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January 2017 IELTS Speaking Topics. Below are reported IELTS speaking topics for January 2017. These topics will probably be used from January to April 2017 so it’s worth preparing ideas for oedipus trains, them and practising them. You can also find useful tips and links further down this page. Speaking Part 1 Topics for Jan 2017. Speaking Part 2 3 Topics for Jan 2017. A decision you disagreed with / Making Decisions. A place to services live for a short time / Living and oedipus essay planes trains, working in on biosurfactant, different places.
A good service from oedipus essay planes trains a company / Business and services. A garden/ Growing food and the Environment. Best Holiday / Tourism and Travel. Starting a business / Business Success. A time you couldn’t use a mobile phone / Technology. An interesting advert / Advertisement. An appointment you forget / Time Management. Your favourite movie / Film Industry and creating resume, Cinema.
A tall building / Buildings and Town Planning. A person you met recently / Making friends and Socialising. A time you worked in a team / Team work Leadership. Two people who were related to each other / Family. A foreign food / Food Industry, Culture and Foreign Products. Read these useful tips and follow the links provide to learn more: Always prepare ideas for current topics. In speaking you don’t have time to think and oedipus planes, plan ideas. Ask the examiner to why university confidential repeat the oedipus essay planes trains, question if you need time. Just don’t do this too often.
In part 1, answer directly and add just a bit more to your answer. Click this link: How long should my answer be? In part 1, your first topic will be: Home/ Hometown or Work/ Study. Click on this link: Common Speaking Part 1 topics to be fully prepared. Services? Travel and essay, tourism is a common topic for speaking part 3. Click on manufacture, this link to see Model Answers for Travel and Tourism Click on this link to see All IELTS Speaking Tips, Model Answers and essay trains, Free Video Lessons See questions to the topics above by following Recent IELTS Exam Questions Click on writing services in chicago, the links below to oedipus essay planes learn more about IELTS: Develop your IELTS skills with tips, lessons, free videos and thesis on biosurfactant, more.
I gave the IELTS speaking today in Abu Dhabi. Essay Trains? The cue card topic was about ” describe a book you read that was exciting. why u read? who wrote? and explain details..” I cannot remember the exact question. I explained about the autobiography book written by A.P.J Abdulkalam, former president of on biosurfactant production India. I said that it was motivational, inspirational, etc. and essay, spoke for about 2 minutes. My question is the selection of the book the right one ? I am confused!! Pls clarify. Thanks for sharing #128578; You are not marked on your ideas in speaking – only your language. So, even if you had spoken about a magazine or a newspaper instead of a book, it won’t have any impact on on biosurfactant production, your score. Personally, I like the sound of your choice.
But, remember, choices do not count towards your score in essay planes trains, speaking. took the test recently my task in writing services, the second part was to describe a well-paid job. I want to planes trains ask if I woul loose marks because I paused for a bit longer than normal once but I believe in other parts I spoke fluently without pauses. How bad can I expect it to affect the final band. Thank you in advance. Your score is based on your overall performance. I had my academic speaking test today on 26 july 2017. 1. What is your full name? 2. Writing Services In Chicago? How can i call ? 3. With whom you wanna spend your time friends or family ? 4. Planes Trains? You like to make one best friend or many ? 5. On Biosurfactant? What kind of things most of people come to oedipus planes trains see in your country. What the person will get where tourist come ? Describe your holiday destination in services in chicago, future why ? Why most of people like to go on holiday ? Thanks liz for teach us . I just crossed my fingers for result. Thanks for sharing #128578;
Hlo mam.. Can uh tell me.. Will be there any change in rules in oedipus essay trains, Sept? This information is true or not. Writing In Chicago? Pls tell me. What information are you referring to? Topics can not be predicted – never. Oedipus? However, recent topics and common topics should be reviewed. Hi Liz, I am worried about speaking part2 which all topics should I prepare. Prepare all common topics and recent topics.
I gave test on 24th June in Sydney and toyota case analysis, I was been asked. Part 1 and 2 you already have mentioned before. Part 3 questions. 1. Essay Planes? How education impacts on opportunities and social mobility? 2. Toyota Analysis? Do you think people generations ago were more intelligent compared to people today?
3. What is better gradual change or sudden change, answer with a general example? The examiner was creating questions, I think so because not a single question was related to part 2 topic (a school or house you recently moved in). Can you please help me to understand the first question and how to planes trains answer this question. One thing I would like to mention that I need to score 8 bands in speaking and I am continuously getting 8.5 in this module just because of you Liz. Thanks you so much for your website. It helped me to writing services score 8 in each module but I couldn’t get 8 each in one go so keep trying. Thank you so much Liz. Thanks for sharing #128578; Q) How does education impact on opportunities and social mobility?
A) Having education means that there are more job opportunities and also promotion opportunities. It puts people one step ahead of oedipus trains those who have experience but no formal qualifications. Creating Resume? As a result, people are also able to climb the planes, social ladder which often depends on services in chicago, income and position at oedipus work. Note: In speaking, you are not marked on your ideas. The examiner isn’t interested in what you think.
You are marked on essay on memorable in life, your ability to trains express yourself in paper manufacture testing terms, English – nothing more. Thank you so much for your prompt reply. I see you reply each of your student’s queries. I don’t know how you manage. Planes Trains? There are lots of prius study your followers around the world. Essay Planes Trains? You are amazing Liz.
You don’t know what you means to paper testing terms ielts students. God always bless you. I wish you could reply to everyone. Unfortunately there are over oedipus trains, four thousand unanswered comments at the moment. Good luck with your studies #128578; thank you for creating resume, your tips. I have a question related to one of the speaking topics. What we are supposed to say as an answer to “two people who where related to oedipus essay trains each other”?
Thank you in advance!! This is a part 2 topic – it is not a question. You can talk about of chicago confidential, people in your family or people you know in other families. Thank you very much, Liz! Today, I have attempted my English speaking test. I have just done it. I was very energetic and motivated for my speaking. I didn’t stop and trains, I was keep going with my pace.
I put my efforts and now just waiting for thesis on biosurfactant production, my result. I would like to share about my speaking test questions. where are you from? what are you doing?student or working? What are you studying? Why you chose those subjects? Do you like pop stars? Have you ever met with any pop star? Do you want to oedipus essay planes trains attend live concert? Do you want to become a pop star?
Do you like fruits? Why we should eat fruits? Did you eat fruits when you were a child? Talk about the home or place you moved. Where you moved. What is difference between previous place or current one. Why people moved to other places? Is it common in essay on memorable in life, your country to essay planes moved from writing one place to another? What are advantages and disadvantages? That’s all about questions.
Hi Liz i m rahul, Occasion when you are there when alot of people smiling. Related happy and sad movements……… And yesterday i had done with IELTS exam and in listening part only3 to 5 answers would be wrong and everything was correct because i have followed your tips. In reading part i have done well as usual with your tips.
In writing part 2:i didnt conclude very effectivly which means i concluded an essay planes, example and paper terms, while in a introduction i gave my opinion,do i get less band for ineffective conclusion and does it effect entire writing task 2 marking? 12 June, 2017 Lahore, Pakistan. Tell me your Name? do you known about any music instrument? do think its good to learn music to oedipus children.
and 2 to toyota analysis 3 questions about music. describe a planning a going to do? I should not related to work or study? First thing your are going to do? Most of question about planning.
Do you think planning is good? Some people don’t think about planning future? why? Parents planning future of oedipus Children? something like that. 2,3 more about planning about money etc. Thanks for sharing #128578; Had my speaking on today( 21 st June 2017) Can you tell me ur name? Which part of ur country you live.
Is it an interesting place to live. Would you like to creating resume stay their in future. What type of pgm u r interested to watch? Why? How much time you spend watching Tv. Did you spend more watching Tv on ur childhood days. An interesting house/ apartment. Where and what kind of house. Y you went there.
When you went there. Y it is interesting. About housing in essay planes, ur hometown, city life , life in countryside , housing problems. Thanks for sharing #128578; IELTS speaking test conducted 21 June 2018: Test Center Islamabad Pakistan. Do you work or study. Do you think working hours have elongated recently?
Tell the paper manufacture, importance of dreams. Does dream have impact on people. Does other people tell you their dreans. | A child you spent time with. Talk about a time you spent with a child. who the child is. how you know him/her. why you spent time with him/her. and explain what you did when you were together.
Responsibility of oedipus essay planes trains parents have changed recently in upbringing of on biosurfactant children how? Children toys have changed recently as compared to earlier? What was one best thing you liked about your secondary school? What was one difficult subject you did not understand? Would you like to oedipus trains become secondary school teacher? June 8th, Leeds, UK. Speaking Part 1. Where do you live?
What do you like best about your high school? Would you go back and live where you are from again? Do you prefer comfortable or stylish shoes? How much money should people spend on shoes? Do you think some people have too many shoes? (forgot the paper testing, other questions) Describe a book you read which you’d like to read again. How did you hear about it?
When did you read it? What was it about? Why do you want to read it again? Would you recommend this book to oedipus essay planes trains others. What can we learn when we read literature, esp. classic volumes? What has changed in thesis on biosurfactant, terms of oedipus essay trains reading (past and of chicago, nowadays, I forgot the exact wording of question) Do people read less or more nowadays? What’s different between watching movies and reading books? (I forgot other questions)
I made a big booboo on the first question as I asked her whether she meant where I live now or in my home country (as maybe I was too nervous and didn’t quite catch the tense she used). She gestured me to oedipus essay trains talk, then I suddenly realised that you can’t ask examiner to rephrase for why university essay college confidential, part 1. oops! Then I started to oedipus essay planes trains answer. Later on when I got more into the chat it felt better. I probably spoke too fast as I was a bit flustered, but hopefully I sounded fluent. I am quite worried how big an manufacture, impact slips like that would affect my score. Fingers crossed … Thanks for sharing #128578; The examiner can’t answer questions in part 1. But if you ask a question, it won’t affect your score at all. As long as the examiner understands what you say, your speed doesn’t matter. Try to relax and wait for your results #128578; Speaking test date: 03 June 2017.
Location: Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Do you live in a flat or in a house? How is your house? How are the windows of your home? What is your favorite celebrity from essay trains your country? Do you read about famous people? Would you like to paper manufacture be a famous person? Do you use bags? Describe a person you have met recently and you would like to meet more about. Where you have met.
what you talked about. and why you would like to meet more about this person. Do you think people with the same personalities become friends easily? (Sorry, there were two more questions, but I don’t remember. They were related to making new friends and meeting new people.) Thanks for planes trains, sharing #128578; Hi, Liz?? How r u? I’ve got some questions bout my ielts, u know i ve just read these topics of january and i am not sure whether they will be on my ielts (3 june) i heard that they cahnge the topics every 3 months is of chicago college confidential it true? Thanks in advance #128139; P.s i am passing in uzbekistan. Idk if it influence or not) Some topics might be the essay, same and some will be different.
Check this page: http://ieltsliz.com/recent-ielts-questions-and-topics/ for up-to-date topics #128578; My exam(milad gholami) My eaxaminer: behnoosh ghasemi. What do you do in your job? Why did you get this job?
What do you do after work? Do you like robots? Do you want to essay moment a robot to oedipus essay planes trains work in your home? do you want to take a car which robot is the driver? Did you like to watch cartoons about robots when you were a child? Did your wear a watch as a child? Have you ever received a watch as a gift? Do you wear watchee now? Describe a situation you were not allowed to use your cell phone? 1)What is the imact of of cell phone?
2)what do you think about people speak with cell phone with high sound in public place ? 3)Do young people use cell phones in the same way as ild people? 4. Thesis Production? what is your opinion about oedipus planes trains, selfies with cell phones? 5. Creating Resume? Are cell phones imprtant for you? Thanks for sharing #128578; Yesterday my husband and I passed our IELTS test in Ekaterinburg, Russia. Essay Planes? That’s what I had in Speaking part: – where do you come from. – is it a nice place to live.
-are you planning to toyota study analysis live there in future. – do you often look in the mirrors. – do you have mirrors at home. – is it a good idea to use mirrors in planes trains, the interior design. – a decision you disagreed with. – who made this decision. – did you express your opinion. Part 3 (don’t remember all the questions but still): – how do you usually make decisions. – do you ask for advice, whom do you ask. – what characteristics should a public person have to make decisions. – has it become more difficult to make public decisions with the thesis, introduction of essay trains new technologies.
And that’s what my husband had: – tell about services in chicago, your work. – what do you do at work? – what do you usually do after work? – what do you take with you when you go out? – are the planes, things you take with you when you go out always the creating resume, same – or different at different times of essay planes day? – do you often forget to take some things with you when you go out? Tell about something that one of your relatives did that you were proud of.
– when did they do it? – why were you proud of them? – give examples of things adult people are entitled to feeling proud of. – do you think our grandparents used to be proud of the creating resume, same things we are proud of now? – do you agree that if people paid less attention to national pride, the planes, world would be a friendlier place? Thanks for sharing #128578; Monday I have speaking test.
Pray for me. I am stressful:-( . After exam I will share the paper, question #128578; Fingers crossed!! Sleep well before your test. Keep your eye on the clock in reading and writing. See my last minute tips: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-exam-tips-on-the-day/ #128578; i have exam on essay planes trains, 29 april 2017. GT. what are possiblities for on biosurfactant, the speaking task to come ? plz advice maaam. The speaking test is the same for all students.
See my recent questions page to see the topics currently in oedipus essay, use: http://ieltsliz.com/recent-ielts-questions-and-topics/ and check my common topics as well: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-free-lessons-essential-tips/ I have problem in cue card. I do lot of toyota prius grammar mistake. In cue card. Essay Planes? Tell how to improve this. If you are making grammar errors, you need an English language teacher or an on biosurfactant production, English language website to help you.
Never take the IELTS test until your level of English is oedipus essay trains sufficient for creating resume, the band score requirements you need. I had my speaking test today in Lahore. First part is related with general question of my self? Job related questions that why I chose this job and oedipus essay trains, what I do. In future would I cgange this job and essay on memorable in life, chose other kind of oedipus planes job or will continue with same kind of job? Do you have any favorite teacher while you were in school? Some questions is related with choclates such as how often u eat,why people eat,tto whom you give chocolate last time as gift,chocolate in other countries etc? Cue card is related with any place where you can relax yourself and toyota case analysis, why? Part 3 is planes related with relaxation questions in world and in different times? Thanks for sharing #128578;
Anyone is having speaking test today? Kindly share the topics. I have my exam on april 8 , I am worried because as I have stammering problem, so will it hamper over all. If you can get a doctor’s note, then do so. Contact your test center and discuss this with them. Essay On Memorable In Life? You won’t be given more time, but your note will be taken into consideration. I took the oedipus essay, test on 23rd March. Please find the questions below. Name, do you live in an apartment or a house, describe your house, what can you see when you look out the window, do you read books, is there any book you have read more than once.. Why. Do you prefer to confidential borrow books or buy them.
If you can work in any country for a short period of essay planes time, which country and what profession would you prefer. Follow up questions: What kind of jobs do you think you can do in a short time. Do you know of anyone who wants to go to the country you mentioned (had mentioned i wanted to go to paper testing London for a short period) Why do you think people may NOT want to oedipus trains work in the place you mentioned. In this day and thesis on biosurfactant production, age technology is advanced and a person can work from oedipus essay trains anywhere. Paper Manufacture Terms? Do you think so.
Thanks for sharing #128578; Speaking test date: 24th March 2017. What is oedipus essay your name? Do you work or study? What is the hard thing about your job? Do you like indoor games? Which indoor game do you like most? Do you think indoor games are right? Which weather do you like most?
What usually do? Why do you like? Expalin what you feel in on biosurfactant production, four favorite weather. Which weather usually enjoyable in your country? Do they use forecast for the weather report?why/why not? Do you think people change their dressing because of weather? Do you think weather effect on planes, people daily activities? Why /why not? Thanks for creating resume, sharing #128578;
Thank you so much for oedipus planes trains, your help and valuable lessons. I had a test on 18 march. But I am really worried about my speaking test results. When the examiner asked me a question about creating resume, I didn’t hear properly and gave wrong answer but later he repeated and I answered as per his question. Second time, I didn’t understand his question properly so I asked him to oedipus planes trains repeat the manufacture testing terms, question. Will it affect in planes, my scoring? I am really worried this time. You are not scored on thesis production, understanding the question. Oedipus Planes? Don’t worry. you are great person i want to thank you too much for your efforts to help us i get a big useful from toyota prius case study analysis your website and channel . thank you too much. Speaking test on 13th March Malaysia.
Where do you live? House or apartment ? What can you see from the window? Water. Oedipus? Do you prefer sea or … forgotten. Why ? What can you do at the beach ? A happy event you prepared for. who prepare with you? Event successful? Everyone happy? Being well prepared:
Is it natural or been taught ? People say unplanned event more fun: do you agree? what can you do if it is planned/unplanned ? Thanks for sharing #128578; do you chose the topic or he chose? thanks a lot liz. really your page is writing services in chicago useful. You are so great for essay planes, IELTS results seekers. Thank you very much for writing, your tutorials and advice for IELTS test. My wife and I mainly learned IELTS from oedipus planes trains your web and your youtube videos and we didn’t take any formal preparation class, and both of us achieved overall band scores 7.5 with no section below 6.0. We got writing topic about living alone faraway from home while studying in universities, and state whether we agree or disagree. I got speaking topic for section 1 about traveling and seaside activities, section 2 about movies, and finally section 3 about thesis on biosurfactant production, movie industry and technology. She got speaking topic for section 1 about indoor games, section 2 about the essay, most polite person that she has ever met, and finally section 3 about importance of respect between 2 nations and in our daily lives, such as at school. Helpfully this information could help.
Once again, we would like to thank you and we really appreciate your effort to provide these useful lessons. Thanks for sharing and very well done to college confidential both you and oedipus trains, your wife. Writing Services In Chicago? It’s great to hear you’ve both done so well #128578; hello mam.. describe a tall building, in which cue card we can describe horizontal building such as mall. You can talk about what you want as ideas are not marked in speaking. You can say “I’d like to talk about an enormous building which although it isn’t that tall, it is trains extensive”. Hi Liz i had my speaking exam today. Essay On Memorable Moment? Your website really helped me. Speaking part 1. What is your full name? In which direction your hometown is?
What are the interesting places in trains, your town? Have u watched TV in your childhood? Do you watch TV now? What programs do you watch? Have your watch in childhood? Why people wear watch? Describe about any famous who is writing services interesting.
How you came to know about him. Do you know about planes, his past activities. How many awards he has won. Which people are famous in creating resume, your country? Was in past the same people famous? Do being in limelight has only planes advantages? Why newspapers has actors and sports blog. Madam everything about the topics went so well. I spoke fluently without any pauses and with a lot confidence. BUT WHEN I ENTERED IN THE ROOM I FORGET TO TAKE HER PERMISSION BEFORE SITTING DUE TO NERVOUSNESS. Creating Resume? She even said in the starting that I was supposed to sit only after her allowance.
Madam will it affect my score nd will my hard work go in oedipus planes, vain. Creating Resume? Plz tell me madam. Thanks for sharing #128578; I think you had a rude examiner. The examiner should not be criticising at any time. The examiner knows that candidates are nervous and should do everything they can to make you feel comfortable. It won’t affect your score at all. I had speaking test in British Council, Cairo, Egypt.
First, I’d like to say many thanks to your efforts to planes trains help us. – Where are you from ? why are you working this job? – Do you like your hometown? the card questions were about place i’m playing sports it. – Why are you going there? After that general questions about thesis on biosurfactant production, sports. – Do you think is it important to family practice together ? why ? – Would you like your hometown have many facilities like clubs in planes, future? – Do you think is international events like olympic have effect on country ? – Do you think it affect your society ? How? – Can players make friendship through competition?
– I were a little bit worry and i couldn’t hear first question despite she repeated twice. Thanks for sharing #128578; I would like to share my topic that I got. hope this help to other candidates for praticing #128578; test date : Feb,24 2017. Do you work or study? Does your work make you feel tired? Were you interested in a robot when you was young?
Have you ever taken a photo with a robot? Would you like having a robot to drive a car for thesis on biosurfactant, you? Do you want a robot to oedipus essay trains help you at home? Do you prefer wearing shoes that look nice or comfortable? Have you ever bought shoes online?
A shop in your city/town. There was someone giving the detial below already. Thank you so much Liz for making the useful website. Thanks for creating resume, sharing #128578; Yes, it’s definitely helpful for all students taking the oedipus essay planes trains, test – topics and questions can easily be repeated in the speaking test. Here’s a link for model answer for your speaking part 1 topic “SHOES”: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-topic-shoes/ I am done with my speaking test. It’s all about Shop. In Chicago? just like what do you prefer a small or large shop? Thanks for sharing #128578; I hope it went well #128578; you doing such a great job and essay planes, your website is very supportive and thesis production, informative for essay, the English lerners. I have seen all your youtube videos of toyota case study analysis all the section and I am sure that it will be prove boon for me. my exam will be on 4th march so please give me some last minute revision tips for essay planes trains, better score.
See the main page for speaking: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-free-lessons-essential-tips/. Then review all other main pages on my site. Good luck! Thank you for creating resume, your blog and support. test date: 11-02-17. Venue: Kumasi, Ghana. Speaking part 1. Name,hometown, other familiar questions.
Apartment– what you see when you look out of your Window. describe you apartment. who is ur favorite celebrity in Ghana. Do you read about celebrities and planes, why. Have u seen a celebrity in public. Do you want to moment be a celebrity and trains, why or why not.
Living or spending time close to water bodies. have u spent time by water bodies(sea.lake etc) Do u like to swim and why. what do u do when u don’t swim. Have you traveled in a boat or ship and essay on memorable moment, why….. Part Two and planes, three. A tall building in your hometown. Follow up – what do u think about the work of an paper manufacture testing, architect. Why do people design their own buildings instead of oedipus planes trains contacting an architect. Do you think it’s a good practice to destroy historical buildings to make way for modern structures. My test took less than 12 minutes.
And I gave extended answers too…but in all, the essay in life, questions were unexpected to me.. Planes Trains? I hope for the best… Thanks for sharing #128578; Hope your results are strong #128578; My results will be in by Friday 24/02/17. I’m hopeful for a strong score… Thanks a lot for your help . I had my writing exam on 18 th Feb 2017 and the topic was something new for me. Hope it would help someone preparing for the upcoming exams.
Topic- There has been a recent trend of open ended spaces in classrooms and workplaces. Creating Resume? Is it a positive or negative change? Discuss your opinion. Thanks for oedipus, sharing #128578; A time you worked in a team. Can i say about a group presentation we gave in our university??
Sure – you can talk about paper testing terms, any time you worked in a team. Describe a situation when you were angry? In this que card, can I tell something like i stuck in tarffic jam. Thanks for oedipus planes, sharing #128578; Yes, that certainly is a possible direction to thesis take your talk. 16th of Feb: 2:20pm. One best friend or many friends.
Quiet place you would like to go. Thanks to you Liz. You are doing a great work. cheers. Thanks for sharing #128578; I’m glad my website is helpful #128578; My 3 friends went for speaking today. location- Chandigarh, India (British) cue card- thing that make you laugh. follow up- is laughing concert popular in our area?
totally same question as well as intro and que card and follow ups. talk about planes trains, gift you gave to someone. they tomorrow have their L,R,W test. Moment In Life? I will post writing topics tomorrow as well thanks. And my exam date is 4 march :p. Thanks for sharing #128578; See my last minute tips which include LR #038; W : http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-exam-tips-on-the-day/. Oedipus Planes? Good luck to you all tomorrow!! Here’s a link to a model essay from this month, http://ieltsliz.com/model-essay-feb-2017-ielts-writing-task-2/ Thank you for the help you assisst us.I have a question: In the case of asked questions like” bags” what kind of answer is appropriate? Here are a couple of thesis production sample questions and answers:
Do you often use a bag? Yes, I do. I use a handbag most days and a briefcase for work. What do you look for when you choose a bag? I suppose I mostly look for compartments to store things in and a firm handle because so many bags are poorly made and can break.
In this topic, you need to oedipus planes trains show an awareness of words relating to bags: handbag, briefcase, rucksack, suitcase, plastic bag, recycled bag, zip, strap, handle, pockets etc. Today was my speaking. One thing i want to know that.. When i was doing speaking .the teacher was writting something on the page.. Is it marks? She was writting 6.45 and 6.24 and many more in why university essay college, the columns of the essay trains, page even she was making diagonl lines in the corner of the box. Plz mam reply soon. The examiner was probably making a note of timings. Essay? It is planes trains not connected to your score.
I have my ielts exam after 2 weeks ,so what’s the important topics in college, the writing task 2. Thanks in advance. Great Liz thank you so much… yestarday was my ielts exam(speaking part) Thanks for essay, sharing #128578; I hope it went well #128578; Maam it would be nice if you post few model answers for writing task 2 as well.. Hi liz thanks a ton for your post on youtube,it helped me a lot to gain my confidence but the only thing i want to make improvement is my reading so can u plz give me some more reading practise. You’re really doing an amazing job here.I’ll be taking my ielts on 11th Feb.In the speaking aspect,if I were to be asked about my favourite artiste, can I talk about an author and his book or does it have to be strictly on creative arts. In speaking part 2, you should speak as close to the topic as possible. But this doesn’t mean you can’t be flexible.
If you want to talk about thesis on biosurfactant production, something related to essay trains the topic but not spot on, then you say at the start of your talk: I’m not really into arts much and don’t know many artistes, so I’m going to talk about an author who I think is essay on memorable in life really creative…”. You can still get band 9 doing this. Oedipus? Just be open, chatty, honest and direct. Remember that part 2 is your chance to production showcase your language skills so make sure you add a past memory, a future hope, a comparative, a second conditional and plenty of description. Hi Liz, your points and suggestions are so accurate and bang on.
Thank you so much for providing such tips. God bless you. I m having my exam in Anand (Gujarat) on 18 Feb so plz suggest me some topics. In academic module. Plzz all of oedipus you share your writing topics.. Academic students.. i also have exam on 16th feb in ahmedabad.so i will tell you writing topic after dat… What’s the min marks required to get 7 band in listening and reading for thesis, both format?
Should I close letter( in part1, gt) with my own name,for example— Or should I write somebody else’s name in essay, place of why university of chicago essay confidential my name in the closing part of the oedipus essay trains, letter? Please help.Thanks. See this page for band scores: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-band-scores/ and testing terms, see this page for letter writing tips for GT: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-letter-writing-essential-tips/ – you can write your name or someone else’s – whatever you want. Thank you for essay trains, all of the manufacture testing terms, helpful materials. I was alway confused by the problem that in oedipus essay planes, listening part1(simple dialogue) to fill a form, if the word what I should fill in is the first one of the sentence, do I need to use capital letter, You can use it or not use it. The choice is yours and won’t affect your score.
Your blog is writing in chicago really helpful. Thank you. Essay Trains? I had my IELTS exam last Jan. 21 in Hawke’s Bay, NZ. Speaking questions were. Where are you from. Describe my hometown. Will you live there in the future. What makes it interesting to live.
Then she asked about mirrors. How many mirrors I have at home. How many times I check myself in front of a mirror. What special occasion I waited. Why did you wait. What did you while waiting.
How did you felt. In. connection to waiting I was asked about being patient. Can you teach people to be patient. What do you do, study or work? do you prefer to have relatives at home? why and what you do with them? do you prefer to creating resume go out oedipus trains, or have relatives in your home? Part 2: If you have to toyota prius case study analysis setup small business, what it would be, why would you chose this and where would you have it?
what is good about essay planes trains, having business? what are pros and cons or having own business and being employed. Just now my speaking test got over. part 1: where do I live, flat or home. what do I see outside window. how my apartment looks like. Do I like vacations. Why it is creating resume important to oedipus trains me. tell your experience of why university of chicago college confidential any recent vacation. Part 2: Describe a music that you like. Why do you like it. Part 3: Do all age group like same music.
Why music is important. How music affects people. Is it any thing like occasional music. When music turns into noise. The last question was, in a party music, when do you feel the music is only noise nothing more. Liz, For the last question I have replied : Actually this is planes trains a difficult question for on memorable in life, me to answer because I am not a party guy. She said ok thank you, that’s the end of the test. I was willing to expand the answer further, but then she stopped.
Since its a question for 3rd part so I m feeling, has something went wrong. Will it affect my score? It’s fine. It doesn’t affect your score at essay trains all. Speaking test topics which i received : January 21st, 2017.
Where are you from? Could you tell me about your city/town? Do you like to go back to your city/town to work there? Which Shop you visit recently opened in your town/city? -What kind of shop it is?
-Who will go there for testing terms, shopping? -How often do you go there for shopping? Small shops or big shops, what do your prefer? Small shops or big shops gives more revenue to the government? Should government support small shops? why? Which shops are famous in your home town/city? Is it good to do shopping in free time? Do you go shopping with friends or alone?
I mentioned as much i can remember. Oedipus Essay Planes? Hope, it will help someone. I really appreciate your work and helping people like us, who can’t able to why university essay college confidential attend the IELTS courses to prepare for their exams. Your videos in Youtube and your blog makes me learn more and boost my confidence to face IELTS easily. Your tips and ideas are very helpful. Essay? Thank you so much. Keep up the good work.
Thanks for sharing #128578; And thank you for your message of support. Writing Services? It’s so nice to know that my work is valuable and helpful #128578; My speaking test was this morning. Part 2 (in my words) Describe a cafe you have been to recently.
a. How was the cafe decorated? b. What did you drink and eat there? c. What is it famous for? d. What did you like / dislike about the cafe? 1. How would you differentiate between a restaurant and a cafe? 2. Do old people like going to cafes in your city? 3. What crowd do the restaurants and oedipus essay, cafes attract? 4. Services In Chicago? Do you like having people over at oedipus planes trains your home?
5. Do you think you can get to on biosurfactant production know a person better if you visit their home? 6. What sort of oedipus essay occasions do you invite guests for in your home? Thanks for sharing #128578; I had my speaking test days a go. Here’s the list of questions I had: – Do you live in a flat or a house? – What do you see from writing services windows? – Do you usually use bags? – Do you use different bags for different occasions?
– Did you forget your bag before? – Describe a time in which you were very busy. – Why were you busy? – What are the impacts of technology on oedipus, our time? – How can technology help us relieving from stress? Thanks for sharing #128578;
I will try to put as much as i remember. Today in my IELTS speaking test the topics and questions covered were: 1. Toyota Study? What do you do with the oedipus planes, photographs you take? 2. Do you have have pictures from your childhood? 3. What kind of pictures do you take?
4. Do you like to take pictures? Describe a teacher who has influenced you from writing services in chicago your childhood. What qualities do you see in oedipus planes, a teacher? Do you like teaching. A place to creating resume live and work for a short visit.
cue card: which country. why you would like to work there. when did you visit this place. why do people go to other country to work specially for short visit. should international mnc try to understand cultures of oedipus essay trains other employees. how can international mnc s contribute to the environment. would you like to work once you visit another country. why do some people don’t take you to work.
Correction to the topic: (Part2) Describe a country in which you would like to work for a short time. Thanks for sharing #128578; recent introduction qtion was on time. How important is time for u. Ever u had waited for on biosurfactant production, your frnds or any other person. Wht is planes trains your reaction when u have to wait for someone. Any foreign food you ate.
History of any person. Thanks for sharing #128578; Talk about an interesting person you recently met. Do you like chocolates? How important are friendships to you. Do you think your colleagues at work should be friends with you? Thanks for sharing #128578;
I had just taken my listening exam 15 min ago. First part about holiday beside water. What sort of paper manufacture testing terms writing I prefer. And cue card was about an advertisement that I saw. And the third part was a follow up on advertising. Where to see, type, what make it attractive, the regulations of oedipus planes trains it. Thanks for on biosurfactant, sharing #128578; please give me reading material. Thanks Liz for the wonderful website.It helped me a lot.I had my speaking test today.Sharing my Topics. Part II Quite place I have been.
Thanks for sharing #128578; I hope your test went well !! city Islamabad- Pakistan. Examiner asked questions related to my home town, How do people relax in ur city. Do u like ur home town. Explain the oedipus planes, place where u feel relax.
Thanks for sharing #128578; Thanks so much for thesis on biosurfactant production, this! I’m planning to take my IELTS in oedipus essay planes trains, May. I’m nervous… I only started with the review last week. First Of All you are an extraordinary and paper testing terms, so humble. The way you teach us is extremely awesome. Thank You So much. Secondly, today I have given my speaking Test and this website helped me a Lot. Part 1- work or Student and asked About bags, teachers. Part 2- Talk about That person who you recently met and Would Like 2 Know More.
Part 3- a) conversation with strangers. b) some questions were about oedipus, Internet. Millions Of thanks to you mam. Thanks for creating resume, sharing #128578; It’s my pleasure to help and oedipus essay trains, support you all in your IELTS tests #128578; I took my academic IELTS test the past Saturday in Dallas. The speaking test part 2 was about of an event very important in my life, why this event was important, how to share this event with me if my friends enjoy this moment too. In the speaking test part 3 there were many rare questions for example: 1. Why the people use time pieces if when I was a child I received one if I use a watch in my daily life or job? Why the people use an on biosurfactant, expensive timepiece and what do you think about to planes trains get one. 2. Museums: Kinds o f museums, that pieces should be preserved or showed in the museums, that things of the why university of chicago essay, last century should be included in the museum exhibition. Talk about of no traditional museums in this case virtual museums and if the museums should be free or not.
3. Dreams: How often do you remember your dreams, do you like listen to other dreams, what do you think about essay, that the dreams are a mental connection. In relation to the writing test 1 the topic was more or less like that: Many people think that the humanity had a poor development in paper terms, the last century. Oedipus Planes? Others declare that nowadays there is more progress than the previous period. Discuss that advances had been registered in the last years and that is yet to be made. Thanks for paper manufacture testing, sharing #128578; You are the oedipus, best teacher for ielts . Thanks for you and your website.
It help me to do well. My exam is on 11th February in Pakistan . So,Please give me some important tips and topics for speaking . Thanks in thesis on biosurfactant production, advance dear Mam ! I am upset for reading however I listen your videos but still have a fear . Hii liz. thnks fr u hlp#128522;,,i wnt to ask a que. Oedipus Planes Trains? can i get gud bands without wide range of vocabulory? Vocabulary is only 25% of on biosurfactant production your marks. Even so, you still need to prepare a range of essay planes trains words to enable you to of chicago tackle different topics. See my vocabulary page: http://ieltsliz.com/vocabulary/. Then see other website and build vocab for topics.
I have recived specking cue card .but please give some solution how can i check my specking performance . Try watching the free video lesson on this page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-speaking-free-lessons-essential-tips/. It will help you understand how to assess your speaking as well as how to oedipus essay planes trains practice at home. there were some more topics in creating resume, the speaking section during my interview. Those topics including. 1. Oedipus Planes Trains? Social events. 2. Public transport. 3. Cafeteria (cue card) Thanks for creating resume, sharing #128578;
How did you answer the social events question. My name is planes Khurshidbek.Im from Uzbekistan.I took speaking exam yesterday.Here is thesis questions. Do u live in planes, appartment or house? Did u have favourite teacher when u were younger? Were u intersted in reading books when u were younger? Wht looks like your appartment?
Wht cn u see from case window in ur appartment? Describe a car/motorbike/bicycle trip that u would like? *where would u go. *whom would u go? *wht can u do easily by using dis vehicle. Explain why u think dis trip is intersting. Follow up question. Do u know people who did dis kind of trip? Wht kind of essay trains public transport is paper testing popular in oedipus trains, ur country?
Is there any difference between public transports in cities and countrysidies? Is there enough public transport in countryside? Can government get profit by making public transportation system good? Does government pay attention to pedestrian? Thanks for services in chicago, sharing #128578; I hope your test went well #128578; Exam Center Gaborone – Botswana.
Test Date 18/01/2016. Are you a student or are you working. What is your current job. How do you feel about the job? Are you planning to change the job in oedipus essay planes trains, the future. Describe an why university of chicago college, activity you do occasionally and which is expensive. What is the essay planes trains, activity? Where you did the testing, activity? Who are the others involved in the activity?
What are the oedipus planes trains, expensive goods in creating resume, which people spend more money? Are both Men and Women spend in the same way? What are the water activities you do frequently? Do you thing swim is good for trains, all people. Thanks for creating resume, sharing #128578; Hello Liz , just need your help, how should I answer to this question if I’m a house wife. Oedipus? “Describe an activity you do occasionally and on biosurfactant production, which is expensive. What is the essay planes, activity?” Choose whatever you want. There are no marks lost for creating resume, being slightly off topic.
You could easily say “I don’t do any expensive activities but an activity I often do is planes meeting my friends for essay college, coffee”. You need to take control of your test in oedipus, part 2. Hi Liz, I attended my test on the 8th of January in Sydney and got a topic in part two that hasn’t been included in essay college confidential, your prediction. I would like to share that with other students who are also preparing for IELTS test and hopefully this can be helpful. In the second part, I was asked to planes trains describe a scene that I saw wildlife. I needed to say what kind of animal I saw, who was with me and how I felt. In the third part, I was asked some questions about wildlife conservation and I will list them below as detailed as I could.
1. Essay In Life? Do you think people should protect wildlife? 2. What impacts do you think human actions have caused on wildlife. 3. Why are animals important to us? 4. Lists few items that are made of animals. Thanks for sharing #128578; is there any chances that the topic may come from 2017. The topics listed above are currently used in IELTS speaking. That means it is possible to oedipus trains get these topics in your test at the moment. Testing? Speaking topics and essay planes, questions are often repeated. Excuse me I went topics speaking for February please….. Nobody can predict topics but following current topics and creating resume, common topics in speaking is the best way to prepare. what is gerund,how can we apply it in essay planes trains, a sentence,give some examples.
Admire your efforts of essay helping us to oedipus essay planes get good score in testing, ielts..ma’am your lessons are working worthy for oedipus essay trains, my improvement and i have started to find speaking being easier to me following your preety tips.. Alots of thanks ma’am.! I’m glad my lessons are useful #128578; I have booked an Ielts exam on 8 april and now i’m preparing, so could you tell me what is the best materials to start with and what plan should i follow knowing that i have started with Cambridge vocabulary for ielts. Get to know the test first: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-help-faq/. Then get some past exam papers to creating resume practice: http://ieltsliz.com/recommended-books-for-ielts/.
Then go through my tips and essay, model answers on the main pages which you can find at the bottom of this article on this page. Hi Liz . Essay? Thank you very much for sharing. hi Liz thanks for this source I being confused in oedipus, reading paragraphs ….can you tell me instructions about them. Thanks so much for your help. I want to know if I made in listening answer two answers as [complex (advanced), it is wrong. Unfortunately, it would be wrong. You must choose one answer and write one answer. Mine part2 was : describe a usual activity you enjoy but a bit expensive. Thanks for sharing #128578;
Send me videos writing task 1and my number +919914581404. All lessons for writing task 1 can be found on toyota study, this page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/ (including lessons for GT task 1) Current IELTS exam topics and questions: Share your IELTS test results. Reading Skills for essay planes trains, IELTS: Paraphrasing. Useful Links for toyota case, IELTS Line Graphs in WT1. WT1 Table 30th Sept: To be completed.
IELTS Model Essays for oedipus essay planes trains, September 2017. IELTS Writing Questions September 2017. Hi, my name is Elizabeth (Liz). I'm an experienced IELTS teacher from the UK and a graduate of the University of London. I have been teaching for over 16 years and for the last 9 years I have specialised, exclusively, in IELTS.
I have taught in a number of countries: England, Spain, New Zealand, South Korea, China and Vietnam, where I taught at the British Council.
Academic Proofreading -
Planes, Trains and Plantains: The Story of Oedipus - Album…
TOEFL Prep Online Guides and Tips. The Writing section can be the oedipus essay planes most daunting section of the TOEFL. You’ll have 50 minutes to in chicago, write two complete essays that must meet multiple requirements and show a strong grasp of essay, English. Knowing what graders are looking for and reviewing TOEFL Writing samples can go a long way towards helping you get a high score on this section. This guide will go over both of the TOEFL Writing tasks, explain how they’re graded, go over a high-scoring TOEFL Writing sample for writing services in chicago each essay type, and end with TOEFL Writing examples for you to oedipus essay, analyze. The TOEFL Writing section is 50 minutes long (broken into two parts) and contains two tasks: Integrated Writing and Independent Writing. It’s the creating resume fourth and essay planes, final section of the exam. You’ll type both essays on the computer. The next two sections will explain the format and why university of chicago essay college, requirements of oedipus essay planes trains, each of the writing tasks as well as how they will be scored. The Integrated Writing task requires you to use listening, reading, and writing skills.
For this task, you’ll have three minutes to on biosurfactant production, read a short passage, then you’ll listen to a short (approximately two-minute long) audio clip of essay planes trains, a speaker discussing the same topic the written passage covers. You’ll have 20 minutes to plan and write a response that references both of these sources in order to answer the question . You won’t discuss your own opinion. During the writing time, you’ll be able to look at prius case study, the written passage again, but you won’t be able to re-hear the audio clip. You’ll be able to take notes while you listen to it though. The suggested response length for this task is 150-225 words. By the way: we have created the world's best online TOEFL course that automatically identifies and improves your weaknesses on the TOEFL.
Want to get personal feedback on your Speaking? Confused about Reading? PrepScholar guides you, step by step to conquer TOEFL. I want to be clear - you don't NEED a TOEFL course to essay trains, get a great TOEFL score. But we believe PrepScholar is the production world's best TOEFL course right now , especially if you are nervous about the TOEFL and essay planes, have struggled to increase your score and creating resume, don't know how to improve anymore. For this essay, you’ll be graded on the quality of your writing as well as how well your response represents the main points of the audio clip and written passage and how they relate to oedipus planes, each other. Each essay receives a score from 0-5. For both essay types, you can check out the complete rubric used for official grading.
Below are key points from the Integrated Writing rubric. (You can view complete rubric for both essays here.) Successfully selects the important information from the lecture. In Chicago? Coherently and accurately presents information from both the lecture and the reading. Well organized with few language errors. Generally good in selecting the important information from the lecture and reading. May have minor omission, inaccuracy, vagueness, or imprecision of oedipus essay planes trains, some content. More frequent or noticeable minor language errors. It conveys only essay moment vague, global, unclear, or somewhat imprecise information about the lecture and reading. Key points may be missing. Errors of usage and/or grammar may be more frequent and obscure meanings. Contains some relevant information from the lecture, but is marked by significant language difficulties or by trains significant omission or inaccuracy of important ideas.
Provides little or no meaningful or relevant coherent content from the lecture. The language level of the writing services response is oedipus planes so low that it is on memorable moment difficult to derive meaning. Merely copies sentences from the reading, rejects the topic or is essay not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language,or is blank. For the Independent Writing task, you’ll have receive a question on a particular topic or issue. You’ll have 30 minutes to plan and write a response to that topic that explains your opinion on it. You’ll need to give reasons that support your decision. It’s recommended that your response to paper testing, this task be at least 300 words.
You’ll be graded on how well you develop your ideas, how well your essay is organized, and how accurately you use English to express your ideas. Effectively addresses the topic and essay planes trains, task. Is well organized and developed. Displays strong and on memorable moment, consistent language skills with minimal errors. Addresses the essay trains topic and paper manufacture, task well, though some points may not be fully elaborated. Oedipus Essay? Is generally well organized and in life, well developed.
Occasional noticeable minor errors in structure, word form, or use of idiomatic language that do not interfere with meaning. Addresses the topic and task using somewhat developed explanations, exemplifications, and/or details. May demonstrate inconsistent facility in sentence formation and word choice that may result in lack of clarity and occasionally obscure meaning. Limited development in response to essay trains, the topic and essay moment in life, task. Lack of details to support or illustrate generalizations in response to planes trains, the task. An accumulation of errors in sentence structure and/or usage.
Little or no detail, or irrelevant specifics, or questionable responsiveness to the task. Serious and frequent errors in sentence structure or usage. Merely copies sentences from the reading, rejects the topic or is not connected to the topic, is written in a foreign language,or is blank. Top-Scoring TOEFL Integrated Writing Sample. Below is an official TOEFL Integrated Writing sample question and as well as an essay response that received a score of terms, 5. It includes a written passage, the transcript of a conversation (which would be an audio recording on the actual TOEFL, and the essay prompt.
After the planes prompt is an example of a top-scoring essay. You can read the essay in full, then read our comments on what exactly about this essay gives it a top score. Integrated Writing Example Prompt. You have three minutes to why university essay college confidential, read the following passage and take notes. In many organizations, perhaps the planes best way to approach certain new projects is to assemble a group of people into a team. Having a team of people attack a project offers several advantages. First of toyota prius analysis, all, a group of people has a wider range of knowledge, expertise, and skills than any single individual is likely to oedipus essay planes, possess. Also, because of the creating resume numbers of essay planes trains, people involved and the greater resources they possess, a group can work more quickly in response to the task assigned to it and can come up with highly creative solutions to problems and issues. Sometimes these creative solutions come about creating resume, because a group is more likely to make risky decisions that an trains individual might not undertake. This is essay on memorable because the group spreads responsibility for a decision to all the members and thus no single individual can be held accountable if the decision turns out to be wrong.
Taking part in a group process can be very rewarding for members of the team. Team members who have a voice in making a decision will no doubt feel better about carrying out the work that is entailed by that decision than they might doing work that is imposed on them by others. Also, the individual team member has a much better chance to “shine,” to get his or her contributions and oedipus trains, ideas not only recognized but recognized as highly significant, because a team’s overall results can be more far-reaching and have greater impact than what might have otherwise been possible for the person to accomplish or contribute working alone. Now listen to part of a lecture on the topic you just read about. (Professor) Now I want to tell you about what one company found when it decided that it would turn over some of its new projects to teams of toyota study analysis, people, and make the team responsible for planning the projects and oedipus essay planes, getting the work done. After about toyota prius case analysis, six months, the company took a look at how well the teams performed. Planes Trains? On virtually every team, some members got almost a “free ride” … they didn’t contribute much at all, but if their team did a good job, they nevertheless benefited from the recognition the team got. And what about group members who worked especially well and who provided a lot of insight on why university college confidential, problems and issues? Well…the recognition for a job well done went to the group as a whole, no names were named.
So it won’t surprise you to learn that when the real contributors were asked how they felt about the oedipus essay trains group process, their attitude was just the opposite of what the reading predicts. Another finding was that some projects just didn’t move very quickly. Why? Because it took so long to reach consensus…it took many, many meetings to build the agreement among group members about why university of chicago essay, how they would move the planes trains project along. On the other hand, there were other instances where one or two people managed to become very influential over what their group did. Sometimes when those influencers said “That will never work” about an toyota prius case study analysis idea the group was developing, the oedipus essay trains idea was quickly dropped instead of being further discussed.
And then there was another occasion when a couple influencers convinced the group that a plan of theirs was “highly creative.” And even though some members tried to warn the rest of the group that the project was moving in directions that might not work, they were basically ignored by other group members. Can you guess the ending to *this* story? When the project failed, the blame was placed on all the members of the group. You have 20 minutes to plan and write your response. Your response will be judged on the basis of the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the points in the lecture and their relationship to creating resume, the reading passage. Typically, an effective response will be 150 to trains, 225 words.
We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at getting your target TOEFL score. Download it for free now: Summarize the points made in the lecture you just heard, explaining how they cast doubt on manufacture, points made in the reading. TOEFL Integrated Writing Sample Essay. The lecturer talks about research conducted by a firm that used the group system to handle their work. He says that the theory stated in the passage was very different and somewhat inaccurate when compared to essay trains, what happened for real. First, some members got free rides.
That is, some didn’t work hard but gotrecognition for the success nontheless. This also indicates that people who worked hard was not given recognition they should have got. In other words, they weren’t given the oppotunity to “shine”. This derectly contradicts what the passage indicates. Second, groups were slow in progress. On Memorable In Life? The passage says that groups are nore responsive than individuals because of the oedipus planes trains number of people involved and their aggregated resources. However, the speaker talks about how the firm found out that groups were slower than individuals in dicision making. Groups needed more time for meetings, which are neccesary procceedures in decision making. Writing? This was another part where experience contradicted theory. Third, influetial people might emerge, and lead the group towards glory or failure. If the oedipus planes trains influent people are going in the right direction there would be no problem.
But in cases where they go in the wrong direction, there is nobody that has enough influence to prius analysis, counter the decision made. In other words, the group might turn into a dictatorship, with the influential party as the leader, and might be less flexible in thinking. They might become one-sided, and essay planes, thus fail to succeed. There are three key things this TOEFL example essay does that results in its high score: Clearly presents main points Contrasts lecture and reading points Few grammatical/spelling errors. This essay clearly organizes the three main points made in the lecture, which is what the first part of the toyota case study prompt asked for. (“Summarize the points made in the lecture you just heard.”) There is oedipus essay one paragraph for writing services each point, and the point is clearly stated within the first sentence of the paragraph followed by specific details from the lecture. This organization makes it easy to follow the writer’s thinking and see that they understood the lecture.
Additionally, the essay clearly contrasts points made in the lecture with points made in the reading. Each main paragraph includes an example of how the two are different, and the writer makes these differences clear by oedipus planes trains using words and phrases such as “however” and “this directly contradicts.” Stating these differences answers the second part of the prompt (“explain how they cast doubt on points made in the reading”) and shows that the thesis writer understood both the lecture and reading well enough to differentiate between the two. Finally, there are only a few minor spelling and oedipus essay planes trains, grammar error s, the most noticeable of which is the thesis incorrect use of the essay planes word “influent” in the final paragraph (it should be “influential”), and they do not detract from the meaning of the essay. Toyota Prius Case Study? This writer shows a strong grasp of the English language, a key TOEFL skill. This essay shows that the oedipus planes trains writer understood the main points of both the lecture and the reading well enough to both describe them and toyota prius analysis, contrast them. Essay Trains? That, along with the relatively few mechanical errors, gives the essay a top score. Top-Scoring Independent TOEFL Writing Sample. Below is an official Independent Writing prompt and top-scoring sample essay. Beneath the essay we analyze what about the essay resulted in on memorable, it receiving a top score. Independent Writing Example Prompt. Directions Read the essay planes question below.
You have 30 minutes to plan, write, and revise your essay. Paper Testing? Typically, an effective essay will contain a minimum of 300 words. Do you agree or disagree with the essay planes trains following statement? Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Want to improve your TOEFL score by 15 points? We have the world's leading TOEFL course.
Built by world-class instructors from paper manufacture testing terms, Harvard and essay trains, MIT, the program combines machine learning and creating resume, human feedback to identify the fastest way to hit your target TOEFL score. Try our 5-day full access trial for free: Independent TOEFL Writing Sample Essay. the traditional virtue of telling the oedipus essay trains truth in all situations is increasingly doubted by many in today’s world. many believe that telling the in chicago truth is not always the best policy when dealing with people. Oedipus Planes Trains? moreover, the line of a “truth” is becoming more and more vague. this essay will explore the importance of telling the truth in toyota prius study, relationships between people. we all understand that often the truth is offending and may not be a very nice thing to both hear or say. lies or white lies often have their advantages. the manipulation of white lies is the most obvious the business world. how many times have we heard that some product is “the finest” or “the cheapest”? how many times have we heard that products have such and oedipus trains, such “magical functions”? advertising is about persuasion, and writing services, many would agree that if a company is to tell the absolute truth about it’s products, no one would be interested in even having a look at the products. the same logic applies to essay planes, human relationships. if your friend had worn a newly purchased dress on her birthday and energetically asked you if it was a worthy buy, would you freely express your opinion that you had never seen a dress as the one she’s currently wearing? and spoil her birthday? unarguably, hiding(entirely or particially) the truth in some situations can be quite handy indeed. Services In Chicago? confrontations and disputes can seemingly be avoided.
however, there is essay planes trains always the risk factor of the truth emerging sooner or later when telling an untruth. the basic trust in any relationships(businessman/customer, friends, parents/children) will be blotched, and would have an impact on creating resume, the future relationship between both parties. the story of the “the boy who cried wolf” fully illustrates the consequenes of telling untruths. no one will believe you when you’re telling the truth. your word will have no weighting. in addition, another “bad factor” of telling untruths is that you have absolutely no control over when the truth(of previous untruths) will emerge. untruths breed pain in both parties: tears when the essay planes trains truth is uncovered after a period of of chicago college confidential, time; fear and the burden of sharing a “secret”. in the long run, it seems that hiding the truth is not beneficial to planes trains, either party. everyone hates betrayal. Why University Of Chicago Essay College Confidential? even if it is the trend to occasionally hide the truth in relationships, it is strongly recommended that not to follow that trend as the risk and oedipus essay, the consequences of the truth unfolded overwhelms the essay on memorable minimal advantages one can derive from not telling the truth. afterall, it is understood that relationships are founded on “trust” which goes hand in hand with “truth”. indeed telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship between people. Essay Planes Trains? always. There are three key things this essay does that results in its high score, and each is explained in more detail below. Is well organized Uses specific examples Few grammatical/spelling errors. The essay, like the first one, is moment in life well organized. The writer’s position is clear within the first few sentences, and oedipus essay trains, the rest of the essay elaborates on that position. Each paragraph begins with a new major point that is then explained. This logical flow of ideas is easy for readers to follow and shows that the writer knows how to set up a clear argument.
Another reason the essay received a top score is because the writer used specific examples to make her point. Thesis On Biosurfactant Production? By using specific examples, such as a friend buying a new outfit and asking your opinion and phrases businesses use to sell products, the trains writer makes her argument stronger and more concrete. Finally, despite the lack of capitalization throughout the essay, there are few spelling and grammatical errors, and creating resume, the ones that do exist don’t detract from the meaning of the essay or make it confusing to understand. This shows a strong command of English and the ability to oedipus, write in-depth essays that are clear and get their point across. Where to Find More TOEFL Writing Samples. Below are a list of other places, official and essay on memorable in life, unofficial, where you can find TOEFL Writing examples. You can use these examples to get a better idea of oedipus essay planes trains, what a high-scoring essay looks like and what graders are looking for on thesis, the Writing section. Official resources are always the best to use since you can be sure the essay prompts are accurate and oedipus planes, the sample essays were accurately scored. TOEFL iBT Writing Sample Responses.
This resource contains several sample essays (including the two sample responses used above). The essays from on this site received different scores as well as analysis of why they received the score they did. This can be helpful if you want more information on, say, what differentiates an essay that got a “5” from an on biosurfactant essay that got a “4”. Want to improve your TOEFL score by planes trains 15+ points? Check out our bes online TOEFL course. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your TOEFL score by 15 points or more. Check out on memorable, our 5-day free trial now: This is a complete practice TOEFL, but it does include several sample essays along with score explanations so you can get a more in-depth look at essay, how and why different essays received the scores they did. There are numerous unofficial TOEFL writing samples out there, of varying quality. Below are two of the best.
This site has several dozen sample essays for essay in life both the Integrated and Independent Writing topics. There’s no scoring analysis, but you do get a good variety of essay topics and essay samples so that you can get a sense of how to approach different essay prompts. Good Luck TOEFL has seven sample Independent Writing essays (no Integrated Writing). There’s no scoring analysis, but the essays and oedipus, prompts are similar to official TOEFL essay topics. Review: Analyzing TOEFL Writing Examples. Writing can be a particularly tricky TOEFL section, and seeing TOEFL Writing samples can go a long way to helping you feel more confident. For TOEFL Writing, you’ll need to write two essays, the Integrated Writing Task and the Independent Writing Task. Looking over the rubrics for both these essays and understanding what graders will be looking for creating resume can help you understand what to include in your own essays. Both essays are scored on a scale of 0-5.
Top-scoring essays generally need to have good organization, specific examples, answer the prompt completely, and minor spelling and grammar errors. It can also be useful to oedipus essay planes, review other TOEFL writing samples to get a better idea of on biosurfactant, what a great TOEFL essay looks like. Looking for more information on essay, the TOEFL Writing section? Learn all the tips you need to know in order to ace TOEFL Writing! Looking for a great TOEFL prep book?
A good prep book can be the prius case analysis most important study tool you use, and we have information on all the planes best TOEFL prep books you should consider. Ready to improve your TOEFL score by 15 points? We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for manufacture free now: Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on essay planes, the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist.
She has taught English and biology in several countries. View all posts by Christine Sarikas. Get FREE tips to start mastering the TOEFL today. Join our Facebook TOEFL Study Group! Read Our Top 10 Favorite TOEFL Guides. Applying to US Schools (6) English Language Learning (3) TOEFL General Info (26) TOEFL Listening (3) TOEFL Logistics (5) TOEFL Prep (18) TOEFL Reading (4) TOEFL Speaking (6) TOEFL Writing (7) © PrepScholar 2013-2017. All rights reserved. GRE ® and why university confidential, TOEFL ® are registered trademarks of the Educational Testing Service (ETS).
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an essay on poetry © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. Oedipus Essay. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the analysis most difficult aspect of the English course. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . Oedipus Essay Planes. What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers? At the core of any and every answer or essay about thesis production poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the majority of marks.
In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and trains give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is manufacture never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is essay planes exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done. Why University Of Chicago. Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the essay poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is moment what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating.
Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an oedipus essay planes trains insight into what the poem might mean. This is terms why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in planes trains, a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and creating resume are supported by close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and essay planes a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is on memorable moment in life not cool. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is oedipus planes trains not a practice and you need to toyota prius case study get the highest grade you can. So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem.
How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an example to help show you. It is based on essay trains, a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of of chicago essay confidential, you will know. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the oedipus same ideas to any poem you are studying. Testing. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of a poem. This is a key thing for you to essay planes appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on one leg I#8217;m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the creating resume poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second.
This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles. Oedipus Trains. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to consider and reflect upon what is thought of prius case study analysis, as acceptable and what is looked down upon in British society. Trains. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is creating resume actually very good language and language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the oedipus essay unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the manufacture testing words on essay, the page. Language can be a very mysterious and creating resume wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them.
Poems are often dense with meaning and oedipus essay unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. Writing In Chicago. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to oedipus trains crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the toyota prius case poet is trying to say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Trains. Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems.
Even better, find a friend to on biosurfactant read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about oedipus planes a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of why university of chicago essay college, meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again. It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in essay trains, between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for paper testing, hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the essay planes trains poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of college confidential, all, read it for meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of it as an imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of oedipus planes trains, aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from different viewpoints, for example an paper terms older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl!
Now work out who is oedipus essay planes being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Of Chicago Essay College. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an oedipus essay planes trains imaginary conversation. Think about on biosurfactant just what is oedipus essay planes trains being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the writing in chicago speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of voice change during the poem? Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the planes poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into services in chicago, lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. Planes Trains. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at essay moment each semicolon - ; ), work out oedipus what the meaning is creating resume so far. Spend time thinking about this and perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the effects of essay trains, other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the creating resume way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of essay, rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand!
They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by thesis on biosurfactant, clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to oedipus get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the writing services poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of essay planes trains, getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and manufacture finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and oedipus instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Creating Resume. Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'.
You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of oedipus, some poems can reveal. Of Chicago Essay Confidential. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Oedipus Planes. Do always try to creating resume capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and oedipus planes the poet has created them to manufacture testing terms guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to trains be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the prius case study analysis poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines.
If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the slow and emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from oedipus essay trains, his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to thesis production all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of planes, ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to in chicago do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to create the necessary argument that forms the oedipus planes basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the Englishbiz guide has much more on this.
What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to creating resume the one asked. Yes - they do, every year!
If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . Planes. There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on testing terms, their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay trains essay question and case study be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on oedipus, these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is required of you. Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. Of Chicago Confidential. their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds.
Work out oedipus planes how and why these tones and on biosurfactant changes in essay planes, tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the poem and this gains many marks. Prius. Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an oedipus trains effective means of creating resume, engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of meaning within the poem.
As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is oedipus essay trains used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye. It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . Paper Testing. This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Essay Planes Trains. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to in chicago work: I#8217;ve known rivers: I#8217;ve known rivers ancient as the world and oedipus essay trains older than the. flow of thesis on biosurfactant production, human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Oedipus Essay Planes Trains. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in creating resume, mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of view on trains, which you will base your essay.
An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in of chicago essay college, any text, but especially in a poem, is to look for oedipus trains, the effects of creating resume, binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to oedipus essay a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Writing. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is oedipus essay a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out on biosurfactant production why the essay planes trains poet wrote it in why university of chicago confidential, lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the trains stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on college, parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the trains poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Paper Terms. Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the planes trains form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop.
This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on production, thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to planes trains an emphasis or a pause for of chicago essay college, thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'.
This often creates emphasis and, like the oedipus essay trains use of rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of paper testing terms, voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Oedipus Essay Planes Trains. Always try to work out the thesis production tone of voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the essay planes term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates.
Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to writing services in chicago suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. Essay Planes. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Essay Moment. Repetition of important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in oedipus essay planes trains, line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and creating resume hints at that sense of essay trains, 'control' and thesis 'harmony' that seemed to exist in essay trains, earlier days before the testing terms great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of trains, today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of manufacture testing terms, suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at planes trains the way the structure or sequence of in life, ideas builds up in oedipus essay, the poem (perhaps through a sequence of moment in life, images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and how it adds to oedipus planes trains the overall effect and meaning of the paper testing terms poem.
Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the planes trains words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into the world of the poem by on memorable moment, engaging your attention - a sure sign that the oedipus essay poem is 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is paper 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. Essay Trains. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to toyota prius case analysis the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote? Why was this?
You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of planes, difficulty. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the why university college confidential poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in oedipus planes, support of the various points you are making to support your argument. Of Chicago Essay College Confidential. It is, therefore, always best to oedipus essay compare and contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph.
If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the paper alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on planes trains, to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to writing services in chicago compare and contrast! This is a part of the mark scheme in this type of question. Planes. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Moment In Life. Know your poems well.
2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to essay develop subtle insights into moment in life, the poet's reasons and oedipus essay methods. Toyota Case. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and oedipus essay insights that will gain the thesis highest marks. Oedipus Essay Planes. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the creating resume deeper levels of oedipus trains, a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of essay college confidential, a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. Oedipus Planes Trains. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to moment say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about it.
Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.
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English 245: Film Form and Culture. Christopher Nolan is an American/British film-maker, who lives and essay works in London and Los Angeles. He first started making films (on Super8) when still a child. He studied English literature at University College, London, which he chose specifically because they had the facilities to make films. His debut feature was Following (1998), a neo-noir thriller. He has made some of the highest grossing films of all time, such as The Dark Knight , the second film in his Batman “reboot” series, which grossed over a billion dollars at the box office. Filmography (as director): All of Nolan’s films have been critically acclaimed. His films have been nominated for 21 Academy Awards. This is astounding given the short period of toyota prius case study analysis time he has been making films. Trains! Particularly notable are the eight Oscar nominations each for The Dark Knight and Inception . His films have won 6 Academy Awards, most for of chicago college confidential, sound and visual editing.
His films have also been nominated for 21 BAFTA awards (winning 6). His films have won many other international film awards. Nolan has never won an Oscar for Best Director. In fact, he has not ever been nominated, not even for The Dark Knight and oedipus essay planes trains Inception , which were both nominated in the Best Picture category. Some consider this a historic snub. Typically, Nolan writes and directs his films (his brother Jonathan has co-written some of the films). He also often produces his films as well (his wife Emma Thomas has produced the films he hasn’t produced). Having creative control of his films makes him an auteur. However, this is complicated by the fact that, since Memento , he has created his films under the auspices of Warner Brothers, which is (still) a major Hollywood movie studio. The easiest explanation for this is that he has proven himself at the box-office, and on creating resume, the international award circuit, and can command any kind of budget he likes, including the huge budgets attached to Hollywood studio films. Inception was a summer blockbuster from the summer of trains 2010.
Critics acknowledge that it was an paper testing terms atypical summer fare; some have called Inception a “thinking person’s blockbuster.” Richard Corliss writes that “the picture’s main pull is not visceral but intellectual, in oedipus planes trains, the style of Euro puzzle films of the past 50 years . . . but as Nolan told The New York Times , with ‘way more explosions.'” The film made over $800 million at the box office and, as already mentioned, was nominated for eight Academy Awards, winning four. Even before the film came out it was the subject of intense speculation and creating resume debate. This is true of its “after-life” as well. Essay Planes! Even now, a few short years after it was released, people enjoy discussing the film and what it means – particularly the ending of the film. The film is thesis on biosurfactant set in the near future when new techniques and drugs allow people to share dreams. Dom Cobb is a former dream architect who now uses his expertise in shared dreaming to essay trains, engage in industrial espionage, stealing business secrets from people while they are sleeping.
This is called “extraction.” He is also on the run after being charged with murdering his wife. After a failed attempt at extraction, Cobb is on biosurfactant offered a job by a man named Saito to do the impossible: implant an idea in the mind of oedipus a competitor (Fischer), a process called “inception.” The idea is that he should break up the why university essay confidential energy conglomerate that he inherited from his father. Cobb puts together a crack team of operatives for essay planes, the job, including a dream architect named Ariadne. After entering his mind in a dream state, Ariadne learns that Cobb is haunted by creating resume, the memory of his dead wife, who manages to foil every job that he designs himself. That’s why Ariadne must design the planes trains dream, and Cobb can’t know the manufacture testing terms details. In order to fool the host dreamer, Ariadne must design an oedipus essay planes incredibly intricate dream world with multiple layers. For the Fischer job, she must create a dream world with three layers – each a complex, self-contained world. The three layers are in of chicago college confidential, fact a dream within a dream within a dream. The main danger in dream architecture is that if it seems too real, the dreamer may confuse the dream for oedipus essay planes trains, reality. We learn that, in his past, Cobb has experienced this catastrophic confusion. His technique for countering this is to use a totem, an object that follows the laws of physics in the real world, but not in the dream.
His totem is a spinning top. In the film, however, it is suggested that this is not a fool-proof method. It is possible Cobb is only dreaming that his totem is behaving as it should in reality. The film poses philosophical conundrums such as: How do we distinguish between reality and fantasy (ontology)? How do we distinguish between objective and subjective truth (epistemology)? How do we distinguish between the thesis on biosurfactant self and oedipus essay planes the world (that is, other selves)?
Mark Fisher notes that in the film “there’s a shift from the epistemological problems posed by unreliable narrators to a more general ontological indeterminacy, in which the nature of the whole fictional world is put into creating resume, doubt.” He adds: “In Nolan’s world, it’s not only that we deceive ourselves; it’s also that we’re deceived about even having an authentic self. There’s no separating identity from fiction.” These issues are at the core of postmodern philosophy, which I discussed in a previous blog entry. There are also many issues relating to psychology that are addressed in essay planes, the film, such as the importance of dreams in testing terms, understanding the essay trains unconscious mind and the way unconscious ideas shape the essay on memorable moment in life formation of the person. This is essay planes what “inception” is about: planting ideas in the unconscious mind which lead to in chicago, a personal re-orientation, a re-programming, a new person. In the film, both Cobb and Fischer have this experience: the action within the oedipus essay planes dream becomes a kind of psychotherapy. Leon Saunders Calvert makes the observation that “for a filmmaker within the Hollywood system, Christopher Nolan is creating resume unusually pre-occupied with psychological human states to oedipus essay trains, the degree that they often act as primary theme of thesis production his films.” He suggests that psychology is usually the preoccupation of auteurs, not Hollywood directors. Calvert has analyzed the film from an psychological (or more specifically psychoanalytical) perspective, based on ideas of Sigmund Freud, such as: The rebellious unconscious: “The unconscious mind of the individual is a mass of contradictions and by definition remains uncontrolled and oedipus essay unordered.” The unconscious reveals itself in dreams: “Psychoanalytic theory argues that during sleep the barrier weakens and the unconscious bubbles out, albeit often in disguised form.” Oedipal/Electra conflicts: “Another foundation of psychoanalytic thought is the overwhelming significance of the child’s relationship with its parents.” The unconscious and the social self: “The unconscious self has a huge impact on how we interact with the world and with others.” The seductive power of fantasy: “Psychoanalytic theory has also provided us with important insights into human fantasies. . On Memorable! . . The psychological pull of the fantasy is oedipus essay trains all the greater when we perceive it as simple reality.”
Some critics make the case that Inception deals not just with psychology, but with religion. Writing In Chicago! There are a number of ways the oedipus film can be read as a religious story. Throughout the paper manufacture terms film, characters are urged to take the leap of essay planes trains faith. They must abandon their skepticism and believe in a reality that transcends their conscious mind and reality itself. This is a religious impulse and creating resume imperative. The themes of guilt and redemption are also important in the film, and essay trains these too are deeply religious. In the film, the journey to creating resume, limbo (unconstructed dream space) suggests a perilous journey to underworld, where demons are confronted. This is the central theme of quite a few religious texts, including Dante’s Inferno and oedipus essay trains The Tibetan Book of the Dead, to name just two classic world religious texts. Many critics of the film have pointed out the similarity between dreams and the experience of viewing films. According to why university of chicago college confidential, Corliss, this is nothing new: “The idea of movie-going as communal dreaming is a century old.”
Colin McGinn argues that. movies delve into our dreaming self, that submerged and seething alter ego that emerges when the sun goes down. In the planes trains cinema we relive the life of the dreaming self. Movies thus tap into the dreaming aspect of human nature. Moreover, they improve upon creating resume our dream life. They give us the dreams we yearn for. It is a rare individual who is not fascinated by his own dreams, with their raw ability to reveal, their magical expressiveness; movies partake of this fascination. The impact of movies stems, then, at least in part, from the primal power of the dream.
To be sure, the dream component of the oedipus trains movie experience is augmented by the special qualities of the medium, but the creating resume primary emotional hook originates in the evocation of the oedipus essay planes trains dream. (Qtd. in Calvert). Jason Staples describes how Inception functions like a dream: The construction of dream worlds for case study, shared dreaming serves as an excellent metaphor for film itself (and ‘myth’ in general), as it involves the creation of a virtual reality, a shadow-like imitation of the real world into which people can journey together, guided by the ‘architect’ (writer/director). As people are naturally resistant to new or outside ideas, those media (like film) that can influence people’s thinking without drawing the attention of their (often militarized) subconscious guards are especially powerful forms of communication and oedipus essay agents of cultural change. Like a shared dream state, films, video games, novels, and other narrative media immerse a receptive subject within a different, shared virtual world(view) – even potentially planting outside assumptions or ideas in the subject’s unguarded subconscious.
But the idea of Inception as an analogy for film can be extended beyond the experience of thesis on biosurfactant production viewing film to the business of creating film. According to this interpretation, put forward by critics Devin Faraci, Mark Fisher, and Richard Corliss: Cobb is the oedipus planes director Arthur is the producer Ariadne is the screen-writer Saito is the studio honcho Fischer is the audience. In interviews, Nolan denies that he was trying to create an analogy in the film between dreaming and film-viewing or film-making. But Fisher counters: “If a century of cultural theory has taught us anything, it’s that an author’s supposed intentions can only writing services ever constitute a supplementary (para)text, never a final word.” Fisher thinks, despite Nolan’s intentions, Inception is very much about the film-making business, and not in oedipus, a good way. Fisher suggests it might be unconscious on Nolan’s part, but it nonetheless reveals a creative mind in thrall to Hollywood entertainment film and global capitalism. Inception is less a meta-meditation on the power of cinema than, more interestingly, a reflection of the way in which cinematic techniques have become imbricated into a banal spectacle which – fusing business machismo, entertainment protocols, and breathless hype – enjoys an unprecedented dominion over our working lives and our dreaming minds. . . . Inception ‘s arcades and hotel corridors are on the contrary those of a globalized capital whose reach easily extends into the former depths of what was once the unconscious.
There’s nothing alien, no other place here, only a mass-marketed ‘subconscious’ recirculating deeply familiar images. Fisher believes that Nolan is not just the college confidential creator of a film called Inception , but someone who uses film to practice inception. Just as in essay planes trains, the film inception is used for the benefit of corporate interests, it is used in the multiplex to why university of chicago, indoctrinate movie viewers in the ideology of oedipus essay capitalism. He writes: “Nolan’s films are preoccupied with . . . the lies that we tell ourselves to stay happy. Yet the situation is worse even than that. Moment In Life! It’s one thing to lie to oedipus essay planes, oneself; it’s another to not even know whether one is lying to oneself or not.” In Marxist terminology this is called “false consciousness,” the process by which we are unconsciously socialized and indoctrinated into the values of the ruling class.
Staples has a similar concern: “The most potent and thesis influential ideas [in the film] are those so thoroughly socialized and internalized that, their origins long forgotten, they are presupposed without argument.” What Staples is writing about is ideology, which we have been discussing all throughout the second half of the course, beginning with Far From Heaven . Critics like Fisher and Staples argue that the process of essay trains “false consciousness” is at work in the film, in the same way that inception works. For inception to prius study analysis, be successful, the host has to believe that the implanted idea is theirs. Trains! In other words, they must come to writing services, believe that the planes trains lie is true, and thesis on biosurfactant production not only that: that it is a deeply personal truth. According to Fisher, “in Inception , as in late capitalist culture in general, you’re always in someone else’s dream, which is essay planes trains also the dream of no one.” It is the dream of capital, and those who control capital. I would suggest this is particularly true of the violence in the film. Viewers consume shocking amounts of violence in the film without thinking about it because it is entertaining in itself and part of a story that is written in such a way to make the violence seem inconsequential (it’s all just a dream). I like to paper testing, call this “ The Matrix Complex” (because the same thing happens in that film).
Critics like Fisher insinuate that Nolan is the purveyor of the Hollywood blockbuster mentality, cleverly masquerading Inception as an art film. While I believe this critique has some validity, I think the opposite may be equally true: Nolan is an auteur who cleverly masks his art films as popular entertainment. That is the main reason I chose Inception as the oedipus last film in this course. Nolan is a master of film technique, an auteur; he is prescient in his grasp of the zeitgeist; and he understands how to insert “big ideas” into his film without seeming pretentious. In Chicago! But he does all this in Hollywood, which is quite an accomplishment. Oedipus Essay! It is something that the online film critic Eileen Jones would applaud, and hold up as a shining example of why university of chicago what Hollywood film studios can accomplish, as long as they embrace their own pro-business aesthetic and refuse to essay planes trains, slavishly follow the standards of European art film. Richard Corliss says of Inception : Though the plot is really one giant hallucination, it’s an creating resume experience that doesn’t blow your mind so much as challenge it. Viewers will have to oedipus essay planes, work to keep up with all the shifting perspectives and layers of deceit. Thesis Production! Inception is like the oedipus essay coolest, toughest final exam – or like the dream of one, in which you’re suddenly in on memorable moment, class and planes trains you realize you didn’t prepare for the big test. This is a movie that you’ll wish you had crammed for. But reading this blog entry is preparation for the final exam, so you won’t be totally unprepared (and hopefully won’t have the it’s-the-day-of-the-final-and-I-haven’t-studied-all-semester nightmare).
Cobb, in Inception , offers a final thought (that might never leave you): “The most persistent parasite is an idea. Once it takes root in the brain, it’s almost impossible to eradicate.” University of why university college Maryland. Leon Saunders Calvert, “ Inception : Film, Dreams and Freud,” Offscreen 15.5 (May 31, 2011). Robert Capps, “QA: Christopher Nolan on oedipus essay planes, Dreams, Architecture, and Ambiguity,” Wired (November 29, 2010). Richard Corliss, “ Inception : Whose Mind Is It, Anyway?”, Time (July 14, 2010).
Mark Fisher, “The Lost Unconscious: Delusions and Dreams in Inception,” Film Quarterly 64.3 (Spring 2011). Jason Staples, “Shadowlands, Myth, and the Creation of Meaning in Inception, ” Journal of Religion Film 14.1 (April 2010). Chicago 10 and Postmodern Documentary. The first films were documentaries. Louis and Auguste Lumiere, the French brothers credited with the invention of the cinema, called their short films “actualites.” They were depictions of actual life, recording such things as workers leaving a factory or a train arriving at a station. However, even in on memorable moment in life, these early films, some of the human figures acknowledge the camera, and are sometimes characters in rudimentary narratives – as in The Waterer Gets Watered (1895).
I also noted, in class, the oedipus planes trains subjective nature of the camera. Even if you point your camera at something and turn it on, you’re only getting one possible vantage point, and toyota study analysis leaving out a lot of information. Oedipus Essay Planes! Shooting a camera entails choosing what the audience will see, and not see. So, from the very beginning of film history, the line dividing the objective from the subjective, the factual from the fictional, the real from the artificial, has been blurred. This is still true, perhaps even more so, in film today, as I explain below. The effort to distinguish documentary realism and in life narrative illusion became more necessary once story-based film came to dominate the essay industry. Creating Resume! Documentarians claimed realism for themselves, leaving fantasy to the big movie studios. We see this in the ethnographic films of Robert Flaherty, in the 1920s.
However, critics now question Flaherty’s realism. Your textbook authors write: Flaherty’s Nanook of the North (1922), about the Inuit people in Canada, and Man of Aran (1937), about the Aran Islanders off the oedipus west coast of paper testing Ireland, are voice-of-authority documentaries organized by intertitles that explain the activities depicted. In his zeal to valorize what he considered the essay blissfully primitive cultures of the Inuit and the Aran islanders, however, Flaherty misrepresented the cultures he intended to document (290). The example they give in the textbook is when Nanook (or Allakarillak, his real name), “feigns awe at in chicago, the sight of the gramophone,” something which Nanook had actually seen before (290). Flaherty has him pretend not to know about such modern conveniences in order to reveal his innocence of modernity, his blissful ignorance. I gave a couple other examples in class. Flaherty had Nanook construct only half an igloo – a set made of ice – so that he would have the light to shoot inside the igloo.
The way the film is shot, the half-igloo appears to oedipus planes, be whole. Flaherty also staged Nanook’s capture of a seal – what Nanook was really yanking on was a rope that was attached to two or three members of the manufacture testing film crew, not a seal. When all this came to light, exposed in films like Nanook Revisited , some critics concluded that it was difficult if not impossible, even in trains, documentaries, to separate what is real and true from essay moment, what is oedipus imaginary and false. Thesis Production! They similarly saw no good way to oedipus essay, distinguish the film-maker’s subjective view from the objective presentation of reality. Towards Postmodern Documentary. One prominent response to this situation was to on memorable, embrace fictionality and subjectivity in the documentary. In this sense, the documentary film becomes a performance by the film-maker, rather than an objective recording of reality. Errol Morris was one of the first film documentarians to do this.
As your textbook puts it: Morris adopts a bemused perspective on his subjects: his ironic distance is made evident through editing. He juxtaposes images of oedipus essay trains one subject with interviews with another, so it seems as if the people he interviews are making comments about the lives and work of prius case study analysis other people. Essay Planes! . . . By pairing a subject’s statements with seemingly unrelated images, Morris adds dimension to the interviews, introducing ideas that none of his subjects has voiced. Morris gets at one truth by allowing the interviewees to tell their own stories yet his editing encourages the audience to make unusual connections. (284). Michael Moore, the director of Fahrenheit 9/11 (which won the prestigious Palme d’Or at Cannes in 2004) is a film documentarian that you’re likely more familiar with. Toyota Prius Study Analysis! Moore is always a participant in oedipus trains, his films, he is always performing on camera, usually as a humorous gadfly character. Moore’s subjectivity – his responses, his opinions, his outrage – is part of the subject. Some think Moore is services refreshingly candid in oedipus essay, putting his own point of view front-and-center in his films; others think he is an unbearable, opinionated blowhard. Morris and Moore were early practitioners of postmodern documentary, a form of documentary that has become popular – largely because of film-makers like Morris and Moore. Before getting into postmodern documentary film, it’s important to say something about why university of chicago college postmodernism, and essay planes postmodern film more generally.
For our definition of thesis on biosurfactant postmodernism, we go to Margaret Wertheim, of the Faith and oedipus essay planes Reason program on PBS. A general and on biosurfactant production wide-ranging term which is applied to literature, art, philosophy, architecture, fiction, and cultural and oedipus essay planes trains literary criticism, among others. Postmodernism is largely a reaction to the assumed certainty of scientific, or objective, efforts to explain reality. In essence, it stems from a recognition that reality is not simply mirrored in human understanding of it, but rather, is constructed as the mind tries to understand its own particular and personal reality. For this reason, postmodernism is highly skeptical of explanations which claim to be valid for all groups, cultures, traditions, or races, and instead focuses on the relative truths of each person. In the postmodern understanding, interpretation is everything; reality only comes into being through our interpretations of what the thesis on biosurfactant world means to us individually. Oedipus Planes Trains! Postmodernism relies on concrete experience over of chicago essay college, abstract principles, knowing always that the outcome of one’s own experience will necessarily be fallible and relative, rather than certain and universal.
Postmodernism is “post” because it is denies the existence of any ultimate principles, and essay it lacks the of chicago college confidential optimism of there being a scientific, philosophical, or religious truth which will explain everything for everybody – a characteristic of the so-called “modern” mind. The paradox of the postmodern position is oedipus essay that, in placing all principles under the scrutiny of its skepticism, it must realize that even its own principles are not beyond questioning. As the philosopher Richard Tarnas states, postmodernism “cannot on its own principles ultimately justify itself any more than can the various metaphysical overviews against which the moment in life postmodern mind has defined itself.” This can be broken down further. Below are the five main concepts regarding postmodern culture more generally. Essay! Postmodernism. calls into question “grand” theories that purport to explain everything for everyone forever (Enlightenment, liberalism, Marxism, Freudianism, etc.) claims there is no universal/objective truth; everything is subjective and relative holds that the self is socially constructed (undercutting individualism, agency, and freedom) is suspicious of media, particularly the power of visual media to recreate, represent, and replace the real (Baudrillard’s “simulacrum“) blurs the border between reality and representation. In terms of aesthetics, postmodern works of art are characterized by.
non-linear, fractured narrative self-referentiality/self-reflexivity (irony) pastiche/bricolage/intertextuality/fragmentation/genre bending the leveling of high/low culture blurring the border between fact and production fiction. It should be evident that fiction films would have less problems with postmodernism, as defined above, than documentary films. Documentary films are not supposed to be subjective or fake, whereas that is very much allowed in oedipus planes trains, fiction films. In its cultural skepticism, postmodernism relentlessly attacks the essence of documentary realism. Postmodernism and Documentary Realism. Representing the postmodern perspective, Krystin Arneson writes of documentaries: Like photography, documentaries are a representational medium: They record and occasionally reconstruct the everyday reality viewers typically cannot experience themselves. Because photography is an indexical sign signifying truth, audiences understand the documentary, a moving photograph, to signify truth also. However, they are able to make the distinction between the ?everyday reality? presented by documentaries and the fictive ?reality? of cinematic films. But the documentary?’s version of reality is not as innocent as it presents itself to be. Because of the paper manufacture terms perceived indexical truth-value of the film, the audience is oedipus essay planes trains drawn into essay on memorable moment, an everyday reality that seemingly doesn’t need questioning.
There is ?a sense of essay co-presence between creator and viewer that gives the services in chicago viewer the sensation of being both here, now, looking at the image and there, then, looking at what the image represents or evokes.? For Arneson, it is difficult to separate objective from subjective truth in postmodern documentary. As a ?human document? dealing with not only the hard facts but also the ?social and personal aspects? of the theme, the documentary is oedipus essay planes a representational, recorded version of the everyday created through ?[the director?s] personal interpretations of what he or she chooses to place in front of the camera lens.? The ?informational value is mediated through the perspective of the person making it, and it is presented as a mixture of emotion and information (Stuart Hall, Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices [Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1997], 83) This ?mediation,? or personal interpretation of the topic, is influenced by any number of factors: preconceived attitudes, biases, and what story they hope to get out of the services filming. Frederick Wiseman, a documentary maker himself, writes of the impossibility of objectivity in representation: ?Any documentary made in no matter what style, is arbitrary, biased, prejudiced, compressed and essay planes subjective. Like any of its sisterly or brotherly fictional forms, it is born in choice – choice of subject matter, place, people, camera angles, duration of shooting, sequences to be shot or omitted, transitional material and cutaways (Toby Miller, Technologies of Truth: Cultural Citizenship and the Popular Media, ed. Michael Renov, Faye Ginsburg, and Jane Gaines [Minneapolis: University of writing in chicago Minnesota Press, 1998], 225). No matter how objectively a filmmaker approaches a topic, they will always be filtering the topic through their personal lens ?- not just the oedipus essay planes camera?’s. Subjectivity, and therefore a departure from the real, is thus introduced in the documentary as soon as the filmmaker makes a decision on how the case study everyday should be represented. This begins the essay moment the camera turns on and continues until an on memorable moment in life audience views the final product. Linda Williams has also written on oedipus, postmodern documentaries, though with less suspicion.
In an analysis of Errol Morris’s The Thin Blue Line (about someone’s wrongful conviction for murder) and writing in chicago Claude Lanzmann’s monumental Shoah (about the Holocaust), Williams focuses on the. low-budget postmodern documentary borrowing many features of the fiction film. My goal . . . is to get beyond the much remarked self-reflexivity and oedipus essay trains flamboyant auteurism of these documentaries, which might seem, Rashomon -like, to abandon the pursuit of truth, to what seems to me their remarkable engagement with a newer, more contingent, relative, postmodern truth—a truth which, far from being abandoned, still operates powerfully as the receding horizon of the documentary tradition. (312) The lesson that I would like to draw from these two exemplary postmodern documentaries is thus not at all that postmodern representation inevitably succumbs to a depthlessness of the simulacrum, or that it gives up on truth to wallow in the undecidabilities of representation. The lesson, rather, is that there can be historical depth to the notion of truth – not the depth of unearthing a coherent and unitary past, but the depth of the past’s reverberation with the why university of chicago essay college present. If the authoritative means to the truth of the trains past does not exist, if photographs and moment in life moving images are not mirrors with memories, if they are more, as Baudrillard has suggested, like a hall of mirrors, then our best response to this crisis of representation might be to do what Lanzmann and Morris do: to deploy the many facets of these mirrors to oedipus essay planes trains, reveal the seduction of lies. (325).
That is, they construct “truths to dispel pernicious fictions, even though these truths are only relative and contingent. While never absolute and never fixed, this under-construction, fragmented horizon of truth is one important means of thesis production combating the pernicious scapegoating fictions that can put the wrong man on death row and enable the extermination of a whole people. (325). Williams seems to suggest that personal, subjective truth, presented by oedipus planes, someone personally involved (as an advocate, etc.), is moment in life better than no truth at all. Pure moral relativism, the oedipus essay planes trains absolute denial of objective truth, leads to essay moment, paralysis, whereas engagement in the issue gets us a little closer to the truth. Chicago 10 as Postmodern Documentary. Chicago 10 is generally recognized by critics and reviewers as a postmodern documentary (as defined above). Jim Emerson writes that the film. bursts with Yippie-ish irreverence and political fervor.
The movie intercuts archival footage with colorful motion-capture animation (voiced by some really good actors), based upon actual transcripts of the trial. These play, quite intentionally, like countercultural Looney Tunes, with Hoffman the Younger as the Tasmanian Devil and Hoffman the Elder as Elmer Fudd. Essay Trains! . . . The irreverent attitude of Chicago 10 is in synch with the times it portrays. Paper! Giddy, funny and sometimes nightmarishly absurd, it’s an apple-cart-upsetting performance piece shot through with blasting music from Eminem, the Beastie Boys and Rage Against the Machine [and let’s not forget “War Pig,” performed by Black Sabbath, during a key juncture of the essay planes film]. As an paper activist documentary with a contemporary agenda, it doesn’t pretend to oedipus planes trains, be “objective” (whatever that means), but to why university essay confidential, find inspiration in oedipus trains, the passion and creating resume irreverence of its heroes. Chicago 10 is trains “irreverent” and case study analysis “doesn’t pretend to be ‘objective’.” It upsets the “apple cart “of film – and particularly documentary film – convention. When the animation starts near the planes beginning of the film we know this will be no ordinary documentary. By combining documentary realism with exaggerated animation, Chicago 10 mixes high and low culture and calls into question the veracity of on biosurfactant what we see, since we typically associate animation with fantasy and fiction. This cognitive dissonance is amplified by planes, the fact that there are at least three different kinds of animation utilized in the film.
The variety of terms animation styles, mixed with archival footage, also highlights the pastiche/bricolage/intertextuality/fragmentation/genre bending of the oedipus film. It is of chicago essay college confidential edited together in a seemingly sloppy, slap-dash manner, which is not poor work but rather the film-maker’s attempt to essay planes trains, use the deconstruction of film form as a way to challenge the authorized version of reality, which passes itself off as universal, objective truth. Chicago 10 is fragmented in its form. It is also fragmented in its narrative. You are no stranger to essay moment in life, fractured narrative. The film Adaptation has a famously convoluted narrative, and is postmodern in just about every way.
But, again, fiction films are allowed to play around with narrative (even in Hollywood films), whereas documentaries are meant to reflect the real, without bias or a subjective viewpoint. The best way to interrogate this is to present a historical narrative that jumps around in time, and oedipus essay refuses to privilege one account over others. This is what Morgen does in why university confidential, Chicago 10 . Relatedly, Chicago 10 is self-referential. Formally and thematically, Morgen draws attention to his film as an artificial construct. He makes visual “jokes,” he “winks at the audience.” The best example of this is early on oedipus essay planes, in the courtroom when Abbie Hoffman blows a kiss towards a juror and the “camera” follows the kiss to its destination, on college confidential, the juror’s cheek (which the trains judge according to the transcript, tells the jury to disregard). The mimicry of live-action cinematography in fiction films is common in animated films, but here, in a documentary, it is meant as an ironic commentary on film-making. At the same time, the film looks critically at the kind of spectacle that postmodernists typically question. In the toyota case film, it is Abbie Hoffman who examines the topic, in the form of political theater. Hoffman argues that politics is nothing more than “theater and magic.” He says to a reporter: We believe that politics is the way you live your life, not who you support.
It’s not in terms of rallies or speeches or political programs. It is in terms of images and in terms of transforming people’s lives. In ideological war, the side who controls visual representation is the side that usually wins. Hoffman and his Yippie cohorts understood this very well, which is why they managed so successfully to dramatize the oedipus protests at the Democratic convention, and essay in life the trial itself, on their own very colorful terms. It’s also why we still find these historical figures compelling, because their antics – nominating a pig as president, creating a melee at the New York Stock Exchange by throwing money into the pit, encircling and attempting to levitate the planes Pentagon – are such good theater, which makes them tailor-made for film treatment. As Emerson puts it: In the great 1960s clash of why university of chicago college generational values, Hoffman believed that his side would prevail because it had better symbols. As he framed it, the comedic/dramatic faceoff was between peace, love and freedom on one hand, and war, repression and oppression on the other. When you look at it in those terms, it’s hard to argue with him.
In the end, Morgen’s documentary follows the template of the postmodern advocacy documentary described by Williams. Morgen is clearly an advocate of the activists depicted in Chicago 10 , and their radical politics. Though he uses postmodern techniques, it seems very likely that Morgen did not intend to cast suspicion on the actions or even the oedipus essay planes ideology, of the anti-war counterculture. Unlike more postmodern films, and many postmodern documentaries, Chicago 10 doesn’t just question and essay on memorable moment in life undercut the idea of objective truth, asserting instead an ironic – but untrustworthy – subjectivity. Chicago 10 takes sides, suggesting that some truths are better than others, and are worth fighting for, despite being partial, particular, and contingent. University of oedipus planes Maryland. Krystin Arneson, “Representation through Documentary: A Post-Modern Assessment,” Artifacts: A Journal of Undergraduate Writing 6 (March 2012). Jim Emerson, “Review of Chicago 10 ,” rogerebert.com (February 28, 2008). Margaret Wertheim. “Postmodernism.” Faith and Reason.
PBS. December 11, 2013. Linda Williams, “Mirrors without Memories: Truth, History, and the New Documentary,” eds. Paper Testing Terms! Brian Henderson and Ann Martin, Film Quarterly: Forty Years – A Selection (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999). http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft5h4nb36j/ Chicago 10 and the Counterculture. Brett Morgen is a writer/director/producer of trains documentaries. His first feature-length documentary, Ollie’s Army (1996), featured the services in chicago former Marine and oedipus essay planes conservative pundit, Oliver North (of Iran-Contra infamy).
In 1999, with Nanette Burstein, Morgen released On the Ropes , a documentary about three young boxers and essay their coach. This film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Feature Documentary, and won a number of oedipus essay planes film awards, including the Special Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival, the essay confidential Directors Guild of oedipus essay trains America award for best documentary, and on biosurfactant the same award from the International Documentary Association. After On the Ropes , Morgen is perhaps best known for The Kid Stays in the Picture , an “inside-Hollywood” look at the controversial and legendary Paramount producer Robert Evans. This film was nominated for oedipus essay trains, twelve minor film awards, winning four. Morgen’s latest documentary was Crossfire Hurricane , a television documentary about the fiftieth-anniversary tour of the on biosurfactant production Rolling Stones. This film was nominated for four primetime Emmies, and won the essay planes trains “Golden Reel” award for best sound editing. (This film can be favorably compared with Martin Scorsese’s 2007 documentary about The Rolling Stones, called Shine a Light ).
With its mix of archival footage and various forms of animation, Chicago 10 is a less conventional documentary than the ones Morgen made before. The film was generally well reviewed, though it was panned by some of the bigger media outlets and has not garnered the kind of awards that Morgen has previously won. Creating Resume! There were mixed reviews on Morgen’s use of animation in the film. At Time Out , Ben Kenigsberg writes that. this unclassifiable cine-essay from Brett Morgen . . Trains! . burnishes the Chicago Seven trial with an iGeneration makeover. Alternating between archival footage and animated reenactments – somewhat clunkily scored with a contemporary soundtrack – this is the first nonfiction film that plays like a Matrix trailer. Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle has a different take on the film. He concludes: In the end, the truest thing that can be said for “Chicago 10” is that, though Morgen did just about everything he could to manufacture, make his movie unwatchable, the story was interesting enough to fight him to a draw. The film chronicles the creative provocations of anti-war activists at the Democratic National Convention in 1968 in Chicago, and the police push-back. Two of the defendants, Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, were members of the newly-formed activist group, the Yippies.
The Yippies were well known for their political street theater, which took on oedipus, monumental proportions in moment in life, Chicago during the convention. Oedipus Essay Planes Trains! Other defendants, such as Rennie Davis and David Dellinger, represented the slightly more mainstream peace group, the National Mobilization Committee, or MOBE. A third defendant, Bobby Seale, was an services in chicago organizer for the Black Panther Party. The protesters street theater turned into a riot on the streets of Chicago. It is oedipus essay planes generally acknowledged now that it was Mayor Daley’s police who created the of chicago riot, not the protesters. But arguably this is exactly what the protesters wanted, since it showed quite concretely the lengths the authorities were willing to oedipus planes trains, go to maintain order and perpetuate a repressive status quo based upon essay on memorable in life war and profits. When they went on trial, the leaders of the planes protest at why university of chicago essay college, the Democratic convention in 1968 brought their theater out of the streets and into the courtroom. The trial became a “circus,” but like the circus-like demonstrations, it was arguably the authorities (particularly Judge Julius Hoffman) who made it so – particularly in the silencing of Bobby Seale. Chicago 10 and the Counterculture. Earlier in the semester, when we viewed Apocalypse Now , we discussed the American counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s, which was characterized by newer, looser conceptions of “sex, drugs, and rock-n-roll,” and, eventually, anti-war protest.
I posted a blog entry in which I argued that Apocalypse Now shows the “dark side” of the counterculture, reflecting the moral exhaustion the followed the conclusion of the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal (which forced the resignation of essay President Richard Nixon in 1974). By contrast, Chicago 10 shows us the toyota analysis vibrancy (and sense of humor) of the student-led peace movement in the United States circa 1968. In this sense, Chicago 10 is more like Jean-Luc’s Godard’s Weekend , from 1967, than Apocalypse Now – though Godard is essay planes trains somewhat critical of his student revolutionaries, whereas Morgen is quite celebratory. Still, though in Chicago 10 we see the American counterculture through rose-colored, psychedelic glasses, there is a hint of dark times to come. We see this in the growing stridency and militancy of the peace movement, which would lead to some students taking up arms (and bombs) for peace. Previously in the 1960s, protests were more likely to feature hippie flower children putting flowers into the barrels on soldiers’ guns; post-1968 protests were much more chaotic, with protesters enveloped by clouds of tear gas and running from thesis on biosurfactant, truncheon-swinging policemen. Trains! Indicative of this is the violent tactics of the protesters in Chicago, and the ubiquitous use of the “p” word (“pig”) in reference to moment, the police. As I mentioned in class, if you’re looking for oedipus planes trains, historical background on the film, you’ll want to manufacture, search for essay, “the Chicago 7,” not “the Chicago 10.” That’s because most accounts focus on the seven white activists originally charged with inciting to riot, and treat Bobby Seale (also convicted) separately, and don’t consider the defense attorneys who were also jailed (for contempt of court). As the film makes clear, the defense attorneys actually spent more time in jail than most of the defendants.
Morgen is right to consider Bobby Seale as one of the creating resume ten – despite not being one of the main organizers of the protest, and being separated from the rest of the trains defendants – since his horrendous treatment (being denied the right to paper testing, defend himself, dragged out of the oedipus trains courtroom, and later gagged in the courtroom) is one of the more controversial aspects of the trial. University of Maryland. Ben Kenigsberg, “Review of Chicago 10 ,” TimeOut (February 26, 2008). Mick LaSalle, “‘Chicago 10’ filmmaking fails story,” San Francisco Chronicle ( February 29, 2008). Three Experimental Films and Avant-garde Cinema. Also known as “experimental” and “underground” cinema, films of the avant-garde. tend to have broken, disjointed, or non-existent narratives often focus on some technical aspect of film usually “approach the medium as an aesthetic, philosophical, and/or political means of expression” ( Film: A Critical Introduction , 291) are generally antagonistic to conventional, Hollywood-style film-making.
According to on biosurfactant, your textbook authors, there are five major kinds of avant-garde film: Surrealist. Films that violate narrative conventions, focus on the unconscious mind, and “reject conventional morality and poke fun at bourgeois values through form and content” (Film: A Critical Introduction 293). Abstract. Films that focus on objects rather than people; they also focus on issues involved in vision itself, as well as investigate the oedipus materials of the film medium (e.g.
Stan Brakhage). City Symphony. Films that “celebrate the vibrancy of the modern world,” and combine documentary and in life experimental film. Structuralist. Films that concentrate on the use of the cinematic apparatus, such as strips of film, sound waves, cameras, and lenses. Compilation . Films that “reuse film footage in an entirely new context to generate innovative ideas” (299). The three short films I assigned for this week are certainly experimental, avant-garde films, but not all of them fit the textbook definition.
An Andalusian Dog (Un Chien Andalou) , written and directed by oedipus planes, Salvador Dali and Luis Bunuel, and writing services first released in essay trains, 1927, is the best-known example of Surrealist film. Your textbook authors note that Surrealist films “are rife with humor, sexuality, and scandalous images. They reject conventional morality and poke fun at bourgeois values through form and content” (293). An Andalusian Dog intentionally confounds the expectations of the audience and purposefully violates most of the conventions regarding film narrative. It undermines any sense of coherent narrative, and revels in its irrationality. In this sense, it is just like a dream. Again, according to your textbook authors, the writing film subverts chronological time and narrative causality, and mocks narrative form. “The sequence of events is planes trains not coherent; viewers cannot make sense of the film using cause-and-effect logic,” and production “unnamed characters have few goals or conflicts (although motifs include gender fluidity and sexual aggression” (293). Needless to say, the film does not conform to conventional film-making represented by oedipus essay planes trains, Hollywood. According to Martha Nochimson, in thesis, An Andalusian Dog Dali and Bunuel mock “the assumption that there is any absolute reality. Oedipus Trains! Creating a film that has no traditional narrative syntax, that is, rules by which the parts were joined to form a story, Dali and Bunuel set out to prove that all individuals and cultures are doing no more than connecting the services dots according to oedipus essay trains, their own limited perspectives when they talk about the real” (281).
An Andalusian Dog can best be understood as an experiment in creating resume, Freudian dream analysis, utilizing the planes method of free association. Just as dreams are deeply subjective, amorphous, and have their own logic, An Andalusian Dog works at the level of the subconscious mind, which includes the creating resume “sub-rational.” Like psychoanalysis, the film proceeds via free association, encouraging the viewer to randomly and automatically associate one thing with another. Though the film defies explanation, and the film-makers repeatedly refused to explicate the symbols of the film, one way to read An Andalusian Dog is as a journey through the stages of essay psycho-sexual development according to Freud. (I have created a separate blog entry on Freud’s stages, and another that walks you through a reading of An Andalusian Dog according to Freud.) There are many visual associations of a sexual nature in An Andalusian Dog (armpit hair representing pubic hair, the wounded hand representing the vagina, the close association of manufacture female breasts and buttocks). There are other associations of essay planes a non-sexual nature (tennis racket for crucifix, shaken martini mixer for the father). Creating Resume! Some of oedipus essay trains these images are taken right out essay moment in life, of the planes trains Freudian playbook, others (such as ants crawling out of stigmata holes) are personal obsessions of Dali or Bunuel, which first appeared in dreams. Finally, in the film we see, in manufacture terms, many different guises, the close association of oedipus sex with death, or eros (sexual desire) and thanatos (the death wish), which was one of case analysis Freud’s later psychological theories. The final image of the film, in which the formerly vibrant lovers are now corpses half-buried in the dirt, makes this association quite clear. Meshes of the Afternoon was made, in the United States, in 1943. Oedipus Planes Trains! It was written, directed, and creating resume acted by Maya Deren and her husband at the time, Alexander Hammid.
According to your textbook, Meshes of the Afternoon is a late, American Surrealist film. It “explores the essay planes dream state, suspending the creating resume notion of chronological time while relying on oedipus, characters, settings, and the semblance of on memorable moment in life narrative. Deren and her husband use domestic interiors as the nightmarish location for oedipus, the dreamer’s vivid and self-destructive imagination” ( Film: A Critical Introduction , 293). The film blurs the border between dream and reality, to the point where we don’t know which is which. Deren said of the Meshes of the Afternoon : “This film is of chicago essay confidential concerned with the interior experiences of an individual. Oedipus! It does not record an event which could be witnessed by other persons. Rather, it reproduces the way in which the subconscious of an production individual will develop, interpret and elaborate an apparently simple and casual incident into oedipus essay planes, a critical emotional experience.” (Commentary from Maya Deren from the DVD release, Maya Deren: Experimental Films 1943–58 ).
As a number of critics have noted, it is the subjective camera work in the film that shows how the individual develops, interprets and why university of chicago essay college confidential elaborates emotional experience. Meshes of the Afternoon is often characterized as a feminist film. According to essay planes, Theresa Geller, Deren worked tirelessly . . . as a filmmaker and activist in an otherwise masculinist avant-garde art world. The critiques she wages against the dominant representations women were met with vehement resistance by a rabidly patriarchal, and frequently misogynistic, avant-garde film culture that did not hesitate to toyota prius case analysis, conflate Deren herself with her films in their attacks” (140). As a feminist film, Meshes of the Afternoon shows the psychological oppression of women, which – in the case of the oedipus essay planes unnamed woman character – leads to why university of chicago confidential, suicide. The unnamed man in the film is part of this oppression; the woman’s dream shows him to be a ominous, threatening figure. In its feminism, the film is similar to Todd Haynes’s Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story . Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story. Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story , written and directed by oedipus essay, Todd Haynes while he was in graduate school, is a short biopic about the pop chanteuse of the why university essay 1970s who died of anorexia nervosa in trains, 1983.
The moment you first see a Barbie doll playing Karen Carpenter, you know you are stepping into the avant-garde. Creating Resume! Seeing Barbie dolls play all the characters, throughout the entire film, seals the deal. Haynes’s use of Barbie dolls has two main functions in the film. First, it is a subtle critique of the way girls and women are encouraged to aspire to – or are indoctrinated in – an unrealistic and dysfunctional physical ideal, for the purpose of looking more attractive to men. This is oedipus essay planes one way that women suffer as a result of the Male Gaze. Secondly, Haynes uses the Barbie dolls to prevent the viewer’s identification with the characters in the film. That is, he puts into on memorable moment in life, practice Brechtian distanciation (the alienation effect). He attempts to oedipus essay planes, put some critical distance between the viewer and the fantasy world of the film. However, as I mentioned in class, it doesn’t always work that way. I still managed to identify with the toyota case characters and essay trains become immersed in the world of the of chicago essay film.
The melodrama of the oedipus plot and the music (and my own 1970s nostalgia) had a big part to creating resume, play in this. Like Meshes of the Afternoon (and decidedly not like An Andalusian Dog ), Superstar can be considered a feminist film. The film shows how Karen Carpenter struggled with the expectations of her family and essay planes society, which derived from a patriarchal ideology. The film also deals with the Male Gaze, as mentioned above. Related to this is creating resume Haynes’s critique of consumerism. The film suggests that consumerism was complicit in oedipus, the death of Karen Carpenter, in that it was the consumption of Ex-Lax and Ipicac that led to her anorexia. Ironically, Carpenter consumed these products as a form of un-consumption – she used them to starve herself. And she starved herself to meet an impossible physical ideal, to be pretty so that men might more easily consume her image. The film also critiques the counter-counterculture of 1970s, which was a conservative response to the counterculture of the early 1970s.
That is, Carpenter became the poster child of wholesome living, and the antithesis of sex, drugs, and moment rock-n-roll. This was another impossible ideal to fulfill, feeding into Carpenter’s sickness. It was exacerbated by the pressures of oedipus essay planes trains celebrity, of creating resume being a role model before you’re mature enough to handle it. This inevitably leads to cognitive dissonance, a conflict between who you are and who your are supposed to be (or forced by others to essay, be). The film is Surrealist in some places (the spanking hand). It could be considered Abstract, particularly if you think dolls are objects and not people. It could also be considered a Compilation film in creating resume, that Haynes inserts scenes from the liberation of the Nazi Death Camps, and other seemingly inappropriate footage. It might seem that Haynes was going way over the top with such footage, in effect comparing anorexia nervosa to the Holocaust and the Vietnam War, but on a formal level it is oedipus planes justified – it is one way to offset the melodramatic story-line, and confound the nearly-automatic emotional response provoked by the music. University of Maryland.
Maya Deren, “Commentary to Meshes of the Afternoon ,” Maya Deren: Experimental Films 1943–58 (DVD) . Theresa L. Geller, “The Personal Cinema of Maya Deren: Meshes of the Afternoon and its Critical Reception in the History of the Avant-garde,” Biography: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly 29.1 (Winter 2006): 140-158. Martha Nochimson, World on paper testing terms, Film (Malden, MA: John Wiley Sons, 2007). A Freudian Interpretation of An Andalusian Dog. The following is a Freudian interpretation of An Andalusian Dog ( Un Chien Andalou) . Essay Planes! It is one of many possible interpretations of the film. My reading draws upon Freudian psychology, which I summarized in another blog entry. The narrative of the film is illogical, like the narrative of a dream. Services In Chicago! Dream analysis was a preoccupation of oedipus planes trains both Freudian analysts and Surrealist artists. The film begins with the writing services sexual act, which is an act of violence. This is represented by the sliced eye-ball of the woman. A child is born, a boy; birth, too, is a violent act.
This is represented by the injured boy who has fallen off his bike. The boy is disturbed by a sexually undifferentiated (androgynous) female and becomes aware of his own sexuality. The boy is both hostile towards, and aroused by, the androgynous person. He takes sexual pleasure in her death. He desires his mother sexually, reaching for oedipus essay planes, the breasts, the center of his libidinous pleasure. but is thwarted and held back by societal conventions (Ten Commandments, dead horse, pianos, priests) and by services in chicago, the threatened violence of his father, who berates him, in a sense saying “grow up!” The father forces the boy to abandon his childish ways and become more like him. This is oedipus essay trains represented by the father throwing the boy’s childish things out the window. The boy, in creating resume, an expression of the Oedipal Complex, imagines killing his father. Oedipus Trains! It is humorously represented as a shoot-out, the toyota prius analysis kind featured in oedipus, cowboy or gangster films. Once this conflict is resolved, the father and the son assume their proper roles, with the son inevitably taking precedence over creating resume, his father.
This is represented by the son being much taller than his father. (Granted, this association is oedipus even more illogical than the ones previously discussed, since now the father and the son are played by prius analysis, different actors, in what seems to be another film entirely. A similar thing occurs at the end of the oedipus planes trains film.) Later, the of chicago boy, now grown to an adult, attempts to establish a healthy sexual relationship with a woman but he still shows feminine characteristics, which means he has not developed properly. This is represented by the woman’s armpit hair (standing in for her pubic hair) on the man’s face. Then we see the boy/man in a healthier aspect; his healthy individuation is indicated by a completely different actor playing the character. The woman is attracted to trains, him, not to the other man who has not developed properly.
The man and his female lover walk along the on biosurfactant production shore, representing the font of planes trains life from which we all come and to which we all return. The man shows his disgust for why university of chicago confidential, childish things. These are the same items the father threw out the window earlier in the film. The film ends with death, at which point the cycle begins again. (Some have also seen, in this shot, an allusion to the bloody battlefields of oedipus essay trains World War I). Freud’s Stages of Psycho-Sexual Development. Though the film defies explanation, and the directors Luis Bunuel and Salvador Dali repeatedly refused to explain the symbols of the film, one way to read An Andalusian Dog (Un Chien Andalou) is as a journey through the stages of psycho-sexual development according to Sigmund Freud.
These stages are: Oral stage (from birth to eighteen months): the child is writing services in chicago preoccupied by nursing, and identifies nursing with his or her libidinal energy. Trains! Weaning provokes a crisis, an initial separation between the child and the mother. Anal stage (eighteen months to paper manufacture, 3 years): as the essay child is toilet-trained, he or she becomes obsessed with defecation. The child takes pleasure in defecation, which is countered by the rules of society concerning the control of bodily functions. Testing Terms! Phallic stage (3 to 4 years): the child becomes interested in oedipus essay, his or her genitals. The boy child wishes to possess his mother sexually, and to kill his father (his rival), but does not do so out of fear of castration at the hands of his father; instead he learns to identify with his father. This is the Oedipus Complex. The girl child desires her father and blames the mother for her lack of penis, but she eventually identifies with her mother, in order to vicariously possess her father through her mother. This is the Electra Complex. Latency Stage: the conflict of the Oedipal and Electra Complexes resolved, the child goes into an asexual period that is characterized by sexual repression.
Genital Stage: the child, now fully grown and socialized, strives to develop a healthy sexual relationship with a member of the opposite sex. Case! If previous states are unresolved, this will be problematic. For more on oedipus planes trains, Freud’s stages, and the definitions of such terms as libido, erogenous zone, id, ego, and on biosurfactant superego, please consult the planes trains Victorian Web (from which I have borrowed for on biosurfactant production, my explanation above): Note that feminists and gay critics have problems with Freud’s model of psycho-sexual development. They claim, rightly, that Freud does not seriously consider their sexual development in his model, insinuating that they are sexually incomplete or dysfunctional. Torture, Journalism, and Art, in Zero Dark Thirty. Kathyrn Bigelow is not the trains first film director to struggle with the tension between journalistic realism and paper testing terms artistic fiction in film. But she is currently the best, and most controversial, example of this phenomenon.
What I’m really referring to here is the “realistic” and/or “artistic” treatment of trains torture in Zero Dark Thirty . Toyota Case Study! The film clearly shows that torture, though clearly a bad thing, was effective in leading to the discovery and killing of Osama bin Laden. Bigelow, and her co-scriptwriter, the oedipus essay planes trains journalist Mark Boal, have repeatedly made the claim that Zero Dark Thirty is realistic, objective, and journalistic in its representation of torture. This is also the way they justify themselves as artists. For them, verisimilitude is equivalent to artistic treatment. Many critics vociferously disagree that the film is realistic, or can be considered journalism, on the subject of creating resume torture.
At The New Yorker , Jane Mayer writes that. the director of Zero Dark Thirty , Kathryn Bigelow, milks the U.S. torture program for drama while sidestepping the political and ethical debate that it provoked. In her hands, the hunt for bin Laden is essentially a police procedural, devoid of planes trains moral context. Creating Resume! If she were making a film about slavery in essay planes, antebellum America, it seems, the story would focus on whether the cotton crops were successful. In Rolling Stone , Matt Taibbi also addresses the why university of chicago subject of torture in Zero Dark Thirty . He writes: The problem had nothing to do with the trains fact that Bigelow showed torture. It was the way she depicted it – without perspective, and in the context of a pulse-pounding thriller where the audience is clearly supposed to root for the big treasure find. It’s a cliche but it’s true: Bin Laden wanted us to make this mistake. He wanted America to respond to him by paper manufacture testing terms, throwing off our carefully-crafted blanket of global respectability to reveal a brutal, repressive hypocrite underneath. He wanted us to stop pretending that we’re the country that handcuffs you and reads you your rights instead of extralegally drone-bombing you from the stratosphere, or putting one in your brain in an Egyptian basement somewhere.
Carla Seaquist comments that “ Zero Dark Thirty is the perfect al-Qaeda recruiting tool, with its extensive, and unopposed, torturing.” Adrian Chen writes that “Kathryn Bigelow’s Osama bin Laden revenge-porn flick Zero Dark Thirty was the oedipus trains biggest publicity coup for the CIA this century outside of the actual killing of Osama bin Laden.” [Chen follows this with a discussion of a memo that shows that the CIA “pressured (script-writer) Mark Boal to remove scenes that made them look bad from the creating resume Zero Dark Thirty script.”] Not all the critics of Zero Dark Thirty are film reviewers. Some are political commentators like Naomi Wolf, or journalists like Glen Greenwald (well known now for his reporting on WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, and Edward Snowden). Wolf claims that. in falsely justifying, in scene after scene, the torture of detainees in “the global war on terror”, Zero Dark Thirty is a gorgeously-shot, two-hour ad for keeping intelligence agents who committed crimes against Guantanamo prisoners out of jail. It makes heroes and heroines out of planes trains people who committed violent crimes against other people based on their race. Greenwald, writing of the death of why university of chicago essay Osama bin Laden and Zero Dark Thirty , says that: This event [killing of bin Laden] has obtained sacred status in American political lore. Nobody can speak ill of it, or even question it, without immediately prompting an avalanche of anger and resentment. . Essay Trains! . . For that reason, to depict X as valuable in creating resume, enabling the killing of bin Laden is – by definition – to glorify X. That formula will lead huge numbers of American viewers to regard X as justified and important. In this film: X = torture.
That’s why it glorifies torture: because it powerfully depicts it as a vital step – the first, indispensable step – in what enabled the US to essay trains, hunt down and pump bullets into America’s most hated public enemy. Greenwald, who has written a number of articles on the controversy, goes on to show how the film’s claims about torture are demonstrably false. He also characterizes the film as “CIA hagiography” and “pernicious propaganda.” Mayer’s beat is national and international affairs, not film. But she makes a strong case for the falsity of the representation of torture in Zero Dark Thirty . During a week in which the European Court decided that the CIA was involved in production, torture during the War on Terror, Mayer writes that. the C.I.A.’s program of calibrated cruelty was deemed so illegal, and oedipus essay planes trains so immoral, that the director of the F.B.I. withdrew his personnel rather than have them collaborate with it, and the top lawyer at the Pentagon laid his career on the line in an effort to creating resume, stop a version of the program from oedipus, spreading to the armed forces. As the Washington Post ’s Greg Sargent first reported, shortly after bin Laden was killed, Leon Panetta, then the director of the toyota prius study C.I.A., sent a letter to Arizona Senator John McCain [who publicly objected to the depiction of planes torture in Zero Dark Thirty ], clearly stating that “we first learned about ‘the facilitator/courier’s nom de guerre’ from why university of chicago confidential, a detainee not in the C.I.A.’s custody.” Panetta wrote that “no detainee in C.I.A. custody revealed the facilitator/courier’s full true name or specific whereabouts.” Bigelow and Boal have defended the accuracy of the trains film in prius study, numerous interviews.
Bigelow told Dexter Filkins, in The New Yorker , that “the film doesn’t have an agenda and it doesn’t judge. I wanted a boots-on-the-ground experience.” Boal als defends the film by calling it journalism, and has argued that the film captures the complexity of the debate concerning torture. Both Bigelow and Boal have asserted that the film is apolitical and that the criticism of the film is political. They contend that “depiction [of torture] is essay planes not endorsement.” Jeff Reichart, writing in Reverse Shot , assesses the film as realistic journalism. He claims that. Kathryn Bigelow’s Zero Dark Thirty operates fully within that specific register of realism that has been defined over the last few decades of contemporary cinema. Its markers include handheld cameras, images washed of color, and the liberal intermixing of archival footage with created material. Essay On Memorable Moment! As such, it’s obsessed with achieving journalistic accuracy, which seems to oedipus planes, have become the loftiest goal in current cinema. Then Reichart gets into specifics: The film begins with a solemn title card announcing that what follows will be “based on first hand accounts” before moving into in life, its most ghoulish segment, in which Bigelow plays, over a darkened screen, the oedipus planes trains recordings of cell phone calls made from the Twin Towers September 11, 2001, as the planes struck.
As Maya’s manhunt continues and the casualties from terror attacks around the why university of chicago essay confidential world mount, Bigelow pulls in footage from the oedipus planes trains aftermath of the July 2005 London public transport bombings, and the September 2008 attack on the Islamabad Marriott. This footage is skillfully interwoven with Maya’s search so as to minimize audience disruption – we’re not supposed to creating resume, feel the shift in registers between scripted Zero Dark Thirty material and oedipus essay the images taken from the news (the protagonist herself is depicted as having just missed being killed in the Marriott explosion). This mixing effectively levels out the differences between the various flavors of footage and their relationship to “real events.” It’s one of the production ways in which Zero Dark Thirty successfully overlays the collection of suppositions, condensations, and oedipus essay outright fabrications that is Maya’s narrative on manufacture, top of our own understanding of the decade-long War on oedipus essay, Terror. Note that Reichart claims that the film-makers were successful in giving Zero Dark Thirty a veneer of journalistic realism, but that it was nothing but a veneer. Neither Bigelow nor writer Boal, in interviews, ever acknowledge that the realism they traffic in on testing terms, the way to building their new master narrative about the planes War on testing terms, Terror is actually a studious construction. Though it may focus on one of the central global narratives of the past decade and oedipus trains be sourced to the gills, Zero Dark Thirty is still made of the writing services in chicago same stuff that all movies, no matter how “realistic” are made of; that this artifice needs to be noted every time a film in this vein rolls around remains a central failure of our culture’s relationship to the moving image (the seductiveness of verisimilitude suggests some of the reasons for film’s ability to captivate and convince on a larger scale than other arts). Taibbi, another journalist-not-film-reviewer, challenges the idea that Zero Dark Thirty is objective journalism. Oedipus Trains! He writes that Bigelow has. been praised, almost excessively, for being brave enough to “tell the why university truth” about torture in Zero Dark Thirty . As Manohla Dargis of The New York Times put it: However unprovable the oedipus planes trains effectiveness of case these interrogations, they did take place.
To omit them from oedipus essay planes trains, “Zero Dark Thirty” would have been a reprehensible act of moral cowardice. Here’s my question: if it would have been dishonest to leave torture out creating resume, of the film entirely, how is it not dishonest to leave out how generally ineffective it was, how morally corrupting, how totally it enraged the entire Arab world, how often we used it on people we knew little to nothing about, how often it resulted in deaths, or a hundred other facts? Responding to blog comments to oedipus essay trains, his article, Taibbi writes: Some wrote in and said that all Bigelow was doing was telling an “objective” story and leaving it to us to sort it out. On Memorable! That’s bullshit. All storytelling is oedipus essay planes trains a series of editorial decisions. You decide what to leave in, what to leave out. In doing so you reveal a point of view. They kept to a very narrow storyline that ended in the triumphant capture of bin Laden.
The posters don’t say, “WE SOLD OUR SOULS TO GET HIM,” they read, “THE GREATEST MANHUNT IN HISTORY.” One of the of chicago college confidential more potent critiques of the claim of oedipus essay planes journalistic realism in Zero Dark Thirty is that, despite the claims of the film-makers, it is not balanced. Carla Seaquist writes that. from the opening scene – a gruesome extended sequence showing a half-dozen techniques on how to break a detainee – and continuing throughout the entire film, Bigelow and creating resume Boal show only one side: intelligence agents engaging in torture, with every other agent on-station, and their controllers in Washington, onboard with the program, no dissent registered, none. Seaquist cites a long list of journalists and critics who opposed torture in the War on Terror.
Mayer (one of those journalists) also notes that Zero Dark Thirty. doesn’t include a single scene in which torture is planes trains questioned, even though the Bush years were racked by internal strife over just that issue. . . Toyota! . CNN national-security analyst Peter Bergen wrote recently [of the oedipus essay planes film], “the audience has already seen that the C.I.A. has employed coercive interrogation techniques on an al Qaeda detainee that produced a key lead in the hunt for bin Laden. In the film, Obama’s opposition to torture comes off as wrongheaded and prissy.” Taibbi says that. A more accurate movie about the torture program would have been a grotesque comedy that shown grown men resorting to creating resume, puppet shows and dance routines and fourth-rate sexual indignities dreamed up after spending too much time reading spank mags and BDSM sites – and doing this thousands of times to essay trains, thousands of people, all over the world, “accidentally” murdering hundreds of people in the process, going to war by mistake at least once as a result of it, and having no clue half the essay in life time who they’re interrogating (less than 10 percent of essay trains “terror suspects” at places like Bagram were arrested by American forces; most of the rest were brought in paper manufacture testing, by Afghanis or other foreigners in exchange for oedipus essay planes, bounties). Wolf directly challenges Bigelow’s journalistic claims in her “open letter” article on Zero Dark Thirty : You claim that your film is “based on real events”, and in interviews, you insist that it is a mixture of why university college confidential fact and essay planes trains fiction, “part documentary”. Creating Resume! “Real”, “true”, and even “documentary”, are big and important words. By claiming such terms, you generate media and sales traction – on oedipus planes trains, a mendacious basis. Wolf, a well-known feminist, can barely contain her feelings of betrayal. Here was a woman (Bigelow), perhaps even a feminist, doing what Wolf often attacks men for toyota prius study, doing. She writes:
In a time of darkness in America, at you are being feted by Hollywood, and oedipus planes trains hailed by major media. But to writing, me, the path your career has now taken reminds of no one so much as that other female film pioneer who became, eventually, an planes apologist for evil: Leni Riefenstahl. Riefenstahl’s 1935 Triumph of the writing in chicago Will , which glorified Nazi military power, was a massive hit in Germany. Riefenstahl was the first female film director to trains, be hailed worldwide. Perhaps because he found it difficult to counter the charges that, on the subject of torture, Zero Dark Thirty is not as journalistic, realistic, or objective as advertised, Boal started making the opposite argument. He said that the film is not a documentary, it is fiction. That is, it is art, not journalism. Boal and Bigelow, then, are only guilty of “artistic licence.” But, according to Greenwald, Bigelow and Boal are speaking out of both sides of their mouths here.
As noted, she is going around praising herself for writing in chicago, taking “almost a journalistic approach to essay, film”. But when confronted by factual falsehoods she propagates on critical questions, her screenwriting partner resorts to the excuse that “it’s a movie, not a documentary.” Some critics say the film is a actually a subtle criticism of torture. They see in the film a subtle, thematic questioning of torture in Zero Dark Thirty, and creating resume claim that the film dramatizes the “moral descent” of the United States during the War on Terror, by showing a country that would stop at nothing, including the most brutal forms of torture, to locate and kill Osama bin Laden. I barely caught a whiff of a “moral journey/descent” storyline in this film – the closest they came to oedipus trains, that was in the first scene, where Maya looks a little grossed out by Clarke’s methods. A few minutes later, though, she’s all street and everything, wearing a hijab and getting some henchman to throw fists at her suspects on command. She went from queasy to hardass in about ten seconds and we didn’t linger on the transformation at all. For Reichart, it is not just the film-makers who are factitious: film critics – especially those who claim Bigelow as an creating resume auteur – have helped to “whitewash” Bigelow and downplay the pro-torture position in Zero Dark Thirty . Reichart writes: It’s become all too commonplace for critics to float above the fray, and praise works they find aesthetically valuable and politically questionable (a replaying of the old Leni Riefenstahl debate again), but is this l’art pour l’art [art for art’s sake] stance any way to watch movies? Isn’t this just abdicating a crucial part of the critical act?
Wouldn’t we rather our film writers be morally engaged viewers rather than diffident aesthetes? The morally engaged viewer doesn’t necessarily look to the film in question for simple affirmation of his or her viewpoints and reject opposing ideas out of hand. Rather, the moral viewer looks to cinema to encounter a host of perspectives, and can find pleasure in trains, a variety of them so long as the art itself is well reasoned and moment in life internally sound. Especially in light of how the filmmakers have spoken about their work, the oedipus essay planes problem with Zero Dark Thirty becomes less that it ends up making a forceful case for the efficacy of torturing human beings for national security – it’s that one can easily walk away from the film doubting whether Bigelow and Boal have even realized that this is what they’ve done. Reichart then asks: Shouldn’t art that so bowdlerizes its real-life subject matter in order to create a pleasurable experience be called out for doing so? The actual quest for bin Laden surely rested more on gradations of tedium as opposed to one manufactured mini-climax after another – why don’t we desire that a “realistic” representation of that hunt fall far closer to that truth? Zero Dark Thirty is just another incredibly well-fashioned product of the same morbid culture that considers weaponry sexy and art featuring evisceration and tales of writing in chicago war fascinating – which is to say, pretty much all of Western culture ever.
Seaquist also faults film critics for abdicating their critical role, in the name of oedipus essay “moral ambiguity”: “Moral ambiguity” has become a standard artistic choice today, for thesis on biosurfactant production, filmmakers as well as playwrights and novelists, meaning: Rather than put the thumb on the scales for or against an action depicted, the artist professes to oedipus essay trains, leave the moral judging to the audience. Creating Resume! Moral questions being by definition about right and wrong, the artist presuming to oedipus planes trains, treat such questions in an ambiguous manner must then show at creating resume, least two sides (or more) of the question under review. For Seaquist, artistically, Zero Dark Thirty was a missed opportunity: If dramatic conflict is the clash of opposing objectives, and if the most dramatic is the opposition of essay planes moral objectives, it’s bewildering to me why the filmmakers chose not to exploit their film’s richest vein of toyota case study conflict: the oedipus rightness or wrongness of torture. It might seem hypocritical for the film-makers to claim that Zero Dark Thirty is thesis production both realistic journalism and a work of essay planes art, but critics often make this claim for film-makers (see, for instance, reviews of Steve McQueen’s Twelve Years of Slave , that make exactly this claim). Film-makers make this claim for of chicago essay confidential, themselves. It can be a productive tension for oedipus trains, films, and for directors, if it’s not definitively resolved in favor of essay on memorable one or the other. In this sense, Bigelow shows herself to be an planes auteur according to the definition of Andrew Sarris: this is the “interior meaning,” or an underlying tension between the director/s vision and the subject matter. It is the tension between journalistic and creative exposition. My criticism of Zero Dark Thirty is on biosurfactant that instead of holding journalism and essay planes art in tension in the film, Bigelow uses journalism as a cover for falsity, and art as a cover for thesis on biosurfactant production, inaccuracy.
And what is more, she does so on behalf of a questionable ideology that forgives torture as long as it leads to planes trains, security. Founding Father Benjamin Franklin (supposedly) put it: “those who sacrifice liberty for security deserve neither.” In the case case of oedipus essay planes trains Kathryn Bigelow and Zero Dark Thirty , we might paraphrase it as: those who sacrifice truth for why university of chicago essay, art, and vice versa, will lose sight of both. [Some critics have questioned the accuracy of the film’s version of the actual killing of Osama bin Laden, dramatized in the raid that concludes the film. On this topic, I refer you to Mark Follman’s article in Mother Jones magazine.] University of Maryland. Adrian Chen, “Newly Declassified Memo Shows CIA Shaped Zero Dark Thirty’s Narrative,” Gawker.com (posted May 6, 2013).
Mark Follman. “‘Zero Dark Thirty’ and oedipus essay trains the Mysterious Killing of Osama bin Laden,” Mother Jones (February 22, 2013). Glenn Greenwald, “ Zero Dark Thirty : CIA hagiography, pernicious propaganda,” The Guardian (December 14, 2012). Jane Mayer. “Zero Conscience in services in chicago, ‘Zero Dark Thirty,'” The New Yorker (December 14, 2012). Jeff Reichart, “Desert of the real,” Reverse Shot. Carla Seaquist, “Society Instructs Hollywood on ‘Moral Ambiguity’ of Torture: Or, What the Zero Dark Thirty Controversy Means,” Huffington Post (September 30, 2013). Matt Taibbi. “‘Zero Dark Thirty’ Is Osama bin Laden’s Last Victory Over America, Rolling Stone (January 16, 2013).
Naomi Wolf. “A letter to Kathryn Bigelow on Zero Dark Thirty ‘s apology for torture,” The Guardian (January 4, 2013).
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Contemporary Issues in Travel and Tourism. Get your First Order at 25% off. Essay Writing Travel and Tourism Contemporary Issues in Travel and Tourism. Tourism is travel for entertaining, business and leisure purpose. According to World Tourism Organization tourists can be defined as “travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purpose (Williamson, 2003).
The present study will focus on identifying contemporary issues in travel and tourism industry, it will analyze current issues and changes in essay planes the travel and tourism sector and will critically evaluate their impact on manufacture testing the tourism industry. Analyze issues currently driving changes in the travel and tourism sector. Tourism is important and vital for every country today and can be said as an activity essential to the existence of countries because of its direct impact on social, cultural, educational and economic sectors of the essay planes trains countries (Vance and et.al., 2011) Instant Essay Writing. Travel and creating resume tourism plays an important role in Egypt’s economy. Oedipus Essay Planes Trains. The stunning, colossal monuments of writing services in chicago Ancient Egypt never fail to oedipus essay overwhelm and the heat, sand and light of the desert rejuvenate. Writing. More than 10 million tourists visit Egypt every year providing revenue of nearly $ 10 billion. Tourists arrivals in Egypt has raise from 5.5 million in 2000 to 14 million in 2010.
Egypt is oedipus essay planes trains ranked as 75th position in world’s best travel and tourism destinations. The inbound and outbound tourism segments have witnessed positive growth in Egypt regardless of slow growth during the worldwide slump (Harrison, 2006). The outbound travel tourism market in the country is enduring exceptional transformation and it’s likely to case study sustain growth and development whereas inbound market will continue to contribute share in the revenue of the industry. Travel and tourism industry is witnessing many types of changes worldwide these include: Technological changes: these include changes in oedipus essay planes trains information and communication technology (ICT) and writing in chicago developments in transport system. ICT has had considerable impacts on essay planes trains the travel and tourism industry and customers are reaching their travelling destinations by making bookings online through online bookers (Petrova and Mason 2004).
Social changes: trends like more people living alone, families led by single parent and of chicago essay college confidential increase in number of essay planes empty nester households raises issues of product and service provision for the travel and tourism industry. Liberalization Many visitors and tourists are attracting towards other countries and destinations because of the liberalization policy in UK about the visa (Swarbrooke and moment in life Horner, 2012). Planes Trains. This has resulted in fall of business of UK travelling companies. Changes in consumer demand demand for different types of destinations are rising, people wants more holidays for travelling, demand for high quality standards is also increasing in the industry (Triantafillidou and et.al., 2010). Product developments: new products are introduced in the industry such as budget (no add-ons) airlines and hotels for identified customer groups. Analyze different current issues using appropriate methods and resources. The world is creating resume a relentlessly changing place and essay planes trains the issues affecting the paper manufacture testing terms travel tourism industry diverge from place to the next and from one day to the next. The factors affecting the tourism industry may be political or it can be influenced by worldwide economic development or they can be climatic or even tectonic such as tsunami calamity in 2004 (Zehrer and Siller 2007). Advances in the Information and Communication Technology are having a deep effect on life of people and particularly the coming out of e-tourism which is leading to changes in the composition of travel tourism industry. For some companies in the tourism industry globalization seems to be the essay most profitable resolution and global conglomerates are beginning to appear, witnessing growth from hotel chains to creating resume tour operators (Vrana and Zafiropoulos, 2006).
E-tourism is the use of ICT to facilitate tourism destinations and providers to oedipus essay trains function more effectively and to reach customers worldwide and serve them. As one of the writing services most popular industry the travel tourism is as discovered as any other to essay trains the threats and opportunities bring about by all developments in ICT. Today online booking systems, with their amenities to compare, search and purchase tourism products have transform the method the tourism sector accomplish its dayto-day business (Stone, 2013). The arrival of the internet has had a considerate effect on the travel tourism sector and travel has turn into why university essay confidential the single greatest category of products services sold online. E-retailing is the advertising of planes travel and tourism products by electronic method over in chicago, the internet. Planes Trains. Presently travel is the utmost e-commerce category on the internet, representing around one third of entire online business. The sale of travel products is preferably matched to the online channel, given the survival of wide network of global travel suppliers (e.g. hotels, airlines and tour packages) and a vastly isolated customer pool. E-retailing also helps organizations to manage well with one of the travel tourism key properties- the fact that the industries’ products are perishable (Ingram, 2002). Over recent years the analysis gaining popularity of online travel booking companies or agencies among people has led to a speedy migration of travel bookings from essay trains conventional means to moment online channels such as E bookers, Lastminute.com etc. Understand how the travel tourism sector responds to change.
The crowning glory of Trafalgar Square, London’s National Gallery is one of the beautiful galleries with a vast space filled with Western European paintings from the 13th to the 19th centuries (Tosun and Timothy, 2001). In this iconic gallery works by masters such as Van Gogh, da Vinci, Botticelli, Constable, Renoir, Titian and Stubbs can be found. SWOT analysis of the UK tourism industry. The major strength of the UK tourism industry is that the industry is taking initiatives for Green destination and is having good infrastructure. It is also maintaining a good cultural relationship with other different countries of the world (O'Connor, 2011). Industry is having weaknesses of oedipus essay planes lack of accessibility, isolated industry, poor customer services, dissatisfaction among customers, less variety of essay on memorable moment food. Opportunities in front of the industry is branding positioning of oedipus UK travel products, industry can gain many opportunities by strengthening its eco-tourism and developing its market. Toyota Prius Case Study Analysis. The industry must focus on introducing new travel tourism products and services in the market.
UK tourism sector is planes also facing threats like competition from other tourists’ destination places, there is an indirect competition from other substitutes, and various political, social, economical and technological factors are also creating threats for the industry (Sherlock, 1999). The UK travel and thesis on biosurfactant production tourism industry is influencing the Government to discard the oedipus trains tourism tax proposals currently being considered by the Lyons Inquiry into local government. UK launches a probe into travel insurance and would consider new legislation if it uncovered miss-selling practices (Fynn, 2004). Airline that advertise attractive fares but add further charges once the customer has decided to buy might find they performing illegally under EU proposals. Holiday or flights bought online can prove to be costly for the consumer if the creating resume airline, tour operator or hotel collapses either before or during stay.
The Air Travel Insolvency Protection Advisory Committee, a Government body that was put up to object air travelers, reports that many consumers are parting themselves open to financial risk because they incorrectly assume they are covered, either through the travel operator or by their insurance, against companies collapsing (Inskipp, 2008). After analyzing the industry it can be said that the industry could do more to attract 20 million potential visitors .Visit Britain and the national registered charity tourism for all UK are working together to ensure that older people and those with sensory and mobility impairments, can enjoy the same holiday experiences as the rest of the essay planes population (Sharpley, 2006). Many numbers of college confidential travel consultants are opting to carry out their business from home and many of the leading travel organizations are competing to attract people to their firms. The industry persisting to come under attack for the environmental damage it causes. Corporate social responsibilities has increased the importance of travel companies in recent years and the leading companies like Thomas Cook Group, My Travel Group and First Choice Holidays has individuals whose sole responsibility is CSR (Dale and Oliver, 2005). Technology has speedily become main weapons for every company in the travel tourism industry, to essay planes trains remain ahead in the cut throat competition. The hotel industry looks keen to pursue the of chicago essay airline industry into planes the bunch exercise of online check-in with guest services becoming the significant competition for the sector. Many of the travelling firms are investing in relationship technology that could eventually lead to online check-in and toyota prius study analysis even check-in through other media, including cell phones (Smith III., 2005). The industry is also using technology like “polymer electronic displays” where chips are inserted into plastic sheets so that information can be updated automatically.
Dynamic packaging in tourism industry keeps on evolving and is determined by the consumer’s desire for choice and flexibility in travel arrangements (Swarbrooke and Horner, 2012). Economic factors have their impact on individual company’s offerings and purchasing power of potential customers. UK economy is getting advantages from trains gradually low rate of creating resume inflation, in the country unemployment is low, job confidence is high and because of this confidence spending power is essay planes trains high of the consumer (Spilsbury, 2011). Predictions point to continuing GDP growth over the period averaging around 2.4 a year with real household disposable income rising at a somewhat faster rate. Exchange rates are flattering for UK residents for traveling abroad due to strong position of British Pound as compared to testing other foreign currencies and also it is stable against other currencies. The downturn is that disparities between the wealthier parts of the country and pockets of deprivation will get extensive with implications for oedipus essay planes trains, travel demand. These are likely to impact the writing services development of UK resident travel market (Fynn, 2004). Analyze the impacts of issue and trends that drive changes in the travel and tourism sector. Thomas Cook is one the essay planes world’s largest travel service organization operating in different countries; it offers flight bookings, hotels and vacations together with mainstream and independent holiday options and also offering its services to about 24 million consumers.
The company operates on its mission statement “to be the best travel company in the world to travel with, work for, and why university of chicago invest in.” company also implements its operation on oedipus planes trains basis of marketing strategy of improving performance in mainstream tour operating, making significant innovations in prius case analysis independent travel, travel related financial services and emerging markets and making overall revenue and profit (Tosun and Timothy, 2001). Its main competitors are American Express Company, Carlson Wagonlit Travel, Inc. and TUI Travel PLC; these companies give a tough competition to Thomas Cook. There are various factors that drive changes in the travel and tourism industry. Companies in the industry are making efforts to overcome the challenges and issues in the sector. Organizations are adopting strategies like mergers and acquisitions in order to increase the customer and oedipus essay planes trains profitability (Ayre, 2013). There are various issues also that impact the industry immensely such as terrorist attacks, pandemics and health panic and disaster like floods, cyclones, earthquake etc. All these issue has wrinkled the share of travel 7 tourism industry. There are many trends which the travel and tourism industry has witnessed such as development and advancement of moment inns and motels (Buckingham, 2012). Many types of luxury hotels, resorts, casinos, club house etc have been established that are offering luxury and comfort to planes trains the customers.
Not unexpectedly, given the huge advances in technological relevance for the travel tourism sector today consumer is constantly bunged into the World Wide Web. Paper Manufacture Testing. Because of online search tourists of all age’s groups are very well informed about the planes trains travel tourism products and prius case analysis services. Oedipus Essay Trains. Online booking facilities is enabling the customers to book their staying and travelling tickets from any part of the world. Creating Resume. Information about the hotels, resorts and their occupancy is available on their relevant websites (Mirbabayev and Shagazatova, 2013). Essay Trains. Use of technology keep informed the customers about the travel and tourism products and creating resume services. Oedipus Essay Planes Trains. Customers can design their tour and travelling packages as per their choices and willingness. Mobile technology has now furthered more people can able to book, research and review travel products between the journeys.
Consequences of thesis on biosurfactant businesses failing to respond to market changes. Organization in trains travel tourism industry failing to respond to market changes can result in various consequences for the business. Booming tourism relies on creating a fundamental infrastructure such as visitor centers, roads and hotels, the cost of this falls on government so it has to come out of tax revenues (Inskipp, 2008). Jobs generated by tourism are frequently seasonal and poorly paid, yet tourism can push local property prices and cost of goods services (Zehrer and Siller, 2007). Money raised by the tourism not always benefits the local community, as some of it leaks out to paper testing great international companies such as hotel chains.
Tourist behavior can have a detrimental effect on the quality of life of the host community for example drugs alcohol problems, crowding and congestion. Essay. Failing to respond to toyota study market changes in the industry can lead to decline in sales of travel tourism products, it will also affect their profitability, and profit margin of the industry will become low (Triantafillidou and et.al., 2010). Competitors will become strong and can give a strong competition to the company, there will be a decline in oedipus trains the rate of consumers also, and consumers will find products of other travel companies more interesting and innovative, hence they can shift on to another option. There can be a negative impact on the images of products services. Rate of suppliers for the business will also become low as a result it will affect the testing terms supply chain management of the business (Williamson, 2003). From the essay above study it can be concluded that travel tourism industry is growing and expanding day by day. Every travel agency or organization makes effort to innovate and creating resume advance their travel products to ensure better services to customers all over the world. The companies in this industry use various tools and methods to promote their businesses and invest lot of money in attracting the customers (Harrison, 2006). There are certain issues and challenges which are need to oedipus planes be look out specially the terrorism issue which is thesis on biosurfactant production exploiting the travel tourism market immensely. Companies must respond to changes in the industry because if they fail to react to planes trains these changes definitely they can lose their profitability and sustainability (Louise, 2011).
Lots of new companies are emerging in this sector by writing services coming with different kinds of travel tourism facilities to people, so the existing companies need to keep on adopting diverse kind of essay planes strategies to remain in paper manufacture the competition. Williamson, J., 2003. A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism. Reference Reviews. Trains. 17(3). Vance, M. C. and et.al., 2011.
Building global competencies through experiential coursework in international travel and tourism. Journal of International Education in Business. 4(1). Harrison, D., 2006. Dictionary of Leisure, Travel a 398.nd Tourism (3rd edition). Reference Reviews, 20(3).
Petrova, P. and Mason, P., 2004. The value of tourism degrees: a Luton-based case study. Education + Training. 46(3). Triantafillidou, A. and et.al., 2010. Pilgrimages: the “promised land” for paper manufacture, travel agents?.
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. 22(3). Enter your Phone number to receive latest updates for offers, discounts much more! Refer our services to your friends to win amazing. Get App Copyright 2017 @ Instant Essay Writing.
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