, including General Hideki Tojo, the wartime prime minister, who had been found guilty by servant essay the Tokyo War Crimes Trial of planning or prosecuting the military aggression of the 1930s and 1940s. All 14 had either been executed by Japan’s new American overlords or died in prison. For many—including many in Japan—granting divine honour to such men went beyond the pale. Emperor Hirohito, in whose name millions died, stopped visiting Yasukuni; the current emperor, Akihito, has upheld the boycott.
Yet visits by conservative nationalist politicians, including the prime minister, Shinzo Abe, have increased, drawing admonishment in much of the world and stoking anger in China and starting South Korea. There are other spirits that stand out, too—less infamous, but more poignant. One is that of Lee Sa-hyon, who was a native of the city that today is Seoul but from 1910 to 1945 was Keijo, the capital of good research paper Japanese-occupied Korea. By the time Lee Sa-hyon was growing up in starting an essay on yourself the 1930s, most of his hometown’s city walls and royal palaces had been razed; there was just enough left to resume cka ru, make tour parties from Japan think that they were taking in something exotic (Korean brothels were on the tourist trail, too). Starting On Yourself. The huge dome of the governor-general’s palace dominated the what good, city centre. The Imperial Subject Oath Tower, built for the celebrations in 1940 of the (wholly fabricated) 2,600th anniversary of the an essay, Japanese imperial family, housed written vows of is a loyalty to the emperor from 1.4m Korean students. Lee Hee-ja, Lee Sa-hyon’s daughter, was born in 1943, a time when Japan’s prospects were looking grave. The Americans were fighting their way up through the country’s Pacific-island possessions. The war against China that had begun in 1937, and which the Japanese had expected to be a relatively short affair, had developed into a long struggle on an epic scale thanks to an essay, the resistance of the ascetic Christian generalissimo, Chiang Kai-shek, and his Kuomintang (KMT). The demands of the war effort stripped Korea and occupied Manchuria to its north of servant as leader essay both resources and people.
Thousands of an essay on yourself Korean women were tricked and abducted into military brothels; tens of thousands of men were forced into servant essay, labour in mines and on industrial sites, mainly in Japan. And from 1944 many were conscripted into starting an essay, the army. Lee Sa-hyon became one of those conscripts. In June 1945, just a few weeks before the i need, war’s end, he was killed in Guangdong, in southern China. His daughter is now 72.
Like all East Asian septuagenarians she has lived through times of startling disruption. Like China, Ms Lee’s country was wracked by civil war and divided into two; like Japan and Taiwan, and later China itself, it was also transformed by remarkable economic growth. Its population has tripled, its GDP risen by on yourself a factor of 50. It has become, for the first time in its history, a democracy. Servant. From the an essay on yourself, far end of a lifetime of servant essay such profound change the war might be expected to an essay on yourself, seem distant—as it does, for the most part, in America and Europe. But in ways both great and small, in the details of individual lives and in the relations between states, the war that ended 70 years ago still shapes East Asian worldviews, animating its politics—and its ghosts. In 1959 the spirit of Lee Sa-hyon was quietly enshrined at Yasukuni; having died fighting for the emperor, he became one of his divine protectors.
When his daughter found this out, in 1996, she became determined to have his name, and what is a research paper kami , removed from the shrine. “I’m not an activist or a scholar,” she says, “just the daughter of a father whom I never met. So I feel I have an obligation to him: to bring him back from Yasukuni.” His proper resting place, she has always maintained, should be at Cheonan, south of Seoul, where a memorial honours what is known as the March 1st movement: millions of starting on yourself Koreans who took to the streets in 1919 to protest against Japanese rule. Thousands were mown down; many more ended up in resume cka ru Keijo’s infamous Seodaemun prison. Moving a soul in Japan proves to be not so easy. Yasukuni’s priests were polite but firm.
Once a spirit has joined the kami there is no going back, whatever the circumstances. Ms Lee turned to the government. Officials told her that Lee Sa-hyon’s enshrinement was just evidence that all imperial soldiers had been treated equally. Starting. Ms Lee notes, though, that the government never made any attempt to what is a paper, find his remains, as it did those of Japanese soldiers. Along with others eager to an essay on yourself, liberate relatives from Yasukuni—including some Japanese—Ms Lee has turned to the courts. They have offered no joy.
In the latest set of cases, one of the names for removal is that of an elderly plaintiff, the reports of resume cka ru whose death have clearly been exaggerated—yet even being alive, it seems, does not get you struck from the list of the kami . It is rude even to ask, apparently. A recent Tokyo High Court ruling said that the starting an essay, plaintiffs should “show tolerance for others’ freedom of what research paper religion”. Why, Ms Lee asks, does Japan’s establishment not understand the humiliation of families like hers, one it would be so easy to redress? Japanese prime ministers have apologised for their country’s aggression; its government has acknowledged its culpability in enslaving women in brothels. And the Japanese know what it is to have people taken from starting, them. Mr Abe made his political reputation when, more than a decade ago, he stood up to North Korea over a number of Japanese citizens kidnapped in the 1970s and 1980s to serve the is a good paper, brutal regime as translators and spies. On Yourself. Every day Mr Abe wears a blue ribbon in his lapel as a reminder of them.
Can he not see, Ms Lee says, that her father was abducted too? But no name has ever been removed from Yasukuni. The Meiji Restoration initiated a bout of modernisation the like of which the world has never seen elsewhere. Not even China’s transformation since 1978 compares to it. In less than two generations an insular feudal shogunate became a modern power—not just an economic power, but a military one. Japan’s leaders never forgot the indignity of American gunships forcing open what Herman Melville called their “double-bolted land”. Resume Cka Ru. Fukoku kyohei , went the rallying cry: “rich country, strong army”. In the 70 years since 1945 Japan has fired not a bullet in anger. In the 70 years before that, war was central to its progress. Its expansionism began in 1874, when it launched a first punitive expedition to Formosa (now Taiwan).
In 1879 it annexed the peaceful Ryukyu kingdom—modern-day Okinawa. A war against the Qing dynasty in 1894-95, fought largely on the Korean peninsula, ended in humiliating defeat for China; its centuries-old dominance of East Asia was usurped. In 1905, in the greatest naval victory since Nelson’s at Trafalgar 100 years before, Japan sent nearly the an essay on yourself, entire Russian fleet to the bottom in the Tsushima Strait between Korea and Japan, setting the scene for i need a makeover its subsequent uncontested annexation of Korea. Given the condemnation Japanese militarism was later to receive, it is worth recalling the admiration Japan’s military modernisation inspired in these early decades. It dressed its imperial adventures abroad in a cloak of righteousness, legalism and brute force—just as Western imperial powers did. Impressed, those Western powers could hardly deny their pupil a place at the top table—even if the new member of the club was quick to detect racist slights. Asian nationalists, too, admired this new Japan—among them Sun Yat-sen, the future founder of republican China. Radicals and intellectuals flocked to Tokyo to learn from an starting Asian power that could foster pride and prosperity at home while standing up to deal, the West abroad. The admiration even extended to starting an essay on yourself, Yasukuni, embodying as it did the virtues of loyalty, self-sacrifice and patriotism.
In the early 1890s Wang Tao, a Chinese intellectual and reformer, wrote approvingly that it was “easy to understand the intention behind the Japanese government’s enshrining of the war dead: the enthusiasm of the masses will flourish, and their loyalty will never be found wanting.” Imperial China’s defeat at Japanese hands followed shortly thereafter. Like the essay china, imperialism of the an essay, European powers it sought to emulate, Japan’s colonialism was rooted in violence and, often, racism. But by the early 1930s it had also become oddly chaotic—the result not so much of a strategic aim to further national greatness as of essay china a lack of control over adventurism. The last of the oligarchs who had wielded power after the Meiji Restoration, and who had a restraining influence on the armed forces, shuffled off the starting an essay, stage. In 1931 a clique of army officers presented their occupation of Manchuria to the government as a fait accompli. After the League of Nations condemned the move, Japan withdrew from the body and entered a pact with Nazi Germany in the name of fighting communism. In 1937 a flare-up between Chinese and Japanese troops at the Marco Polo Bridge outside Beijing precipitated a “war of annihilation”, as Japan’s prime minister, Fumimaro Konoe, called it, down the length of China’s eastern seaboard. John Dower, a historian of Japan at MIT, underlines that modern societies are not mobilised for war in the name of committing aggression, and that Japan was no exception.
Its aggression was painted at home as either a defence of legitimate interests or a selfless crusade against communism. Condemnation by Western colonial powers was dismissed as so much hypocrisy: Japan was the liberator and natural leader of Asian nations suffering under Western colonialism. Pan-Asianism was the philosophical, and at times spiritual, underpinning of Japanese expansionism. As Leader. For Japan, as Mr Dower puts it, the years in which it fought to subjugate what developed into its “Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” were a period of “beautiful, modern war”. Many conservative Japanese nationalists still see the beauty of that period. Mr Abe believes that Japan’s pursuit of fukoku kyohei was essentially right then and starting on yourself still is on my future goals today, and that its resumption is the starting an essay, key to making Japan what some would call a “normal” nation again. It is what Mr Abe chooses to resume cka ru, call “the post-war” which is the shameful historical exception, with its reliance on American tutelage and a constitution that clips Japan’s wings abroad. To take such a position is starting an essay not to essay, deny that Japan did wrong.
John Delury, a historian of starting an essay on yourself East Asia at deal essay Yonsei University in Seoul, argues that, instead, it is to an essay on yourself, believe that imperial Japan behaved in war little differently from other countries. And other countries did grievous wrong. Essay On My Future. Witness the smouldering aftermath of the starting, firebombing of Tokyo, in which 100,000 died; witness the atomic bombing of opposition essay Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On this view history places no special obligation of starting remorse or apology on the Japanese: “indeed, not feeling obliged to express special remorse…is a manifestation of essay china Japan’s belated return to normalcy”. Back at Yasukuni, the shrine is bathed in beautiful lies. A visit to its associated museum, the Yushukan, finds the militarism that brought Japan to its knees still glorified.
Grim engines of death have pride of place, including the Kaiten (“Return to on yourself, Heaven”) torpedo, a 15-metre, matt-black projectile with a tiny seat inside and a small periscope—in effect, a submersible suicide vest. The atrocities of Nanjing (1937) and Manila (1945), in i need a makeover essay which Japanese troops massacred tens if not hundreds of thousands of civilians and prisoners-of-war in an orgy of murder and rape, are downplayed or denied. Always, war aims are painted as noble and pure: Japan standing as a bulwark against Western imperialism, communism or the anarchy of Chinese warlords. When Mr Abe paid his respects at Yasukuni in late 2013 he fulfilled a campaign promise and generated a diplomatic storm. Starting. Around the world China’s diplomats took to op-ed pages with the aim of stoking anti-Japan sentiment. In Britain’s Daily Telegraph the Chinese ambassador to London, Liu Xiaoming, called Yasukuni a “kind of to new horcrux, representing the darkest parts of [Japan’s] soul”. Starting An Essay. He expected his readers to know that, in the world of Harry Potter, a horcrux stores a fragment of a sundered soul in essay china hope of immortality, and can be created only by murder. He hoped they would infer that Mr Abe was the new Lord Voldemort. It was a smart stroke of rhetoric. An Essay. It was also more than a little disingenuous. China’s Communist Party has a horcrux of its own on which until not long ago it pinned all hopes of what good paper immortality—the corpse of starting on yourself Mao Zedong.
His violent rule saw the murder in purge and on my famine of millions of his countrymen. Yet since his death in an essay 1976 his remains have lodged under a huge and ugly mausoleum in Tiananmen Square, the symbolic centre of to new deal Chinese power, embalmed but very slowly putrefying. Mao is a necessary source of legitimacy for China’s rulers, but no longer a sufficient one. There is enough awareness of the an essay on yourself, violence and misrule that he oversaw that even the Communist Party has had to avow that his rule was only “70% good”. And as China’s economic and diplomatic clout grow, prestige matters to its rulers in essay china ways that never really interested Mao, and which his legacy can do nothing to promote. So a reinvigorated nationalism has joined economic growth and military strength as part of the “Chinese Dream”—a nationalism defined above all in on yourself opposition to wartime Japanese aggression. President Xi Jinping clearly sees the memory of that struggle as a tool for shaping Chinese identity. China’s leaders think memories of servant essay its role in the war should matter abroad, too.
America’s claim to starting an essay, a Pacific presence rests on its defeat of Japan. China’s claim to leadership in its region rests on what its role in on yourself that same defeat—a role for which, after all, it was at the time rewarded with one of the permanent seats on the UN Security Council reserved for the victors. Is A Research Paper. In Mr Liu’s horcrux op-ed he referred to Chinese soldiers standing “shoulder to shoulder” with Allied troops. Last month he sent this correspondent an invitation to a 70th anniversary commemoration of August 15th that refers to “the Victory of the starting an essay on yourself, World Anti-Fascist War and the Chinese People’s War against Japanese Aggression”. China’s contribution to the second world war certainly deserves a reappraisal, as Rana Mitter of the University of Oxford argues in a recent book on the Sino-Japanese war, “Forgotten Ally”. From the outbreak of as leader essay hostilities at the Marco Polo Bridge in 1937 to starting on yourself, December 7th 1941, when Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor forced America into the war, China fought Japan alone. Resume Cka Ru. Mr Mitter argues that, had China surrendered in 1938, as seemed all too likely at the time, East Asia might have been a Japanese imperium for starting an essay decades.
Instead it fought on, at enormous cost. Perhaps 15m Chinese soldiers and civilians died in essay the war of 1937-45, with 100m made refugees; of the other nations at war only the Soviet Union suffered losses on a similar scale. True, China failed in the end to beat the Japanese. Starting An Essay On Yourself. But its dogged resistance tied down hundreds of essay on my future goals thousands of Japanese troops. This is the legacy that Mr Xi insists be recognised. On Yourself. But there is an inconvenient truth. For decades the official Communist Party narrative had little space for the KMT and Chiang Kai-shek; if they were mentioned at all, it was as anti-communist forces too cowardly, corrupt or unpatriotic to take on the Japanese. China’s “liberation” came not in 1945 but in 1949—that is, with the as leader essay, Communists’ defeat of the nationalists in the civil war that followed Japan’s collapse. Communism’s victory over nationalism was thus framed as the starting an essay, end point of essay china its victory over fascism. Yet it was in an essay fact the armies of the anti-imperialist, fiercely nationalist KMT that offered the essay china, chief resistance to Japan’s army, drawing it ever deeper into starting an essay on yourself, the mire.
It was they who shared in resume cka ru the suffering, hardship and endurance on an essay on yourself the part of hundreds of millions of Chinese civilians that marked the eight wartime years beyond the relatively small and secure Communist base areas. It is resume cka ru quite possible that, had the KMT not spent so much of its force in that struggle, Chiang would have won the subsequent civil war. Viciously suppressed in the decades following the war, this part of the country’s history is now being cautiously and starting selectively rehabilitated as part of the new nationalism through which China is expressing its regional and global aspirations. Among other things, this serves the essay, purpose of uniting the stories of Taiwan—to which Chiang and the KMT fled in 1949—and mainland China, stressing the common struggle of the an essay, Chinese against essay china, Japanese aggression rather than their division by civil war. Beyond reasons of state, though, it is also bubbling up from below, as regions of China previously marginalised manifest a new desire to starting, tell their own war stories. In a large apartment in a brand-new suburb of Chongqing, a city in goals China’s south-west, Wang Suzhen, a diminutive lady in floral pyjamas, disappears into a vast faux-leather sofa surrounded by three generations of her family. Opposite, a television covering the entire wall pumps out a reality programme devoted to parental indulgence: a father takes a girl in a tutu to a ballet lesson; a little emperor in sunglasses drives a scale model of starting on yourself a BMW.
Outside, Chongqing is Dickensian in its smog and nearly hellish in its summer heat, the Yangzi river winding brown and swollen at the feet of its steep hillsides. Chiang Kai-shek retreated to Chongqing with his government in 1938, the year after Nanjing, then the capital of the Republic of China, fell to the Japanese amid great slaughter—an infamous victory which put the invaders in control of nearly all of China’s coast, including Shanghai. Opposition. Millions of Chinese followed Chiang to Chongqing; it was the provisional capital until the end of the war. They were seven hard years. Though geographical remoteness and starting an essay on yourself mountain topography offered the city a degree of protection, the war was always present. Many civilians died in air raids; on good research June 5th 1941 some 1,500 civilians died from suffocation in a single shelter. Boatmen were paid half a kilo of rice per body to take the corpses out of the city. The Wang family did better than most. Starting. Living outside Chongqing in a town called Shilong, they escaped the air raids. Just six days before the is a, defeat of starting an essay on yourself Japan, Ms Wang was born. What Is A Research Paper. Soon after the starting, family moved to Chongqing proper where they made a living selling the silk embroidery they made in the city’s wholesale markets.
But the Communist victory in the civil war changed the city. Chongqing’s sense of itself as a centre of resistance, and its price in its wartime experience, were suppressed. Its Monument to Victory in the Anti-Japanese War was renamed the opposition deal, Liberation Monument. People with a “bad” class background—that is, evil “landlords” and nationalists who had come to the region with Chiang Kai-shek—were stigmatised. Ms Wang’s family was forced out of the city and into the countryside. One political campaign after another washed over the agricultural collective where Ms Wang’s mother struggled to an essay on yourself, feed eight children. Ms Wang remembers a cow being brought to the production team in winter, but having no hay with which to feed it. Then people started eating grass themselves, leading to bloating and sometimes starving all the same.
Later, during the opposition to new essay, Cultural Revolution, Red Guards dragged evil “landlords” outside and beat them. “We didn’t ask questions,” Ms Wang says. “We didn’t dare speak, or we’d get beaten too.” In 1987 Ms Wang and her family left the commune and prospered growing their own crops for market. The government gave her daughter, a teacher, a flat, into which they all moved. In 1989 they got their first television, and a fridge. On Yourself. In 2005 they bought their first car.
No one in the family imagined that things could change so fast. Servant. A few years ago Ms Wang found spiritual comfort, too. It happened when an starting an essay on yourself elderly relative died, leaving behind her troubled ghost. A Taoist master was called in to appease the ghost but it did not work. “Then some Christian friends said that their kind of essay future goals prayers could bring peace, and they did.” The ghost no longer troubles the family; Ms Wang goes to church each week. In her spiritual development Ms Wang is somewhat unusual; in her family’s enrichment she is an essay quite typical of her city. And as the south-west has grown richer, so it has started to servant, tell the story of starting its wartime experience more openly.
On August 15th Chongqing’s newspapers used to spout the same national narrative one might read in Beijing. Now they celebrate local wartime heroes. The air-raid shelter that suffered the disaster of 1941 has been designated as a memorial site. In Chiang Kai-shek’s hilltop hideout of Huangshan visitors are welcomed by servant as leader essay a young actor decked out in the generalissimo’s scholarly gown and thin moustache. If Chongqing is reclaiming its past—and China as a whole coming to acknowledge the role of nationalism, and not just communism, in fighting the forces of imperialism—what does that mean for starting an essay relations with the Japanese? There are signs it may improve them; a more nuanced view of essay china Chinese history permits a more nuanced view of on yourself its adversary. On the face of essay china it, Ms Wang still sees things the old way: the Japanese, she says, are cruel and starting an essay on yourself she dislikes them. Has she ever met one?
No, she admits, but—nodding at the television—she sees them all the time. Reminded that the Japanese in the war movies on television are Chinese actors in costume, she laughs. “It’s just propaganda, I know,” she says, before becoming absorbed along with the rest of the essay future, family in the girl in an essay on yourself the pink tutu. Mr Xi’s use of old antagonisms to essay, buttress a modern nationalist identity is a worrying one. An Essay. But there is a lot else shaping the ideas of a richer society than any China has known. As if to underline the point Ms Wang murmurs, as much to herself as to this correspondent, “Who would miss the past?” The spirits of Yasukuni are not the only ones with whom Mr Abe communes. I Need Essay. After his election victory in 2012 he went straight to the tomb of an essay his grandfather to make a promise. Like his grandson, Nobusuke Kishi rose to be prime minister, serving from essay future goals, 1957 to 1960. A fervent nationalist, he had nonetheless accepted, in the face of Japan’s surrender to starting an essay, the United States and its neutered post-war role as little brother, that the restoration of wealth had to opposition deal essay, come before the resumption of an essay on yourself power. But—and Kishi was clear on this point—this was to be only a temporary expedient.
In 1965 Kishi argued that rearmament was necessary as “a means of a makeover eradicating completely the consequences of Japan’s defeat and the American occupation. It is necessary to enable Japan finally to starting, move out of the research, post-war era and for the Japanese people to regain their self-confidence and pride as Japanese.” The words could have come from Mr Abe’s manifesto. The promise Mr Abe made by his grandfather’s grave was that he would “recover the true independence” of Japan. This is not to say that Mr Abe is anti-American. An Essay On Yourself. Like his grandfather, he needs America to ensure his country’s security. Opposition Deal Essay. He has strengthened the countries’ military alliance, agreeing to starting on yourself, revised defence guidelines in April in the face of a rising China. But he feels deeply America’s role in “the history of to new deal Japan’s destruction”—by which he means not the physical devastation of the war, but the starting on yourself, subsequent period of American-imposed order.
He hates the war-crimes tribunal that sat in Tokyo: what hypocrisy to hang the Japanese leaders who conquered Asia at the same time as the Western powers were reasserting their rule in Asian colonies. He sees the constitution imposed on the country as constraining Japan’s legitimate ambitions. A left-wing conspiracy in education inculcates war guilt and an aversion to to new deal, patriotism. The role of that post-war order in the subsequent seven decades of peace, prosperity and starting an essay on yourself democracy from which Mr Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party has been a great beneficiary is passed over in such analysis. Yet America is in no position to call Japan’s nationalists out on the grounds of double standards. It was, after all, General Douglas MacArthur who chose not to prosecute Emperor Hirohito for i need essay the crimes that were committed in his name and by starting a political system to which he was central, on the unprovable but implausible grounds that a crushed people would be more biddable with their emperor still in place.
That decision made it harder for resume cka ru Japan to examine its actions, and make a full accounting of them, both to its victims and to itself. The cold war, for an essay on yourself which America needed experienced, conservative allies in Japan, removed any lingering chance of such a reckoning. I Need A Makeover. Almost immediately after the Tokyo tribunal handed down its first batch of sentences, the other people indicted for Class A crimes were released from Tokyo’s Sugamo prison and put in positions of authority. Notable among them was the mastermind of Japan’s Manchurian puppet state, known as Manchukuo, in north-east China. By harnessing private capital to a heavily state-directed economy, he had turned Manchukuo into the engine of Japan’s war machine. Mark Driscoll of the University of North Carolina at an essay on yourself Chapel Hill has written of the system’s “necropolitical” vision of dehumanised Chinese labour. Yet the resume cka ru, brutal human cost of an essay this experimental, hyper-modern state is servant now largely forgotten, while its marriage of private capital and heavy state direction was a direct inspiration not just for Japan’s post-war development, but also, subsequently, for that of South Korea—and China, too. And the mastermind behind this?
Nobusuke Kishi himself. Mr Abe’s uncritical belief that his country’s essence is inextricably bound into the institutions of the an essay on yourself, Meiji Restoration and all that they went on to spawn is wrongheaded. But it is equally wrong to decry all aspects of continuity between Japan’s pre-war and post-war. On all sides ghosts are kept locked away. Instead they should be allowed to speak and also to listen—to hear and voice the complex truths of war, responsibility and victimhood. Xu Ming remembers the first time she found herself outside without her mother holding her hand. She asked a group of children if she could play. “ ‘No’, said one. ‘Why not?’ I asked. ‘Because you’re a xiao riben guizi —a little Japanese devil.’ Then the tallest child intervened. ‘Okay’, he said, ‘You can play. But you have to be a dog. You must crawl between our legs and resume cka ru say bow-wow.’ So I did that. Starting An Essay. And then they started hitting me.”
Ms Xu was born in Heilongjiang province in north-east China, part of Manchuria, in 1944—three years after Kishi had been recalled from his position there to serve as industry minister in Tokyo. Resume Cka Ru. She was an only child brought up by starting an essay loving and protective parents. And she was badly bullied. When she was seven her class were taken to see a war film that showed Communist troops in glorious battle against the murderous, evil Japanese. The children around her starting shouting “Down with the Japanese”. And then they were spitting at her. After the film the teacher held a roll call, but Xu Ming was missing. The teacher found her crouched under her chair, her eyes red with crying. Resume Cka Ru. She scolded the class: Xu Ming, she said, is only a child; and the film is only a film. That day, Xu Ming determined to be a teacher.
A year later an officer from the Public Security Bureau came to her house. Xu Ming was sent outside but craned to on yourself, hear the conversation. Resume Cka Ru. The officer was shouting: “You had better admit it: the child is Japanese and an essay on yourself you adopted her.” Her mother burst into tears. Xu Ming ran in to comfort her. Mother and essay china daughter cried so much that the officer gave up any further questioning. It was then that Xu Ming asked: “I’m Japanese, aren’t I?” “Yes”, her mother replied, “you are.”
According to John Dower, there were over 6m Japanese stranded overseas when the war ended. Their story is strangely little told, even in starting an essay on yourself Japan. A Makeover. Something over half of the stranded were servicemen, many wounded, malnourished or diseased. The rest were administrators, bank clerks, railwaymen, farmers, industrialists, prostitutes, spies, photographers, barbers, children. For them and for their families and friends back home, just as for an essay conscripted and to new deal essay exiled Chinese and Koreans in similar situations, August 15th was far from a definitive end. A year after its defeat 2m Japanese had still not made it home. Many never did. A national radio programme, “Missing Persons”, was launched in 1946. It went off-air only in 1962.
The Allies took advantage of surrendered servicemen. The Americans used 70,000 as labourers on Pacific bases. The British, in a supreme irony, made use of over starting on yourself 100,000 Japanese to reassert colonial authority over parts of South-East Asia that had just been “liberated”. In China tens of what research thousands of on yourself Japanese fought on both sides of the civil war. The worst fate was to resume cka ru, be under Russian “protection”. The Soviet Union, which entered the war in its last week, accepted the surrender of Japanese forces in on yourself Manchuria and northern Korea. Perhaps 1.6m Japanese soldiers fell into its hands. Servant. About 625,000 were repatriated at the end of 1947, many having been sent to labour camps in Siberia and starting an essay submitted to intense ideological indoctrination. Deal Essay. Others were able to make their way south to the American-controlled sector of the Korean Peninsula. In early 1949 the Soviets claimed that only starting 95,000 Japanese remained to be repatriated—leaving, by essay china Japanese and American calculations, over an essay on yourself 300,000 unaccounted for. In August 1945 there were also 1m Japanese civilians in Manchuria.
Some 179,000 are thought to have died trying to get to Japan in essay the confusion and an essay on yourself Soviet-perpetrated violence following surrender, or during the harsh winter of 1945-46. Children returned to Japan as orphans, the i need essay, family’s ashes in starting on yourself a box hung around their neck. In Manchuria parents begged Chinese peasant families to take in their youngest children. That is what Ms Xu’s natural mother had done. Her father, serving in the imperial army, had been dragged off to Siberia. Her mother thought Ming, the youngest of her daughters, would not survive the journey to Japan. She begged a couple to essay china, take the baby. When that couple later had more children of their own they sold Ming on to the Xu family. In due course Ms Xu passed as a teacher.
She qualified with flying colours that might have hinted at a stellar career. But the starting an essay on yourself, following years were spent teaching the children of loggers in dismal mobile camps deep in opposition essay Heilongjiang’s forests. “There’s nothing you can do about it,” her professor had said: “You’re Japanese.” In the timber camps they ground up sweetcorn husks and tree bark for bread, but living in starting on yourself such remote places shielded Ms Xu from the worst madness of the Cultural Revolution. Back in her home town the essay china, ethnic-Japanese dentist, gentle and diligent, was dragged to the crossroad with a sign around her neck denouncing her as a Japanese spy. Every time she was asked whether she was a spy and denied it she was hit. Three days later she was dead. In 1972 the Japanese prime minister, Kakuei Tanaka, visited China, initiating a programme of billions of on yourself dollars of bilateral aid for its former foe. Japanese people started coming to Heilongjiang to resume cka ru, look for family members. A visiting journalist promised Ms Xu he would place advertisements on her behalf in Japanese publications so that she might find her birth family. An old soldier in Hokkaido responded to one, certain she was his daughter. In 1981 a visa was secured for Ms Xu.
She was intensely excited to go to Japan; her meeting with the old soldier was emotional. Then a DNA test showed they were not related. The old soldier would have no more to do with her. Japanese bureaucrats threatened to deport Ms Xu: Chinese court documents affirming her Japanese blood counted for nothing. While fighting through the courts to stay, she volunteered her help at starting an essay on yourself a local NGO dealing with the “Manchurian orphans”. Is A Good Research. One morning, in a nearby cafe, two Japanese women on the way to the NGO asked whether they could share her table. Of course, Xu Ming said, in her still accented Japanese. The women asked whether she was Chinese and starting if so from as leader essay, where? Heilongjiang, Xu Ming replied. That’s where our mother left our sister, the women said. Starting An Essay. The coincidences grew: the town, the name of the servant as leader, family, Li, that first adopted Ms Xu, the Li home being right by starting an essay on yourself the railway track.
The three sisters were together again for opposition the first time since 1945. For Sumie Ikeda, as Ms Xu now knew herself to be, the elation was tempered only by her learning that their mother had died just months before. But now her ghost, at an essay least, could rest. The lives scarred in the second world war are nearing their ends. The Asian history they are part of continues to shape the worlds of those people’s children and grandchildren, though. In some places it is a makeover essay distorted, in others denied. Some victims and some victors are commemorated. An Essay. Others are forgotten. In the 1960s a head priest at Yasukuni more liberal than today’s put up a tiny shrine in a corner of the grounds to pacify the spirits of fallen enemies.
It is now surrounded by essay china a high metal fence, and out of starting an essay bounds to visitors. I Need A Makeover. On its annual feast day in July a young priest unceremoniously places a bowl of fruit outside the shrine as an offering and shambles off. As for starting an essay the Japanese victims of aggression—the young soldiers, let down by their generals, who died of hunger and disease in New Guinea jungles, the servant essay, hundreds of thousands of civilians killed as the war came to the Japanese home islands: they are nowhere to be seen. Yasukuni remembers only glorious deaths. “Who would miss the past,” asks Ms Wang, from her sofa in Chongqing. An Essay On Yourself. Who indeed?
But the past is not just there to be missed. The world is becoming ever more suburban, and essay the better for it. In which something old and powerful is encountered in a vault. As China becomes, again, the world#039;s largest economy, it wants the respect it enjoyed in centuries past. Why has it run into trouble, and what can be done to revive it? Five historical crises show how aspects of starting an essay today’s financial system originated—and offer lessons for today’s regulators. The world is becoming ever more suburban, and the better for it. In which something old and powerful is encountered in a vault.